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Why did Brigham Young choose Salt Lake City for the Mormons?

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Several years earlier, before Joseph Smith was murdered, he had prophesied that the Latter-day Saints would have to move west to the Rocky Mountains to flee persecution. Because of this prophesy, Brigham Young knew to lead them west. He had seen the Salt Lake Valley in particular in a vision, and insisted they continue traveling until God lead them there. When Brigham Young first saw the valley as they came over the mountains, he said "This is the right place." And once they got down into the valley, he put his walking stick in the ground and said "Here we will build the temple of our God." That very spot is now one of the corners of the Salt Lake Temple.

The Church members then and now believe that this Temple is a fulfillment of the prophesy of Isaiah in Isaiah 2:2 which says "And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain of the Lord's house shall be established in the tops of the mountains..." The Temple is considered the House of the Lord, and the word "Utah" literaly means "top of the mountains" in the language of the native Ute indians.

You forgot to mention a key part in the decision to move to Utah. The Mormons were given information concerning the Salt Lake valley from Father Pierre DeSmet, a Belgian Catholic Missionary who traveled the west before the Mormons were ever even there. Through his description of the area the Mormons decided to move there.
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What is the address for the Salt Lake City Mormon Temple?

  Physical Address:   50 North West Temple St   Salt Lake City, UT 84150   United States     Mailing address:   50 West North Temple Street   Salt La

Why did Brigham Young bring his followers to the great salt lake region?

For several reasons.    They were being persecuted by mobs, and had been for many  years. In Missouri the governor actually issued an extermination  order, making it "

What problems did Brigham Young have with non Mormons?

 They murdered his best friend.  They forced him to leave his home in the state of Illinois  The declared war on him in Utah (Utah War). Someone convinced the President of

When did the Mormons leave for Salt Lake City?

In the winter of 1845-1846, the saints began their preparation to migrate to the West in search of a "New Zion." In the Spring of 1846, they began their large migration and ar

Who led the Mormons to Salt Lake City Utah?

Brigham Young lead the first group of Mormon Pioneers to Salt Lake City, Utah. Later groups were lead by experienced trail guides who had traveled the trail with Brigham Young

When did the Mormons move to Salt Lake City?

After the martyrdom of Joseph Smith in Carthage Jail, the Mormons were being more and more terrorized by mobs in Illinois. During the year of 1846 Brigham Young, the new leade

Why did the Mormons move to Salt Lake City Utah?

The Latter-Day Saints, or "Mormons", originally settled in Independence, Missouri, but were quickly driven out by its other occupants. They then settled in what became Nauvoo,

Why did Brigham Young lead the Mormons to Utah?

Brigham Young became president of the Mormon church when Joseph Smith died. The Mormons needed a safe place to practice their religion. The Mormons had been kicked out of ever

Why did Brigham Young take the Mormons to Utah?

The Mormons were persecuted for various reasons in the eastern United States. Their religious beliefs, while certainly Christian, were unorthodox. They also tended to congrega

What did the mormons call Salt Lake City?

They called it Zion. Then when they found out, in order for Utah to become a state, that they would have to separate schools, stores, and public places from religion.

How did Brigham Young lead the Mormons to Utah?

I suppose the short answer is, he didn't! Joseph Smith had prophesied several years previous that the Church would have to move to the Rocky Mountains because of persecution.

How did the Mormons end up at Salt Lake City Utah?

    After being persecuted in the east, they decided to build Nauvoo, a large city in Illinois. Then they got persecuted there and Brigham Young sent a few members out