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Why are there justices on the US Supreme Court?
"Justice" is just a high-falutin' term for "judge." In the early days of the Court, there was a desire to establish the significance of the federal judiciary. And let's face it, at that point in time, there were oodles of judges in small courts in the plentiful counties among the states.
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The President of the United States (Executive branch) nominates US Supreme Court justices and other federal judges. The Senate must approve the nomination by a simple majori…ty vote (51%) in order for the appointment to be made. If the Senate rejects the nomination, the President must choose someone else. This process is mandated by Article II, Section 2 of the US Constitution: "[The President] shall have power, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, to make treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall appoint ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, judges of the Supreme Court, and all other officers of the United States, whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by law: but the Congress may by law vest the appointment of such inferior officers, as they think proper, in the President alone, in the courts of law, or in the heads of departments." For more information, see Related Questions, below. Yes. Candidates for the United States Supreme Court are nominated by the President, and must be confirmed by the Senate in order to take office.
The US Supreme Court has had many homes over the years, but as of 1935, its permanent location is in the Supreme Court building, on One First Street Northeast, Washington, DC.… The four-story building holds the official Courtroom, Justice chambers, law library, meeting rooms, workshop space, stores, cafeteria and gym. The building was remodeled in early 2009 to update its security system, which will end public access via the impressive front facade.
Speculation is that Chief Justice John G. Roberts, Jr. is the wealthiest member of the current Court.
The Justices of the U.S. Supreme Court interpret the law. When we say "the Court" (meaning the U.S. Supreme Court), we mean the Justices of the Supreme Court. The Court (the J…ustices) decide "sticking points" in law and hand down a "final" decision on the matter. In general, the U.S. Supreme Court (collectively) will decide which cases to hear, and this from among those brought up to it. The Court (the Justices) review the particulars of each case, and then hear or decline to hear that case. For cases that are heard, the Court will review what has been done in the lower courts, and will consider new material presented to it. At the end of the presentation of all material, the Court will review all that is before them on a given case, and each justice will take a side and decide the case. The Court may split with "half" the Justices on one side and "half" on the other side. (There are an odd number of Justices, so there are no "ties" to be reckoned with.) Then a majority opinion and a minority opinion will be rendered. The cases heard by the Court allow the Court to offer final adjudication of the case, and set precedents in law. Supreme Court Justices hear a limited number of cases on final appeal, and interpret the law relative to the United States Constitution. They also have Original Jurisdiction (first court) over conflicts between the states. They judge certain court cases that usually improve the U.S. and make history. One of the most famous cases was "Brown vs. (The) Board of Education." They are also responsible for interpreting the Constitution and federal law, and monitoring how those rules are applied in the real world. Their main functions are to interpret the Constitution and to examine challenged laws to ensure they comply with constitutional mandates.
The US Supreme Court is the highest appellate court in the United States for cases involving federal law and constitutional issues. It is also considered the head of the Judic…ial branch of government. The function of a "Justice" is similar to that of a judge, but the term justice is used on most high courts, as a sign of respect. The US Supreme Court comprises nine justices that sit en banc (as a single group) to determine whether decisions in cases they've granted certiorari (agreed to review) are in keeping with federal and constitutional law. Sometimes, the law itself is being judged for constitutionality, under the Supreme Court's authority of "judicial review." Other times, the application of law is in question. The Supreme Court Justices are responsible for interpreting the Constitution and applying their interpretation to cases that set legal precedent for the lower courts to follow. Supreme Court justices are nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate (per the "Advice and Consent Clause" of the Constitution, Article II, Section 2, Paragraph 2) for lifetime commissions. Justices may choose to leave the court through resignation or retirement, may serve in office until death, or may be impeached by the House and tried in the Senate for "high crimes and misdemeanors" (serious legal and ethical violations). The only justice to be impeached was Samuel Chase, in 1804. He was acquitted of charges by the Senate and served seven more years on the bench, until his death in 1811.
The US Supreme Court justices have ultimate authority over constitutional interpretation, allowing them to declare challenged federal laws unconstitutional under judicial revi…ew, and render them void and unenforceable. They also have complete discretion over the cases they choose to review under their appellate jurisdiction, which shapes law, sets precedent for the lower courts, and may change social and political conditions for the entire nation. On a smaller scale, they have the power to issue extraordinary writs, such as writs of habeas corpus, prohibition, mandamus, and certiorari.
There were only eight justices on the bench in 1869: Chief Justice Salmon P Chase Associate Justices Samuel Nelson Robert Cooper Grier Nathan Clifford Noah Haynes Sw…ayne Samuel Freeman Miller David Davis Stephen Johnson Field
The President of the United States (Executive branch) nominates members to the Judiciary branch of government, including District Court judges, US Court of Appeals Circuit… judges, and Supreme Court justices (including the Chief Justice). The Constitution does not set forth any guidelines for Supreme Court justices; the President has complete discretion over his selection. Some typical considerations: Opinions of White House advisors Opinions of trusted Justice Department personnel Recommendation of American Bar Association Standing Committee on the Federal Judiciary Educational credentials Professional accomplishments and experience Ideological compatibility Political support from other party members Acceptability to majority party in Senate (easier of President and Senate majority are members of the same party) History of ethical behavior and lack of controversy or extremism Need for diversity and religious balance on the Court Age The President will usually consult with Senators before announcing his nominee, in order to gauge political support. Candidates for Supreme Court justice must then be confirmed or rejected by a simple vote of the Senate before they are appointed and may assume office. The primary consideration of the appointee process should be the record of any judicial candidates proper protection of the US Constitution. This would disregard any other factor with the exception of age, which of course is unConsitutional.
The US Supreme Court comprised seven justices in 1812: Chief Justice John Marshall (1801-1835) Associate Justices Bushrod Washington (1798-1829) William Johnson (1804-18…34) Henry Brockholst Livingston (1807-1823) Thomas Todd (1809-1826) Gabriel Duvall (1811-1835) Joseph Story (1812-1845)
US Supreme Court justices interpret the law and the Constitution.
Justice Sonia Sotomayor and Elena Kagan are the only unmarried justices on the current Court (as of September 23, 2010). Justice David Souter, whom Sotomayor succeeded on the …bench in 2009, was also unmarried.
In 2011, the salary for the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court is $223,500 per year; the salary for the Associate Justices is $213,900 per year. They receive the same medical …benefits package as Congress (Federal Employees Health Benefits Program), and retire at full salary once they meet time and service requirements. For more information, see Related Questions, below.
There are no constitutional requirements for appointment to the US Supreme Court; therefore, anyone the President nominates and the Senate approves may become a justice. The P…resident usually considers the recommendation and evaluation of the American Bar Association's Standing Committee on the Federal Judiciary, however. The ABA lists the following suggested minimum criteria for nomination to US Supreme Court: Member in good standing in the state bar for at least five yearsPracticing trial attorney and/or trial judge for at least 12 yearsCompetent citizen of good character, integrity, reason, intelligence, and judgmentDistinguished accomplishmentsRequired to be legal scholars
Chief Justice Fred M. Vinson (1946-1953) Associate Justices Hugo Black (1937-1947) Stanley Forman Reed (1938-1957) Felix Frankfurter (1939-1962) William O. Douglas (1…939-1975) Frank Murphy (1940-1949) Robert H. Jackson (1941-1954) Wily Blount Rutledge (1943-1949) Harold Hitz Burton (1945-1958)
Anthony Kennedy probably comes closest to being moderate; the rest are either solidly liberal or solidly conservative.