Where is Cyprus?

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Cyprus is in the Mediterranean Sea. South east of Greece, South of Turkey. Turkish Cypriots and Greek Cypriots live separately after the Turkish invasion in 1974. Turkish Cypriots live in the North while Greek Cypriots live in the South. The Greek Cypriots joined EU as the Republic of Cyprus in 2004. The North is not recognized as a country by any country besides Turkey.
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How old is Cyprus?

Short answer: It is believed the first human activity was around the 10thmillennium BC. It was settled by the Greeks in the 3rd millennium BC. It became an independent country in 1960 AD. More Detail: The history of Cyprus is one of the oldestrecorded in the world. From the earliest times Cyprus' historical significance faroutweighed its small size. Its strategic position at the crossroadsof three continents, as well as its considerable supplies of copperand timber combined to make it a highly desirable territorialacquisition. The first signs of civilization go back to the 9th millennium BC,while the discovery of copper on the island brought wealth andtrade to the island. Around 1200 BC a process began that was tostamp the island with an identity that it still has today; thearrival of Mycenaean - Achaean Greeks as permanent settlers, whobrought with them their language and culture. Cyprus wassubsequently conquered by various nations but, nevertheless,managed to retain its Greek identity, language and culture intact.The Turkish Cypriots came much later. They were descendants of theOttoman Turks who occupied the island for more than 300 yearsbetween the 16th and 19th century, and have contributed their ownheritage to the country. Christianity was introduced to the island during the 1st century ADby St. Paul himself and St. Barnabas, founder of the Church ofCyprus. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Neolithic Period (8200-3900 BC) Remains of the oldest known settlements in Cyprus date from thisperiod. They can best be seen at Choirokoitia, just off the Nicosiato Limassol highway. At first, only stone vessels were used.Pottery appeared on a second phase after 5000 BC. Chalcolithic Age (3900-2500 BC) Transitional period between the Stone Age and the Bronze Age. MostChalcolithic settlements were found in western Cyprus, where afertility cult developed. Copper was beginning to be discovered andexploited on a small scale. Bronze Age (2500-1050 BC) Copper was more extensively exploited bringing wealth to Cyprus.Trade developed with the Near East, Egypt and the Aegean, whereCyprus was known under the name of Alasia. After 1400 BC Mycenaeans from Greece first came to the island asmerchants. Around 1200 BC, mass waves of Achaean Greeks came tosettle on the island spreading the Greek language, religion andcustoms. They gradually took control over Cyprus and establishedthe first city-kingdoms of Pafos, Salamis, Kition and Kourion. Thehellenisation of the island was then in progress. Geometric Period (1050-750 BC) Cyprus was then a Greek island with ten city-kingdoms. The cult ofthe Goddess Aphrodite flourished at her birthplace Cyprus. Archaic and Classical Period (750-310 BC) The period of prosperity continued, but the island fell prey toseveral conquerors. Cypriot Kingdoms became successively tributaryto Assyria, Egypt and Persia. King Evagoras of Salamis (who ruledfrom 411-374 BC) unified Cyprus and made the island one of theleading political and cultural centres of the Greek world. The city-kingdoms of Cyprus welcomed Alexander the Great, King ofMacedonia, and Cyprus became part of his empire. Hellenistic Period (310-30 BC) After the rivalries for succession between Alexander's generals,Cyprus eventually came under the Hellenistic state of the Ptolemiesof Egypt and belonged from then onwards to the Greek Alexandrineworld. The Ptolemies abolished the city-kingdoms and unifiedCyprus. Pafos became the capital. Phoenicians settled at Kition in the 9th century BC. The 8th century BC was a period of great prosperity. Roman Period (30 BC - 330 AD) Cyprus came under the dominion of the Roman Empire. During themissionary journey of Saints Paul and Barnabas, the ProconsulSergius Paulus was converted to Christianity and Cyprus became thefirst country to be governed by a Christian. Destructiveearthquakes occurred during the 1st century BC and the 1st centuryAD and cities were rebuilt. In 313 the Edict of Milan grantedfreedom of worship to Christians and Cypriot bishops attended theCouncil of Nicosia in 325. Byzantine Period (330 - 1191 AD) After the division of the Roman Empire, Cyprus came under theeastern Roman Empire, known as Byzantium, with Constantinople asits capital. Christianity became the official religion. Newearthquakes during the 4th century AD completely destroyed the maincities. New cities arose, Constantia became capital and largebasilicas were built from the 4th to 5th century AD. In 488 Emperor Zeno granted the Church of Cyprus full autonomy andgave the Archbishop the privileges of holding a sceptre instead ofa pastoral staff, wearing a purple mantle and signing in red ink.In 647 Arabs invaded the island .For three centuries Cyprus hadbeen constantly under attack by Arabs and pirates until 965, whenEmperor Nicephoros Phocas expelled Arabs from Asia Minor andCyprus. Richard the Lionheart and the Knights Templar (1191 - 1192) Isaac Comnenus, a Byzantine governor and self proclaimed«Emperor» of Cyprus, behaved discourteously to survivors of ashipwreck involving ships of King Richard's fleet on their way tothe Third Crusade, including Richard´s sister Joanna, Queen ofCicily, and his betrothed Berengaria of Navarre. Richard in revengedefeated Isaac and took possession of Cyprus marrying Berengaria ofNavarre in Limassol where she was crowned Queen of England.whichthough under severe A year later he sold the island for 100.000 dinars to the KnightsTemplar, a Frankish military order, who resold it at the same priceto Guy de Lusignan, deposed King of Jerusalem. Frankish (Lusignan) Period (1192 - 1489) Cyprus was ruled on the feudal system and the Catholic Churchofficially replaced the Greek Orthodox, which though under severesuppression managed to survive. The city of Famagusta (Ammochostos)was then one of the richest in the Near East. It was during thisperiod that the historical names of Lefkosia, Ammochostos andLemesos were changed to Nicosia, Famagusta and Limassol,respectively. The Frankish rule was brutal and oppressive. The eraof the Lusignan dynasty ended when the last Queen Catherine Cornaroceded Cyprus to Venice in 1489. Venetian Period (1489 - 1571) Venetians viewed Cyprus as a last bastion against the Ottomans inthe east Mediterranean and fortified the island, tearing downlovely buildings in Nicosia to reduce the boundaries of the citywithin fortified walls. They also built impressive walls aroundFamagusta, which were considered at the time as works of art ofmilitary architecture. Ottoman Occupation (1571 - 1878) In 1570 Ottoman troops attacked Cyprus, captured Nicosia,slaughtered 20.000 of the population and laid siege to Famagustafor a year. After a brave defence by Venetian commander MarcAntonio Bragadin, Famagusta fell to the Ottoman commander LalaMustafa who at first allowed the besieged a peaceful exodus, butlater ordered the flaying of Bragadin and put all others to death.On annexation to the Ottoman Empire, Lala Mustafa Pasha became thefirst Governor. The Ottoman Turks, whose descendants are today´sTurkish Cypriots, were to rule Cyprus until 1878. The Muslimminority during the Ottoman period eventually acquired a Cypriotidentity. Initially, the Greek Orthodox Church was granted acertain amount of autonomy, the feudal system was abolished and thefreed serfs were allowed to acquire land, though heavily taxed. Asthe power of the Ottoman Turks declined, their rule became brutaland corrupt and there were many instances when Greek and TurkishCypriots alike struggled together against the oppression of OttomanRule. It was with a certain amount of optimism - sadly misplaced -that Cyprus would be united with Greece, that British rule waswelcomed. British Rule (1878 - 1960) Under the 1878 Cyprus Convention, the Ottoman Turks handed over theadministration of the island to Britain in exchange for guaranteesthat Britain would protect the crumbling Ottoman Empire againstpossible Russian aggression. It remained formally part of theOttoman Empire until the latter entered the First World War on theside of Germany, and Britain in consequence annexed Cyprus in 1914.In 1923 under the Treaty of Lausanne, Turkey relinquished allrights to Cyprus. In 1925 Cyprus was declared a Crown colony. In1940 Cypriot volunteers served in the British Armed Forcesthroughout the Second World War. Hopes for self-determination being granted to other countries inthe post-war period were shattered by the British who consideredthe island vitally strategic, especially after the debacle of Suez.If the island became part of Greece, Britain would lose its basesand influence in the area. Applying a policy of divide and rule,Britain rekindled Turkey´s ambitions for Cyprus. Ankara could notcountenance a Greek island so close to its soft underbelly. Britainused the Turkish Cypriots, who formed 18% of the population, asweapons in their fight against the Greek Cypriots and deliberatelyinvolved Turkey, which began to advance the idea of partition. The Cyprus problem has its roots in foreign interference andoccupation. For centuries, Cyprus has been occupied by one power oranother but through it all has kept intact its predominantlyHellenic nature and Christian Orthodox traditions. The ambition ofenosis, or union with Greece, was already strong when Greece wonits own independence from the Ottomans in the 19th century. WhenBritain became the ruling power in Cyprus, the hope that this dreamcould become reality became even more intense. After all means ofpeaceful settling of the problem had been exhausted, a nationalliberation struggle was launched in 1955 against colonial rule andfor union with Greece. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The liberation struggle ended in 1959 with the Zurich-Londonagreements signed by Britain, Greece and Turkey as well asrepresentatives of the Greek and Turkish Cypriots, leading toCyprus´ independence. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- According to the Zurich-London agreements, Cyprus became an independent republic on 16 August 1960. As an independent country it became a member of the United Nations,the Council of Europe, the Commonwealth and the Non-AlignedMovement. (Britain retained two sovereign bases (158.5 sq. km) on the island,at Dekeleia and Akrotiri-Episkopi.)

What is the flag of Cyprus?

The flag of Cyprus is very unusual in that it contains a map of the country. It is a copper coloured map of Cyprus on a white background with two olive branches underneath.

Is there scorpions in Cyprus?

yes there are scorpions in cyprus. i found one in the sink this morning and last week found one on the patio. i live in marathounda village, paphos. can anyone tell me if they are harmful. they are white and grey transluscent in colour and about 2 - 3 inches long.

What is the cuisine of Cyprus?

The traditional diet of Cyprus is the mediterranian diet, with fresh fish and vegetables cooked with olive oil. There are some specialities of the island; halloumi cheese originates from Cyprus and is often served as a starter or fried for breakfast.. Because Cyprus is close to Turkey and North Africa there are influences there that are rarely found on Greek islands; the meze - a meal of many dishes is widely served in Cyprus and falafal (deep fried chick pea balls, from North Africa) are often found.

Is there sharks in Cyprus?

I live in Cyprus, and yes there are sharks in Cyprus. Not a common sight but they do exist, they're usually past the breakwaters, rarely reaching shore. In the 20 years that I have been here, there were only two cases of sharks reaching shore. Both were labeled as 'friendly sharks' where they would pose no risk to humans. The one case was in Limassol in the Enaerios area where two sharks surfaced on the beach.

What is Cyprus famous for?

Cyprus, the third-largest island in the Mediterranean, is famous for its ancient sites including the village of Khirokitia (a United Nations World Heritage site) and the Tombs of the Kings.

What can you do in Cyprus?

Cyprus is famous for its beautiful beaches. why not relax on the beach? there are many historical archaeological sites too. If in the Paphos area, why not to tomb of the kings? A traditional meze is always good too. If in Paphos, head down towards coral bay, a touristy area with shops and restaurants, nit far from here is Lara bay. a world renowned site fro turtle nesting. Cyprus has a lot to offer.

What is Cyprus known for?

In a touristy sense, Cyprus is know for its beaches and resorts aswell as many other holiday resorts in the Mediterranean, howeverCyprus is also rich in culture. Cyprus is famed for being the birthplace of Aphrodite, as well as having many Greek OrthodoxMonasteries up in the mountains (the most famous of which is calledKykos). In a more political sense, Cyprus is divided in half, with thenorthern half of the island being occupied illegal by the Turkish.This divide is called the green line and runs through the center ofNicosia, the capital. Cyprus is a beautiful island with many attractions and I wouldrecommend a visit!

How hot is it in Cyprus?

depending on the season, it could go to a 43-45 C maximum on summer with a basic temperature ranging around 40 . usually spring has degrees of 25-32 and Autumn 15-24.

What was HMS Cyprus?

She was a 'Q-ship' - Nine Q-Ships were commissioned by the Royal Navy in September and October 1939 for work in the North Atlantic one of them was 4398-ton HMS Cyprus (X44) ex-Cape Sable built 1936.

Is Cyprus in Eurasia?

southern Cyprus ıs ın Europe and northern Cyprus ıs ın asıa ıf see any part of ın eurasıa ın thıs pıece of wrıtıng then get back through ınternet ahat

Is Cyprus in Asia?

Actually Cyprus is a member of the EU, but, it is located to the cross of 3 continents (Europe, Asia, Africa). It is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean, south of Turkey and west of Syria and Lebanon. Actually it is only in Asian continent

What does Cyprus mean?

There are several definitions for how Cyprus got the name, however, a popular one is that the island had a lot of copper sources in the early years, and by the name cuprum, which means copper in Latin, the name was given.

Who found Cyprus?

Cyprus has been inhabited since pre-historic times (remains have been found that date back 12,000 years) - who first landed on the island isn't recorded. and some people say it was the Greeks

What are the temperatures in Cyprus?

Cyprus is blessed with sunny weather for at least 320 days of the year. Spring time which is Mar - May the temperature is between 19c - 24c Summer time June - August is hot, between 26c - 40c Autumn time September - November between 23c - 28c Winter time December - February 8c - 18c These are approximate temperatures. At the moment, November 2011 it is unusually cold. 8-15c. fluctuating up and down between morning, lunch time and evening. During the day it is still sunny but cool If your travelling to Cyprus during winter, do bring a coat and proper shoes. Hope you find this answer helpful. Cyprus Keys

What animals are in Cyprus?

Six different snakes, although the most common is the black whipsnake, which is harmless. The moufflon, which is a very large sheep, although looks very much like a goat. They are wild, thouh harmless, and more frightened of you than you are of them. Two eagles Two vultures And lots, lots more!

What animals do they have in Cyprus?

Six different pecies of snakes, although the most common is the black whipsnake, which is harmless. The moufflon, which is a very large sheep, although looks very much like a goat. They are wild, thouh harmless, and more frightened of you than you are of them. Two species of eagles. Two species of vultures. These are the ones I know of only so you may want to research more on that. Hope this helped though.

Is Cyprus Europe?

The Republic of Cyprus has been a member of the EU since 2006; however, the breakaway Northern Turkish section is not recognised by any nation other than Turkey itself, so is not a part of the European Union.

Is Cyprus a country?

Yes, although there is a little complication as the northern part of Cyprus is occupied by Turkey and is the self-declared Turkish Republic of Cyprus.

How hot is Cyprus?

Cyprus is hot - although politically in Europe, for climatic purposes it is in the middle-East. The summer (July/August) temperatures reach 40 o C. The record is 44.4 o C which is hot. Bear in mind that these are shade temperatures and the coastal cities become very humid in the summer, making it feel more uncomfortable. The spring (March-Early May) is mild - temperatures in the 20s centigrade. The Cypriot winter is brief - January and February. In the mountains, it is cooler - Cyprus has a ski resort on mounts Troodos and Olympus.

What are facts about Cyprus?

Some unusual things about Cyprus: . Aphroditi is said to have been born there. . It has a map of the country on its flag. . It has a divided capital (Nicosia). . It uses the sames mains electrical sockets as the UK. . Cars drive on the left. . Car registration plates don't use the Greek alphabet - they use the Latin one. . It has snow in the mountains that lasts until late spring; it is possible to ski in the morning and lie on the beach in the afternoon. . Cyprus is one of the smallest EU member states - only Malta and Luxenberg have smaller populations. . Cyprus has a communist president. . Cyprus has a festival to celebrate Noah's flood (called Kataklisma) - this is probably an adaption of an earlier water festival associated with Aphroditi. Cyprus flag is based on its Land

Who is the king of Cyprus?

Cyprus doesn't have a king, it is a republic and has a president - the current president is Dimitris Christofias.

What is the curency in cyprus?

Cyprus is now in the Euro zone, and uses the Euro which it adopted in about 2007. Before that, it's currency was the Cyprus Pound and the Cyprus Cent.

Situation in Cyprus?

Long story short Cyprus wanted Enosis (annexation) with Greece and Turkey illegally invaded Cyprus supposedely wanting to "protect" the Turkish Cypriots. The island split up and till this day Turks remain in the North side (which nobody in the world recongnises except Turkey) despite the protests from the Turkish Cypriots asking the Turks to leave.

Is Cyprus an ledc?

An LEDC is a less economically developed country. Cyprus is a fairly well developed country, particularly Ayia Napa, part of Cyprus's coastal fringe, which is very much an MEDC (more economically developed country). Rural areas will be less developed.

What is a Cyprus?

An Island republic in the eastern mediterean. Comprsing mostly of Greek-Cypriots. The Southern part is the Republic of Cyprus and is Greek, the Northern part is occupied illegally by Turkish troops. Cyprus was inhabited by Turkish-Cypriots and Greek-Cypriots, who lived under one Republic. In 1974 the Turkish Government invaded Cyprus and took the Northern (fertile) side. After that Turkish-Cypriots had to move to the North and Greek-Cypriots to the South, these Turkish-Cypriots were joined by illegal settlers from Turkey, who were not Cypriot. The island is still split. The Northern side is only recognised by Turkey. The southern side is still a Repubulic, but has strong affilations with the Greek Motherland. Other Groups such as Latins and Maronites also live in the Southern Greek side (also forced from their homes in the Northern side) There is only one island called Cyprus. If you ask about 'a Cyprus' are you asking about the type of evergreen tree, variety Cupressus ?

What religions are in Cyprus?

The main religion in Cyprus is Greek Christan Orthodox (98%), however there is also a small minority of Islam and Judaism. (THIS IS REPRESENTATIVE OF ACTUAL CYPRUS - NOT THE NORTH OF THE ISLAND)

Who discovered Cyprus?

Not the Greeks, it's dated back to the Stone Age, a whole load of people have come and gone, the Greek settlers are the last group to of made home there,

When was Cyprus created?

In geological terms, Cyprus is very new - it's thought that the first appearance above the sea was around 20 million years ago.

Is there mountains in Cyprus?

Yes, the Troodos mountains, surronded by forest. Yes, they're called The Troodos Mountains and stretch across the West side of Cyprus. You can ski there in the Winter, hike using the 14 various nature trails on offer, visit the ancient byzantine monastries or just drive through and soak up the incredible scenary.

The time in Cyprus?

Cyprus is on Eastern European Standard Time Eastern European Standard Time = GMT+2 Eastern European Summer Time = GMT+3

Why is Cyprus called Cyprus?

There are various explanations for that, but, the more possible one is that it took the name out of Kuprum, which meant Copper in the ancient era of Cyprus. And as the island was popular for the wealth amounts of Copper (which keeps until today), they used to call it the copper land, otherwise Kuprum. Through the ages the name had been alternated to several other between which Kubrus, and, ended to Cyprus (in Greek is Kypros).

Is Cyprus a capital?

No. There is no city called "Cyprus" that is a capital city.However, the country of Cyprus has a capital: Nicosia.

Does Cyprus have tornadoes?

Oh yeah. They have had an outbreak in 2004 with around seven tornadoes. They have also had EF2 tornadoes in Limassol and many other areas.

How do you get to Cyprus?

Cyprus is an island nation, so cannot be reached overland. It is reached by air from a number of locations around the world, or by ferry from the Greek port of Thessaloniki.

What is Cyprus the capital of?

Cyprus is not the capital of anywhere, it's a nation in it's ownright! It is an independent island Republic situated in the EasternMediterranean, on the edge of the Middle East, but is dividedacross North and South between the Greek sector in the South, andthe Turkish sector in the North. This is a result of inter-racialviolence between the native Turks and Greeks, which culminated inthe Turkish Invasion of 1974. The capital of Cyprus is Nicosia, in the centre of the island.

What country is Cyprus in?

Cyprus itself IS a country. An island in the Mediterranean Sea However, if you really must know, it's below Turkey, west of Syria. The capital is Nicosia.

What country in Cyprus in?

Cyprus is not part of any other nation, it is an independent country in it's own right. However, it is a divided nation following the Turkish invasion of 1974, with the Northern half of the island being under Turkish control and the South being mainly Greek. The two sides are seperated by a UN-controlled buffer zone. Some Greek or Turkish Cypriots want their part of the island to be united with either mainland Greece or mainland Turkey, and to become an integral part of those nations- the Greeks call this 'enosis' which means 'union'.

Are there tarantulas in Cyprus?

Tarantulas can be found in Cyprus, they are not however commonly found there and Tarantulas are timid and will not usually show themselves, i held a tarantula in my hand when i was 5 and i assure they are much more unlikely to show themselves

Where is Cyprus in Asia?

its a city/state in the Mediterranean sea near Turkey. half the island is under Turkish control the other half Greece , however the Greek half has a governor of its own and a bishop of the Greek orthodox church .

What is there to see and do in Cyprus?

Cyprus has a range of activities; it has a hot, dry summer so many people go to the beach. It also has high mountains and in the winter, there are winter sports - for a few weeks, it's possible to go skiing in the morning and lie on the beach in the afternoon. There are several theatres on the island (each of the four major cities [Nicosia, Limassol, Larnaka and Paphos] have theatres) and concerts are regularly performed there. The mountains are cooler in the summer and walking or cycling holidays are popular. There are several historical sites on the island. The tourist areas have nightclubs and many restaurants.

Where to buynepresso in Cyprus?

Most cafe's, restaurants and bars in the South of the island serve Espresso coffee- in the North, you'd only be likely to get one in the main cities such as Famagusta, North Nicosia, and the town of Kyrenia, since catering establishments there tend to be more basic outside of urban areas.

Is Cyprus in jersey?

No. Cyprus is in the Mediterranean Sea, thousands of kilometers tothe southeast of Jersey Island, UK.