Why are thermonuclear bombs more disastrous than nuclear bombs?

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We have a definition problem to handle here first: any bomb that gets its energy from the atomic nucleus (regardless of method) can be referred to as either an atomic bomb or a nuclear bomb.

There are two different processes by which the bomb can extract this energy:
  1. Fission of large unstable nuclei (e.g. Uranium-233, Uranium-235, Plutonium-239) into smaller nuclei.
  2. Fusion of small nuclei (e.g. Deuterium, Tritium) into larger nuclei (e.g. Helium). As Fusion can only happen at very high temperatures (i.e., 10,000,000K) it is often referred to as Thermonuclear Fusion.

Fission explosives are limited in yield by the amount of fuel that can be placed in the core of the device without risking criticality before it is desired to have the device detonate (if this happens the device will most likely just melt and kill anyone nearby). The theoretical highest yield of a pure Fission explosive is roughly 1 MTon, the highest yield pure Fission bomb tested was a US MK-18 airdropped as the Ivy King shot in 1952, with a yield of about 500 KTons. The core of the MK-18 was a hollow sphere containing FOUR CRITICAL MASSES of Oralloy (93.5% enriched Uranium-235). To prevent premature criticality the hollow of that sphere was filled with a boron/aluminum chain to absorb neutrons, that was only removed minutes before release from the bomber (this chain could NOT be put back in to safe the bomb).

Fusion explosives operate on a "Staged" principle: the Primary or 1st stage is a Fission explosive, which emits X-Rays used to compress and heat the Secondary or 2nd stage (the actual Fusion explosive). There is no criticality issue with Fusion, you can make the Secondary almost as big as you want with as much fuel as you want. If that isn't enough for the yield you want, additional Fusion stages can be added that are successively triggered by X-Rays from the previous stage compressing and heating the new stage. There is no theoretical limit on number of stages, and the only practical limit is what can fit in and be carried by the delivery vehicle. The highest yield Fusion bomb tested was the USSR AN602 airdropped as the Tzar Bomba (King of bombs) in 1961, with a yield of about 50 MTons. It was a 3 stage device, capable of a yield of 100 MTons if they had wanted to go all the way.

However, we have a complicating factor, almost no modern nuclear explosive is pure Fission or pure Fusion. It is often much cheaper, smaller, and lighter to build for example a miniaturized Fusion explosive than a pure Fission explosive of the same yield. So, many Fusion (aka Thermonuclear) bombs actually have far lower yield and extent of damage than some Fission bombs.
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What is a nuclear bomb?

Basically a nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives itsdestructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission or a combination of fission and fusion . A nuclear bomb also known as an atomic bomb. This is a bomb wherenuclear fission is the sole source of the energy for the explosion (MORE)

What is nuclear bomb?

It Is a device used to destroy cities and their occupants. A single device has the power of several planeloads of conventional bombs.

What is the difference between an atomic bomb and a thermonuclear bomb?

They are both general terms. The term "atomic bomb" can mean any nuclear weapon, either a fission weapon or a fusion weapon (the so-called hydrogen bomb). The term thermonuclear bomb is also used in general, but it usually excludes the fusion bombs. It should be noted, however, that it takes a fissi (MORE)

Which bomb is more dangerous a nuclear bomb or an atomic bomb?

A nuclear bomb and an atomic bomb are virtually synonymous. The twoterms are both used to refer to a nuclear weapon. Even Wikipediaagrees. The use of either term as a search argument redirects theanswer to the article Nuclear Weapon. A link is provided. from benjaminmarkiewicz that dont make any s (MORE)

A nuclear bomb is more dangerous than an equivalent TNT bomb because?

Nuclear weapons arvastly more danerous than regular TNT because not only do they emit high levels of deadly radiation, which can last for decades, but even the most simple of atomic weapons, such as those used at Hiroshima and Nagasaki have a yield equivilant to twenty thousand tons of TNT (20 kilot (MORE)

What more powerful a hurricane or nuclear bomb?

A single hurricane releases the energy (in the form of heat energy, and 10% of that converts to the form of mechanical energy (wind power)) equal to a 10-megaton thermonuclear bomb every 20 MINUTES. and therefore, ONE hurricane releases more energy than ALL the nuclear bombs ever created, ever.

What does the nuclear bomb do?

Without going into rigorous scientific detail, an atomic bomb works by nuclear fission . That is large atoms, namely uranium or plutonium, are split into smaller atoms in an uncontrolled chain reaction. One atom splits, neutrons from that split strike and split more atoms, which release more neutro (MORE)

Is an atomic bomb or a nuclear bomb more powerful?

The terms "atomic bomb" and "nuclear bomb" are general terms and can pretty much be used interchangeably. That said, there isn't any difference between them, and one is not more powerful than the other in that light.

Why is Hydrogen bomb more destructive than atom bomb?

A hydrogen bomb is more destructive than an atomic bomb because ithas hydrogen. Hydrogen is highly flammable, and if a hydrogen bombexploded with enough force and just enough fire, a huge wide areaof a fiery explosion will occur. This is more destructive than theatomic bomb. Fire basically engulfs e (MORE)

What is a thermonuclear bomb?

A thermonuclear weapon (Hydrogen bomb) is a weapon whose yield is derived mainly from fusion as its energy source. A nuclear weapon derives most of its yield from fission (sometimes these are boosted and a small fusion reaction does take place but it's tiny). Typically, these devices consist of a (MORE)

What is an nuclear bomb?

A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission or a combination of fission and fusion. Both reactions release vast quantities of energy from relatively small amounts of matter; a modern thermonuclear weapon weighing little more tha (MORE)

Where does the US assemble most of its thermonuclear bombs?

I think you had better ask the Pentagon . PANTEX, near Amarillo, Texas is the only currently active final assembly plant. However their main task now is dismantling retired bombs, the rest is refurbishing existing ones as no new designs are in production at this time. Plants that do various subasse (MORE)

What bomb is more powerful than the atomic bomb?

The hydrogen bomb, thought to be 10 times the power of the atom bomb.. Well, the atmoic bomb doesn't utilize fusion and therefore is not as powerful as the gay bomb.BLAH BLAH BLAH BLAH BLAH BLAH BLAH BLAH

What can nuclear bombs do?

Several orders of magnitude more damage than conventional bombs, and that is only considering the blast and fire damage.

Is a neutron bomb more deadlier than a nuclear bomb?

A neutron bomb is a nuclear bomb. Specifically a neutron bomb is a modified fusion (hydrogen) bomb. In a standard fusion bomb the fusion tamper is Uranium-238. This absorbs the high energy fusion neutrons and fissions, producing roughly 90% of the yield of the fusion bomb and most of the fallout (MORE)

Why are nuclear bomb more hazardous then conventional bomb?

First, the amount of energy released is enormous. The most powerful conventional bomb has a few tons of explosive; 7 tons perhaps. The bombs used in Hiroshima and Nagasaki had the equivalent yield of 20,000 tons of TNT. Those were more like prototypes - in the meantimes, bombs with yield of megatons (MORE)

Is the atomic bomb a nuclear bomb?

Yes, both atomic and nuclear describe what mechanism causes an explosion. It is causes by atoms decaying, or the nucleus being split apart and releasing energy. . More exactly, a nuclear weapon is one which derives its power from energy released by breaking intra-nuclear bonds (i.e. the ener (MORE)

Is the nuclear bomb more powerful than the hydrogen bomb?

Nuclear bomb can mean either fission or fusion bomb . Hydrogen bomb means fusion bomb . The fusion bomb can be built with any yield one wants , just by adding more stages with more fuel. The fission bomb has a theoretical maximum yield that cannot be exceeded.

Why did they have Nuclear Bombs?

The US, working with the British, developed the atomic bomb, as it was then called, because it was believed that Nazi Germany was well on the way to making one and it was necessary to be able to match them if they began to use, or threatened to use, such a weapon. As it turned out, the Germans had n (MORE)

What is more dangerous a nuclear bomb or hydrogen bomb?

Nuclear bomb is a general term encompassing both fission (atomic) and fusion (hydrogen) bombs. Therefore, your question as worded cannot be answered. A fission bomb has a maximum yield that cannot be exceeded (estimated at about 1MTon). A fusion bomb has no maximum yield. In principle you can m (MORE)

What type of thermonuclear bomb would be far more practical and dangerous than a cobalt bomb and have significant military advantages but is probably too expensive for any country to build?

There is no such thing as a cobalt bomb, such as described in various comic books in the past. The only known (non-classified) thermonuclear bombs are the A-Bomb and the H-Bomb. The H-Bomb is much more powerful and expensive, but several countries already have it. . Actually I'll answer this mysel (MORE)

How much stronger is nuclear bomb than an atomic bomb?

You are confused, a nuclear bomb is a general name covering both "atomic bomb" and "hydrogen bomb". A hydrogen bomb is typically higher yield than an atomic bomb, although it is possible to design very small low yield hydrogen bombs for special purposes that have lower yield than "typical" atomic (MORE)

What in a nuclear bomb?

Depends on the exact bomb- but they all contain a conventional high explosive as the trigger, and nuclear material, such as Plutonium or Uranium.

Why are nuclear bombs more destructive than convectional bombs?

Nuclear bombs release energy from the nucleus of the atom, which is held together by the Strong Force. Conventional bombs release energy from the electron cloud of the atom, which is held to the nucleus by the Electromagnetic Force. The Strong Force is thousands of times stronger than the Electromag (MORE)

What causes more damage an atomic bomb or a nuclear bomb?

The two basically mean the same thing. Some people use the term"atomic" to refer to a pure fission bomb, and "nuclear" to refer tote more powerful fusion bomb. Also there are modern compact fusion bombs with lower yield thanmany older pure fission bombs that used to be stockpiled. In thiscase the fi (MORE)

Is the nuclear bomb the best bomb?

No, in terms of destruction the hydrogen bomb is the strongest, but if you mean killing the plutonium bomb is the one that does the most killing.

Why are thermo nuclear bombs more disasterous than nuclear bombs?

They usually have a higher yield. . Fission bombs are limited by the laws of physics to about 500kTon to 1MTon yield. . Fusion bombs have no such limits, just keep adding stages with more fuel and you can get any yield you want, if you can carry it to the target.

Which nuclear bomb did more damage?

Although the Hiroshima bomb had lower yield than the Nagasaki bomb, it did more damage because it: . exploded closer to its intended AP . Hiroshima is on flatter land than Nagasaki allowing the blast wave to cover more land, the hills surrounding Nagasaki contained the blast wave limiting the ra (MORE)

What is more powerful atomic bombs or nuclear bombs?

They are the same kind of bomb: bombs that derive their energy from the atomic nucleus . It just depends on design and how much of the design yield is from fission or from fusion. Pure fission bombs cannot be built with yields above 1 megaton, but including some fusion the theoretical yield is unli (MORE)

Why is thermonuclear bomb are called dirty bombs?

They aren't usually. However there are 3 variant designs of fusion bombs: . High yield - this is the conventional design using either depleted uranium or natural uranium for the tamper of the fusion stage(s). Over 90% of the yield is produced by fission in the tamper caused by 15 MeV fusion neutr (MORE)

Is there a bomb worse than nuclear bombs?

Not at this time, the yield of hydrogen bombs (a type of nuclearbomb) has no theoretical limit. However usable bombs no matter whattype they are have practical limits and we have already built andtested successfully bombs with yields far higher than can bemilitarily practical (nobody ever had a real (MORE)

What makes a H bomb more destructive than an A bomb?

it is a 2 (or more) stage device, the first stage is an A bomb while the remaining stage(s) contain fusion fuel. typically lithium deuteride. the amount of fission fuel (uranium or plutonium) that can be put in an A bomb is inherently limited. if you put too much in the bomb it will spontaneously (MORE)

What is nuclear bombs?

explosive device that uses nuclear reaction such as fission or acombination of fission and fusion as its destructive force.

Why are thermonuclear bombs are more disastrous than nuclear bombs?

Nuclear bombs use nuclear fission of some heavy element, usuallyuranium or plutonium. Thermonuclear bombs use the detonation of afission bomb to ignite the fusion of hydrogen. Such weapons aremore powerful than ordinary nuclear weapons because nuclear fusionreleases more energy than nuclear fission, (MORE)