What is the history of matang caste?

Matang is a Dalit caste in the Indian states of Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, and Karnataka. Matangs or Mangs are known as Madigas in Andhra Pradesh.

Matangs originally belong to Nagvansh, an ancient race of North India. This race was staunch follower of Shramanic religions like Jainism and Buddhism. We can trace the origin of Matangs in Indus valley civilization.

References to Matang can be found in ancient Jain literature. According to Jain literature, Vinami, the great grandson of Rishabh the first Teerthankar of Jainism, was the founder of Matang race. Suparshvanath, the 7th Teerthankar of Jainism himself was a Matang. His Yaksha (attendant god) was also a Matang. The Yaksha of Mahavir the 24th Teerthankar was also a Matang.

Matang Yaksha is Jain God of Prosperity.(see matang yaksha sitting on elephant sculpture at Ellora cave no 32)


In Buddhism Matang is the name of Boddhisatva(protagonist of the Matanga Jataka), also the name of Pratyekabuddha, and Matangi is the godess mentioned in Buddhist text Divyavadana.



According to Ramayan, Hanuman, Vali, Sugreev, Jambvant were Matangs. And there was the rishi Matang or Jambmuni residing on rishyamukh parvat in kishkindha, he was guru of shabhari. Ram and laxman also visited his ashram and hanuman,sugreev also reside on these mountain during there exile.



Totem they probably had the elephant for their totem or symbol as word for elephant in sanskrit is matang.

 ReligionIn ancient times, they were staunch followers of Jainism.At present day, they are divided in following religions:



Hinduism
Christianity
Buddhism

A small number of people from this community in Karnataka follow Veershaivism and Jainism.
 Notable personalitiesSages

Acharya Harikeshi, a Jain Achraya of ancient India
Muni Chitta-Sambhuti Vijay,two brothers who were disciple monks of Teerthankar Mahaveer

Mythical
Hanuman (Maruti) who helped Raam in his mission

Historical
Yampal Matang, a famous lay follower of Jainism mentioned in ancient Jain Literature

Revolutionaries
Lahuji Raghoji Salve (Lahuji Ustad), Activist, Thinker,Social Reformer and Revolutionary from Maharashtra.
Mukta Salve

Writers
Anna Bhau Sathe, Marathi Novelist, Social Reformer

Singers
Shahir Vitthal Umap, A famous Marathi folk singer. Also, known for his songs on Dr. B. R. Ambedkar.
Shahir Nangare


 References
1. Uttaradhyan Sutra, Chittsambhutiya 2. Matangs in Jain Literature by Prof. Pradeep Phaltane


 links

1.Matang


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matang



http://jainism-for-dalits.blogspot.com/2011/01/matang-community-and-its-jain-origin.html



http://jainsamaj.org/magazines/ahimsatimesshow.php?id=211


2.Matanga


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matanga



3.Matang yaksha


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ellora_Caves


http://vinzoda.weebly.com/1/post/2011/4/the-matanga-yasha-elora-world-heritage-cave-and-indian-music.html


http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-5mnAzpr_Au8/TWPMu5JEC6I/AAAAAAAABm8/USCwTQOkFGA/s1600/Matang1.jpg




4.Matangi


http://www.indianetzone.com/55/goddess_matangi_buddhism.htm



5.TOTEM



http://indculture0.tripod.com/madiga.htm


6.JAMBVANT


http://ancientindians.wordpress.com/tag/jambu-purana


http://www.simoncharsley.co.uk/roots1.html
+ 7 others found this useful
Thanks for the feedback!
Follow

If you could remake and star in any romantic comedy, which would it be, and who would you cast opposite you?

View Full Interview

What caste does a nadar belong into is it true that they were warriors and rulers in Indian history?

Nadar, Nadan means ruler. They belongs to the kshatriya varna, ancestors are pandyan kings, chieftains and village heads. They were driven away to west coast of india after th (MORE)

Common mistakes and questions about casts

With the development of braces, splints, and boots of lighter and stronger materials, casts don't seem to be as commonly used for orthopedic injuries as in the past. While mos (MORE)

The Different Types of Cast Material

When you have a broken bone, chances are the doctor uses a cast to stabilize the bone and keep you from moving it. Many factors affect what cast material the doctor chooses fo (MORE)

Ankle Casts Facts and Care Information

Broken or fractured ankles are the most common cause for ankle casts. While ankle fractures or breaks can happen to anyone, they are more common in active people like athletes (MORE)

Orthopedics: What Is a Fiberglass Cast, and When Is It Used?

While a broken bone is never desirable, some people make the best of the recovery by showing off a brightly colored fiberglass cast. This colorful, lightweight alternative to (MORE)
In Filming

A Casting Director's Role in the Movies

When it comes to being involved in the filming of movies, whether you want to work behind the camera or as an actor in front of the camera, it is important to understand the c (MORE)

The Best Cast Iron Porcelain Cookware

Cast iron porcelain cookware provides you the advantages of both a heavy pot and a non-stick enameled coating. Cast iron is prized for its heat retention and even cooking. The (MORE)

History of Bhatti sub-cast?

mera name muhammad sajid hai father name muhammad zaman hai city name arifwala hai migrate to indian punjab city malout mein aap se yeh jan na chahta honn k hamarai dacomet pe (MORE)

What is history of jaryal rajput caste?

According to our grandparent - Jaryal Rajput basically belong to  Rajouri(Ridu), Kashmir. Mughals attacker had overtaken the land of  the Jaryal and killed many of the Jarya (MORE)

Which caste is the lowest in the caste system?

brahmin first then kshatriya then vaishya then sudra then untouchables every time an untouchable came to a village they would bang sticks together to warn everybody that they (MORE)