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Copper is used for most plumbing systems. Alloys such as steel and brass are also often used.
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Answer Wikipedia says, " 26th century BC: Flush toilets were first used in the Indus Valley Civilization. The cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-daro had a flush toilet in a…lmost every house, attached to a sophisticated sewage system." Let's see, about 4600 years ago.
A plumb-line can be made of steel, metal, gold or wood
Copper pipes are now most commonly used in plumbing. Lead pipes were used long ago, and the word plumbing is derived from the Latin word for lead (plumbum). Iron pipes were us…ed until relatively inexpensive copper pipes became readily available during the twentieth century.
plumbing is most useful for our home, because we need to make water supply in different part of a home like kitchen, toilet, bathroom etc. To supply the water at required plac…es of a home, we have to install and connect pipeline system that whole process is called plumbing and this overall functionality is done by plumbing professional.
The plumb bob is useful in establishing vertical for a wall in construction or a doorjamb when hanging a door. It can indicate whether a flue is running true vertical or v…eering off plumb. A plumb-bob or a plummet is a weight, usually with a pointed tip on the bottom, that is suspended from a string and used as a vertical reference line, or plumb-line. It is essentially the vertical equivalent of a water level.
Sandpaper, emery cloth or wire brushes sized for the different sizes.
In plumbing, a trap is a U-, S-, or J-shaped pipe located below or within a plumbing fixture. An S-shaped trap is also known as the S-bend invented by Alexander Cummings in 17…75 but became known as the U-bend following the introduction of the U-shaped trap by Thomas Crapper in 1880. The new U-bend could not jam, so, unlike the S-bend, it did not need an overflow. The bend is used to prevent sewer gases from entering buildings. In refineryapplications, it also prevents hydrocarbons and other dangerous gases from escaping outside through drains. The most common of these traps in houses is referred to as a P-trap. It is the addition of a 90 degree fitting on the outlet side of a U-bend, thereby creating a P-like shape. It can also be referred to as a sink trap due to the fact it is installed under most house sinks. Because of its shape, the trap retains a small amount of water after the fixture's use. This water in the trap creates a seal that prevents sewer gas from passing from the drain pipes back into the occupied space of the building. Essentially all plumbing fixtures includingsinks, bathtubs, and toilets must be equipped with either an internal or external trap. Because it is a localized low-point in the plumbing, sink traps also tend to capture heavy objects (such as jewelry) that are inadvertently dropped into the sink. Traps also tend to collect hair, sand, and other debris and limit the ultimate size of objects that will pass on into the rest of the plumbing, thereby catching over-sized objects. For all of these reasons, most traps can either be disassembled for cleaning or they provide some sort of cleanout feature.
pipes used to be made of lead, which is poisonious. cans of food also used to be sealed in this way
Copper is the metal used for plumbing in houses, there are many reasons behind it 1. Copper is the main metal for electrical wiring compare with aluminium. 2. …Copper is an excellent conductor of electricity and heat. 3. Copper is resistant to corrosion and very unreactive. Copper is malleable which makes it an ideal material for gas pipes and water pipes. 4. Copper is below hydrogen in the reactivity series and therefore it does not react with water. 5. Copper lead compounds in water are toxic. It was used for plumbing in the past time. For more information visit at: alliedallcityinc.com
In plumbing, a puddle flange is used to provide a solution against penetration of water. A puddle flange can be bought at home improvement stores like Lowe's and Home Depo…t.
Plumbing in simple word we can say , it is used to prevent leakages in pipe or sink, wash basins, Shower.It is performing very high task in Building maintenance and avoid …wastage of water supplies. Plumbing service is the emergency service which is available on one call there are many service providers for plumbing.