Why are the purposes for atomic bombs?
The purposes of atomic bombs are now to ensure mutually assured destruction. So many countries have atomic bombs now that if they were to launch one they would be destroyed by someone else.
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Your question could be taken one of two different ways. Are you asking about the physical size? Ten feet long, and fivefeet diameter (the largest that could fit in a B-29 bomb bay). Or are you asking about the POWER of the bombs? Equal to many TONS of TNT explosive. The largest man-made explosionup …till that time, in world history. The most common meaning of your question is the size of theexplosion that they caused. The Little Boy bomb dropped on Hiroshima had a nominal yield ofabout 18 kilotons of TNT (equal to 18,000 tons of TNT explosive). The Fat Man bomb dropped on Nagasaki had a nominal yield of about21 kilotons. (MORE)
A nuclear weapon is a weapon which derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions of either nuclear fission or the more powerful fusion. As a result, even a nuclear weapon with a relatively small yield is significantly more powerful than the largest conventional explosives, and a single weapon… can be capable of destroying or seriously disabling an entire city. In the history of warfare, nuclear weapons have been used only twice, both during the closing days of World War II. The first event occurred on the morning of 6 August 1945, when the United States dropped a uranium gun-type device code-named "Little Boy" on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. The second event occurred three days later when a plutonium implosion-type device code-named "Fat Man" was dropped on the city of Nagasaki. The use of the weapons, which resulted in the immediate deaths of at least 120,000 individuals (mostly civilians) and about two times that number over time, was and remains controversial ï¿½ critics charged that they were unnecessary acts of mass killing, while others claimed that they ultimately reduced casualties on both sides by hastening the end of the war. (See Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki for a full discussion.) Since that time, nuclear weapons have been detonated on over two thousand occasions, mostly for testing purposes, chiefly by the United States, Soviet Union, United Kingdom, France, People's Republic of China, India and Pakistan. These countries are the declared nuclear powers (with Russia inheriting the weapons of the Soviet Union after its collapse). Various other countries may hold nuclear weapons, but they have never publicly admitted possession, or their claims to possession have not been verified. For example, Israel has modern airborne delivery systems and appears to have an extensive nuclear program (see Israel and weapons of mass destruction); North Korea has recently stated that it has nuclear capabilities (although it has made several changing statements about the abandonment of its nuclear weapons programs, often dependent on the political climate at the time) and Iran was accused by a number of governments of attempting to develop nuclear capabilities, and now acknowledges that it is trying to obtain nuclear power, supposedly for peaceful purposes. South Africa is the only country to have developed an atomic bomb and then renounced possession of them (though several former Soviet Republics gave up their "inherited" nuclear arms after the breakup of the U.S.S.R.) For more information see List of countries with nuclear weapons. Apart from their use as weapons, nuclear explosives have been proposed for various non-military uses. (MORE)
An atomic bomb is any bomb which obtains its destructive energyfrom the excess binding energy of atomic nuclei . The term ismost commonly applied to bombs that release the excess bindingenergy of heavy atoms by fissioning them to form lighter atoms, butcan equally correctly be applied to bombs that… release the excessbinding energy of light atoms by fusing them to form heavier atoms(however such bombs are most commonly called hydrogen bombs). The fine details of this are somewhat blurred as most modernnuclear weapons use some combination of both fission and fusion,regardless of what they are called (e.g. dial-a-yield tritium gasfusion boosted atomic bombs, conventionally built hydrogen fusionbombs usually get more than 90% of their yield from fast fission oftheir depleted uranium tamper) to optimize their characteristics. (MORE)
Without going into rigorous scientific detail, an atomic bomb works by nuclear fission . That is, large atoms - namely uranium or plutonium - are split into smaller atoms in an uncontrolled chain reaction. One atom splits, neutrons from that split strike and split more atoms, which release more neu…trons, and so forth, in what is called a chain reaction . This releases a tremendous amount of energy all at once. Thus a single bomb, weighing no more than a few hundred pounds, explodes with the force of tens of thousands of tons of TNT. When we look at a hydrogen bomb, which is also a type of nuclear weapon (though strictly not an atomic bomb), we see that it works by nuclear fusion . That is small atoms - namely isotopes of hydrogen - are fused together to make atoms of helium. This releases even more energy. Thus a hydrogen bomb has a force of hundreds of thousands, or even millions of tons of TNT. Fusion requires fantastic temperatures and pressures to occur. The only way to create those conditions is to set off one or more atomic fission bombs. Essentially, a hydrogen bomb is a nuclear fusion device that requires an fission bomb as a detonator. Both types of bombs produce several effects: a blast wave, thermal (heat) energy, prompt (i.e. immediate) radiation, and fallout (long-term radiation), as well as intense electromagnetic disruption. The exact amount of each depends on the design of the weapon, its size, and where it was detonated. For the more detailed technical answer, use the link you'll find below for the related question. (MORE)
The term atom bomb (or atomic bomb ) usuallyrefers to a bomb that obtains its energy solely through the processof nuclear fission . However technically the term is considered interchangeable with nuclear bomb , and can refer to any bomb obtaining itsenergy through either nuclear fission , nucl…ear fusion , or any combination of thetwo processes. (MORE)
The atom bomb is a bomb filled with uranium and/or plutonium and when dropped, explodes in mid-air to cause more damage. Anyonecaught in the explosion would incinerated instantly.
Because human beings are greedy and selfish.They want more land,oil,wealth and power.They couldn't think of any other ways to live peacefully with each other.But on the other hand,they couldn't even live peacefully with their own self,much less with others. we know what happened to the people th…ey dropped it on already,so why are officials still making them? why do human race have to resort to threatening,to terrorize and to kill,to make themselves feel "superior" to others? were all critics in the world with opinions that never seem to stop. but the real answer is to end the war quickly,we were losing thousand of American troops and we had our selfs out numbered and adding renforcements would exeed the death toll it was also a message to other countrys to show the power that which was bestowed to the us. (MORE)
because atom, when split become highly unstable, and in whats called nuclear fission, atoms are divided inot smaller ones, and that on a large scale is devestating.
A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission or a combination of fission and fusion. Both reactions release vast quantities of energy from relatively small amounts of matter. The first fission ("atomic") bomb test released the sa…me amount of energy as approximately 20,000 tons of TNT. The first thermonuclear ("hydrogen") bomb test released the same amount of energy as approximately 10,000,000 tons of TNT. A modern thermonuclear weapon weighing little more than a thousand kilograms (2,200 pounds) can produce an explosion comparable to the detonation of more than a billion kilograms (2.2 billion pounds) of conventional high explosive. Thus, even single small nuclear devices no larger than traditional bombs can devastate an entire city by blast, fire and radiation. Nuclear weapons are considered weapons of mass destruction, and their use and control has been a major focus of international relations policy since their debut. In the history of warfare, only two nuclear weapons have been detonated offensively, both near the end of World War II. The first was detonated on the morning of 6 August 1945, when the United States dropped a uranium gun-type device code-named "Little Boy" on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. The second was detonated three days later when the United States dropped a plutonium implosion-type device code-named "Fat Man" on the city of Nagasaki, Japan. These two bombings resulted in the deaths of approximately 200,000 Japanese people (mostly civilians) from acute injuries sustained from the explosion. There is current debate over the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Since the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings, nuclear weapons have been detonated on over two thousand occasions for testing purposes and demonstration purposes. A few states have possessed such weapons or are suspected of seeking them. The only countries known to have detonated nuclear weapons---and that acknowledge possessing such weapons---are (chronologically) the United States, the Soviet Union (succeeded as a nuclear power by Russia), the United Kingdom, France, the People's Republic of China, India, Pakistan, and North Korea. Israel is also widely believed to possess nuclear weapons, though it does not acknowledge having them. -Courtesy of Wikipedia 'Nuclear weapon' (MORE)
There are several types of nuclear weapons, the most common being afission bomb (atomic bomb) containing uranium and/or plutonium. Themore powerful type is a fission-fusion bomb (thermonuclear bomb)that uses the fission energy to fuse isotopes of hydrogen intohelium. Fission bombs and radioactive "d…irty bombs" (no fissioninvolved) can be much smaller than fusion bombs. Fission bombs obtain their energy by breaking up (fissioning) verylarge atoms (uranium or plutonium). Fusion bombs obtain theirenergy by combining (fusing) very small atoms (hydrogen). The mostmodern bombs are not clearly separable into pure fission or fusion,but use some combination of both. For fuel, fission bombs use fissile isotopes: Uranium-235,Plutonium-239, or Uranium-233. In order to be fissile the materialmust be very pure (Oralloy, the codename for weapons grade Uraniumis 93.5% Uranium-235. Natural uranium has only 0.72% Uranium-235.Anything less than 20% Uranium-235 is not fissile, but is onlyfissionable. Too much Plutonium-240 or 241 in plutonium makes itunusable in bombs.) This purity is very expensive to obtain. For fuel, fusion bombs use easily fused isotopes of hydrogen:deuterium and tritium. The first fusion bomb test Ivy Mike usedliquid Deuterium and Tritium in an 80 foot tall, 20 foot diameter,2 foot thick steel case with a giant triple thermos bottlesuspended in it -- to keep them cold enough to stay liquid untildetonated. The first "practical" fusion bomb test Castle Bravo usedsolid Lithium-Deutride, the Lithium being split to make Tritium atdetonation by neutrons from a fission bomb built into the fusionbomb. A fission bomb works by rapid assembly with conventionalexplosives. In rapid assembly, you take a very subcriticalconfiguration of fissile material and assemble it suddenly to avery supercritical configuration, then hit it with a preciselytimed pulse of neutrons. There are 2 methods of rapid assembly: gunand implosion. In gun assembly the fissile material is divided into2 pieces: target and bullet; each is subcritical but if broughttogether they are supercritical. They are placed at opposite endsof a gun barrel and the bullet is fired into the target. Assemblytakes roughly 10ms, detonation takes roughly 1us. In implosion thefissile material is one subcritical piece, explosive shaped chargescrush it to about 30 times normal density making it verysupercritical. Assembly takes roughly 1 microsecond, detonationtakes roughly 1 picosecond. A fusion bomb works by the "Teller-Ulam Principle" and operates instages. The primary (or 1st stage) is a fission bomb. The secondary(or 2nd stage) is composed of a radiation channel (to capturex-rays from the previous stage and distribute them over this stage,to drive a radiation implosion much faster than possible with anyconventional shaped charge explosive), a dense cylinder of tamper(to contain the explosion), fusion fuel, a plutonium "sparkplug"rod. When the primary detonates, its x-rays implode the secondary,crushing the tamper, fusion fuel, and "sparkplug". Neutrons fromthe primary then hit the supercritical "sparkplug" detonating itcausing it to push out against the inward push of the tamper,compressing and heating the fusion fuel. Neutrons from the"sparkplug" split the Lithium in the fusion fuel making Tritium.The secondary fusion fuel then detonates. To raise the yield asmany additional stages as you want can be added, each driven by thex-rays and neutrons of the previous stage. Practical military nuclear bombs also need a method of delivery,arm/safe mechanism, fusing mechanism, etc. like any conventionalmilitary bomb. (MORE)
The atomic bomb creates a tremendous explosion that is more powerful than regular TNT bombs and one of the by products of the atomic reaction is radiation. Atomic and hydrogen bombs create different types of damage and effects depending on where it is exploded. If it is exploded underground it has o…ne type of effect. If the bomb is exploded in outer space, then there is no air so the explosion is dispelled in almost pure radiation and light energy. Answer They were also a major scare tactic. Let's face it. If your opponent has something that can wipe out most of an entire city, aren't you going to do as they say? (MORE)
The people bombed by the only two atomic bombs ever used were the people who lived in the Japanese cities of Nagasaki and Hiroshima.
Before the very scientifically complex atomic bomb, other bombs are just basically tons of explosive stuff jammed into a bombshell, so it wasn't too advanced there.
A nuclear weapon is currently the largest explosive device that a nation may use as a weapon. There are basically two different kinds, and they include the fission devices, and the fusion devices. There are a lot more fission weapons around than fusion weapons. And in the fusion weapon, because extr…eme heat is required to initiate fusion (of hydrogen into helium), a "regular" fission device must be set off either "around" or "up against" components to initiate the fusion event. The fusion device (the so-called hydrogen bomb) is arguably the larger of the two as regards destructive power. It makes a really, really big blast. (MORE)
To destroy things easliy and quickly without head-to-head conflict. It is very effective and can devestate a city.
If what you mean is,is an atomic bomb stronger or weaker then a regular bomb then it's the atomic bomb,a regular bomb would have only damaged Hiroshima not completely killed it( the U.S also bomb Nagasaki)
Japan : Hiroshima & Nagasaki were the cities destroyed. I have heard also that some small Pacific islands were completelyvaporized by hydrogen bomb tests during the 1950s, including BikiniAtoll and Elugelab Atoll (the swimwear got its name after theexplosion destroyed the island). In addition, …I recently learned that the first hydrogen bomb(fusion bomb) test in the South Pacific was about twice as powerfulas scientists anticipated. Although the evacuated area was stilllarge enough to keep anyone from being harmed by the larger blast,the extra fallout was suddenly an unanticipated threat to thepeople of the Marshall Islands, and the U.S. government had to rushover and start evacuating them. I don't know how much harm was doneto the people of the Marshall Islands, but I do know that theMarshall Islands has a national holiday to honor its atomicvictims. (MORE)
The most powerful weapon currently being produced is the version of the "atomic bomb" that includes further stages. The thermonuclear fusion bomb (H-bomb, hydrogen bomb) can be made much more powerful by adding additional stages to it (more fission, more fusion).. The most powerful potential expl…osive would be an annihilation weapon, combining anti-matter with matter. However, producing the necessary materials (anti-protons) is not feasible using existing technology. (MORE)
The atom bomb is a bomb using uranium and/or plutonium as fuel and when dropped, exploded in mid-air to cause more damage than if exploded on contact with the ground. Anyone caught directly in the explosion would be incinerated instantly, others further out were killed by blast effects, or had their… skin boiled off on the side facing the burst. The two atom bombs killed about 250,000 people in Japan. Those killed were people living in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. (MORE)
What actions or reason support the decision that the atomic bomb dropped on hiroshima was dropped for military purposes?
The US did not have to invade Japan, which was estimated to have cost 500.000 American soldiers lives.
The fast neutron chain reaction triggers multiple fissions at anexponentially increasing rate. This happens so rapidly that all thefissions needed to release the energy for the explosion have splitin an interval of time on the order of 10 microseconds.
Pure nuclear fission weapons contain a fissile material, an explosive to compress this material (or drive one piece of material into another) to produce a critical mass and subsequent explosion. The warhead itself contains these parts. Then there are guidance and detonation components, batteries, et…c. (MORE)
The atom bomb was definitely made on purpose, and it required much effort to make it work. Splitting the atom is not the type of thing to be done accidentally. At the beginning of the 20th century, the structure of the atom was believed to be like a "miniature solar system" with negatively-charged …Electrons orbiting a positively charged nucleus of unknown structure. In 1919, Ernest Rutherford, a physicist from new Zealand, working in the UK, achieved the first artificial transmutation of an element when he changed several atoms of nitrogen into oxygen. In the process of changing nitrogen into oxygen, Rutherford detected a previously unknown high-energy particle with a positive charge - the Proton. In 1932, James Chadwick, a colleague of Rutherford, identified a further particle, the Neutron, so-named because it had no charge. From 1932 onwards, the atom was seen as comprising a positively charged nucleus, containing both protons and neutrons, circled by negatively charged electrons equal in number to the protons in the nucleus. Beginning in 1934, the Italian physicist Enrico Fermi began bombarding elements with neutrons, theorizing that Chadwick's uncharged particles could pass into the nucleus without being repelled. Like other scientists at the time, Fermi paid little attention to the possibility that matter might be annihilllated during bombardment and result in the release of huge amounts of energy in accordance with Einstein's formula, E=mc 2 , which stated that mass and energy were convertible. One element Fermi bombarded with neutrons was uranium, the heaviest of the known elements, producing "new" substancess in the process. Some scientists thought that the resulting substances were new "transuranic" elements, while others noted that the chemical properties of the substances resembled those of lighter elements. For several years, attempts to identify these substances dominated the research agenda in the international scientific community, with the answer coming out of Nazi Germany just before Christmas 1938. Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassmann were bombarding elements with neutrons in their Berlin laboratory when they made an unexpected discovery. They found that uranium nuclei broke into two roughly equal pieces and became not the new transuranic elements but radioactive barium isotopes and fragments of the uranium itself. The substances Fermi had created didn't just resemble lighter elements - they were lighter elements. The products of the Hahn-Strassmann experiment weighed less than that of the original uranium nucleus. Mass was being converted to energy. Fermi had produced fission in 1934 but had not recognized it. Fission caused the immediate release of enormous amounts of energy along with the additional emission of more neutrons. Given the right set of circumstances, these new neutrons might collide with other atoms and release more neutrons, in turn smashing into other atoms and, at the same time, continuously emitting energy. The possibility of such a "chain reaction" completely altered the prospects for releasing the energy stored in the nucleus. A controlled self-sustaining reaction could be used to generate a large amount of energy for heat and power, while an unchecked reaction could create an explosion of unbelievable magnitude. The "atomic bomb" became a scientific possibility. In the US, President Roosevelt responded to the call for government support of uranium research quickly but cautiously. The Advisory Committee on Uranium met for the first time on October 21, 1939. In early 1940 the committee, including both civilian and military representation, recommended that the government fund limited research on Fermi's work on chain reactions at Columbia University. Talks were held with the British government about ways of sabotaging any German efforts to produce nuclear weapons. In May, 1940, the German Army invaded Denmark, the home of Niels Bohr, the world's leading expert on atomic research. To prevent him from being forced to work for Nazi Germany, the British Secret Service arranged his escaped to Sweden before being moving to the United States. The Manhattan Project was set up in 1942, in the US under the command of Brigadier General Leslie Groves, to produce an allied atomic bomb. Scientists from around the world were brought together at the Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, including Enrico Fermi (Italy), James Chadwick (Britain), Niels Bohr (Denmark), Robert Oppenheimer (USA), David Bohm (USA), Leo Szilard (Hungary), Eugene Wigner (Hungary), Rudolf Peierls (Germany), Otto Frisch (Germany), Felix Bloch (Switzerland), James Franck (Germany), Emilio Segre (Italy), Klaus Fuchs (Germany) and Edward Teller (Hungary). A similar project existed in the USSR after September 1941, under Igor Kurchatov (with some of Kurchatov's breakthroughs coming secondhand from "spies" within the Manhattan Project). It was initially feared that Hitler was very close to developing his own bomb. The efforts undertaken in Germany, headed by Werner Heisenberg, made little progress, though. Many German scientists were said to express surprise to their Allied captors when the bombs were detonated in Japan. (MORE)
Yes, they both are a nuclear weapon in which enormous energy is released by nuclear fission.
It was first dropped on people in Hiroshima, Japan, August 6th, 1945, then Nagasaki, Japan, August 9th, 1945, both by the US. However, the first test was in New Mexico (again by the US), but there the people were told that it was going to happen.
Yes, both atomic and nuclear describe what mechanism causes an explosion. It is causes by atoms decaying, or the nucleus being split apart and releasing energy. . More exactly, a nuclear weapon is one which derives its power from energy released by breaking intra-nuclear bonds (i.e. the ener…gy that holds neutrons and protons together inside an atom's nucleus). There are four types (currently) of nuclear weapons: An atomic bomb is more properly called a fission weapon, in that it derives power from splitting a heavy element (usually U-238 or P-239) into smaller elements. A thermonuclear bomb is one that relies on fusion , where lightweight elements (isotopes of Hydrogen) are pushed together. Currently, all such weapons require a small atomic bomb to act as the trigger for the fusion reaction, but the vast majority of their yield is from fusion. A hybrid weapon, also called a fission-fusion-fission weapon, is a thermonuclear bomb wrapped in a uranium shell to boost the yield by using escaping neutrons from the fusion reaction to ignite the uranium shell's fission. A boosted atomic weapon is a normal atomic bomb which has gaseous tritium (a hydrogen isotope) injected just prior to detonation. This gas undergoes fusion, increasing the yield of the weapon. (MORE)
There are many atoms used in an atomic bomb for various purposes. . Iron and carbon, lus some others depending on preference, make up the steel casing; . silicon and oxygen atoms make up the computer hardware chips; . copper makes up the wiring in the bomb; . various type of atoms make up the ot…her tools used by the bomb; . carbon, nitrogen and oxygen make up the conventional explosive; . while plutonium and uranium atoms are used as fissionable material and hydrogen atoms as fusion material. (MORE)
No, it is called an atom bomb because it derives its power from splitting uranium and/or plutonium atoms.
It was originally invented as a more efficient method of transmuting elements for scientific experiments.
The purpose was to furthur America's strength & power over the rest of the world.
No its actually the TACTICAL NUKE jk no its really the Tsar Bomb AN602 hydrogen bomb most powerful nuclear weapon ever detonated. Weight=60,000lbs, Length=26ft.
The Unite states of America wanted to win the war(all countries in war want to) and it showed military power and it was very frightening to see. It also made Japan surrender and USA won the war.
The first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, Japan ; another on Nagasaki, Japan, 3 days later.
conventional chemical bombs get their energy from the electromagnetic force of the 8 valence band electrons of the outermost S & P orbitals . nuclear bombs get their energy from the strong nuclear force that holds the nucleus of the atom together Note: both operate in accordance with E=Mc 2 …, but as the strong force is several orders of magnitude stronger than the electromagnetic force several orders of magnitude more mass converts to energy in nuclear bombs than in conventional bombs. (MORE)
China made the Atomic Bomb, no china did not make the atomic bomb. the united states made the abomb and it was called the mannhattan project
All bombs are dangerous, but the atom bomb is certainly one of the most devastating. The only type of bomb thus far created that is more powerful than an atom bomb is a hydrogen bomb, which is the type of nuclear bomb that uses fusion instead of just fission. The Tsar Bomba, which is the single mo…st powerful device ever used, let alone bomb, is an example of a hydrogen bomb. Its yield was rated at a staggering 56 megatons of force. I've added a link below if you'd like more information. (MORE)
By the collisions between the atom an energy is generated.After certain amount if energy generation it gets burst.
Access to nuclear weapons is strictly controlled. Unless you are a member of the military, you will not get one. Attempting to make one is more likely to kill you from radiation poisoning, even if you could get the raw materials.
There first ones were Uranium gun assembly fission andPlutonium implosion assembly fission types. Then came theHydrogen radiation transport driven implosion thermonuclear bomb. There are now many additional types including fusion boostedfission bombs, enhanced fallout and reducedfallout …bombs, neutron bombs, etc. Many of whichalthough they have been designed have never been militarized andstockpiled by any country. But all can be called atom bombs or nuclearbombs . (MORE)
To end World War Two. If he didn't drop the bombs, the Allies wouldhave then invaded Japan. It would have cost over a million or moreAmerican lives, a similar number of Japanese lives, and he had already authorized the use of chemical weapons during theinvasion if the Japanese resisted as strongly …as they had in thelast several Pacific islands, so he thought it was best. It couldalso possibly avoid a division of Japan into communist anddemocratic zones, as had already happened in Europe and washappening in Korea, etc. (MORE)
Both words are technically interchangeable, so your question cannot be answered as written. Perhaps you meant which is bigger fission or fusion bomb? Define bigger: size or yield? The biggest bombs ever built in both size and yield have been fusion. But many modern fission bombs are bigger physi…cally than fusion bombs with bigger yield and some fission bombs have bigger yield than some fusion bombs. Confused? It all depends on purpose. (MORE)
What was the difference in function and purpose between the impact fuse on the MK-III atomic bomb and the contact fuse on the MK-5 atomic bomb?
The Mk-III had radar and barometric fuzing, as it was intended tobe detonated as an air burst. However, since nuclear weapons wereso secret, the Mk-III (Fat Man) atomic bomb had four AN-219piezoelectric fuzes installed in its nose, which would destroy theweapon, and prevent any recognizable fragment…s of the weapon, andelements of its design from being salvaged by the enemy, that mightgive them an idea as to how it worked. The contact fuze on the Mk-5 nuclear bomb was used as a "salvagefuse," in other words, in case the radar fuses failed and the bombimpacted the ground, the contact fuses were meant to set off thefiring circuits to try and ensure a nuclear detonation. If the bombhit the ground, it would probably explode, but the explosion wouldnot create the symmetrical implosion which was necessary to producea nuclear yield. (MORE)
To show the power of the United States and cause fear to make japan surrender.
President Truman stated the he needed to end the war and to collapse Japan's means to make war ever again.
Fissile and/or fusible elements, chemical explosives to start the reaction, electronics to handle arming/disarming/firing, etc.
No, they did not. They couldn't even come up with a decent RADARunit for their ships like the Allies had. They had no warplanes bigenough to carry the Atomic Bomb anywhere useful. By the time theAtomic bombs were dropped (killing 85,000 and 65,000 people each)Tokyo was 3/4 destroyed by conventional …bombing. On the first dayof using conventional incendiary bombs on Tokyo, 100,000 of itscitizens were killed. One the first day! Many other Japaneseindustrial and port cities were similarly wiped out. (MORE)
The terms atomic bomb and nuclear bomb are interchangeable as both obtain their energy from the atomic nucleus . So neither is bigger. There are two processes to get the energy for a bomb out of the atomic nucleus : . fission, the breaking up of large nuclei into smaller ones . fusion, …the joining of small nuclei together into larger ones. Pure fission bombs have a practical yield limit between 500 KTons and 1 MTon because of criticality limits: too much fuel in the bomb will cause it to " predetonate " and melt before it can be delivered to a target. Fusion bombs do not have this limit: you can put as much fuel as you want to get as high a yield as you might like. However no modern nuclear weapon is pure fission or pure fusion, the processes are mixed in a variety of ways to get the exact effects desired, in the package size desired, at the production cost desired. Therefore some fission bombs are higher yield than some fusion bombs and vice versa. (MORE)
There were 2 teams that did the bulk of the development work, one at The Institute of Advanced Study at Princeton and the other at Los Alamos, NM. Thousands of scientists worked on these projects. Two names that pop forth as 'leaders' are Robert Oppenheimer and Edward Teller. PLZ remember that just …about every major university and many companies contributed. A recently published book, Dyson's "Turning's Cathedral" gives a good firsthand account of life within the Inst of Adv Study team during WWII. Both the author's parents were deeply involved in the project and, he knew most of the players, big and small, first hand. The book itself is aimed at describing the development of computers, but computer development and the nuclear projects were so intertwined, you get a great picture of both. BTW: this NOT a 'quick read!' (MORE)
Technically yes, as both obtain their energy from the binding energy of the atomic nucleus . There are two different types of mechanism of these bombs: . fission bombs, these bombs obtain their energy by splitting very massive atoms up into lighter atoms. These are commonly called atom bombs. …. fusion bombs, these bombs obtain their energy by joining very light atoms together into heavier atoms. These are commonly called hydrogen bombs. But either can equally validly be called either nuclear bombs or atom bombs. (MORE)
If you are an industrialized nation, spend about 4 years building up the specialized industrial infrastructure to extract/manufacture the required special nuclear materials. Then you can start building simple weapons. The actual design and development of the weapons is relatively simple and can be c…onducted in parallel with the infrastructure construction. (MORE)