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Not all were sailors of course, my grandfather was in the Army and stationed at Scholfield Barracks near Wheeler Field. At the time of the attack most of the soldiers were in the breakfast line, many men were killed right there. They were getting ready to go to Sunday mass....reading their letters from home,cleaning gun barrels, knapping in their onboard cots, you know, relaxing...it was the weekend. A lot were sleeping. It was Sunday morning, they were sailors and many had been out late on Satuday night.
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I do not have exact numbers but there were reports of lines extending for blocks leading to the recruiting offices.
most where sleeping, but some where at the morning flag ceremony.
The primary target at Pearl Harbor was the US Navy (Sailors), the US Army (Soldiers) were a secondary target. US Servicemen were just waking up on a Sunday morning, when… the attack came.
Approximately 500,000 US-Hispanics served in the US Army during WW2.
Living their daily lives; breakfast, lunch, dinner, work, etc. Except for watching TV; televisions didn't exist back then.
some people were still sleeping and some were getting ready for church
Most US Sailors were on leave or otherwise off the battleships during the attack, and/or managed to abandon ship when the attack came. However, the battleship USS Arizon…a, was hit so fast in such a critical area (the magazine(s), her crewmen didn't have a chance to respond, and went down with the ship. The Arizona had about 1,100 crewmen inside her when she sunk.
They were trying to figure out a way to give the USA the declaration of war only moments before the attack so that the surprise would not be outside of the rules of war. They …failed in this regard and the declaration of war was provided to Washington over three hours after the attack began.
Pearl Harbor had been a Navy base since the 1890s, and Hawaii had been a US territory since that time. In those days there were violent anarchists, many of whom were working m…en. They liked to slip a bomb disguised as a lump of coal into a Navy ships coal bunkers. All the world's modern navies ran on coal, and to prevent the anarchists from slipping in bombs, if they had to buy coal where ever they were when they ran out, navies wanted "coaling stations". This was why the Navy got Pearl Harbor to start with, as a coaling station, where the warships could get a secure supply of coal. Once there was a Navy base in Hawaii, the Army had to send troops to protect the Navy base and its ships when they were in the Harbor. At the time of the Pearl Harbor attack in 1941 some soldiers had been in Hawaii for a number of years. Today, men get transferred to a new base about every two years. It was not that way back then, and men might serve in the "Pineapple Army", the old Hawaiian Division, for ten years or more. Up until the summer of 1940, the US Pacific Fleet was based in California. President Roosevelt ordered it to Hawaii to send a signal to the Japanese that the US was concerned about their invasions and wars against their neighbors in Asia. The Admiral commanding the Fleet at that time tried to tell Roosevelt that keeping the Fleet in Pearl Harbor was a bad idea. It was very difficult to defend the base. Defending the base was the Army's job, but they did not have the cannon and equipment they needed to do it right. Plus, there was only one narrow channel as a way in or out of the Harbor. One ship sunk in the channel and the entire Fleet would be bottled up in the Harbor for months, until the wreckage could be removed. Instead of listening to this Admiral, Roosevelt fired him.
In Pearl Harbor
The Japanese needed to acquire sources of raw materials in southeast Asia and knew that doing so by force would involve the US in military action. So they struck first, with t…he first blow landing at Pearl Harbor, with attacks on Singapore, Wake Island, and the Philippines following within hours.
Well we were fighting in the war. the ship that was there was just reloading on supplies and taking a break when the Japanes attacked Pearl Harbor.
In Pearl Harbor
Because they used submarines/torpedoes to attack. It was a really a torpedo and they got in and moved it around just like a submarine. It was sacrifice.
2,402 killed .