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Why are there justices on the US Supreme Court?
"Justice" is just a high-falutin' term for "judge." In the early days of the Court, there was a desire to establish the significance of the federal judiciary. And let's face it, at that point in time, there were oodles of judges in small courts in the plentiful counties among the states.
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The President of the United States (Executive branch) nominates members to the Judiciary branch of government, including District Court judges, US Court of Appeals Circuit… judges, and Supreme Court justices (including the Chief Justice). The Constitution does not set forth any guidelines for Supreme Court justices; the President has complete discretion over his selection. Some typical considerations: Opinions of White House advisors Opinions of trusted Justice Department personnel Recommendation of American Bar Association Standing Committee on the Federal Judiciary Educational credentials Professional accomplishments and experience Ideological compatibility Political support from other party members Acceptability to majority party in Senate (easier of President and Senate majority are members of the same party) History of ethical behavior and lack of controversy or extremism Need for diversity and religious balance on the Court Age The President will usually consult with Senators before announcing his nominee, in order to gauge political support. Candidates for Supreme Court justice must then be confirmed or rejected by a simple vote of the Senate before they are appointed and may assume office. The primary consideration of the appointee process should be the record of any judicial candidates proper protection of the US Constitution. This would disregard any other factor with the exception of age, which of course is unConsitutional.
Chief Justice Fred M. Vinson (1946-1953) Associate Justices Hugo Black (1937-1947) Stanley Forman Reed (1938-1957) Felix Frankfurter (1939-1962) William O. Douglas (1…939-1975) Frank Murphy (1940-1949) Robert H. Jackson (1941-1954) Wily Blount Rutledge (1943-1949) Harold Hitz Burton (1945-1958)
There were only eight justices on the bench in 1869: Chief Justice Salmon P Chase Associate Justices Samuel Nelson Robert Cooper Grier Nathan Clifford Noah Haynes Sw…ayne Samuel Freeman Miller David Davis Stephen Johnson Field
The eight Associate Justices of the US Supreme Court, in order of seniority, are: Antonin Scalia Anthony Kennedy Clarence Thomas Ruth Bader Ginsburg Stephen Breyer … Samuel Alito Sonia Sotomayor Elena Kagan (Chief Justice John Roberts presides over the Court)
Anthony Kennedy probably comes closest to being moderate; the rest are either solidly liberal or solidly conservative.
No. The US Supreme Court seats nine justices -- one Chief Justice and eight Associate Justices.
There are nine of them..
The President of the United States (Executive branch) nominates US Supreme Court justices and other federal judges. The Senate must approve the nomination by a simple majori…ty vote (51%) in order for the appointment to be made. If the Senate rejects the nomination, the President must choose someone else. This process is mandated by Article II, Section 2 of the US Constitution: "[The President] shall have power, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, to make treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall appoint ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, judges of the Supreme Court, and all other officers of the United States, whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by law: but the Congress may by law vest the appointment of such inferior officers, as they think proper, in the President alone, in the courts of law, or in the heads of departments." For more information, see Related Questions, below. Yes. Candidates for the United States Supreme Court are nominated by the President, and must be confirmed by the Senate in order to take office.
The US Supreme Court has had many homes over the years, but as of 1935, its permanent location is in the Supreme Court building, on One First Street Northeast, Washington, DC.… The four-story building holds the official Courtroom, Justice chambers, law library, meeting rooms, workshop space, stores, cafeteria and gym. The building was remodeled in early 2009 to update its security system, which will end public access via the impressive front facade.
Under Article II of the Constitution, the President appoints Supreme Court justices with the "advice and consent" (approval) of the Senate. Simply put, the Presi…dent (Executive branch) nominates a candidate to the Court, then the Senate (Legislative branch) votes on the nomination to decide whether the person will be approved or rejected. If the nomination is approved by a simple majority, the President appoints the justice. More Information The President and the Senate share responsibility for for seating justices on the US Supreme Court. Article II, Section 2 of the Constitution grants the President power to appoint a Supreme Court justice with the advice and consent of the Senate. Article II, Section 2, Clause 2 "[The President] shall have power, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, to make treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall appoint ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, judges of the Supreme Court, and all other officers of the United States, whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by law: but the Congress may by law vest the appointment of such inferior officers, as they think proper, in the President alone, in the courts of law, or in the heads of departments." The President (Executive branch) nominates a candidate to the Court, then the Senate (Legislative branch) votes on the nomination to decide whether the person will be approved or rejected. If a simple majority (at least 51%) of the voting Senators approve the nomination, the person will be commissioned as a Supreme Court justice. If a simple majority (at least 51%) of the voting Senators reject the nomination, the President has to nominate someone else, and the process starts over. The "Advice and Consent" Clause was written into the Constitution as part of the system of checks and balances designed to prevent any one branch of government from acquiring too much power.
One possible reason (amongst many presumably) are that any vote taken by the justices can never result in a tie - a decision will always be made one way or the other. In 18…69, Congress passed a law that fixed the number of Supreme Court justices at 9. The US Constitution creates "one supreme court" but does not specify how many justices there should be. That is up to Congress to decide. The number of justices is an usually an odd number so that there would be no tie votes. Why there are 9 though is a matter of practicality based on the workload of the Supreme Court. The first Supreme Court had 6 justices, then it changed to 5, then to 7 then to 9 then to 10 then to 7 again and then back to 9. The original U.S. Supreme Court had only six Justices; that number has changed several times over the years. . Judiciary Act of 1789: Court size 6 . Judiciary Act of 1801: Court size, 5 . Repeal Act of 1802: Court size, 6 . Seventh Circuit Act of 1807: Court size, 7 . Judiciary Act of 1837: Court size, 9 . Tenth Circuit Act of 1863: Court size, 10 . Judicial Circuit Act of 1866: Court size, 7 . Habeas Corpus Act of 1867: Court size, 8 . Judiciary Act of 1869: Court size, 9 Most likely, the current court has an odd number of Justices to prevent an evenly split decision. The number may have expanded to nine because the caseload has increased over the years, and not all Justices elect to review petitions for writ of certiorari (requests for a case to be reviewed by the court). The number was temporarily reduced from ten to seven during Andrew Johnson's term of office, because Congress didn't want him to have an opportunity to appoint new justices. The size of the Court was increased to nine rather than ten (most likely to avoid tie votes) when Ulysses S. Grant was elected. Congress always had reasons for changing the size of the Court -- whether to allow a sitting President more or less influence, or to adjust the Court's workload, but their purpose isn't always easy to determine. The last time this was seriously proposed was during the presidency of Franklin Delano Roosevelt. However, Roosevelt's plan (which would have ultimately allowed for up to 15 justices) was so obviously an attempt to pack the court with those whose political ideology agreed with his own that it was a political disaster for him. As it was, 8 of the 9 justices on the Court (including the Chief Justice) were Roosevelt appointees by 1941.
The Justices of the U.S. Supreme Court interpret the law. When we say "the Court" (meaning the U.S. Supreme Court), we mean the Justices of the Supreme Court. The Court (the J…ustices) decide "sticking points" in law and hand down a "final" decision on the matter. In general, the U.S. Supreme Court (collectively) will decide which cases to hear, and this from among those brought up to it. The Court (the Justices) review the particulars of each case, and then hear or decline to hear that case. For cases that are heard, the Court will review what has been done in the lower courts, and will consider new material presented to it. At the end of the presentation of all material, the Court will review all that is before them on a given case, and each justice will take a side and decide the case. The Court may split with "half" the Justices on one side and "half" on the other side. (There are an odd number of Justices, so there are no "ties" to be reckoned with.) Then a majority opinion and a minority opinion will be rendered. The cases heard by the Court allow the Court to offer final adjudication of the case, and set precedents in law. Supreme Court Justices hear a limited number of cases on final appeal, and interpret the law relative to the United States Constitution. They also have Original Jurisdiction (first court) over conflicts between the states. They judge certain court cases that usually improve the U.S. and make history. One of the most famous cases was "Brown vs. (The) Board of Education." They are also responsible for interpreting the Constitution and federal law, and monitoring how those rules are applied in the real world. Their main functions are to interpret the Constitution and to examine challenged laws to ensure they comply with constitutional mandates.
Sonia Sotomayor, Stephen Breyer, Elana Kagan, Samuel Alito, Antonia Scalia, Clarence Thomas, Anthony Kennedy, Ruth Ginsburg, and the Chief Justice John Roberts.
The US Supreme Court is the highest appellate court in the United States for cases involving federal law and constitutional issues. It is also considered the head of the Judic…ial branch of government. The function of a "Justice" is similar to that of a judge, but the term justice is used on most high courts, as a sign of respect. The US Supreme Court comprises nine justices that sit en banc (as a single group) to determine whether decisions in cases they've granted certiorari (agreed to review) are in keeping with federal and constitutional law. Sometimes, the law itself is being judged for constitutionality, under the Supreme Court's authority of "judicial review." Other times, the application of law is in question. The Supreme Court Justices are responsible for interpreting the Constitution and applying their interpretation to cases that set legal precedent for the lower courts to follow. Supreme Court justices are nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate (per the "Advice and Consent Clause" of the Constitution, Article II, Section 2, Paragraph 2) for lifetime commissions. Justices may choose to leave the court through resignation or retirement, may serve in office until death, or may be impeached by the House and tried in the Senate for "high crimes and misdemeanors" (serious legal and ethical violations). The only justice to be impeached was Samuel Chase, in 1804. He was acquitted of charges by the Senate and served seven more years on the bench, until his death in 1811.
Speculation is that Chief Justice John G. Roberts, Jr. is the wealthiest member of the current Court.
US Supreme Court justices can only be involuntarily (and prematurely) terminated if they commit an act the US House of Representatives considers an impeachable offense. The st…andard for Supreme Court justices is the same as for the President. If the House of Representatives files articles of impeachment, and the Senate convicts the justice at his or her trial, then the person may be removed from office. There have been a few occasions when justices were talked into resigning to avoid impeachment, or because they lacked the capacity to serve in office. This could be considered "voluntarily termination," however. In the absence of the above conditions, Article III of the Constitution provides justices serve "during good behavior," which generally means "for life." Even though a Supreme Court justice is appointed to serve a lifetime term, he or she can still be impeached if they do not hold the office during "good behavior," as Article III, Section 1of the Constitution says.
The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) has nine justices:one Chief Justice and eight Associate Justices. The Judiciary Act of 1789 provided for a 6-member Court, wit…h aChief Justice and 5 Associate Justices. Congress adjusted the sizeof the Court a number of times through the during the 19th-century. . Judiciary Act of 1789: Court size 6 . Judiciary Act of 1801: Court size, 5 . Repeal Act of 1802: Court size, 6 . Seventh Circuit Act of 1807: Court size, 7 . Judiciary Act of 1837: Court size, 9 . Tenth Circuit Act of 1863: Court size, 10 . Judicial Circuit Act of 1866: Court size, 7 . Habeas Corpus Act of 1867: Court size, 8 . Judiciary Act of 1869: Court size, 9 After the election of President Ulysses S. Grant, Congress passedthe Judiciary Act of 1869, which set the Court's membership tonine. This number has remained the same ever since. In 1937, Franklin D. Roosevelt attempted unsuccessfully to expandthe membership of the court to gain support on the Court for hisNew Deal programs. He proposed adding one justice to the SupremeCourt for every member over 70.5 years of age, with the potentialof adding as many as six additional justices, for a total of 15.Congress refused to pass Roosevelt's legislation; however, thePresident had an opportunity to nominate eight justices* tovacancies that occurred during his terms of office, which created acourt more receptive to his ideas. * Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed more Supreme Court Justices, at8, than any other President, with the exception of GeorgeWashington, who appointed a total of 10. 9 9