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Who was responsible the Mormon exodus the colony of new zion on the shore of the Great Salt Lake?
The people responsible for causing it were the mobs and government in Illinois and Missouri. The person responsible for leading it was Brigham Young. Although the colony was called "Great Salt Lake City", not "New Zion", and it was not on the shore of the Great Salt Lake but about 20 miles south east of the southernmost tip of the lake. Today it is known as Salt Lake City.
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223' (68 m)
In the winter of 1845-1846, the saints began their preparation to migrate to the West in search of a "New Zion." In the Spring of 1846, they began their large migration and ar…rived in Salt Lake City in 1847.
You're thinking of Brigham Young... but in reality, Brigham Young was not named the President of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (commonly called the "Mormon" …church) until after they arrived in Utah. Joseph Smith had told Church members that they would have to move to the Rocky Mountains, and after he was murdered it was decided that was what they should do. Brigham Young, one of the Twelve Apostles at the time, had received a vision of the Salt Lake Valley, and so he was put in the first group. When they arrived in the Salt Lake Valley, he declared that it was the right place and sent for the other groups of pioneers. Mormon Pioneer groups traveled the plains to Utah for the next 20 years, after which they were able to take the train. Also, they certainly did not go to the shores of the Great Salt Lake. Salt Lake City is about 25 miles from the nearest 'shore', which is surrounded by a large marshland and smells so bad that people still don't live any closer to it.
Well, Brigham Young was the leader of the church at the time and physically lead the people to the area, but many Mormons would answer that God lead them, because they believe… that Brigham Young was guided through revelations from God.
Brigham Young is generally attributed as the leader of the Mormonexodus from the midwest to what is now Utah. He didn't personallylead every company but he is largely responsi…ble for choosing wherethey ended, appointing trail leaders, and organizing assistance forthose in need.
After the martyrdom of Joseph Smith in Carthage Jail, the Mormons were being more and more terrorized by mobs in Illinois. During the year of 1846 Brigham Young, the new leade…r of the Mormons began to assemble the people to get ready to leave Nauvoo and go west. The first wagons began their trek west on February 6th, 1846, and arrived in 1847 the exact date isn't known but the city was founded on July 24th, 1847, and consisted of 148 people with 143 of them being men. For the years to come more and more people came in the following years on the trail that would come to be known as the Mormon Trail and under the direction of Brigham Young.
While escaping religious persecution, they found a large, arable valley with a steady water supply. Plus, the local natives did not kill them on sight.
Brigham Young was the Prophet of the Church of Jesus Christ of the Later Day Saints by the time the Mormon migration reached Utah. Prior to Brigham Young, Joseph Smith, o…riginator of the LDS led the Mormons until he was killed by a mob in Carthage, Illinois, in 1844. The first group of Mormon Pioneers was lead to the Great Salt Lake by Brigham Young. Later groups were lead by experienced trail guides who had traveled with Brigham Young previously.
The Great Salt Lake has salt because its tributary rivers constantly keep feeding the lake with small amounts of salt. The lake does not have any outlets and water evapora…tes leaving behind all the salt. Hence the salt has been accumulating over time.
young wanted to move the Mormons far from hostile neighbors
Yes, it is a lake. it is in Utah, USA.
They called it Zion. Then when they found out, in order for Utah to become a state, that they would have to separate schools, stores, and public places from religion.
The Mormon pioneers moved west because they had been kicked out of every other state they had attempted to settle in, Ohio, Missouri, and Illinois. At the time, the area aroun…d the Great Salt Lake was part of Mexico, so the pioneers moved there to escape the persecution they had received in the United States.
According to this article, in 1847, please read the related link below for more information.
The Great Salt Lake in Utah is not one of the Great Lakes. The Great Lakes are located in the northeast of the United States on the border with Canada (in Wisconsin, Michigan,… Minnesota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York) and are freshwater lakes.
Because nobody else wanted to live there. There was very little useable water and even less lumber. The climate was dry, extremely hot in the summer and freezing cold in the w…inter. On top of all that, the lake made it smell horrible! Explorers and Mountain Men of the day claimed that the land was uninhabitable and believed it could never be used to grow crops. They wanted to be free from persecution so they moved to a place that they knew nobody else wanted. When the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (the Mormon religion) settled in Independence Missouri, their numbers started to outnumber non-mormon settlers. The governor of Missouri, Lilburn Boggs ordered an "extermination order" on the Mormons. The Order lead to the Haun's Mill massacre in which 240 men attacked the town. several Mormons who were wounded surrendured but were still shot to death. In the end, at least seventeen Mormons were killed with thirteen more injured. three of the 250 men who attacked were wounded (but not fatally). The Mormons were forced out of Missouri and went to Nauvoo Illinios. Soon, the Mormon population grew to a large number there too. In Nauvoo Illinois, the prophet Joesph Smith was arrested under false accusations and taken to Carthage Jail in Illinois. On June 27, 1844, a mob stormed the jail. Joesph Smith and his brother Hyrum Smith were killed. In October 1844, the town of Warsaw announce a "wolf hunt" (Mormons being the wolves to hunt). The Mormon leaders made a truce and the city of Nauvoo emptied of Mormon in 1446. In 1848, the Mormon temple was destroyed by arsonists. The new Mormon prophet had received revelation that Joesph Smith received from God that showed the valley of Salt Lake. So the Mormons moved West until they reached Salt Lake, although some did go to California. Read more: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Why_did_Mormons_emigrate_to_the_area_between_the_rocky_mountains_and_great_salt_lake#ixzz1auuzO3EM