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The people responsible for causing it were the mobs and government in Illinois and Missouri. The person responsible for leading it was Brigham Young. Although the colony was called "Great Salt Lake City", not "New Zion", and it was not on the shore of the Great Salt Lake but about 20 miles south east of the southernmost tip of the lake. Today it is known as Salt Lake City.
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Mormon pioneers. Brigham Young led the caravan of Mormons across the Midwest into the Salt Lake Valley
Brigham Young was the Prophet of the Church of Jesus Christ of the Later Day Saints by the time the Mormon migration reached Utah. Prior to Brigham Young, Joseph Smith, o…riginator of the LDS led the Mormons until he was killed by a mob in Carthage, Illinois, in 1844. The first group of Mormon Pioneers was lead to the Great Salt Lake by Brigham Young. Later groups were lead by experienced trail guides who had traveled with Brigham Young previously.
Starvation, pestilence, and cold winters.
Because nobody else wanted to live there. There was very little useable water and even less lumber. The climate was dry, extremely hot in the summer and freezing cold in the w…inter. On top of all that, the lake made it smell horrible! Explorers and Mountain Men of the day claimed that the land was uninhabitable and believed it could never be used to grow crops. They wanted to be free from persecution so they moved to a place that they knew nobody else wanted. When the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (the Mormon religion) settled in Independence Missouri, their numbers started to outnumber non-mormon settlers. The governor of Missouri, Lilburn Boggs ordered an "extermination order" on the Mormons. The Order lead to the Haun's Mill massacre in which 240 men attacked the town. several Mormons who were wounded surrendured but were still shot to death. In the end, at least seventeen Mormons were killed with thirteen more injured. three of the 250 men who attacked were wounded (but not fatally). The Mormons were forced out of Missouri and went to Nauvoo Illinios. Soon, the Mormon population grew to a large number there too. In Nauvoo Illinois, the prophet Joesph Smith was arrested under false accusations and taken to Carthage Jail in Illinois. On June 27, 1844, a mob stormed the jail. Joesph Smith and his brother Hyrum Smith were killed. In October 1844, the town of Warsaw announce a "wolf hunt" (Mormons being the wolves to hunt). The Mormon leaders made a truce and the city of Nauvoo emptied of Mormon in 1446. In 1848, the Mormon temple was destroyed by arsonists. The new Mormon prophet had received revelation that Joesph Smith received from God that showed the valley of Salt Lake. So the Mormons moved West until they reached Salt Lake, although some did go to California. Read more: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Why_did_Mormons_emigrate_to_the_area_between_the_rocky_mountains_and_great_salt_lake#ixzz1auuzO3EM
You're thinking of Brigham Young... but in reality, Brigham Young was not named the President of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (commonly called the "Mormon" …church) until after they arrived in Utah. Joseph Smith had told Church members that they would have to move to the Rocky Mountains, and after he was murdered it was decided that was what they should do. Brigham Young, one of the Twelve Apostles at the time, had received a vision of the Salt Lake Valley, and so he was put in the first group. When they arrived in the Salt Lake Valley, he declared that it was the right place and sent for the other groups of pioneers. Mormon Pioneer groups traveled the plains to Utah for the next 20 years, after which they were able to take the train. Also, they certainly did not go to the shores of the Great Salt Lake. Salt Lake City is about 25 miles from the nearest 'shore', which is surrounded by a large marshland and smells so bad that people still don't live any closer to it.
No it was not a new colony, it was the "promised land" which is America.
young wanted to move the Mormons far from hostile neighbors
Well, Brigham Young was the leader of the church at the time and physically lead the people to the area, but many Mormons would answer that God lead them, because they believe… that Brigham Young was guided through revelations from God.
The Great Salt Lake is a lake - there are no buildings in it, because it's a lake, and people typically don't build buildings underwater. Also, Mormons (members of the Church …of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints) do not build Cathedrals. They have two types of worship buildings - temples and meetinghouses. Maybe you are asking about the Mormon Temple in Salt Lake City. Salt Lake City is named after the Great Salt Lake but is located about 20 miles southeast of the lake. That temple is simply called the Salt Lake Temple. Most Mormon temples are named for the city they are in. There are also several cathedrals in Salt Lake City representing many different religions. Check out the "Related Links" below to see websites for the Salt Lake Temple and various cathedrals in Salt Lake City.
While escaping religious persecution, they found a large, arable valley with a steady water supply. Plus, the local natives did not kill them on sight.
Joseph Smith was the first president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (often mistakenly called the Mormon Church) and organized the church on April 6, 1830, …under the direction of Jesus Christ. Joseph led the Saints through much persecution. The Saints were continually thrust out of their homes and the communities they often helped build. Many thought they had reached peace when they settled Nauvoo, Illinois. However, the peace was not to last. Mobs descended once again and killed Joseph Smith in cold blood while he was in prison on trumped up charges. After Joseph Smith's death, many persecutors of the church thought that the members would disperse and the seemingly fledgling church would fall apart. They were not counting, however, on the faith of the Saints that Joseph Smith had been a prophet called of God who would be replaced by another prophet, also called of God. No hand can stop the work of the Lord. Brigham Young was the next man to be called to serve God as prophet in our day. Along with the other church leaders, he helped to fulfill the revelation that Joseph Smith had received while still alive that God intended the Saints to move West. It took a great deal of planning and a massive effort, but the Saints did eventually leave the East Coast and the boundaries of the civilized United States for the wilderness that was in the West. They felt they would finally have some peace away from their enemies. While this was also not to be the case, Brigham Young faithfully led the Saints to settle in the Salt Lake Valley of the Utah Territory. Thousands of Saints came by either horse and wagon or ox and wagon. Hundreds of others came much later by handcart, walking and pulling their belongings with them thousands of miles. Once the Transcontinental Railroad was finished, many more Saints arriving from Europe by boat were then able to take the train West. Brigham Young was an inspired leader with a keen sense of leadership and organization. When something needed to be done, he called people to help, and he served himself as well, doing what needed to be done to accomplish the work of God.
In Mormon Trail
The Saints arrived in the valley of the Great Salt Lake on 24 July 1847.
They didn't really make a settlement on the Great Salt Lake, as there is swampy marshland surrounding the lake for several miles. The first city they settled in the area was… Great Salt Lake City, later renamed Salt Lake City, which is about 20 miles from the nearest shore of the Great Salt Lake. Salt Lake City and other Mormon settlements in the area were a part of a territory the Mormons named Deseret.
The first Mormons arrived to settle in the Great Salt Lake on July 24, 1847.
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (the "Mormon"church) was founded in New York state in 1830, and churchheadquarters quickly moved to Ohio, then to Missouri and …Illinoisdue to extreme persecution. Because the Mormons faced violence inthe east, they moved to the desert near the Great Salt Lake topractice their religion in peace, arriving there in 1847.
Brigham Young is generally attributed as the leader of the Mormonexodus from the midwest to what is now Utah. He didn't personallylead every company but he is largely responsi…ble for choosing wherethey ended, appointing trail leaders, and organizing assistance forthose in need.