# What is the total mass of the Earth's atmosphere?

Would you like to merge this question into it?

#### already exists as an alternate of this question.

Would you like to make it the primary and merge this question into it?

#### exists and is an alternate of .

The total mass of the atmosphere can be calculated approximately by first taking the earth's total surface area (A = 4.pi.R2, R=6371000m) and multiply it by the global mean atmospheric pressure of 98550Pa to get the atmosphere's total weight in Newton. Next, divide by the average gravitational acceleration g=9.806m/s2 to get the approximate mass of the atmosphere. This yields an answer of 5.126x1018 kg that is actually about 0.4% too small, since gravity diminishes with height, and the effective total area applicable to each layer of the atmosphere increases with height. When all this is taken into account, a more correct value of 5.148x1018 kg is obtained.
14 people found this useful

# What is the Earth's mass?

Earth's Mass is 5.9736ÃƒÂ—10 24 kgThe Earth has a mass of 5.972e24 kg, which is scientific shorthand for 5.973 times ten to the 24th power. You could write that as 5972 followed by 21 zeroes.

# What are earth's atmospheres?

1. Troposphere (8-18km above Earth's surface). 2.Stratosphere (50km above Earth's Surface). 3. Mesosphere (50-85km). 4.Thermosphere (85-450km). 5.Exosphere (450-10,000km)

# What is the Earth's Atmosphere?

The Earth's atmosphere is a layer of gases surrounding the planetEarth and retained by the Earth's gravity. It contains roughly (bymolar content/volume) 78.08% nitogen, 20.95% oxygen, 0.93% argon,0.038% carbon dioxide, trace amounts of other gases, and a variableamount (average around 1%) of water v (MORE)

# How is Earth's atmosphere different from the atmosphere on Mars?

Earth's atmosphere is almost 200 times thicker than the atmosphere of Mars. The atmosphere of Earth is primarily nitrogen and oxygen, while the Martian atmosphere is primarily carbon dioxide.

# When did the earth's atmosphere start to form?

Depends on what you want to define as "atmosphere". The first signs of a type of atmosphere occurred approximately 10 million years when the Earth started to form a cloud of gaseous silica. When the Earth was about 40% its present radius, gravitational attraction would have been sufficient to (MORE)

# Which layer of the Earth's atmosphere is the thickest?

The thickest layer is closest to Earth's surface, and known as thetroposphere. This is where weather occurs. There are five layers ofEarth's atmosphere, and each layer thins out until it merges withspace.

# What is the volume of Earth's atmosphere?

The "effective volume" of the Earth's atmosphere is about 4.2 billion cubic kilometers. This figure is the surface area of the Earth (509 million square kilometers) times the "effective thickness" of the atmosphere (8.2 kilometers, or about 27,000 ft). The effective thickness and volume are what the (MORE)

# How did the earth's atmosphere form?

The atmosphere is an envelope of different gases that surrounds the earth used by life as a reservoir of chemical compounds used in living systems. The atmosphere has no outer boundary just fades into space. The Atmosphere has about the same thickness as continental crust.

# Why is the earth's atmosphere important?

The atmosphere of the earth holds the air we breath and protects us from the harmful effects of the sun. The atmosphere also holds heat so we don't freeze to death

# Composition of the Earth's atmosphere?

~75% nitrogen. ~25% oxygen. + tiny fraction of other stuff ====== . Nitrogen . . . 78.1% . Oxygen . . . 20.9% . Argon . . . 0.93% . Carbon dioxide . . . 0.04% . Neon . . . 0.002% . Helium . . . 0.001% Less than 0.001% : . Methane . Krypton . Hydrogen Less than 0.0001% . Nit (MORE)

# Approximately how thick is the earth's atmosphere?

According to NASA, the Earth's atmosphere is approximately 60 milesthick. The majority of the thick atmosphere is close to the Earth,though, within 10 miles of the Earth.

# What is the Earth's atmosphere like?

The Earth's atmosphere is a layer of gases that surrounds theEarth. It is composed of 78% nitrogen, 21% oxygen, 0.9% argon,0.03% carbon dioxide, and trace amounts of other gases. This thingaseous layer insulates the Earth from extreme temperatures, keepsheat inside the atmosphere and also shields th (MORE)

# What fraction of Earth's total mass do our oceans represent?

After a recent trip to the Natural History Museum in London I read that the split is 70% water, 30% land. That said, i think that is visible land and doesn't include all of the earths mass.

# What benefits are provided by the earth's atmosphere?

i am a student in gombe state university in nigeria and need answer to the question: what benefits are provided by the earth's atmosphere?. it gives us atmosperic pressure,the ozone layer sheilds us from uv rays,the lonosphere layer allows us to bounce radiowaves off it thus giving us radio,it prev (MORE)

# What are the main components of earth's atmosphere?

The atmosphere of Earth is mostly made of nitrogen, 78%, andoxygen, 21%. The remaining 1% is made of water vapour, carbondioxide, and other gaseous molecules. A+ Answer: Clouds

# Where did Earth's early atmosphere come from?

It came from very simple organisms that produced oxygen. These organisms came to this planet from outer space by asteroids.

# What is the argon percentage in Earth's atmosphere?

The percentage of Argon in the atmosphere is 0.93% in volume. (0.934 to be more accurate-pip) The atmosphere is 0.934% argon by volume, so, a lot of argon. The earth's atmosphere has a volume of about 3x10 24 m 3 , which means that there are about 2.8x10 22 m 3 (5x10 12 mi 3 ) of argon in the (MORE)

# What is Earth's atmosphere composed of?

Our thin atmosphere is composed of 78.08% nitrogen, 20.95%, about 1% water vapor (depending on the climate), 0.93% argon, and 0.039% carbon dioxide.

# What does the earth's atmosphere do?

The earth's atmosphere saves us humans from dieing from the suns deadly rays. It is like a shield that saves the knight from a knife. Or putting a blanket over the earth's atmosphere. The Earth's atmosphere also creates rain. In the summer on a hot, sunny day, water evaporates, and when the steam (MORE)

# What planet has an atmosphere closest to earth's atmosphere?

None of them are all that close! Mars would perhaps be as good as it gets, but stay away from all planets farther away than ours unless you love sulfur clouds and acid rain so strong on Venus that it would melt anything that enters it.

# How is the earth's atmosphere different from the atmosphere on venus?

The atmosphere of Venus consists mainly of carbon dioxide, and a small amount of nitrogen. The thick cloud cover is composed of sulfur dioxide and sulfuric acid droplets. Because of the dense atmosphere, the surface temperature ranges from 750 to 930 degrees Fahrenheit (398 to 498 Celsius). The surf (MORE)

# Center of mass of Earth's atmosphere?

Assuming that the Earth's atmosphere is a perfect sphere, then the atmosphere's center of mass will be at the point equidistant between Earth's poles (i.e. the center of the Earth!).

# Explain how earth's mass is related to its ability to have an atmosphere?

The Earth has an atmosphere because it has the gravity necessary tokeep the gases from floating off into space. The more mass a planethas, the more gravity it has, and the more gravity it has, thethicker an atmosphere it can sustain.

# How is temperature and pressure in the earth's atmosphere?

It is 1G of persure on you right now, meaning 1 Atmosphere of persure, it chages on driffernt bodies in Space, like the Sun is 125G. well at 8 miles up it is -40C, i think it goes up to -125

# How does carbon dioxide get into Earth's atmosphere?

It is trapped in a lot of the things we burn as fuel (e.g. coal and oil) so when we burn it the carbon dioxide is released and goes into the atmosphere. Other human activities that add CO2 to the atmosphere include deforestation and cement manufacture. This accounts for about 3% of all annually prod (MORE)

# Where is the ozone concentrated in the earth's atmosphere?

Ozone is concentrated at 20-40 km above earth with highestconcentration 6-8 parts per million. It is present in thestratosphere of the earth's atmosphere.

# How is venus' atmosphere different from earth's atmosphere?

The atmosphere of Venus consists mainly of carbon dioxide, and a small amount of nitrogen. The thick cloud cover is composed of sulfur dioxide and sulfuric acid droplets. Because of the dense atmosphere, the surface temperature ranges from 750 to 930 degrees Fahrenheit (398 to 498 Celsius). The surf (MORE)

# What are the elements in the earth's atmosphere?

The atmosphere of Earth is a layer of gases surrounding the planet Earth that is retained by Earth's gravity. The atmosphere protects life on Earth by absorbing ultraviolet solar radiation, warming the surface through heat retention (greenhouse effect), and reducing temperature extremes between da (MORE)

# What is an atmospheric inversion when studying the earth's atmosphere?

Normally, the temperature in the troposphere decreases with height. In an inversion, it increases. There are several reasons that this can happen, but some results include increased pollution in the summer, and particularly cold mornings in the fall and winter when your cell phone may have some trou (MORE)

# What will happen to the Earth's atmosphere?

If we keep burning fossil fuels (coal, oil and natural gas) and destroying forests then it will get warmer and warmer, threatening our way of life and that of everything else on the earth. If we stop burning fossil fuels tomorrow and change immediately to renewable energy, there's a slim ch (MORE)

# Which gas makes up 21 percent of total air volume in earth's atmosphere?

its oxygen that is aprox 21% and major part of air is nitrogen i.e. 79%

# How do volcanoes change the earth's atmosphere?

Well it all depends on the size of the volcano. For example there was a volcano so big that when it erupted itreleased tons of dust that it almost covered the whole entireworld. The dust particles blocked the rays from the sun making theearth drop in temperature for several weeks.

# How have volcanoes affected the earth's atmosphere?

The ash from volcanoes has a big effect on both the air and land. Not only do volcanoes spew out ashes, volcanoes let out gases which can be very harmful. The gases that are let out, are the same as some of the ones we produce,like carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and sulfur oxide. Thanks (14 yrs (MORE)

# How does volcanoes change the Earth's atmosphere?

it change the earth atmosphere when magma flashes out then the earth surface will be dusty

# What divides the layers of the earth's atmosphere?

From the Earth outward the layers of the atmosphere are; Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere, Thermosphere, Exosphere. These layers are divided by whether the temperature increases or deceases with an increase in altitude within the layer.

# What is a solvent in earth's atmosphere?

The last person said "Water Vapor". From a textbook I read, it says the Earth's atmosphere's solvent isnitrogen. The Earth's atmosphere is made out of 78% nitrogen, whilewater vapor and other gases takes part in only 1% of the earth'satmosphere. The Earth's atmosphere is a gas-gas solution.

# Why is earth's atmosphere not running out of oxygen?

Trees and plants, in the process of photosynthesis, are continually replenishing oxygen into the air.

# Can man escape Earth's atmosphere?

Yes. We have sent people beyond Earth's atmosphere.However, inorder to survive they must take air with them.

# How did early Earth's atmosphere differ from Earth's atmosphere today?

The early Earth had a reducing atmosphere, made up predominantly of methane, ammonia, and water vapor. All of these (except water vapor) are now present in trace quantities only; the atmosphere is now predominantly nitrogen and oxygen.

# How did bacteria changed Earth's atmosphere?

Early Earth probably had an atmosphere dominated by carbon dioxide similar to the atmosphere of Venus today. # There are a group of one-celled organisms that can live in an oxygen free environment. These are the bacteria or prokaryotes. They do not have a nucleus and reproduce only by cell divisio (MORE)

# Why is Earth's atmosphere special?

What makes It Special is It's utterly complete Uniqueness; as in Astronomically-One-Of-A-Kind. It being Irreplaceable [and essential for our Survival] and Under A-Full-Blown CO2 Assault also makes It Special and worthy of Our Loving Attention

# What do greenhouse gases in earth's atmosphere do?

Greeenhouse gases are but a little bit bad it's good if we didn't have green house gases the earth will be frozen

# How is the earth's atmosphere divided into layers?

It is not actually divided into layers by nature. It is a constantly changing mass of gasses with water in suspension with different temperatures and pressures constantly changing their relationship with one another. The notion of layers is only a human tool, a model, to help us understand it better (MORE)

# What is the Earth's atmospheric weight?

Total mass of atmosphere : 5.1 x 10 18 kg Another calculation has as result 5.4 x 10 18 kg

# Is the Earth's atmosphere important to us?

The Earths athmosphere is one of the most important things to us. The athmosphere is very delicate and contains all the protection we need from meteorites, UV rays, and allows the Earth to sustain life.

# What does photosynthesis add to earth's atmosphere?

Photosynthesis adds Oxygen to our planet, and it givers the plants energy. Its Chemical equation is: carbon dioxide + water =light energy=> glucose + oxygen 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O =light energy=> C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2

# What is the highest layer in earth's atmosphere?

The ionosphere. At the top of this layer, the atmosphere blends into outer space (There's little difference between the two)

# How much air mass needed to raise Mars' atmosphere to Earth's atmospheric pressure?

It would need around 4x10 18 kg of air to raise Mars' atmosphere to earth's atmospheric pressure. The answer is formulated under general pressure-depth relation assuming ratio of atmosphere depth is very small to the planet's diameter. P = m.g/A P = pressure = 101300 Pascal at earth's sea level m (MORE)

# What is the Earth's moon atmosphere like?

The Moon's atmosphere is like . . . nothing. There isn't one. The Moon does not have enough gravity to hold onto an atmosphere while the Sun is successfully making any atmosphere dissipate into space.

# Why is there oxygen in the earth's atmosphere?

The oxygen is the product of photosynthesis. Plants and algae usethe energy of sunlight to turn water and carbon dioxide into sugarand oxygen. The plants use the sugar as food and turn some intocellulose to make cell walls. Oxygen is released into theatmosphere as a byproduct.