What would you like to do?

What is the shielding effect in atoms?

already exists.

Would you like to merge this question into it?

already exists as an alternate of this question.

Would you like to make it the primary and merge this question into it?

exists and is an alternate of .

What is the shielding effect in atoms?
The screening effect, or shielding effect, is how electrons in the same atom interact with each other. In a single-electron atom (in isolation), the electron is only interacting with the proton; in a multielectron atom, the electrons are both interacting with the proton(s), but also with each other. While electrons are attracted to the protons in the nucleus, they are repelled by the other electrons. This electron-electron repulsion decreases the attractive force of the protons on the electrons.

The shielding effect changes the effective nuclear charge -- effectively decreasing the true nuclear charge. This effect causes atoms to get smaller as you across a period (row) of the periodic table, as well as many other periodic trends observed in the periodic table.

See the Web Links and Related Questions for more information about shielding and periodic trends.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------- keep in mind that different orbitals have varying shielding effciencies depending on their shape and symmetry from greatest effect to least s>p>d>f and the effective nuclear charge can be estimated with good approx. by the Slater's Rule where
Z_eff=Z-S Z_eff= effective nuclear charge Z=nuclear charge S=screening (or shielding) factor
the screening factor is calculated by following the directions given at this website
http://intro.chem.okstate.edu/WorkshopFolder/SlaterRule.html
+ 9 others found this useful
Thanks for the feedback!

Why does bigger size atom have more shielding effect?

The bigger the atom, the larger the number of electrons between the outermost energy level and the positively charged nucleus. As a result, the attraction between the electron

What element has the biggest shielding effect in its atom?

The shielding effect of an atom increases as the number of valence electrons become larger. Since, we can deduce that the elements in group 18 have the highest shielding effec
What effect does electron shielding have on atomic radius?

What effect does electron shielding have on atomic radius?

Going down a column, atomic radius increases because there are more energy levels. Valence electrons feel a weaker attraction to the nuclear charge due to increased electron s

What is the Definition of shielding effect?

The reduction in the force of attraction between the nucleus and outer most electron is known as shielding effect

What are the effects of spirit shields in runescape?

Arcane Spirit Shield: The shield has the same defensive bonuses as the blessed spirit shield, though it also gives a +20 Magic attack bonus. This makes it the off-hand item w

What metal is an effective radiation shield?

For the forms of radiation you are likely to encounter in the common medical and industrial settings you will find that most people talk about radiation shielding against x-ra
How are the shielding effect and atomic radius related?

How are the shielding effect and atomic radius related?

more sheilding means that the electrons will not be held as tightly, so they will be farther away from the nucleus and the atmic radius will be larger

What is the shielding effect?

  Answer   Shielding Effect is a phenomenon observed heavy nuclei element (elements having a big atomic number & atomic mass). It says that the electrons in the out

Define shielding effect?

the shielding effect is define as the decrease in attraction between an electron and the nucleus in any atom with more than one electron shell.It is also called screening effe
What does the shielding effect have on larger atoms?

What does the shielding effect have on larger atoms?

In the larger atoms, electrons are filled in the d and f orbitals as well. The d and f electrons have poor shielding of nuclear charge and hence the outer shell electrons ar