Why did the Roman government fear the spread of Christianity?
The Roman government feared the spread of Christianity because the Romans thought that if people who became Christians would stop worshipping the Roman gods. Early Christians also refused to pay homage to the Roman Emperor as divine, which was seen as challenging the Roman government.
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For he is also a Roman. But many Romans did not accept his preaching. The Roman Empire lost it's empirical power but not it's ecclesiastical power which is catholicism, not Paul's preachings.
Saint Paul is credited with spreading the Christian faith among theGentiles - the non-Jewish population of the Empire. Expansion ofthe Christian faith was slow at first, but Christianity oftenappealed to poor people who felt alienated by mainstream religions. By the beginning of the 4th century CE,… Christianity is believed tohave converted about ten percent of the population of the RomanEmpire. Scholars believe that at this stage Christianity was evenlysplit between the proto-Catholic-Orthodox faith and GnosticChristianity. In the early 4th century, Emperor Constantine gave Christianitystate patronage, after which the faith began to expand rapidly, asmany felt that it was socially or politically desirable to embraceChristianity. Emperor Theodosius I made Christianity the officialstate religion of Rome in the 380s, and banned worship at pagantemples in 391. The spread of Christianity was soon complete. Additional Answer: Paul went on 3 missionary journeys telling people the good newsthat Jesus had died for them but rose again. At first, Christianity spread slowly, mainly in the Greek-speakingeast, until Emperor Constantine gave the new religion statepatronage and offered various inducements to become Christian. Inthe end, it was a matter of compulsion. Emperor Theodosius madeChristianity the official religion of the Roman Empire in 380 CE,at a time when Christians were still a minority of the overallpopulation of empire, and banned the public worship of the old godsin 391 CE. Persecution of pagans had begun early in the fourthcentury, under Constantine, but under Theodosius it reachedferocious intensity. It was even a capital offence just to look ata pagan statue that had been smashed by the Christian mobs.Christianity spread throughout the Roman Empire because only themost pious of pagans were prepared to risk life and liberty fortheir faiths. Christianity initially spread across the Roman Empire becausepeople were attracted to the message. This happened despite thefact that Christianity met opposition from two quarters: . From those Jews who rejected the idea that Jesus should beidentified as their Messiah (or Christ), and therefore found theteachings about Jesus quite offensive. . From the Greeks and Romans who considered Christianity anunnecessary innovation, and who considered it a threat to eithertheir income or the proper ordering of society. For Greeks, Christianity had great appeal as it met the highestobjectives of their main philosophical schools (Platonic, Stoic,and Aristotelian), without the baggage of the traditional cults,and their gods, and their misdemeanors. This also applied to Romanswho had been influenced in this way by Greek culture. For those on the fringes of the mainstream Greco-Roman culture, thetribes of the lands which had not yet been substantially Hellenised(made Greek speaking), Christianity came to offer easier access toa higher culture than was available through other methods ofcultural interchange, since each community tended to follow its owncult. For poor people, Christianity provided a means of validation oftheir self-worth, since in Christianity wealth is not the measureof a person. There was also an aspect of mutual help in Christiancommunities that must have made them vibrant and attractive toothers. These can be considered to be a starting point for Christianity'sspread. As time went on political factors also had a part to play,and these are discussed in the related question, listed below, "Howdid Christianity spread throughout the roman empire?" 1. The apostles travelled around testifying about God`s kingdom andthat Messiah had come. 2. They told about Jesus Christ as first hand witnesses and theHoly Spirit was with them. At first it grew by peaceful means through a vast preaching work.By the 4th century the Roman Empire adopted Christianity as it'sofficial religion and began forcing it on the populace to variousdegrees throughout history. The appeal of Christianity . It is generally agreed thatChristianity's promise of redemption and salvation was appealing tomany Romans. In pagan religions it was thought that after death onewent to the underworld and not much was said about the afterlife.Christianity, instead, offered salvation and hope. Moreover, thepagan gods were indifferent to humans and they were gods to beappeased with sacrifices (natural disasters were interpreted as thewrath of the gods because they had not been honoured). By contrast,Jesus Christ was a figure of compassion, mercy and benevolence. I mperial endorsement. . At the time of Constantine the Great,the first emperor who favoured the Christians, Christianity wasinfluential, but still very much a minority religion. Constantinepromoted Christians in the imperial bureaucracy, mediated betweencompeting Christians doctrines, built important Christian churchesand enacted laws favouravle to the Chritians.. All but one of thesubsequent emperors were Christians. In 380 the co-emperorsTheodosius and Gratian issued the Edict of Thessalonica which mademainstream Christianity (the Latin and Greek Churches, which latercame to be called Catholic and Orthodox respectively) the solelegitimate religion of the empire. Christianity became statereligion ad was officially endorsed by the Roman state. The objectof the edict was to ban the many dissident Christian doctrineswhich were branded heretic. The main target was Arian Christianity,which was popular around the empire and which was persecuted. Thus,the edict also promoted greater uniformity among the Christians. Persecution of pagan religions . Theodosius also introducedlaws which banned the institutions and practices of Roman religionwhich had not already been banned by previous Christian emperors.This made practicing this religion virtually fully illegal.Theodosius either ordered the destruction of pagan temples, shrinesand statues or condoned such destructions by Christian monks andzealots. In some parts of the empire there were also forcedconversions. These persecutions weakened pagan religions andfurther favoured the spread of Christianity. People needed something to believe in in and at that time peopleneede to be accepted Christianity was institutionalized by Constantine I. Christianity seems to have arrived quite early in Rome. By thefourth-century time of Emperor Constantine it was the only city inwestern Europe to have a significant proportion of Christians,possibly over ten per cent. Christianity spread in the Roman Empire because of how much theywere persecuted. This may sound weird, but it meant that there wereonly real Christians, no one who wasnt one claimed to beone. This kept Christianity nice and healthy, unlike another timewhen you were forced by the Church to be Christian, and this waswhen Christianity went off tracks for awhile. Also, people were amazed that Christians would give up their livesso horribly for their God and so the Romans started to think thatif they would give up their lives for this 'god' then there must besomething real in this faith. because it appealed to the roman lower class. it's fair to women sowomen joined in record numbers. slaves liked it because appreciatedthem as people. and the young church was firmly rooted by theapostles causing it to spread. the final reason was emperorConstantine, he was a Christan and changed the roman religion toChristianity. (MORE)
By the beginning of the reign of Emperor Constantine, it is estimated that Christianity had around ten percent of the population of the Roman Empire. Constantine gave the Christian Church state patronage, but did not make it the state religion. He gave the Christians the right to distribute state fo…od supplies to the poor, enabling them to proselytise to the recipients. Moreover, during his reign it became politically and socially desirable for some of the more prosperous citizens to be associated with Christianity. Christianity finally became the state religion of the Roman Empire under Emperor Theodosius I, at the end of the fourth century. (MORE)
Answer . Since a persecuted church is a pure church, some would point to the cessation of persecution around the time of Constantine as a backward step, as the church lost this purifying influence. Simultaneously, Constantine showed favor to the Christians and so it became to a degree fashionable… to be Christian. This brought into the Christian church many who were Christian in name only and thus it ceased to be true to itself. Around this time there was an increased prosperity for the Christians, partly due to state patronage and so the trust of some tended to move away from the master to mammon. All of the above factors tended to reduce the uniqueness of the Christian message and certainly to grieve the Spirit of God and thus diminish the power of the word in terms of true life-changing conversion. (MORE)
Originally, the Roman Empire persecuted the early Christian Church(that is what the Book of Revelation was all about), but, in the end, it became Christian, under Emperor Constantine.
The Romans did not help spread Christianity. It was the other way round. Christianity was spread around the Roman Empire by the apostles, other missionaries and the clergy (when Christianity developed its churches). Christianity started in Judea, which was part of the Roman province of Syria; that i…s, it was part of the Roman Empire. It became widespread by the third century. It was persecuted several times. There were alternations of periods of toleration and periods of persecution. Then in the early fourth century, the emperor Constantine the Great promoted Christians in the imperial bureaucracy, tried to arbitrate between opposing Christian doctrines and built a number of important Christian Churches. In 380 mainstream Christianity was made state religion the sole legitimate religion and dissident Christian doctrines were branded as heretic and banned. It can be said that Christianity is one of the main legacies of the Romans. It developed from a religion among a small group of Jews into a mass religion in the Roman days. It spread around the Roman Empire. It became the religion of the masses and then state religion. Catholic Christianity and Orthodox Christianity developed during the Late Roman Empire. They were originally called Latin or Western Christianity and Greek or Eastern Christianity respectively. The former was the main religion in the western part of the Roman Empire and the latter was the main religion in the eastern part of the Roman Empire. The further spread of Catholicism in western Europe was promoted later by Charlemagne the king of the Franks when he developed the Carolingian Empire. The further spread of Orthodox Christianity was spread in eastern Europe by Greek missionaries and particularly by Photios, Patriarch of Constantinople, and the adoption of this religion in Russia by Vladimir the Great, the grand prince of Kiev. (MORE)
When the Romans dominated most of the Mediterranean and much of Europe, they kept a political order that was called a "peace". When the Romans instituted Christianity as the state religion, it spread with the Roman Empire.
Without the Roman Empire, Christianity might never have spread to become the dominant religion of the West. The Roman Empire facilitated safe and efficient travel, thus allowing the apostles to spread out from Palestine into neighbouring countries and, eventually, throughout the entire Roman Empire.… Early in the fourth century, Emperor Constantine gave Christianity state patronage, thus encouraging the rapid spread of the new religion. By the end of the fourth century, Christianity was the state religion of the Empire and public worship of the pagan gods was banned. Church leaders drove paganism underground, persecuting anyone found to be worshipping the old gods. With imperial support, the Christian Church also expropriated all the pagan temples, land and wealth. The now wealthy Church was in a sound position to extend its control over the people of the entire Roman Empire. (MORE)
The Roman Empire made Christianity the official religion of the Empire, and 'encouraged' the peoples it conquered to convert.
The Roman Emperor Constantine (c.274-337), edict of Milan in 313 made persecution of Christians illegal.
There was no single person who spread Christianity throughout the empire. Each one of the apostles of Jesus went to different areas to preach. Paul also did a lot of writing and traveling and converting.
Paul, Silus, Peter, Timothy were all part of the team You can read about it all in the bible, an amazing book
Around AD 30 when the Holy Spirit came on Jesus' disciples atPentecost, there were many Jews from other countries in Jerusalemfor the feast of Pentecost. They heard the gospel from Peter andthe other disciples - Acts 2 - and no doubt these people took thegospel back to the countries they came from a…fter Pentecost. Someof these people came from Rome and so the teachings of Christianitywere taken to Rome. Later around AD 40 the apostle Paul also undertook 3 missionaryjourneys through parts of the Roman empire. Also other discipleswere involved in taking the teachings of Christianity to parts ofthe Roman Empire and the then known world. (MORE)
Paul. "...when we got to Rome, Paul was allowed to live by himself, with a soldier to guard him... I was arrested in Jerusalem and handed over to the Romans. They examined me and wanted to release me, because I was not guilty of any crime deserving death. But when the Jews objected, I was compelled… to appeal to Caesar - not that I had any charge to bring against my own people... "...They arranged to meet Paul on a certain day, and came in even larger numbers to the place where he was staying. From morning till evening he explained and declared to them the Kingdom of God and tried to convince them about Jesus from the Law of Moses and from the Prophets. Some were convinced by what he said, but others would not believe... "...For two whole years Paul stayed there in his own rented house (IN ROME) and welcomed all who came to see him. Boldly and without hindrance he preached the Kingdom of God and taught about the Lord Jesus." (Acts 28:16-31 NIV) (MORE)
Because almost everyone was Christian at one time, the government had an easier time controlling all the people. The people were united, which gave the Empire strength. It was a little easier to defend, because there were not as many quarrels going on inside the empire.
Evangelism . State patronage, beginning with Emperor Constantine . Persecution of the pagan temples . Imperial dictate, beginning with Emperor Theodosius
There were lots of reasons! I think one of the biggest ones was that by following their own set of beliefs and laws, the Christians weren't following the Roman's beliefs and laws. Not only did this mean that in an already unstable empire (revolts and wars with other empires who were constantly tryin…g to take pieces of their empire) more factions were being divided off, but the people whom they conquered were supposed to accept them and submit to their authority. Also, by worshipping God and making Him their true leader, they were choosing him over both the Emperor and the Emperor's chosen deities. There were also a lot of misunderstandings about the Christian faith in the beginning. They were seen as a cult (think about how we perceive cults even today) with weird rules. The people didn't associate or participate in normal everyday activities and walked around calling each other 'brother' and 'sister' including their wives and fathers and then spoke about drinking their prophet's blood and eating his flesh... You can see how the rumours of Christians being incestuous cannibals were easily believed! (MORE)
The Romans, being old-order, paganistic, and authoritative in their earlier years saw Christianity as a threat to their concurrent existence. It conflicted highly with their pagan state religion, and was a huge divide between progressive monotheism and the now ageing polytheism. As a result, the Rom…ans persecuted the Christians and seeked to eliminate them from overtaking their Republican Conservative ideals. (MORE)
Political expediency - The Roman Emperor Constantine won the war and all the new territory he was going to govern had a large Christian population. The Christians also incorporated some of the Romans idolatry ways of worshiping their many gods into Christianity to make it appealing to the Romans.
Christianity seems to have been both ignored and tolerated until the third century, when there began to be concerns about the loyalty of Christians and the risk that Christianity posed to the good government of the empire. The real concern was that the Christian Church seemed to have become a power…ful state within a state. It passed and enforced its own laws against Christians, kept its own treasury, and Christians appeared to owe allegiance to the bishops ahead of their Roman governors. There were troubling examples of treasonous behaviour by some of the Christians, that served to alienate the emperors and to justify some form of persecution before the Christians got out of hand. On the day of a public festival, Marcellus the centurion threw away his arms, and the ensigns of his office, and exclaimed with a loud voice that he would obey none but Jesus Christ the eternal King, and that he renounced forever the use of carnal weapons and the service of an idolatrous master. The soldiers, as soon as they recovered from their astonishment, secured the person of Marcellus. By his own confession, he was condemned and beheaded for the crime of desertion. Examples of such a nature are more akin to martial or even civil law than religious persecution. In 303 CE, Galerius and Diocletian decided, for what they saw as the good of the empire, to institute the Great Persecution of Christianity. Diocletian abdicated in 305 CE, after which persecution ended in the West, but it continued until 311 in the eastern part of the Roman Empire. (MORE)
Christianity, sprang up in the corner of the Roman Empire. At first, Christianity was just one of many religions practiced in the empire. but despite many obstacles, the new faith grew rapidly, and by A.D. 395, it had been declared the official religion of the tRoman Empire. It gained strength,when …the roman empire fell, the christian church took over much of this role, becoming the central institution of western civilization for nearly 1000 years (MORE)
Theodosius I was the emperor who spread Christianity. He was the emperor who made it mandatory for everyone under his rule to be a Christian. This happened in 380 AD. Up to this time other religions were tolerated.
It is thought that there were many isolated occasions of persecution of the Christians by the Roman authorities, but relatively few organized persecutions. In most cases, the Christians were severely knocked down by the persecutions, but they appear to have quickly recovered afterwards, with the …Church adopting the practice of allowing those who fell to be restored to fellowship after showing due signs of penitence. After the first empire-wide persecution ended, that of Emperor Decius in 250, Christianity appears to have spread more rapidly than before. However, other factors could have played a role. It is not clear exactly what happened in the Great Persecution (303-313) started by the edict of Emperor Diocletian. While this continued sporadically for 11 years, it would appear that the Christians resisted more strongly this time than they appear to have done during the persecution under Emperor Decius. This final period of persecution saw emperors and caesars, one after another, giving up and conceding that they could not win the "war" they had declared against Christians. It is difficult to separate this circumstance from the fact that around this time Emperor Constantine, who had charge of the western part of the Empire, decided to invoke the Christian god on his behalf, and a little later, Licinius joined with him to urge the Christians to pray for them, the empire, and for themselves. The Church went from strength to strength after this. (MORE)
The Romans were ever alert to revolution within their empire. A usual sign of a plot was when people started taking secret oaths and binding themselves with activity which would incur the death penalty to stop participants turning state evidence. The sight of Christians having meetings in private… houses instead of going up to the temple like honest folk, and taking oaths drinking blood and eating human flest alarmed the Romans that this presaged a political plot. They reacted accordingly. A couple of letters from Plimy the Younger, governor of Bythinia, to empror Trajan are very illustrative of this. (MORE)
Christians did not set out to threaten the Roman government, but the Roman leaders were worried that Christianity threatened the security of the state. This led to sporadic persecution of the Christians, undertaken in an attempt to force them to return to the traditional religion. The Romans beli…eved that they were favoured by all the gods because they were so devoted to them. In line with this attitude, they encouraged all conquered peoples to continue to worship their traditional gods. In special cases, they even took the statues and sacred objects of some gods back to Rome, and they worshipped them there, as well. Christianity undermined that fundamental self-understanding of their military and political success. Christianity taught that all people should abandon the old gods, and worship God alone. Therefore, the Romans had a continuing concern that Christianity threatened the state because it did not respect the traditional gods of the Romans or of the conquered peoples. While the Jews also taught that there is only one God, their religion was officially permitted from the time they were first conquered. This permission was not lost, even after the Jewish temple was destroyed in AD 70, since Judaism was the ancient religion of a conquered people. This fitted nicely into the Roman idea of their special kind of piety, namely to respect the traditional religions of conquered peoples. (MORE)
it spread so fast because when the started to kill martyrs, or people willing to die for their beliefs, in the collesseum it just made more people belive in the life after death, chritianity. then in 313 A.D just before a war the emporor, condenstine saw the roman words "chi" and "rho" and under t…hat it said "by this sign you will conquer" he had all his men write it on their sheilds and they won the war! TRUE STORY! (MORE)
it persecuted them them with diocletian, but constanine made the edict of milan and moved the capital to bzyanmtium aka constinople which were major por-christianity moves
Romans wanted to stop the spread of Christianity because they feared that the followers of Christianity would revolt against the government.
The Roman empire was the tool enabling Christianity to spread. Christianity developed during the Pax Romana and during that time, with the good roads, safe sealanes, and relative peaceful conditions, new ideas were able to be exchanged and spread. Christianity was one of them. The Roman empire was …the tool enabling Christianity to spread. Christianity developed during the Pax Romana and during that time, with the good roads, safe sealanes, and relative peaceful conditions, new ideas were able to be exchanged and spread. Christianity was one of them. The Roman empire was the tool enabling Christianity to spread. Christianity developed during the Pax Romana and during that time, with the good roads, safe sealanes, and relative peaceful conditions, new ideas were able to be exchanged and spread. Christianity was one of them. The Roman empire was the tool enabling Christianity to spread. Christianity developed during the Pax Romana and during that time, with the good roads, safe sealanes, and relative peaceful conditions, new ideas were able to be exchanged and spread. Christianity was one of them. The Roman empire was the tool enabling Christianity to spread. Christianity developed during the Pax Romana and during that time, with the good roads, safe sealanes, and relative peaceful conditions, new ideas were able to be exchanged and spread. Christianity was one of them. The Roman empire was the tool enabling Christianity to spread. Christianity developed during the Pax Romana and during that time, with the good roads, safe sealanes, and relative peaceful conditions, new ideas were able to be exchanged and spread. Christianity was one of them. The Roman empire was the tool enabling Christianity to spread. Christianity developed during the Pax Romana and during that time, with the good roads, safe sealanes, and relative peaceful conditions, new ideas were able to be exchanged and spread. Christianity was one of them. The Roman empire was the tool enabling Christianity to spread. Christianity developed during the Pax Romana and during that time, with the good roads, safe sealanes, and relative peaceful conditions, new ideas were able to be exchanged and spread. Christianity was one of them. The Roman empire was the tool enabling Christianity to spread. Christianity developed during the Pax Romana and during that time, with the good roads, safe sealanes, and relative peaceful conditions, new ideas were able to be exchanged and spread. Christianity was one of them. (MORE)
A: Until the time of Emperor Constantine, Christianity spread slowly, mainly in the Greek-speaking east and in the city of Rome. Elsewhere in the west, only Lyons had a sizable Christian population. After some three centuries, the Christian population is estmated to have been around ten per cent o…f the total population of the empire. Constantine gave Christianity state patronage and offered various inducements to become Christian. He also began the long persecution of the pagan temples. Christianity began to grow more quickly, so that by late in the fourth century, when Emperor Theodosius made it the official religion of empire, it represented nearly half the population. Soon afterwards, Theodosius made the public worship of the old gods a criminal offence, punishable by death. Within two or three centuries, Christianity had spread completely across the former Roman Empire. (MORE)
In 313AD, when the proclamation of the Milan Edict gave freedom to the christian worshippers
By killing a lot of Christians. For example Ceasar Nero blamed the burning of Rome on Christians and killed many of them as martyrs.
A universal language - Greek and good roads - built by the Romans to move their soldiers around and maintain the empire.
As far as I know, in the late era of Roman emperors, people had their way to do anything, and they did (remember, it was the age of Caligula, Nero, and peacock feather to make you vomit so you can eat more, then repeat, and I will not go into details about the sexual liberties). And, as it happen…s many times in history when people do something to the extremities: they got sick of it, and wanted something better, something new. And in this situation had arrived a religion of love and of some very strict expectations (eg. offering your other cheek), after a long time of moral chaos. So it started to spread, even though it was a forbidden religion first. But when martyrs die for what they believe, you start to wonder, why they do it. Later, Constantine the Great had his reasons to make this the official religion of the Roman Empire, which was helpful, too. But I'm relying on some memories from history classes, and the novel "Quo Vadis", mixed with some personal guesses, so if you need more, there's plenty to research. Continuing Answer You could check out some other questions around the same theme: . Did Christianity spread despite the torment from the romans? . When did Christianity gain followers? . Why was Constantine's conversion to Christianity so important? . How did Christianity become Rome's official religion? . Is there any real historical reason why the people of Europe converted to Christianity? See links to these in the related questions listed below. (MORE)
yes but that's all i know No. Christianity spread from the disciples of Jesus Christ beginning in Jerusalem on the Day of Pentecost.
At first Christianity was persecuted. Initially it was used as a scapegoat, later it was seen as a threat to the Roman state because Roman religious practices were seen as part of the foundation of the state. The persecutions were stopped and Christianity became tolerated because the last persecutio…n had led to widespread unrest as the majority of people had become Christians. This restored political stability and gave the empire a greater sense of unity. Conflicts between Christians also developed. Mainstream Christianity, Latin (western) and Greek (eastern) Christianity (later they came to be called Catholic and Orthodox) shared the Nicaean interpretation of the trinity and were opposed to alternative interpretations and other sects of Christianity. Mainstream Christianity was made state religion and the other Christian sects were banned. Tis led to conflict between mainstream Christianity and the biggest of the banned sects Arian Christianity, which was popular around the empire. Christianity became part of the identity of the empire. (MORE)
They heard of and/or saw Jesus and then the apostles do miracles by the Holy Spirit when Rome was occupying Israel, and they started to have a seeking heart towards God. As more people looked for God, more started to convert to Christianity.
The Roman Empire ruled Europe and it was decreed in the late 4thCentury that Christianity - it is Roman form - was the onlyacceptable religion for the masses.
The gospel was spread by the apostles who travellled around the empire. The Romans were tolerant towards the religions of the conquered people and allowed freedom of worship and preaching. It was alter that severe persecutions of the Christians started. By then Christianity had already become widesp…read. Historians think that Christianity became popular around the empire, especially among the poor because it suited their needs better. The Christian ethos was sympathetic to the plight of the poor, preached respect for the poor and advocated compassion and charity. Christianity also provided an explanation for the creation of the world, it offered redemption and salvation, heaven after the suffering on earth following good conduct, and ethical values. (MORE)
Constantine the Great did not spread Christianity. By the time of his reign, Christianity had already spread and had already become the religion of the masses in the Roman Empire, although there were still many pagans. Constantine supported the Christians. He arbitrated between different doctrines… of Christianity, promoted Christians in the imperial administration and built Christian Churches. The most notable of these churches were the original Basilica of St Peter's in Rome, the St John Lateran's Basilica (the city of Rome's first Cathedral and the original residence of the Popes), the Church of the Holy Apostles in Constantinople and Church of the Holy Sepulchre, in Jerusalem. (MORE)
The apostles went around the empire to preach and convert peoples. When a church was formed, priests did the same. Historians think that Christianity became popular around the empire people's needs better, in particular he offender an after life. However, there were other factors as well.Christia…nity also provided an explanation for the creation of the world and offered redemption and salvation, heaven after the suffering on earth following good conduct, and ethical values.The Christian ethos was also sympathetic to the plight of the poor, preached respect for the poor and advocated compassion and charity. The early spread of Christianity faced the competition of the cult of Mithras, a divinity thought to have been originally Indo-Persian. It was the religion which offered the greatest opportunity for prayers. There were three services a day and many festivals. It also had irregular priests, ascetics and preachers. It was embraced by the soldiers and became the religion of the military, which made it popular and spread it throughout the empire. Mithras came to be called Sol Invictus (Unconquered Sun). He was the all-seeing author and protector of life and the giver of immortal life. There was also a moral element in this cult. Therefore the cult bore some resemblance to that of the Christians and this god had similarities with their Father-God. It was a unitarian religion. It aimed at uniting all the gods and myths together in a vast synthesis. Therefore, it also had the potential to bring monotheism to the empire and to unify it religiously. Given this potential, Aurelian made the cult of Sol Invictus an official religion. It was the cult favoured by the emperors from Aurelian to Constantine the Great. These emperors hoped that their subjects could be untied by this cult and that the empire could be founded anew on unity of religion. However, Christianity had extra elements to offer. Unlike the pagan gods who were indifferent to human beings, Jesus was compassionate and deeply concened with the fate of humanity. The afterlife was presented as salvation and Jesus was the saviour. Jesus made salvation tangible through his having come among humans as a human and having sacrificed himself to save humans. He was a messiah who offered a clear path towards salvation which went beyond just honouring a god. Salvation was also redemption, one which was both from having sinned, but also of the suffering of life on earth which was the everyday experience of the struggling poor. In addition to this, Christianity also offered the principles of equality, compassion towards the poor and charity for the deprived. It is not surprising that Christianity became the religion of the masses of the poor. The reward of heaven for leading a pious Christian life was unique to Christianity. Moreover, Christian preachers had a missionary zeal not found among the priests of other religions. Their mission was to save humanity. Therefore, unlike pagan priests, they undertook proselytising with vigour and were very successful in doing do. Constantine the Great's support also helped the further spread of Christianity. He built important Christian churches, such as the original Basilica of St Peter's in Rome, the St John Lateran's Basilica (the city of Rome's first Cathedral and the original residence of the Popes), the Church of the Holy Apostles and the Hagia Eirene in Constantinople and Church of the Holy Sepulchre, in Jerusalem. He promoted Christians in the ranks of the imperial administration and tried to mediate between competing Christian doctrines. (MORE)
The Roman Empire helped the spread of Catholicism and Orthodox Christianity. Christianity was preached around the eastern part of the Roman Empire by the apostles and other missionaries. Churches developed and the Patriarchates of Antioch, Alexandria and, later, Constantinople were established. Th…e main kind of Christianity which developed in the eastern part of the Roman Empire was called Greek or Eastern Christianity. Later it came to be called Orthodox Christianity. Catholicism was initially called Latin or Western Christianity and became the main for of Christianity in the western part of the Roman Empire. It originated from theologists in Roman Tunisia and soon reached italy. Although Christianity was persecuted by the Romans for a period of time, mainstream Christianity (Greek and Latin Christianity) was made the sole legitimate religion of the empire by the Edict of Thessalonica issued in 380 by the co-emperors Theodosius I and Gratian. The purpose of the edict was to ban dissident Christian doctrines, which were branded as heretic and persecuted. The main target was Arian Christianity, which was popular around the empire. (MORE)
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A number of persecutions by some of the Roman emperors "hurt" the spread of Christianity in the Roman Empire.
one emperor was baptized after seeing a cross in the sky andwinning a battle thus allowing Christianity in Rome.
The Roman Empire was the place where Christianity spread. It isalso the place where its doctrines and churches developed.Therefore were can say that the Romans have given us Christianity.This religion started in Judea, which was part of this empire andspread in this empire. It first reached the area…s close to Judea:Syria, Turkey and Egypt. There were various variations ofChristianity at the beginning. What was called the Greek or EasternChurch became the main form of Christianity in this eastern part ofthe Roman Empire. The main form of Christianity which spread in thewestern part of the empire was the Latin or Western church. Laterthese two churches became to be called Orthodox and Catholicrespectively. Both churches developed hierarchic clergies and wereheaded by five patriarchs: the bishops of Rome, Constantinople,Antioch, Jerusalem and Alexandria (of Egypt). St Paul developed atheology which made Christianity accessible to all of the gentiles(non-Jews) of the empire (the first Christians were Jews whopreached only to other Jews and followed Jewish law). The Apostlesand Christian priests set out to spread the gospel in the empireand were successful in making converts. However, Christianityremained a minority religion until it was endorsed by the Romanemperors of the last period of the empire. All but one of theemperors after Constantine were Christians. In 380 the co-emperorsGratian and Theodosius the Great issued an edict which made Latinand Greek Christianity the state religion and banned dissidentChristian doctrines. Theodosius persecuted Arian Christianity, adissident doctrine which was popular around the empire and whicheventually died out. He also persecuted paganism. (MORE)
The Roman Empire tolerated any and all religion which did not posea threat of revolution or bad practices, as had the Bacchanalianswith their wild ceremonies and revolutionary ambitions who wereexterminated in the 2nd Century BCE. The Romans were suspicious ofa sect which met in private houses and a…te human flesh and drankhuman blood as opposed to meeting openly in temples and makinganimal sacrifices. This smelt of revolutionary activity, andJudaism, of which Christianity was the Nazorean Sect, expelled themin the 90s CE, adding to the suspicion and resulting bans andattacks. (MORE)
There were some persecutions of the Christians which h wereundertaken by some of the Roman emperors. They were not aboutstopping the spread of Christianity. The most important persecutions were by Decius and Diocletian.Decius wanted the peoples of the empire to prove their loyalty tothe Roman state …by requiring them to perform sacrifices to theRoman gods (religion and the state were intertwined for theRomans). The Christians refused to do so because they consideredthis as a betrayal to their god and because they abhorredsacrifices. As a result they were persecuted. The Diolcetianic persecution was prompted by a Christiancriticising a sacrifice about to be performed in the imperialpalace. This was considered as offending to the Roman gods.According to Lactantius a Christian writer, Diocletian and hisco-emperor, Galerius discussed how to deal with the Christians.Diocletian thought that banning the Christians from the imperialbureaucracy and the army would be enough to appease the gods. Somebureaucrats and some soldiers had converted to Christianity.Galerius, who was described by Lacnatius as a crude thug and ananti-Christian, thought that the Christians were becoming arrogantand called for their extermination. The persecution policy ofDiocletian was influenced by Galerius. (MORE)
Slaughter and suppression of other religions, and it provided areligious hierarchy of bishops which was valuable for emperors touse as a control measure to supplement his secular power.
The different belief system and adopted philosophies of Romeconsistently restricted the growth of Christianity, particularlybefore the reign of Constantine. Rome's method of conqueringdifferent tribes, countries and ethnic groups was to assimilatetheir religion into the Roman society or identify for…eign gods asbeing similar to a deity in their existing Pantheon. Christianityis monotheistic and therefore was very resistant to that mold.Additionally, Roman emperors like Nero and Diocletian persistentlyblamed and persecuted Christians, amplifying the Roman's contemptof the religion. When Constantine instated Christianity as thestate religion, his role as the Head of the church (and his moderncontemporary, the Pope's) included being Head of the pagantheologies as well. While this gave Christianity substantialpolitical power, the Roman Catholic Church adopted pagan and Greekphilosophies as a result of that Roman tradition, particularly inthe Middle Ages. (MORE)