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What is the world's most ancient civilization?
This depends on your definintion of civilization. There was Babylon, which was a mere city. The first true known nation was Egypt.
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Both Aztec and Mayan civilizations.
the Persians controlled most of the land.
Most ancient civilizations needed the fertile land, food sources (water-based fowl, fish, etc.), and trading opportunities found near rivers to support their community. Ov…er time, commerce and population would grow, and with it would develop a full-fledged civilization. They could then use their clever location to defend themselves from attackers, to reach other main hubs of civilization to trade, and to establish a navy. hi guys
Agricultural areas, preferably near trade routes.
The Ancient Hellenic (Greek) civilizations. They gave us the ideas of a republic and governance as well as learning and philosophy. They laid the foundations of modern science… and gave birth to modern maths, logic, and the concept of a mathematic proof. However the Greek civilization is said to have been greatly influenced in the beginning by Ancient Egypt. If we are looking at inventions many other civilizations have contributed such as Ancient China who gave us paper, gunpowder and many other. Mesopotamia gave us the wheel. It is difficult to say that one civilization was the most influential because most of them are interrelated. However it is generally accepted that Ancient Greece experienced a "Golden Age" during which extraordinary advancements where made in all the main aspects of modern civilization.
The heritage of the so-called Byzantine Empire were the Greek and Roman civilisations. The Byzantine Empire was the continuation of the Roman Empire. This term has been coined… by historians to indicate the eastern part of the Roman Empire after the fall of the western part. This part of the Roman Empire continued to exist for nearly 1,000 years). The so-called "Byzantines" did not even know this term. They called their empire Imperium Romanum , Imperium Romanorum (Empire of the Romans) , or Romania in Latin or or Basileia Rhomaion, Arche ton Rhomaion or Rhomania , which were the same terms in Greek. The Term Romania was not related to the country which was later called Romania (it means land of the Romans). The term Byzantine was chosen by a German historian in the 16th century as a derivation from Byzantium, a Greek city which evolved along Roman lines under Roman rule and which was then redeveloped, turned into an imperial capital and renamed Constantinople (City of Constantine) by the Roman emperor Constantine the Great in 330. It is used to indicate the fact that not long after the fall of the western part of the Roman Empire, this part of the empire became centred on Greece and Greek in character after it lost most of its non-Greek territories. Greek replaced Latin as the official language of this empire in 620, some 150 years after the fall of the western part. Both the terms Byzantine and Byzantine Empire became common in Western Europe in the 19th century.
Ancient civilizations began by rivers and fertile lands. The first civilizations started in the Fertile Crescent, around the Nile river. This was known as the "Cradle of Civil…ization"
How were the people of the Harappan civilization unique compared to those of most other ancient civilizations?
Burials found from Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro are simplistic and contain few material goods, unlike other civilizations which built massive monuments and buried riches in th…eir tombs. The Harappa people did not have social classes, no rulers or nobility, and no evidence has been found of military activity although the cities were fortified.
It depends what important means. In terms of contributions to the modern world, Ancient Greece contributed to Medicine, Science, Art, Engineering and Philosophy and laid the f…oundations of the Renaissance. However, the Golden Age of Ancient Greece has roots in Ancient Egypt. Rome was an outstanding military force but it's contributions to Art and Science are disproportionate to that of Greece and it is generally considered to have stalled advancements in these areas by conquering the Hellenic world. However the Romans had a contribution in Engineering. The Arabs took over Greece in Mathematics and advanced algebra. It really depends what you consider important. Important in what field? In terms of science and technology I would have to go with Greece.
The most anchient civilization is the etruscand also they had the first alfabet 1000 -1500 years before the phoenicians. They had an extremly developt civilization ,they… were the base of the greek, roman ... civilizations.
In Roman Empire
The most important legacy of the Romans is religion Others are the alphabet, language, the calendar, law, architecture and literature. Christianity developed from a religion a…mong a small group of Jews (who lived in Judea, which was part of the Roman Empire) into a mass religion in the Roman days. It spread around the Roman Empire. It became state religion. Catholic Christianity and Orthodox Christianity developed during the Late Roman Empire. They were originally called Latin or Western Christianity and Greek or Eastern Christianity respectively. The former was the main form of Christianity in the western part of the Roman Empire and the latter was the main form of Christianity in the eastern part of the Roman Empire. Western European languages have adopted and adapted the Latin alphabet. The only letters in the English language which do not come from the Latin alphabet are J, U and W. Italian, French, Spanish, Portuguese, and Romanian are languages derived from Latin (Romance languages). Many Latin words or words of Latin origin have entered English via two routes. One was that Latin was the language of the church in the Middle Ages. The other was the Norman conquest of England. French became the court language and many French words entered into the English language. These words are usually of Latin origin. Many international words in medicine, law and theology are Latin. The calendar we use is the Gregorian calendar. It is named after the minor modifications made by the calendar instituted by Julius Caesar (Julian calendar) by Pope Gregory XII in 1582. Therefore, we basically use the Roman calendar. We also use translations of the Roman names for the months. The key principles of Roman civil law have provided the foundation or an inspiration for the law of many modern countries. These are: citizenship status and citizenship rights, equality under the law, nobody is above the law, the right to have a proper trial, the right to defend oneself and to be represented, the right to appeal, that the burden of proof rests on the accuser and not on the accused, that it is the exact form of actions and not intentions or words which is punishable, and that a law deemed unreasonable or unfair can be repealed. The Romans influenced European architecture, sculpture and painting until the early 20th century. They influenced the art of the Renaissance (14th-15th century) Baroque (17th-18th century) and Neoclassicism (18th-20th century, and is still sometimes used today). Palladian architecture was also based on Roman architecture. It was popular from the 17th century to the 20th century and was often used for public buildings. Latin literature was very influential in European literature until the mid-20th century.