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Who are the astronauts from Kansas?

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Kansas has three spacecraft astronauts among its natives, and at least one other who became a Kansan after his spaceflight career -- as well as others who are "sort of" astronauts:

THE SHORT ANSWER:

KANSAS NATIVES:
  • Ron Evans
  • Joe Engle
  • Steve Hawley

KANSAS IMMIGRANT:
  • C. D. Gemar

ALMOST-ASTRONAUTS:
(original candidates for Mercury 7 team):
  • Capt. Edward Joseph Dwight, Jr., USAF - African American
  • Sarah Lee Gorelick (Ratley) - Woman

(Despite high qualifications of many of them, and successful completion of astronaut candidate testing and preliminary training, no African-Americans nor women were selected as astronauts for any Mercury, Gemini or Apollo flight)

THE LONG ANSWERS:


NATIVE KANSANS:
--------------------

Ronald E. Evans

~ Born November 10, 1933, in St. Francis, Kansas.
~ High School: Topeka, Highland Park H.S.
~ College: Univ. of Kansas, BS in Electrical Engineering, 1956
~ Died: April 6, 1990, in Scottsdale, Arizona
- Total flight time accrued during his career is 5,100 hours, including 4,600 hours in jet aircraft, and 301 hours in space:
  • "Apollo 17" Command Module Pilot, December 6-19, 1972, the last manned flight to the moon.
    - (Evans holds the record of more time in lunar orbit than anyone else in the world -- 147 hours, 48 minutes -- on the longest manned lunar-landing flight: 301 hours, 51 minutes.)

--------------------

Joe Henry Engle

~Born: 26 Aug 1932, in Dickinson County, Kansas,
~College: Univ. of Kansas, B.S. in Aeronautical Engineering, 1956.

- General Engle has flown over 185 different types of aircraft including 38 different fighter and attack aircraft. He has logged more than 14,700 flight hours - 9,900 in jets and over 224 hours in space:
  • Space Shuttle prototype "Enterprise" Commander (multiple atmospheric test flights; air-launched from Boeing 747)
  • Space Shuttle "Columbia" Commander, STS-2 (2nd Shuttle flight), 12 Nov 1981
    (becoming the first and only pilot to manually fly an aerospace vehicle from Mach 25 to landing.)
  • Space Shuttle "Discovery" Commander, STS-51I, 27 Aug 1985

--------------------

Steve Hawley

~ Born: December 12, 1951, in Ottawa, Kansas
~ Hometown: Salina, Kansas
~ High School: Salina (Central) High School, Salina, Kansas, graduated 1969;
~ College: Univ. of Kansas, B.A. degrees in physics & astronomy (graduating with highest distinction), 1973; Univ. of California, Ph.D. in astronomy & astrophysics, 1977.

- Dr. Hawley has logged a total of 770 hours and 27 minutes in five space flights. He served as a mission specialist on:
  • - Space Shuttle "Discovery":
    - - STS-41D in 1984,
    - - STS-31 in 1990,
    - - STS-82 in 1997,
  • - Space Shuttle "Columbia":
    - - STS-61C in 1986,
    - - STS-93 in 1999.

Dr. Hawley is (as of 2011) a Professor of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Kansas.

KANSAS IMMIGRANTS,
"TRANSPLANTED" TO KANSAS:

--------------------

C. D. Gemar

- Gemar has flown three times and has logged over 580 hours in space in three space flights. He served as a mission specialist on:
  • Space Shuttle "Atlantis":
    - - STS-38 (November 15-20, 1990)
  • Space Shuttle "Discovery":
    - - STS-48 (September 12-18, 1991)
  • - Space Shuttle "Columbia":
    - - STS-62 (March 4-18, 1994).

(Gemar later became a test pilot for a jet aircraft manufacturer in Wichita)

"ALMOST-ASTRONAUTS"
--------------------
A WOMAN and an AFRICAN-AMERICAN -- both natives of the Kansas City, Kansas area -- were among the few dozen "eligible" astronaut candidates screened for the initial Mercury astronaut program:

--------------------

Capt. Edward Joseph Dwight, Jr., USAF
(Air Force jet flight instructor pilot; one of the 8 graduates from his USAF test pilot school class specifically recommended without reservation by the astronaut selection board for astronaut training -- of whom only 2 were selected.)

--------------------

Sarah Lee Gorelick (Ratley)
(One of the "tested-and-qualified" "Mercury 13" women; At 28, she held a commercial pilot's license, with airplane single and multi-engine land ratings, single engine sea, instrument, rotor and glider ratings, with aircraft racing experience. Electrical engineer with mathematics degree, plus minors in physics & chemistry.)

--------------------

NOTE: During that time (1960s), before the general acceptance of America's civil rights and womens' movements, strong opposition to including women and African-Americans was widespread in America's political, military and spaceflight establishments. No black or female candidates were selected as astronauts for any of the Mercury, Gemini or Apollo missions.


~ R.Harris / Kansas Avaition Centennial Cmte.
Thanks for the feedback!

What is an astronaut?

An astronaut is a person who travels in Space. Until 03 an astronaut was usually trained by the military, government or civil space agents. Now they are trained by the SSO- Sp

What do astronauts do?

Science projects  fix the space station  compile data  fly the shuttle  land the shuttle  do space walks  test theories

Who are astronauts?

Astronauts are, if you like putting it this way, 'space people'. They fly in rockets and shoot to outer space and study it up there.

Where is Kansas?

Kansas is located and/or known as the middle state Kansas is in the geographic center of the 48 contiguous United States

What do you have to do to be an astronaut?

you have to do lots of Maths and science.You also need to train for ages say a year or so you have to go to Collage and University to get a good education to keep fit and heal

Why do you have astronauts?

Well, to explore space ofcourse. Astronauts go to space to find new planets or such. They observe what is happening.
In Kansas

What can you do in Kansas?

You can ride a horse on a ranch. You can watch paint dry. You can watch beautiful sunsets and sunrises. You can also go to Legends Shopping Center and go to World's of Fun. It

What is astronauts do?

Astronauts go to different planets etc and collect specimens and other things so that scientists can research and find out more about our solar system.