What was one of the key elements in the fall of Fort Henry in the US Civil War in 1862?
The often overlooked elements to the fall of Confederate Fort Henry was high water levels that hampered the effectiveness of the forts large cannons. Also, the credit for the fall of the fort lies with US Navy Officer Andrew Foote. Ironclads and gunboats wreaked havoc on the undermanned fort. Confederate Commander Albert S. Johnston was in charge of the Western Theater and was aware that Major General Henry Halleck would be sending Brigadier General US Grant to assault both forts Henry and Donelson.
In the West - the emergence of U.S. Grant (Union) as a battle-winner, whose progress was unfortunately slowed-down by his General-in-Chief Henry Halleck, who believed in occup…ying territory, rather than destroying enemy forces. In the East - the promotion of Robert E. Lee (Confederate), who won a string of victories through the summer that encouraged Britain to believe in the Confederacy and start planning to send aid. To forestall this, Lincoln wanted to declare the war to be a crusade against slavery (which it hadn't been), making it politically impossible for Britain to help the South. However, he could not issue this 'Proclamation' while he was still losing, or it would look like a desperate measure. The unexpected Northern victory at Antietam in September gave him his chance, and British intervention was never high on the agenda after that.
The Union Army of the Potomac led by Major General George B.McClellan fought for the United States. The Confederate Army ofNorthern Virginia under General Robert E. Lee fought… for theConfederate States of America, or the South. In other words,Americans fought the Battle of Antietam. Union General George B.McClellan outnumbered the enemy and the Rebels escaped total defeatin that McClellan never used all of his reserves. If he had, hemight have defeated Lee's Army of Northern Virginia in detail.Although there were events and battles leading up to Antietam, thebattle here was on September 17, 1862. On that day, there were moreAmerican casualties then on any other day of battle in US history.
There were 753 reported Union deaths and 361 Confederated deaths at the Battle of Chattanooga.
It was the beginning of the Civil War.
The main significance of Fort Henry and Donelson is the fact thatafter both forts were defeated by Ulysses S. Grant. It helped toopen up the west for attack by the Union.
The Union suffered over 2,100 killed, over 9,500 wounded and over700 captured men on September 17, 1862 at the Battle of Antietam.
The Union General was General George B McClellan. The Confederate General was General Joseph E Johnston.
The first encounter involving two ironclad warships took place onMarch 9, 1862, in the Hampton Roads channel, southeastern Virginia,between the Union Monitor and the Confede…rate Virginia (formerly the Merrimack ). This was the day the two ironclad warships of the US Civil War, theMonitor and the Merrimac (also known as Virginia) fought for 5hours.
No battle in history has seen one million soldiers killed andwounded.The Battle of Shiloh, or Pittsburgh Landing as it was knownin the North for a short time, was the bloodies…t battle fought onthe North American continent to that time, that is up until Aprilof 1862. It would be surpassed several times during the course ofthe war. Total casualties for the battle on both sides was about25,000 men killed or wounded. The number killed was about 1800 forthe north and almost the same for the South. Many more were maimedfor life. The horror of the battle shocked both the North and theSouth, yet these numbers would be far exceeded at both Antietam andGettysburg.
When the US Civil war broke out in 1861, it was thought it would beover by Christmas. The North was far superior in manpower,manufacturing, railroads, etc. But the war was poo…rly managed bythe Union. Their generals proved ineffective and strategies failed.That caused it to drag on for four long years. Optimists in theNorth believed that the casualties suffered by the Army of NorthernVirginia, would prove to end Robert E. Lee's army. Lee was able toescape to Virginia, however, and the vaunted Army of NorthernVirginia would survive to fight again. US President Lincoln blamedGeneral George B. McClellan for not destroying Lee's army, however,Lincoln did not understand why that was impossible at that time.Not long after this, McClellan was relieved of his command of theArmy of the Potomac. This was unfortunate in that it hamperedMcClellan's excellent plans he had for the remainder of 1862. Hisdismissal also was a blow to the military sense of pride. andmorale. McClellan was very popular with his army. His replacement,Ambrose Burnside was reluctant to take command of the Army of thePotomac.
In the US Civil War after the victories at Fort Donelson and Henry which states were Confederate and which were Union?
The same as they were before, except that Braxton Bragg briefly managed to install an unelected Confederate government in the slave-state of Kentucky. The state provided almos…t no recruits for Bragg, and remained within the Union.
The Confederacy, although like Antietam, both sides killed so manyof the other army that both claimed victory. The Confederacy isgranted the historical victory because the Uni…on Army eventuallyretreated. The above doesn't give sufficient credit to the Confederate side.Second Bull Run was a decisive Confederate victory, due to goodleadership by the Confederates and poor tactical decision-making bythe Union leadership (particularly, General Pope, the Unionleader). The result was the Confederates driving the Union sideback from the field in a precipitous retreat, and inflicting aboutthree times the number of casualties as they sustained.
Fort Snelling served as a supply depot and induction station for new Union soldiers.
It was the turn of the tide. In the West, the Confederates abandoned their attempt to invade Kentucky. In the East, Lee's attempted invasion of Pennsylvania failed, and Linc…oln was able to issue the Emancipation Proclamation without making it look like a desperate measure. This had the desired effect of keeping the British out of the war, as they could not be seen to fight directly for slavery.
No, the war of 1862 was an uprising of the Native American tribe know as the Sioux. The American Civil War was a war in which the southern states broke away from the Union and… declared war.
Possibly 3,000 or so Henrys were actually purchased by the US Government for the US Army during the war; but usually it was wealthy Regimental Colonels that purchased Henrys f…or their men. And of course many officers purchased Henrys for their own use. This also applied to the Spencer repeating rifles which fed metallic cartridges thru the butt end of the stock. Those Civil War Henrys and the Henry company of the 1860s SHOULD NOT be confused with the Henrys of today. The Henry of today was founded by an Italian immigrant who purchased the old American gun company of Iver Johnson and simply used the Henry name (patent expired) when he started the company up in 1992.