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What was the Mayflower Compact?

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The Mayflower Compact (1620) was the first case of colonial self-government in America.
The Mayflower Compact was the first governing document of Plymouth Colony. It was drafted by the pilgrims who crossed the Atlantic aboard the Mayflower. It was signed on November 21, 1620 in what is now Provincetown Harbor near Cape Cod. Having settled at Plymouth (thus named by Captain John Smith earlier), the pilgrims recognized that their land was outside the chartered territory of the London Company. Thus, the Mayflower Compact was signed to establish a civil government based upon a majoritarian model and to proclaim the settlers' allegiance to the king. The compact was referred to by John Quincy Adams as the foundation of the Constitution of the United States, but he was speaking figuratively, not literally.
The settlers were well aware that earlier settlements in the New World had failed due to a lack of central leadership, and the Mayflower Compact was essentially a social contract in which the settlers agreed to abide by the rules of the government for the sake of their own survival. The government, in return, would derive its power from the consent of the governed.
The original document was lost, but the transcriptions in Mourt's Relation and William Bradford's journal Of Plymouth Plantation are in agreement and accepted as accurate.

In the name of God, Amen. We whose names are underwritten, the loyal subjects of our dread Sovereign Lord King James, by the Grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, etc.
Having undertaken, for the Glory of God and advancement of the Christian Faith and Honour of our King and Country, a Voyage to plant the First Colony in the Northern Parts of Virginia, do by these presents solemnly and mutually in the presence of God and one of another, Covenant and Combine ourselves together into a Civil Body Politic, for our better ordering and preservation and furtherance of the ends aforesaid; and by virtue hereof to enact, constitute and frame such just and equal Laws, Ordinances, Acts, Constitutions and Offices, from time to time, as shall be thought most meet and convenient for the general good of the Colony, unto which we promise all due submission and obedience.
In witness whereof we have hereunder subscribed our names at Cape Cod, the 11th of November, in the year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord King James, of England, France and Ireland the eighteenth, and of Scotland the fifty-fourth. Anno Domini 1620
The Mayflower Compact was the first governing document of Plymouth Colony. It was written by the separatist Congregationalists who called themselves the "Saints".
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Why did the men on the Mayflower sign the Mayflower compact?

The ship called the Mayflower set sail in July 1620 with 101 passengers bound for the New World. Their original destination was an area near the western bank of the Hudson Riv

What was the mayflowe compact?

The Mayflower Compact was an early example of social contract theory put into practice in America and laid the foundation for the state of Massachusetts. It can be said to ref

What did the Mayflower Compact do?

The Mayflower Compact established a tradition of direct democracy.

How did the Mayflower Compact help the pilgrims?

It Helped Because all The pilgrims wanted Religous Freedom, and the mayflower compact brought that.

What was The the purpose of Mayflower Compact?

to set a system of laws that all immigrants and people of the mayflower had to obide to form an organized city

What was the Mayflower Compact and its purpose?

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What was the mayflower compact about?

The Mayflower Compact On Sept. 6, 1620, the Mayflower, a sailing vessel of about 180 tons, started her memorable voyage from Holland, with about 100 pilgrims aboard, bound for

Why did the Puritans sign the Mayflower Compact?

The Mayflower Compact stated that the Puritans would follow the rules of the government. They didn't arrive where they originally intended so the rules of England did not appl