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Who is the founder of Tae Kwon Do in India?
- Grandmaster Jimmy R. Jagtiani is the founder & Father of Taekwondo in India, he started Taekwondo in the year 1975 and spread Taekwondo all over India:-
- In my opinion, Grandmaster Jimmy R. Jagtiani, 8th Dan is the Founder of Taekwondo in India. See sources and related links.
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Taekwondo came to India in 1975, by Grandmaster Jimmy R. Jagtiani, 8th Dan. Father of Taekwondo in India. Check the related links:- Taekwondo came to India in 1974, by Mast…er P. A. Gurung (As per record of Official Taekwondo Hall of Fame)
You can go to the Google home page, enter the word taekwondo and then click the image search button.
There have been several key figures in Taekwondo's history who have claimed this title, and students of theirs will likely argue for their organization's founder as being the …one true founder of Taekwondo. However, to give a biased answer here, and name only one person would be wrong. If there was one, undisputed creator, or founder of this art, then there would be no controversy, but that is not the case. Looking at each of the pioneers, and examining what they contributed will allow the reader to make up their own mind based on the facts. This is a complex issue that is highly controversial and debated among experts in the field. Many things that have been invented, created, or discovered by humans were in existence long before they were given a name. It is not uncommon that modern developments of any subject were influenced by a variety of sources from the past, and brought together in a new format. Of the original five Kwans (Taekwondo schools) the Chung Do Kwan was the first to officially open in 1944 as approved by the occupying Japanese government. This Kwan was founded by Won Kuk Lee, who instructed most of the Black Belt students who later created the other Kwans which eventually united under the umbrella term of Taekwondo and formed the Korea Taekwondo Association (KTA), and the Kukkiwon, World Taekwondo Headquarters in Seoul, Korea. (see related link below for Kukkiwon History of Taekwondo) Taekwondo is a term that was chosen, and first used in recorded history on the 11th of April 1955. Instructors of Martial Art schools in Korea, known as Kwans, were teaching a variety of techniques that were influenced by Chinese systems, Japanese schools, and native Korean Martial Art. When the meeting of the original Kwan founders, historians, and political leaders voted on ballots, and choose the name "Taekwon-Do," this could be viewed as the official beginning of Taekwondo as a native Korean Martial Art. It is debated among those present at the meeting as to who first coined the term Taekwon-Do, but most agree that Major General Choi Hong Hi was the one that submitted the ballot containing the words "Tae Kwon." Whether this is enough to say that General Choi created Taekwondo as is known to many world wide, is questionable. General Choi had been a student at the Chung Do Kwan under the founder of the Chung Do Kwan, Grandmaster Won Kuk Lee. Choi had pursued a military career, and began teaching his own variation of the Chung Do Kwan's curriculum to the soldiers in the ROK Army. He called his military version "Oh Do Kwan" (Gym of My Way). Like many other second generation Kwan founders of that time, Choi taught his own curriculum and later moved to Canada where he established the International Taekwondo Federation (ITF), a civilian replacement of his Oh Do Kwan. Many experts feel that the actual formation of Taekwondo starts with influences dating back to the earliest settlements on the Korean Peninsula from 57 BC to 100 AD. These are cultural and philosophical influences that permeated the Korean people as a society, and remains unto this day. Many of the core principles of modern Taekwondo, fighting spirit, training regimen, ethical and moral conduct was rooted in the Hwarang Youth Group of the 6th Century AD. Even after the name Taekwondo was chosen, the art itself has undergone vast changes to develop into a unique fighting system that never existed before in its current structure and philosophy. This metamorphosis has taken place over the past five decades, so it is very difficult to identify exactly when Taekwondo became what it is known as today, and no one person can rightfully be credited for creating this art. There were just too many great minds and dedicated Martial Artists contributing over several decades to universally agree upon a single founder. Short answer: The short answer is that there was not one "founder" or "father" of Taekwondo. While some have claimed that title, there is little evidence to support the claim other than personal opininions, and unsustantiated accounts of a controversial history. The reality is that Taekwondo is a term used to describe a number of differnet things from the National Martial Art and Sport of Korea, to just about anyone's personal interpretation of how to fight using punching and kicking. The fact is, Taekwondo was named in April of 1955 as an umbrella label for the unification of all of Korean Martial Art, from the several thousand year old history, to the most modern developments. Detailed answer: This is a complex issue that is highly controversial and debated among experts in the field. Many things that have been invented, created, or discovered by humans were in existence long before they were given a name. It is not uncommon that modern developments of any subject were influenced by a variety of sources from the past, and brought together in a new format. Tae Kwon Do is a modern day Korean martial art and combat sport that was developed through a variety of influences. The oldest ancestor of Tae Kwon Do is a series of unarmed combat techniques that were not known to have been organized in any specific structured curriculum as modern schools do. These ancient methods of physical combat developed throughout the three rival Korean kingdoms of Goguryeo, Silla and Baekje during Korea's early struggles before becoming a unified country. Although some roots of Taekwondo date back more than 2,000 years to this early three kingdoms period (57 BC to 1st Century AD), there is no known record of exactly what teaching methods, or techniques were employed in such ancient native arts as Subak, Tae kyon, and among the knights of the 6th Century Hwa Rang Youth Group. However, it is believed that Subak contained both striking and grappling skills, and Tae kyon was noted for the kicking technique that has been revived in modern Taekwondo. These early Martial Art systems seems to have survived throughout the centuries in practice, and in folklore and games of skill contests. Like many traditions in most ancient cultures, Subak and Taekyon were taught from father to son in an unrecorded link to modern practitioners. Also, as a Martial Art, it was taught in secret to a select few throughout the Japanese occupation (1910 to 1945) during WWII. Many Koreans during this period learned a majority of foreign Martial Art from Japan and China since Korean culture, language and fighting arts were banned. During that time a young Korean, Won Kuk Lee (in Korean - Yi, Won Kuk), learned some Taekyon in the streets of Korea before moving to Japan to attend college. Another young boy name Hong Hi Choi (in Korean - Choi, Hong Hi), states that he learned some Taekyon from his Calligraphy teacher before going to attend High School and college in Japan. Both Lee, and Choi earned their Black Belts in Shotokan Karate under the renowned Karate Master Gichen Funakoshi. Lee was a senior ranking Black Belt under Sensei Funakoshi, and began teaching his own unique methods as early as 1942. Upon returning to Korea in 1944, College Professor Won Kuk Lee gained permission from the Japanese government to teach the Korean system of Tang Soo Do (based on Chinese Hand fighting of the Tang Dynasty) for the first time in Korea at the Yung Shin School Gymnasium in Sa De Mun, Ok Chun Dong district in Seoul. He incorporated his own unique methods of teaching one-on-one and called his school "Chung Do Kwan" (school of the Blue Wave), officially established in Korea in 1944, see related links below. After World War II ended (1945) several new Kwans opened up under various names, many of which were formed by Black Belt graduates of the Chung Do Kwan. The original five Kwans were: 1. Chung Do Kwan, founded in 1944 by Lee, Won Kuk (Lee had been teaching since 1942, but the official Kwan was opened in 1944 by permission of the occupying government of Japan), 2. Song Moo Kwan, founded May 2, 1946 by Ro, Byung Jick (Ro had previously taught self defense at an Archery School between March to July of 1944, but the official Kwan did not open until after the occupation), 3. Mu Duk Kwan, founded by Hwang Kee in 1946, 4. Kwon Bop Bu / Chang Mu Kwan, founded by Byung In Yoon in 1946, 5. Yun Moo Kwan / Jidokwan, founded by Sang Sup Chun in 1946. Much later, there were four more main Kwans: 6. Han Moo Kwan, founded by Kyo Yoon Lee in 1954, 7. Oh Do Kwan, founded by Hong Hi Choi in 1955, 8. Kang Duk Won, founded by Chul Hee Park in 1956, 9. Jung Do Kwan, founded by Yong Woo Lee in 1956. Some key figures important in the organization and development of Taekwondo as a modern Korean Martial Art included the first generation graduates of the Chung Do Kwan: Duk Sung Son (3rd Kwanjang of the Chung Do Kwan - Founder of World Taekwondo Association) Suh Chong Kang (Founder of Kyu Mu Kwan - Co-founder and 1st President of ATA: American Taekwondo Association) Woon Kyu Uhm (current Chung Do Kwan Kwanjang and Kukkiwon President) Later Graduates of the Chung Do Kwan include: Hae Man Park (Vice President, Taekwondo Chung Do Kwan) Hyun Ok Shin (President, United Chung Do Kwan Association) Tae Zee Park (President, Tae Park Taekwondo) In Mook Kim (President, American ChungDoKwan Taekwondo Association) Edward B. Sell (Founder, United States Chung Do Kwan Association in 1967) Jhoon Rhee (First permanent Tae Kwon Do Instructor in America) By the mid 1950's approximately 18 kwans had opened in Korea, each teaching a variety of Martial Art systems under various names. The original Kwan founders began an effort to unite all of the Kwans into one central organization, and create a name to encompass all of the systems as one Korean Martial Art. By this time, Hong Hi Choi had worked his way up in the Korean army as a General. In 1955, General Choi spear-headed this effort to organize the many Kwans and create a single governing body. It was determined that the Korean Martial Art was drifting away from its long-time Japanese influence, and becoming a system unique to the Korean culture, philosophy, and regaining the ancient knowledge of Subak, Taekyon, and other skills that were nearly lost. A new name needed to be chosen to represent the modern culmination of ancient skills with current influences while distancing the new organization from Japanese terms and influences. Chung Do Kwan founder, Grandmaster Won Kuk Lee stated that several of his students researched the matter, consulting a Korean language dictionary, and came up with the term "Taekwon-Do" to show a close connection to the kicking of the forerunner Korean art of Tae Kyon. At a meeting of prominent Korean politicians, historians, and Kwan leaders on April 11, 1955, several ballots were voted upon, and the one containing the term "Taekwon," which was submitted by Chung Do Kwan student, General Hong Hi Choi, was selected. Thus, the term "Taekwon-Do" was born in April of 1955, but the art itself is a combination of technical knowledge, ancient warrior spirit, national culture and heritage dating back to the 1st century B.C.. Therefore, most Korean Taekwondo masters consider "Taekwondo" to be a new name for an ancient art. Even after this official vote, it took another decade to bring about a complete consensus among the various Kwans. However, many people still erroneously place the Japanese Karate connection as the starting point of Taekwondo's history. This is, in fact, an error since much of what Taekwondo is today is based on Korean culture, philosophy, and technical preference for kicking, which was inspired by ancient Korean system of Tae kyon (kicking method). All of these are part of Taekwondo's history, and pre-date the Japanese occupation. Like most systems of the Martial Art, Taekwondo consists of many training tools for the student to use learning and practicing skills. One of those tools is the practice of forms (a series of prearranged movements). This concept was not present in traditional Korean Martial Art, but existed in Japanese systems such as Shotokan Karate, which was a descendent of the earlier "Okinawa-te" system (fighting with the hand) It is not known for sure where the Okinawan Martial Art originated, but some evidence suggests that it was brought to the island from China as a variation of the hand fighting taught to the Buddhist monks in the Shaolin Temple by the legendary Zen Buddhist Monk, Bodhidharma. Because several of the original Korean Kwan (school) founders of Korean Taekwondo, had been students in the 1940's of Shotokan Karate-Do Master Gichen Funakoshi, the early use of "forms" practice in Taekwondo was a modified version of Karate "Kata." In the 1950s, Korean General Choi Hong Hi, restructured the Shotokan forms, and create the "Chang Hon Tul" (Blue Cottage Forms) which are still used by his International Taekwon-Do federation (ITF). Since the development of the Kukkiwon (World Taekwondo Headquarters) in Seoul, Korea in 1972, new forms were developed which better portrayed the Taekwondo content as taught in the Korean Martial Art. The first new set of color belt forms were called the Pal-gwe (eight trigrams). Then the Taegeuk forms were established as the official forms of Taekwondo in Korea, and are used in Olympic competition. These forms are based on the same three-lined trigrams that the Pal-gwe forms used as borrowed from the Chinese philosophy contained in the I Ching - Book of Changes. Combined with the Black Belt forms, these are referred to as "Poomsae" rather than the Japanese "Kata." However, since forms practice is only one tool within the training of any Martial Art, the origin of forms should not be the key factor in determining the origin of the content and roots of an entire art. For reference and further reading, the World Taekwondo Federation (WTF) is the only official sports authority for Olympic Taekwondo, recognized by the IOC (International Olympic Committee), and the only one authorized by the Kukkiwon, world Taekwondo headquarters in Seoul, Korea. The WTF is not an instructional organization, and individuals or schools can not join or become members of the WTF. The WTF is not a "style" of Taekwondo, but is the governing body for Korean Taekwondo sport rules and regulations which consists of member nations. Even after the name Taekwondo was chosen in 1955, the art itself has undergone vast changes to develop into a unique fighting system that never existed before in its current structure and philosophy. This metamorphosis has taken place over the past five decades, so it is very difficult to identify exactly when Taekwondo became what it is known as today, and no one person can rightfully be credited for creating this art. There were just too many great minds and dedicated Martial Artists contributing over several decades, even centuries, to universally agree upon a founder or a start date. However, it is accurate to say that the name of the art was officially established on April 11, 1955.
There was no one founder of the WTF, but Dr. Un Young Kim was a major driving force for its creation as the President of the Kukkiwon (World Taekwondo Headquarters). The Wor…ld Taekwondo Federation was established at the inaugural meeting held on May 28, 1973, at the Kukkiwon with participation of 35 representatives from the world. Dr. Un Yong KIM was elected President for a four-year term. He remained president until June 11, 2004 when Dr. Chung-Won Choue was elected as the new President. (see related link below)
In taekwondo... You learn to kick and punch so you can defend yourself. You do lots of exercise - (you get very fit!) There's lots of stretching to help you get flexible… and supple. You learn patterns (sequences of moves). This helps your concentration, memory and co-ordination. Taekwondo sparring teaches you to cope with confrontation. And you learn about martial arts philosophy. This is a code you can live your life by. for more info look for crispin vegaIII on facebook and you can add him as a friend thanks
The word you are thinking of is "Kwan" (관 ) which refers to a related group, family, or clan. It is used in Taekwondo to denote a system of teaching under one leader - - the… Kwanjang. While the answer to this question could be debated among experts, the first "official" Kwan that was established in 1944, and approved by the occupying Japanese government, was the Chung Do Kwan (청도관), founded by Won-Kuk Lee (Yi, Won-Kuk). After the end of World War II, the Chung Do Kwan grew to become the largest civilian Kwan, and most of the later annex Kwans were started by Black Belt graduates of the Chung Do Kwan under Grandmaster Won-Kuk Lee (with a few exceptions). However, when the name of "Taekwondo" was chosen in 1955, it was a group effort to unite the main Kwans, and the formation of the Korea Taekwondo Association (1961) was the beginning of this unification process. Each of the several Kwans contained curricula that varied with influences from Subak (Korean hand strikes and grappling), Hwarang (both concept and warrior's code of the Knights of the Hwarang Youth Group), Tae Kkyeon (Korean kicking), Tangsudo (aka: Tang Soo Do / Way of Chinese hand), Shotokan Karate-do, Aikido/Hapkido, and Judo/Yudo. All of these influences, and each of the Kwan founders, as well as their lead Black Belts were responsible for contributing to the development of the modern Korean Martial Art that was to become known as Taekwondo, and selected as the National Martial Art of Korea.
Tae Kwon Do means the way of the hand and foot. Tae (hand) Kwon (foot) Do (way) Answer: There are several types of punching (chirugi) in Tae Kwon Do. In general these are brok…en up by the strike target (high, middle or low), the hand used, the shape of the fist and by the movement: bahro chirugi:straight (return) punchbahndae chirugi: reverse punchgullgi chirugi: hook punchyung seuk chirugi: combination (consecutive) punchdoo bun chirugi: double punchsae bun chirugi: triple punchsahnkeut chirugi: spearfinger thrustsewo chirugi:vertical punchgotjang chirugi: vertical fist punchdolrya chirugi: round punchdwijubo chirugi:upset punchsoteum chirugi: spring punchnehryuh chirugi:downward punchchi chirugi: uppercut punchjae chuh chirugi: upper punchdoo joomuk chirugi: doublefist punchdikootja chirugi: `U' shaped punch (hi-lo)sosum chirugi: double uppercut punchkeumgang chirugi: diamond-shaped punchnalgeh chirugi: wing-shaped punch
It is best to have a coach or Instructor who has plenty of tournament experience to train you and guide you through the process. First, you need to know what the rules of th…e tournament are, since they can vary from one tournament to the next. You also need to improve your skills by practicing your techniques, working on balance, timing, speed, accuracy, and endurance. There are different events that you could compete in depending on what the tournament offers. If you are competing in forms competition, you need to know your current rank form well, and practice it daily until it can be done fluently with good skills. If you are competing in Board Breaking, you should be able to do the same break consistently, at least 10 times in a row without missing or failing to break. Using the plastic re-breakable boards helps to save money. If you are going to compete in sparring, it is best to have your own protective gear, and train with a partner of similar size, weight, age, rank and skill level (or one that is more skilled to push you to your highest potential). The best way to get good at tournaments is to participate in many tournaments and gain the experience first hand. If you are new to tournaments, don't expect to win every tournament, but just do your best. After each tournament, analyze what happened, and go back to the classroom to work on improvements (it helps to have someone video your tournament matches). Above all else, you need the experienced coach to teach you strategies, and give you training tips to work on your weak areas.
The 태 ("Tae") of 태권도 ("Taekwondo") means to smash or stomp with the foot. It represents the aspect of Taekwondo where legs are used for kicking as a primary weapon of …self defense. The Korean term for a kick as a noun is 차기 ("Chagi"), or as a verb 차다 ("Chada").
Master Pradipta Kumar Roy & Smt. Ruma Roy Chowdhury -- the first two players of India to be inducted into Taekwondo Hall of Fame®.
In my opinion, Master P.A. Gurung (As per record of "Official Taekwondo Hall of Fame"). In my opinion, Grandmaster Jimmy R. Jagtiani is the Father of … Taekwondo in India. titled by Taekwondo Hall of Fame, USA-2009. Also, see sources and related links further down this page.
Yes, these are each different entities with different authority, scope, and purpose. U.S. Taekwondo a name used for at least one independent school, and an organization that …are not affiliated with the other school using the same name: (see related links below for the following) Park's US Taekwondo - Manchester Connecticut. US Taekwondo Academy (USTA) - with several branches within the state of Washington Conversely, USA Taekwondo (USAT - see related link below) is the member National Association of the World Taekwondo Federation (WTF) that also serves as the National Governing Body (NGB) for the sport of Taekwondo in America as recognized by the U.S. Olympic Committee (USOC). The WTF is not a teaching organization for the Martial Art of Taekwondo, but is a sport governing body consisting not of students and instructors, but continental unions that train and certify referees and coaches, and set the rules for WTF recognized tournaments, including the sport of Taekwondo in the Olympic Games. The USAT registers schools, and athletes from any Taekwondo organization, association, or federation in the United States for the purpose of state, national, international and world competitions as regulated by the WTF. The WTF is authorized by the Kokkinos (Korea's national academy and world Taekwondo headquarters), and as an International Federation (I.F.) for the sport of Taekwondo by the International Olympic Committee (I.O.C.)
At 2011 Master Pradipta Kumar Roy & Master Ruma Roy Chowdhury have been appointed Technical Advisors by Official Taekwondo Hall of Fame®.
Who were the first Tae Kwon Do players from India inducted into the official Tae Kwon Do Hall of Fame?
Master Pradipta Kumar Roy and Master Ruma Roy Choudhury in 2009
Contact the Taekwondo Federation of India (TFI) as it is the WTF member National Association. All sports in the Olympic games are governed by the International Olympic Commi…ttee (IOC). The IOC recognizes one International Federation (IF) to govern each sport. The IF for Taekwondo is the World Taekwondo Federation (WTF). The WTF is headquartered in Seoul, South Korea, and consists of 5 Continental Unions. 1. African Taekwondo Union (AFTU) 2. Asian Taekwondo Union (ATU) 3. European Taekwondo Union (ETU) 4. Oceania Taekwondo Union (OTU) 5. Pan American Taekwondo Union (PATU) Each country within a the 5 unions have one WTF member National Association which registers clubs and athletes, and trains and certifies coaches and referees. India is part of the Asian Taekwondo Union (ATU), and the Taekwondo Federation of India (TFI) is the member National Association (see the related link below and click on the link to India for contact information).
Kwon means to "strike back or break with fist" in korean. The original founder of Taekwondo studied Taek Kyon and karate. Over time other masters have expanded the style a…nd added absorbed bits of multiple styles. I don't think there is a 'kwon' that is the root of Tae Kwon Do
Gen Choi Hong Hi was the "real" founder of Taekwondo by either the name or the method that derives from the name "Taekyun" Note that there are multiple styles (most notably W…TF and ITF) and they may attribute there founding to other masters.