What is the plural of octopus?
The plural form of octopus is octopuses (or occasionally octopodes). Although it is often supposed that octopi is the 'correct' plural of octopus, and it has been in use for longer than the usual Anglicized plural octopuses, it in fact originates as an error. Octopus is not a simple Latin word of the second declension, but a Latinized form of the Greek word oktopous, and its 'correct' plural would logically be octopodes.
Most dictionaries will list both octopuses and octopi as correct plurals.
Most dictionaries will list both octopuses and octopi as correct plurals.
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octopuses is the plural word octopus that is known so far in the UK and US. ======= Octopuses (or occasionally octopodes). Although it is often supposed that octopi is the '…correct' plural of octopus, and it has been in use for longer than the usual Anglicized plural octopuses, it in fact originates as an error. Octopus is not a simple Latin word of the second declension, but a Latinized form of the Greek word oktopous, and its 'correct' plural would logically be octopodes. (MORE)
Either octopuses or octopi is acceptable, as is the case with "hippopotami" and "hippopotamuses" and "thesauri" and "thesauruses."
Before determining what the plural possessive form of "octopus" is, one must decide on which plural form to use. Many people incorrectly believe that the plural form of "octo…pus" is "octopi," due to the word ending in -us. However, that pluralization is only applicable to Latin words, and "octopus" is, in fact, Greek. The Greek pluralization of the word is "octopodes" (pronounced ock-TOP-oh-deeze.) However, because the word has been Americanized, it is perfectly acceptable to say that the plural form is "octopuses." With that in mind, all English plurals ending in "s" form the possessive by adding an apostrophe at the end. That would mean that the plural possessive forms of octopuses, octopi and octopodes are octoposes', octopis' and octopodes' respectively. (MORE)
In Lesson Plans
When educating you students about the world's sea life, be sure to include a section all about the octopus in your lesson plans. The octopus is called octopi in its plural for…m. It has multiple means of protecting itself, and your students will find its odd body intriguing. Couple this article with a video about an octopus to enhance their learning experience.An octopus has two bulging eyes and four pairs of arms, giving it a total of eight arms all together. Each of the arms has suction cups on the underside of it. At the center of where its arms meet, an octopus has a mouth with a hard beak. The octopus's body is large and round. It does not have an internal or external skeleton, which makes it easier for it to squeeze into tight places. In fact, octopuses can squeeze through spaces as small as a quarter. A common octopus will range in size from 1 to 3 feet across and 6 1/2 to 22 pounds in weight. The largest known octopus weighs up to 150 pounds and is 20 feet across from arm tip to arm tip. An octopus has three hearts. Two of the hearts pump blood to the gills, while the third pumps blood to the body.Octopi eat crabs, mollusks, worms, and clams. They will also eat shrimp and even lobsters. These octopi are considered bottom dwellers and typically eat and live on the ocean floor. Octopi that stay mainly in the open ocean eat prawns and fish. Very large octopi have been known to eat sharks. Before an octopus eats its prey, it will inject it with paralyzing saliva.An octopus takes up residence in the ocean, living among the coral reefs and on the bottom of the ocean floor. You will find the most octopi in warm, tropical bodies of water. Mostly, an octopus will stay in the deep, dark areas of the ocean and only come near the surface at dawn and again at dusk in search of food.An octopus moves by either crawling or swimming. They are able to propel themselves by sucking in water and then blasting it back out of their bodies. An octopus is able to crawl along the ocean floor by its arms, just as a human does with its legs.An octopus has two main means of protecting itself: ink and camouflage. When an octopus feels threatened it expels a thick, black ink. The ink comes out like a cloud and fills the waters around the octopus. This ink disorients the aggressor and gives the octopus time to escape. The octopus is able to camouflage itself into its surroundings so that it may not be seen by predators. It has special skin cells that allow it to change its color, which it also uses as a means of communicating with other octopi. Some species of octopi are able to change the texture of their skin, which allows them to appear as seaweed or rocks.Teaching your students all about the octopus and its eating habits, means of protection, and how it moves is important to any lesson plan on sea creatures. The way an octopus protects itself from predators by ink and camouflage are vital to its survival. Discuss with your students how an octopus uses its camouflage not only for protections but also for communicating with other octopi. You could do a demonstration on camouflage by using construction paper to help hide a student from the rest of the room. You could also have your students make their own octopus by making models out of clay or other materials.If an octopus looses an arm, it can grow another one back in its place, which is also a form of defense for the octopus. If under attack, the octopus will lose an arm. The severed arm is still able to move about and acts as a distraction to the prey, allowing the octopus to swim to safety. (MORE)
The oceans of the world are full of some of the most unusual creatures you will ever see. You will find the largest animals to ever live and some of the most vibrantly colored… creatures in existence. The ocean is also home to the common octopus, which does everything in its power to defy its name and be anything but common. Once you begin to research the facts about this amazing aquatic beast, you will quickly learn it is one of the most fascinating creatures in the sea.The common octopus has eight limbs and a bulbous head. Each limb has two rows of suckers for latching onto objects. Its skin color changes, depending on its environment, because it uses pigment cells and special muscles to adapt to its surroundings for protection. An octopus can grow up to 4.3 feet in length, although most will be much smaller. They can weigh as much as 22 pounds. They swim by expelling water through their mantles.The common octopus eats gastropods and bivalves. Its main prey is crabs, crayfish, and mollusks, which the octopus will hunt at dusk. The common octopus has an interesting way of hunting: It releases a cloud of ink to disorient the prey. The ink also includes a substance that dulls the sense of smell of predators. The octopus collects bivalves and stockpiles them around its lair for consumption later. It also makes little gardens from the shells of crustaceans. The octopus is a solitary creature. It will spend most of its time in and around its lair, where it can hide from predators. It stockpiles food so it doesn't have to venture far to eat. However, it will leave its home when it is time to mate. This happens in early spring when it moves closer to the shore. A mating pair will look like they are holding hands because the male fertilizes the female's eggs using a specially modified limb. About two months after mating, the female will lay 500,000 eggs, which she will attach to rocks in shallow water. She will blow oxygenated water over them and clean the eggs with her suckers. The mother dies after the eggs hatch, and only one or two in every 200,000 babies survive.The common octopus has an incredible array of weapons for defending itself. It can change color to blend into the environment. This enables it to hide from predators. Should the octopus be seen, it can spray ink to disorient the predator. This ink contains a substance that dulls a predator's sense of smell. The octopus can swim incredibly fast by jettisoning water, and its soft body allows it to squeeze into small gaps where a predator can't follow. If a predator grabs a tentacle, the octopus can shed that tentacle to escape. The limb will grow back later on.The common octopus is widespread. It can be found anywhere from south of the North Sea down to South Africa. It can also be found in the Mediterranean and around the south coast of England. It prefers coastal waters but can survive up to depths of 500 feet. The common octopus is not endangered or threatened in any way, as of 2013. No conservation efforts are being made to improve the existing population.The common octopus is far from boring. It is a wonderfully intelligent creature with a series of self-defense mechanisms that allow it to evade and outwit ocean predators. The females lay as many as 500,000 eggs at a time, and yet only four or five of those babies will survive the perils of the sea. Despite such slim odds of survival, the octopus is widespread and flourishing. The octopus is a solitary creature. It will spend most of its time in and around its lair, where it can hide from predators. It stockpiles food so it doesn't have to venture far to eat. (MORE)
Octopus is seafood that many home chefs shy away from cooking as it has a reputation for being difficult to cook. Actually, quite the opposite is true if the chef watches clos…ely that it doesn't overcook. Octopus is a popular ingredient when cooking Asian or Mediterranean dishes and there are a number of recipes for pickling or marinating octopus. Included here is a sampling of various tasty octopus recipes.This tasty recipe for two serves up whole baby octopus in a rich marinate and then prepares it grilled on the barbecue. Ingredients: * 1 pound baby octopus * 1/4 cup olive oil * juice and zest of 1 lemon * 2 teaspoons salt * 1 tablespoon black pepper * 2 tablespoon fresh oregano chopped * 1/2 teaspoons ground clove * 3 garlic cloves, crushed * 2 lemons cut in wedges Instructions: Toss all the ingredients except for the lemon wedges into a plastic bag and gently mix the marinade into the octopus. Refrigerate for 24 hours taking it out and mixing occasionally. When ready to cook, line the marinated octopus on skewers, and set aside. Heat the barbecue grill and add any kind of wood chips to the fire. Place the skewers on the grill rack, cook for three minutes, turn them over, and grill for three more minutes. Serve hot with the lemon wedges.This low calorie octopus salad with fresh vegetables is very refreshing. The recipe serves three. Ingredients: * 3/4 pound octopus, cooked and cut * 1 green bell pepper, diced * 1 small cucumber, diced * 3 stalks celery, diced * 5 sprigs parsley, diced * 1/2 medium onion, diced * 3 tablespoons olive oil * 1 1/2 tablespoons lemon juice * 1/2 teaspoon salt * dash ground pepper Instructions: Dice and combine the vegetables and parsley in a bowl. Cut the octopus into bite-size pieces and toss with the vegetables. Combine the oil, lemon juice, salt, and pepper in a bowl. Blend well and pour over the octopus and the vegetables, and mix thoroughly. Chill about one hour and serve.This delicious recipe serves four and is a favorite Greek variation for cooking octopus. Ingredients: * 1 1/2 pounds octopus * 2 pounds squid, cleaned and cut into rings * 1/2 cup olive oil * 3 cloves garlic, chopped * pinch of dried rosemary * pinch of dried thyme * 1 cup dry white wine * 2 teaspoons capers * 1 pound grape tomatoes * 1/4 cup chopped parsley Instructions: Place the octopus, 1/4-cup of olive oil, garlic, rosemary, thyme, salt and pepper in a large pot and bring to a simmer. Cover and cook for about 15 minutes, stir in the squid and the white wine, and simmer 25 minutes longer. Add the capers, parsley, and grape tomatoes and cook for 15 minutes until most of the liquid has evaporated. Drizzle with the remaining olive oil and serve.This hearty Mexican stew serves four and has just the right touch of savory flavors to warm a cold winter day. Ingredients: * 2 pounds octopus * 1 tablespoon olive oil * 1 cup chopped onions * 1 tablespoon chopped garlic * 1 crushed bay leaf * 1/4 pound chorizo sausage, sliced 1/4-inch thick * 1 cup white wine * 1 pound stewed tomatoes * 1/2 pound red potatoes * 1 can chickpeas * 1 quart chicken broth * pinch of red pepper flakes * 1 tablespoon chopped coriander * 1 tablespoon chopped parsley * salt and pepper to taste Instructions: Cook the octopus in a large pot of boiling water for five minutes, drain, and cool. Cut the tentacles and center section into bite size chunks and set aside. In a large pot, add the olive oil, onions, garlic, and bay leaves and cook for four minutes. Add the chorizo and cook three more minutes. Add the wine, bring to a boil, and then simmer. Stir in the tomatoes, salt and pepper, potatoes, chickpeas, octopus, and broth and simmer for about two hours. Stir in the crushed red pepper, fresh coriander, and parsley. Your stew is now ready to serve.This recipe for four is a common Spanish variation served with a paprika sauce. Ingredients: * 2 pounds baby octopus * 1/2 teaspoon salt * 1 teaspoon black pepper * 3 chopped garlic cloves * 1 tablespoon sweet paprika * 1/2 cup olive oil * 3 lemons Instructions:Cook the baby octopus in a large pot of salted water for one hour. While it cooks, prepare the paprika sauce by blending the salt, pepper, paprika, garlic, and olive oil in a food processor. When the octopus is tender, place it in a large bowl, add the juice of one lemon, and toss with the sauce. Serve warm with slices of lemon.Octopus is often paired with squid in recipes as they have similar textures and somewhat chewy consistencies. Cooking octopus is easy, and the meat stays tender and tasty as long as it's not overcooked. Many ethnic recipes include cooking with octopus and treat it as a delicacy. Try one of these tasty octopus recipes for an exciting change to the standard dinner menu.Octopus is healthy seafood as it is low in calories and very lean. It is a good source of selenium phosphorus and potassium, as well as vitamins A, B, and C. It is also high in iron a good source of Omega-3 fatty acids. (MORE)
If you have a hankering for a unique seafood experience, cooking octopus can give you just that. An easy to way to prepare this delicacy is by using baby octopus and grilling …it to perfection. Baby octopus is quite tender and very rich. Many people that have tried this dish claim that the seasonings from the marinade combined with the smoky essence of the grill give the octopus an undeniably pleasurable taste. If you want to give cooking baby octopus a shot, the following article contains a detailed recipe that will help you prepare the dish.If you purchased your baby octopus frozen, allow it to thaw in your refrigerator or on your countertop in a large bowl of cold water. This typically only takes a few hours as you are only using 1 lb. of meat. If the octopus is already thawed, gather all of the ingredients, except for the lemon wedges, and toss them in a gallon-size zip-top bag. Close the bag and give it a good shake to incorporate all of the seasonings together.Place the meat into the bag and massage the marinade into the octopus. Next, seal the bag up tightly and place in the refrigerator for one full day. Periodically massage the meat during the marinating period. Keep in mind, if you do not have a zip-top bag on hand, you can also use a container or bowl with a snug-fitting lid.When it is time to cook the octopus, get your grill nice and toasty. It is important to use some form of wood smoke on your grill, even if you have a gas or charcoal grill. This is what gives this dish its distinct flavor. One method is to soak hickory wood chips in water overnight and place them in a metal bowl under the grill rack.As your grill is getting hot, place skewers into your baby octopus. If you notice there are seasonings stuck to the meat, leave them there if you want. They will only add to the flavor.Place the meat on your grill and allow to cook for at least three minutes, covered. Turn the food over and cook for another three minutes.When done, place the meat on plates with the lemon wedges on the side. Enjoy this meal with a variety of side dishes like a tossed salad, cheddar-crusted biscuits, and rice pilaf.Cooking octopus might sound intimidating, but it really isn't and many cooks claim it tastes incredible. If you are capable of tossing a few ingredients into a bag and allowing them to marinate your meat overnight, you can easily cook octopus. Make a meal out of your seafood or eat it as an appetizer. Grilled baby octopus also makes a suitable dish to serve at parties.In addition to serving a variety of sides with your octopus, consider serving cocktails as well. If you enjoy beer, Bud Light Lime is a possible option. Tequila mixed drinks and drinks containing rum also pair well with octopus. If alcohol is not your thing, make virgin margaritas or pina coladas. (MORE)
For some people, octopus might be hard to find as it is a rare meat item in many areas. Purchasing octopus can usually be done at your local fish market. Pickled octopus is a …great snack, appetizer, and even a dish that can be served alongside something else at dinner. It is great on top of salads, and can even be put on top of a pizza with various toppings. Cooking octopus or making pickled octopus can be very easy if you have knowledge about the delicacy of this unique dish. Using precooked octopus is preferred, because fresh octopus can be extremely chewy.Put octopi in a mason jar, and let it sit while you make the vinegar mixture. In a dry pan, put coriander, chili peppers, and black peppercorns in. Turn on medium high heat, and let it all cook for about 60 seconds until it is extremely fragrant.In a large pot, add the vinegar. Mix in all of the spices, including the coriander, chili peppers, and bay leaves, turn stove to high heat, and bring to a boil.Once the vinegar is boiling, turn off the heat and remove the pan from the stove. Once it has cooled just a bit, pour it into the jar, over the octopi. Pour the vinegar into each jar so that they both get even amounts. Pour olive oil over the top of the jar, to make sure every part of octopi is covered with liquid. Any part of octopi that does not have liquid touching it will rot quickly.Serve around 7-10 days after you have jarred this item. Octopi can last three months if it is kept in the fridge the entire time. Serve with crusty bread, such as garlic or cheese bread. You can also serve it alongside, or on top of a salad.It is ideal to wait a minimum of 7 days before eating pickled octopus. Waiting longer is fine, however. The next time you have a classy dinner scheduled with friends or family, bring out the pickled octopus. Pickling octopus and serving it with an adult beverage, such as an Italian limoncello, is a great idea. Pickling octopus can be very fragrant, so if you are sensitive, be aware of this as you are making it. You can use regular mason jars, or you can use airtight bags if you choose. You do not want the liquid to leak because not only can this cause bacteria to grow in the area that the pickled octopus is being held, but it can also cause the octopus to rot inside of the jar, if it is left uncovered by the liquid.If you are sensitive to vinegar, or cannot have it, you can use pickle juice. Though this will give the pickled octopus a bit of a different flavor, it is better than straight vinegar. It can even help along the pickling process in some aspects, because the vinegar from the pickles is already appropriately aging. (MORE)
Biology may be a science, but writing about biology is an art. Great writers, such as Lewis Thomas and Stephen Jay Gould, incorporate elegant grammar into their informative wo…rks. You need to know some biology-specific grammar and rules, such as the plural of genus, in order to write well in biology. Here are a few important grammar rules for biologists.The plural of genus is genera. The other confusing classification term is phylum. The plural of phylum is phyla. Species can be singular or plural, as in, "She discovered four new species of butterflies. One species has blue and red spots." Specie is a type of money, not relevant to biology at all. The other terms are straightforward: kingdoms, classes, orders and families.You may never call any organism highly evolved, less evolved or primitive. Modern evolutionary science recognizes that a single-celled organism has had just as much evolutionary pressure as a human being or a radish. You should avoid any writing that ranks degrees of evolution in organisms. If you are describing a species by its full scientific name, it is correct to either underline or italicize the terms. Scientific names come from Latin, and it is customary to italicize foreign words when writing in English. If you are handwriting an essay, it's hard to italicize, so underlining is an acceptable alternative. Be consistent, and choose to either underline or italicize, but not both. Traditionally the genus name is capitalized, and the species name is not.Yes, absolutely! Whether you are a student, physician or research biologist, excellent grammar helps you communicate effectively with your colleagues. Clear sentence structure helps you to make confusing research projects easily understandable. Well-written grant proposals are more likely to be accepted. Top-quality grammar and writing are vital skills for any aspiring biologist. You can easily learn basic grammar rules, but the finer points of writing about biology are best picked up by reading well-written books and papers. You can also work with an English teacher or a writing coach to strengthen your skills. It is a worthwhile effort.Human beings are commonly known as Homo sapiens, but that is not entirely correct. It is more precise and accurate to denote that modern human beings are Homo sapiens sapiens. That tiny bit of extra denotation in classification actually makes a very big difference. (MORE)
The plural of Octopus is Octopuses. Octopodes is also acceptable but rarely used. The common misconception that the plural is octopi comes from the incorrect assumption that O…ctopus is a Latin word, it is in fact Greek. According to the authoritative Oxford English Dictionary, "the standard plural in English of octopus is octopuses. However , the word octopus comes from Greek and the Greek plural form octopodes is still occasionally used . The plural form octopi, formed according to rules for some Latin plurals, is incorrect" (MORE)
There are several plural forms of the word octopus: Octopuses is the most often used form cited in references in the US, but other forms are accepted such as octopi and octopo…des. (MORE)
Octopuses or octopodes. The Anglicized (and most common) plural form of octopus is octopuses. Although it is often supposed that octopi is the 'correct' plural of octopus, and… it has been in use for longer than the usual Anglicized plural octopuses, it in fact originates as an error. Octopus is not a simple Latin word of the second declension, but a Latinized form of the Greek word oktopous, and its 'correct' plural would logically be octopodes. (MORE)