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Government or institutions like Universities appoint poets to be poet laureate. In this way they become the official poet for that organization or body or nation, composin…g for special events. etc.
Mona Van Duyn The FIRST woman to serve was Louise Bogan in 1945. Other women Poet Laureates Leonie Adam in 1948 Josephine Jacobsen …in 1971 Maxine Kium : 1981 MONA served in 1992 followed by Rita Dove in 1993 Louise Gluck served as special consultant in 1999 and as Poet Laureate in 2003. Current Poet Laureate, 2009, Kay Ryan
Some of the current national Poet Laureates are: United Kingdom: Carol Ann Duffy Scotland: Edwin Morgan Wales: Gwyn Thomas Canada: Pierre DesRuissaux United St…ates: Kay Ryan New Zealand: Michele Leggott Ireland: Seamus Heaney Nigeria: Obo Aba Hisanjani Saint Lucia: Derek Walcott
They write poems for the nation, they promote poetry in many and various ways, they support literary education, they speak out for the arts and literature.
Mona Van Duyn The FIRST woman to serve was Louise Bogan in 1945. Other women Poet Laureates Leonie Adam in 1948 Josephine Jacobsen in 1971 Maxine Kium : 1981 MONA served in 19…92 followed by Rita Dove in 1993 Louise Gluck served as special consultant in 1999 and as Poet Laureate in 2003. Current Poet Laureate, 2009, Kay Ryan
In 1988, the U.S.A. Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry was Richard Wilbur.
There is no definitive list or official beginning to the office of poet laureate, although it appears in general to have begun in the English royal court. See link for more.
You'll find a list of them at the link below:
Rita Dove was the first woman poet laureate in the United States. She was appointed in 1993, the first woman, first African American and the youngest to receive this honor. Sh…e held the position for two years. Thomas and Beulah, a collection of poems loosely based on her grandparents' life, also earned her a 1987 Pulitzer Prize, making her the second African American poet to receive the award. In 2004 she was appointed by then Governor Mark Warner as Poet Laureate of the Commonwealth of Virginia. Her latest poetry collection, Sonata Mulattica, was published in the spring of 2009.
The current poet laureate of the United States is Kay Ryan. Past poet laureates include: Allen Tate, Robert Frost, and Randall Jarrell.
Rabindranath Tagore of India
A 'poet laureate' is a title by appointment given to a poet by the British sovereign to compose verse for state ceremonies.
The official role of the United States Poet Laureate is to raise awareness of poetry in the US. This task may take different forms: one may encourage would-be poets to enter t…heir work in competitions; another may organize workshops or readings. On December 20, 1985, President Ronald Reagan signed into law the bill empowering the Librarian of Congress to name America's official poet. Robert Penn Warren, who had served a term as the previously-named Consultant in Poetry (1944-45), became the first official United States Poet Laureate on February 26, 1986. Two-time Pulitzer Prize-winner W.S. Merwin is the current poet laureate of the US. His verse often focuses on nature.