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What was one of the key elements in the fall of Fort Henry in the US Civil War in 1862?

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The often overlooked elements to the fall of Confederate Fort Henry was high water levels that hampered the effectiveness of the forts large cannons. Also, the credit for the fall of the fort lies with US Navy Officer Andrew Foote. Ironclads and gunboats wreaked havoc on the undermanned fort. Confederate Commander Albert S. Johnston was in charge of the Western Theater and was aware that Major General Henry Halleck would be sending Brigadier General US Grant to assault both forts Henry and Donelson.
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