Why did such a shockingly low percentage of German soldiers survive POW camps in the Soviet Union?
Conditions were brutal. Food was scarce and labour was hard, and many died, especially in the harsh wintercodnitions. In a nation which had lost 20 million lives to the unprovoked invader, pity was a rare - but not at all nonexisting - commodity. The postwar Soviet Union was desperately poor and short on food, and POWs were not given any extras, but suffered the same conditions or worse. Besides, millions of Soviets had died in German POW care during the war, which did nothing to endear the Axis POWs to the USSR population. The USSR was of course, as everyone knows, a one-party state and and absolute totalitarian police state. This didn't help in any aspect. Here is more input: * German POWs were killed. First, there was a seriously low amount of German POWs that were captured (by the Russians). So, with most be killed and a low number to begin with, it was likely that a German POW would not survive. The Russians were also extremely heartless and unmerciful as they lost millions of soldiers. * My own grandfathers brother returned in 1954. He had only one leg and one eye, due to injuries sustained in combat, but had been kept as labour in the Ukraine for ten years anyway. He did not live long after his return, but he had no real quarrel with the Soviets. Treatment had been fair, he claimed, they got the same food as the guards and the same quality of clothes too. He found it hard to argue with the principle that he should rebuild what he had destroyed. He felt really bad about the whole war. Overall he didn't talk much about it. * The (Hungarian) grandfather of my wife came back in 1955, having worked in the Caucasus. He got a long life and passed away just the other year. His attitude against the Soviets was hateful. Treatment was ok, he said, but he never accepted being held like a slave for ten years, as he didn't feel personally responsible for the war. He was part in the 56 rising and had to flee Hungary, and so he practically never came home, which probably contributed to his ferocious anti-Soviet disposition. * My father (Ralph) had been captured in Berlin in April 1945 by the Soviets after being wounded in a fierce battle with Soviet forces. A veteran of the Eastern Front since March 1942 my father endured some of the most horrific fighting in the war. After his capture he was taken to a Soviet camp in the Eural mountains and arrived in the winter of 1945. There he spent 10 years of brutal treatment by his Russian captors. Many of his friends died in captivity whilst in the hands of the Soviets. They were worked to death by brutal guards who showed no signs of sympathy for them. My father told me how some nights Soviet soldiers would come and take away random Germans who were beaten, tortured and finally executed. My father rearly talks about what happened for those 10 horrid years and I fell it is my duty to tell people who do not know about these crimes committed by the Soviets towards German prisoners. From what my father has told me he says that what German PoWs endured at the hands of the Soviets was far greater thab the brutality of the Soviets in German captivity. Many of my father's friends never returned home back to Germany either they had been worked, tortured, starved to death or just never released after 1955. My father will never forgive the Russians for there terrible crimes. My father was finally released on 30th October 1955 and in 1957 we came to England where we still live to day. I am greatful to the English people who treated us and all other German PoWs so well. However one thing that I hate the most is the fact that everyone sees the Russians liberators of Eastern Europe when it was they who started the Cold War. * According to the official invetigation of the German state commission, out of three million German PoWs in USSR, only 1.5 million returned home after the 10 years imprisonment. Which of course implies very high death rate. However it should be noted that USSR territory was devastated by German invasion and there was great shortage of food and other supplies, so it was pretty hard to provide prisoners with humane conditions, when our own people suffered from hunger. * It should be remembered that many Soviets were treated harshly by the Germans during World War 2. Out of 5.3 million Russian PoWs in German camps 3.7 million never returned. And that all in just 3-4 years and given that Germany experience no shortage of food at that time. Although Soviet soldiers were not sent to death chambers as Jews (btw, out of 6 million Jews died in Holocaust between 1 and 2 million were soviet citizens, killed by special killing units (Einsatzgruppen)), their chances of survival were fairly low too.
Very good personal account of what history really was.
Very good personal account of what history really was.
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93,941 U.S. Army & Air Corps personnel were captured & held as POWs by Axis Forces in the E.T.O. during WW 2. Richard V. Horrell WW 2 Connections.com
%DETAILS% There is no list of names of the 93,941 American men captured & interred in the European Theater of Operations (ETO) between 1941 & 1945. May I respectfully suggest that you read: The Last Escape by John Nichol & Tony Rennell New York Viking Press 2002 ISBN: 0-670-03212-3 It will provide y…ou with many facts, which unfortunately are rather gruesome. Richard V. Horrell WW 2 Connections.com My father was also a POW held for 2 1/2 years. I have a daughter that is now asking questions and I will research what I have to give her some history. My fathers name was William F. Higgins SR. He was from Colorado he would have been 80 years old this year. I know at the time he went into the Army Air Corp he was the youngest pilot at that time. I know a person by the name of Frank Aeton wrote a book I believe never published the name was Names on the Wall and this was a way people could see who had been in a sell before them. I would love to have a copy of the manuscript if one is available. When the movie the Great Escape was releiced our family received an invitation to the preview of the movie. Since reading your request of names it makes me want to do some research about which camps he was held at. Something I do remember him telling me was their job while being captives was to try to escape. My father made many attempts. Feel free to e-mail with any info you may have. (MORE)
Which German POW of World War 2 holds the record for surviving the longest period of Soviet captivity?
Answer . I'm not sure if this would be considered a POW but there was a German that was found in a mental institution in Rostov who died in 1997 that had been a POW prior to his transfer to the institution. So he'd have been there between 52-55 years..
Absolutely disgraceful , just as they were for the British, American and other allied groups which included civilians from the same countries. They were starved, in Changi and other camps they resorted to eating rats for example, if they could find any. Torture was prevalent and beheading was common…. To a westerner the Japanese were sadists and to this day are typically hated by people who were associated with the war. The Japanese tested out poisons on the pows and specifically used separate limbs which meant chopping limbs of them. After there were no remaining limbs they would through their torsos out in to the snow (MORE)
Answer The end of Hitler's 1000 year Reich. Without the loss of over 20 to 40 million Soviets, the Allies could not have defeated the Nazi war machine. Now this will draw some controversy so let us head it breifly off.\n\nFirst, Operation Barbarossa was envisioned to only take a couple of months …to defeat the Soviet Union. Hitler pointed to the disastrous Winter War between Soviets and Finland as proof. He did not want to believe that the Soviets had learned from their mistakes.\n\nSecond, the Soviets had a wonderful spy network set up. The Rote Kapelle (Red Orchestra) that was operating out of western Europe and Scandinavia kept Stalin well informed. Also Stalin had a spy on Hitler's staff. So the Soviet's were well prepared after the invasion.\n\nThird, the Soviet union was into it's second five year plan. This had the Soviet economy on a virtual war time footing. The Germans did not fully mobilize their economy until 42. And the Soviets, like the Allies made very good use out of the women. Hitler refused to allow women to take the places of men, which would have freed up immense numbers of men to help fill the gaps caused by the vicious fighting on the eastern front.\n\nFourth, the untermenschen policy of the Third Reich drove the peoples of the Soviet Union back into the arms of Stalin. The various ethnic groups in the Soviet Union would have been willing to flock to the Nazi banner if they had been treated as normal people, instead of property or worse. The Ukraine greeted the first Germans as liberators. Then the SS troops showed up to sort the inferior races. \n\nThe Allies never faced a fully rested, fully equipped German division like the Soviets. The closest they came was during the bulge, and here the weather and the terrain worked against the Germans. \n\nIf Hitler could have waited until he had defeated Britain, then invaded the Soviet Union, the world as we know it would be a very different place.\n\n\n Answer \n\nJust a brief addition to that excellent answer. By attacking the Soviet Union and losing, the Nazis in effect invited the USSR into Eastern and Central Europe and indirectly created the conditions for the division of Europe and for the Cold War. (MORE)
They were here . T o whom it may concern. \n. \nMy father was drafted late in the war because he was supporting five children and was older than the average soldier. \nHe was a truck driver from Mpls . Minnesota\n. \nHe served only about six months ..butI distinctly recall him saying he was g…uarding German POW,s in Turlock. When he returned to Mn. he always wanted to return to that area and the remaining family members now reside in the Sacto. Ca. area\nI have tried to learn more of this camp w/o s success\n. \n. \firstname.lastname@example.org (MORE)
Answer . \nThe Soviet Union used POWs as a sort of human war-indemnity (i.e. slave labour). Thus, Axis prisoners were kept after the armistice and forced to rebuild what the Axis troops had destroyed in the Soviet Union, mainly infrastructure and industry. \n. \nAs these projects were completed,… prisoners were set free and sent home, with the last major projects (railways in the Ukraine, as it was) completed in 1955. This also coincided with the recreation of a German state (but the POWs were from all Axis countries, not just Germany)\n. \nThe Soviet Union regarded this as perfectly fair. Germany was herself not in a position to pay any indemnities covering the losses of the USSR, and Western Allies were highly unwilling to create a second Versailles treaty (i.e. they refused to force Germany to pay huge indemnities). The US actually made an effort to get these POWs out, by offering financial replacement for their labour. But the Soviets refused. (MORE)
The constant friend of Russia called "Winter",.......this is the answer they say is right....but it is sooooo not!!! The Germans WERE a World Power, but the only reason that they did not win against the Soviet Union is because of the Winter if there would not of been a winter....those communist woul…d not of standed a chance!!! (MORE)
There were 18,200,000 listed personnel in all branches of the German military at the time (wermacht, luftwaffe, etc). Bearing in mind some of those were captured citizens of other nations, or volunteers not German, that number isn't 100% accurate. Over 5,500,000 of that number were killed. Well over… 6,000,000 wounded. So of that number, roughly 6 million remained totally unscathed. All in all, roughly 13 million German soldiers survived the war. (MORE)
To my knowledge, Cinecitta was used as a sort of staging camp, to organize to great number of POWs captured in Italy in 1944. My Dad was captured at Anzio in February, 1944, and Cinecitta was his first camp. He was there for a few weeks or a month before they put him on a truck north. He had a numbe…r of stops along the way before getting to stalag 7B in Bavaria. (MORE)
the conditions for Japanese soldiers at the Australian camps where relatively good, but the Australians saw this as a sign of weakness. The prisoners where not tortured or starved to death, unlike the Australian POW who were kept in the Japanese camps.
In WW2 the Germans got as far as Stalingrad in the south, and the Caucasus mountains, just north of Grozny. Leningrad was besieged in the north, & Moscow was not reached. Essentially Stalingrad was as far as the Germans got, at the end of 1942.
There were 13 US named POW camps; all within the vicinity of Hanoi (Capital of N. Vietnam): Alcatraz, Briarpatch, Camp Faith, Plantation, Rockpile (not to be confused with the "Rockpile" battle area in South Vietnam), Skidrow, Zoo, Camp Hope, Dirty Bird, Dogpatch, Farnsworth, Mountain Camp, and the …Hanoi Hilton. (MORE)
Hitler had not prepared for a long drawn-out campaign in the Russian winter, across such vast territory, and the sheer size of the Russian Army
There was a small POW camp in Butler County in Kansas in El Dorado. It was north of where the prison is now.
List of American pows that survived the Japanese pow camps was the name vernon west on any of the lists?
Begin your research with websites concerning WW2 POW camps.. Go to www.mansell.com. Extensive lists and rosters for Japanese POW Camps
Even though it had the largest army in the world , its troops were neither well equipped nor well trained.
it was a prison of war camp a camp were they took members of army from there rivals and kept them prisoners
Japanese and most German prisoners remained confined to Allied camps. Many Italian prisoners were allowed out to work on farms in Britain and Australia and in many cases left the camps for the duration of the war. As for Allied prisoners in Axis hands, the Japanese and to a lesser extent the Germans… required prisoners to work, in the case of the Japanese, often to death. (MORE)
During World War II, the initial advance of the Germans into theSoviet Union was halted in December of 1941 in front of Moscow. Intheir 1942 offensive, the Germans were halted at Stalingrad betweenAugust and November, with even more severe losses incurred whentheir army there finally surrendered in …February of 1943. (MORE)
Operation Barbarossa (German: Unternehmen Barbarossa ) was the codename for Nazi Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union during World War II that commenced on June 22, 1941.   Over 4.5 million troops of the Axis powers invaded the USSR along an 1,800 mile front.  The operation was …named after the Emperor Frederick Barbarossa of the Holy Roman Empire, a leader of the Third Crusade in the 12th century. Barbarossa was the major part of the war on the Eastern Front. The planning for Operation Barbarossa started on December 18, 1940; the clandestine preparations and the military operation itself lasted almost a year, from the spring of 1941, through the winter of 1941.. The operational goal of Barbarossa was the rapid conquest of the European part of the Soviet Union west of a line connecting the cities of Arkhangelsk and Astrakhan, often referred to as the A-A line (see the translation of Hitler's directive for details). At its conclusion in December 1941, the Red Army had repelled the strongest blow of the Wehrmacht. Hitler had not achieved the victory he had expected, but the situation of the Soviet Union remained critical. Tactically, the Germans had won some resounding victories and occupied some of the most important economic areas of the country, most notably in Ukraine.  Despite these successes, the Germans were pushed back from Moscow and were never able to mount an offensive simultaneously along the entire strategic Soviet-German front again.  . The failure of Barbarossa resulted in Hitler's demands for additional operations inside Russia, all of which eventually failed, such as continuation of the Siege of Leningrad,   Operation Nordlicht, and Battle of Stalingrad, among other battles on the occupied Russian territory.      . Operation Barbarossa remains the largest military operation, in terms of manpower, area traversed, and casualties, in human history. The failure of Operation Barbarossa resulted in the eventual defeat of Nazi Germany and is considered a turning point for the Third Reich. Most importantly, Operation Barbarossa opened up the Eastern Front, which ultimately became the biggest theater of war in world history. Operation Barbarossa and the areas which fell under it became the site of some of the largest and most brutal battles, deadliest atrocities, terrible loss of life, and horrific conditions for Soviets and Germans alike - all of which influenced the course of both World War II and 20th century history. (MORE)
Yes, there was a small German Prisoner-of-War Camp in Neodesha, Kansas. I am told that it was located on the southwest side of the Frisco Railroad Yard near where the Neodesha Water Plant is located on the Fall River on the west side of Neodesha. I don't know how many prisoners were in the camp. I d…o know that occasionally they were taken into town to the movie theater to watch a movie. (MORE)
China, South East Asia, and US. Answer . British and British Commonwealth especially Australian and Indian, Dutch (from Netherlands East Indies, later Indonesia). Towards the end of the war Italians and French were also interned, and sailors from almost every Allied nation were in captivity from …captured merchant vessels. In addition, a large number of civilians were interned, families of British service personnel, trade legations in China, and planters (farmers) from NEI, Malaya etc. (MORE)
Exact figures should be available somewhere, but I can tell you that casualties were lighter than expected on Utah, Gold, Sword, and Juno. Less than 200 were killed on Utah, a handful for a division-sized attack, compared to the 800+ killed in Operation Tiger (the secret rehearsal for Normandy) at S…lapton Sands, England).. It is not all about the percentages. The actor Charles Durning was a US soldier at Omaha. His boot came untied and he bent over to tie it. A German bullet killed the soldier in front of him and the soldier in back of him. Durning was understandably affected by the experience, and as a result he will not make war movies. . If percentages cannot be found, it is still possible to find strength and casualty figures for Operation Overlord (D-Day) and crunch the numbers yourself. And don't forget the Airborne divisions. (MORE)
The soviet union survived the invasion because they had enough people and resources to continue to fight. The leaders had no care for the people they were loosing in the war, and they were able to keep their industrial force by disassembling factories and moving them farther into the soviet union.
The Soviet Union entered Germany to defeat the Nazis. In retalliation for the millions of Russians who were killed by the Nazis the Russion soldiers raped hundreds of thousands of women and killed indiscrimanately any man, woman or child. They took revenge on the Germans in many bad ways. They kept …East Germany under their communist rule for over 5 decades. (MORE)
The German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941 succeeded in partbecause they attacked with no warning. The Soviet Union didn't havetime to react to the German army's invasion.
Heroism of the Russian people, aided by the winter weather in Russia. Could also say that Mussolini helped by causing the invasion of Russia to be delayed when he attacked Greece and Yugoslavia and had to be bailed out by Germany - this 6 weeks delay could have resulted in a German victory. German G…enerals were also to blame for not providing adequate winter equipment, along with Hitlers 'no retreat' policy which was plain stupid. (MORE)
Probably 90% survive wars. When a (during Vietnam) US unit reached 50% or higher in losses (or reached 50% or lower in strength) they were withdrawn from the field...no longer combat effective. That seldom occurred in US wars...with the possible exception of the "blood bath" titled the Great War (…WWI); that war no doubt inflicted unit destruction (probably up to 90% in some cases). . Of the 2.5 million men in South Vietnam, 58,000 died & 300,000 were wounded. (MORE)
The Soviet Union was based on communism (at least in theory). The German government at the same time was very much against communism and its followers were stamped out almost as hard as the Jews were.
An early Soviet Union winter caused thousands of German soldiers to freeze to death :)
The Soviets were part of the Allied offensive against the German Nazis. They handled the Eastern Front. The Americans, Brits, French and many other countries (even Poles) handled the Western Front offensives. The Soviets also went to eastern Asia to fight against the Japanese in China and to invade …Japan. They never had to invade Japan. (MORE)
Possibly, informers (also called taddle-tails, rats, or snitches) were the most commonly encountered problem in prisons...military or civilian.
The Germans used the tried-and-true method of Blitzkreig, orlightning war. They invaded Russia without any warning and withsuch speed that the Red Army had no time to react. Also, The Soviets' weapons were not as advanced as the German ones.And, the German air force was superior than the Soviet Air …force. (MORE)
Stalingrad was the main battle that turned back the German 3rd army, the elite of the elite germans. Now that Stalin isnt around to change names of cities though, and the Soviet Union no longer exists, Stalingrad has since been renamed, Volgograd since it lies on the Volga river
50's movie portrays an American lawyer who represents a German soldier being held in an American pow camp for murdering the prison doctor prison soldiers had a hierarchy and blamed an innocent subor?
This is the plot of "The Incident" (1990). Stars Walter Matthau, Susan Blakely, Robert Carradine, Peter Firth, Barnard Hughes, Harry Morgan.
After the Russians won the Battle of Stalingrad the Russians progressively forced the Germans out of Russia until the Russians won the Battle of Berlin .
Yes there is one used by Mossad in Israel, whenever they feel like putting up a show trial and jailing some 90 year old man in propaganda purposes.
Berlin was divided at the end of World War II. Various allied countries had occupied parts of the city and after the war, the Soviet Union refused to give their part back to the newly formed democratic Germany. A wall was built between the two parts: the famous Berlin Wall.
The Germans' greatest defeat was at Stalingrad, and this changed the course of the war in Russia. The siege of Leningrad (as St Petersburg was then known) also resulted in defeat for the Germans, but if the latter had won the battle for Stalingrad they would also eventually have taken Leningrad, and… then would have overrun the Soviet Union. (MORE)
Germany attacked the Soviets for resources and to eliminate all enemies quickly. The Germans knew the Soviets held massive amounts of gas.
Approximately twelve percent death rate for Confederate in Union POW camps. The death rates of Union soldiers was slightly higher in Confederate POW camps.
25 Kilometers to Moscow. The Wehrmacht's advance into the heart of the Soviet Union was first delayed by the Russian Winter and then checked by fresh troops brought from Siberia and the Eastern Provinces.
Germany and The Soviet Union had signed the Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact before World War Two began. That means that they had decided to become allies with each other. In 1941, Adolf Hitler (The dictator of Germany) decided that he couldn't trust Joseph Stalin(The dictator of The Soviet Union). S…o when German troops advanced in Soviet territory, no one though anything of it. (MORE)
The biggest reason was the Russian winter, which crippled the German advance near Moscow in November and early December. Also, the Red Army formed reserves at Moscow which launched a major counteroffensive, thus leading to the failure of Operation Barbarossa.
The notorious and cruel prison labor camps of the Soviet Union were known as gulags.
My father was captured in 1943 by the Germans and shipped to northern Greece to a POW camp. He was captured near the town of Nevesinje. The POW camp was near Salonkia, Greece.
POW is the abbreviation of "Prisoners Of War". Its purpose is tohold the former combatants.
the siberian units that were deployed in defence of moscow halted the german advance. That coupled with russian armour and russian winter stopped the german advance into the USSR
Their may be but we don't know for sure and no one is admitting toit.