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Glycerol is a type of sugar alcohol while carbohydrates are primarily composed of sugars alone. Glycerol is a 3-carbon compound, while carbohydrates are compounds with mul…tiple carbon numbers.
a insoluble molecule is when the food is to big to digest so it turns into a small soluble molecule.
Most large insoluble molecules get broken down in the digestive system to small (simpler) soluble molecules.
Both a molecule.
Small Insoluble Molecules
mostly all organic compounds are insoluble in water because water is a polar solvent and organic compounds are non polar . non polar substances are soluble only in non polar s…olvents like benzene etc.
Carbohydrates which do dissolve in water are insoluble carbs. Examples of insoluble carbohydrates are fiber in food and cellulose in plant. Carbohydrates are made from a chain… of many monosaccharides like glucose, fructose, lactose etc. They are held together by bonds. If these bonds can be broken by dissolving in water, the carb is called soluble. Our body uses enzymes to break these bonds. For example starch is a chain of several glucose molucules hed together by alpha glucoside bonds. Alpha glucosidase is the enzyme used by the body to break these bonds and convert starch into individual glucose molecules. Insoluble fiber is made of chains of monosaccharides held together by beta glucoside bonds. Our body does not have the enzyme (thankfully! why?) to break these bonds. Therefore insoluble fiber, which is also a carbohydrate, is not itself digested by the body but does great help in increasing the bulk size of the stool and in sending some lipids out of the body in the form of bile.
Carbohydrates are polar molecules with a lot of -OH functional groups attached to it. This makes them capable of hydrogen bonding, which is one trait of polar protic compounds… (molecules that are polar AND can participate in hydrogen bonding). The oxygen of an -OH from one sugar can attract the hydrogen of another sugar, and thus two hydrogen bonding interactions occur for every pair of -OH molecules. These are most soluble in water or other polar protic solvents. Ethers are aprotic solvents (lacking hydrogens), yet it still has some ability to dissolve partially polar molecules. It has an oxygen to attract other hydrogen molecules with, but it does not share a hydrogen at the same time. Therefore, carbohydrates will most likely undergo two bonding interactions with each other via rather than bond to the oxygen molecule of an ether. As a result, you will see a clumping of sugar in ether.
Sugars are carbohydrates as are starches.
whole grains are complex carbohydrates
Polysaccharides such as: starch, glycogen and cellulose