Why didn't the founding fathers establish term limits for congress?
Actually, there was significant debate during the Constitutional Convention about instituting Congressional term limits, but it was not considered a priority because no one could envision career politicians. At that time, the pay was low, and the power of government was minimal, so the only reason someone would go through the trouble was to ultimately serve the nation, and it was thought that few would be willing to do it for long. Today, the government is so powerful, with so many opportunities for influence, financial opportunities, and corruption, it attracts the very worst sorts of people. Michelle Obama's salary, for example, tripled after the first year her husband became a Senator. (www.PatriotMusic.com)
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%DETAILS% I don't think so. The founders expected that the congress would be the dominant branch of government, formulating national policy. That was how it was for a long time. But today the congress just follows the lead of the president. They take his ideas and modify them, flesh them out with ne…eded details, sometimes reject them altogether. But it is very rare these days that the congress initiates any major legislation itself. Michael Montagne The founding fathers would be appalled at what Congress has become. Check out Article 1, Section 8 of the Constitution. It specifically states the duties and powers of the legislative branch (and there aren't that many). Congress has since run roughshod over these enumerations and restrictions. Going by today's standards, you would think the document said that Congress has the power to legislate anything, and tax everything. (MORE)
%REPLIES%. Answer . Kelly,\nThey believed that parties, factions as they called them, would be bad for republican self government because people could become more loyal to their party than the country and more concerned for the party's power than the good of the common weal.\nMichael Montagne. …Answer . Per the previous comment, the founding fathers knew that factions would naturally develop. See federalist paper #10. Madison describes faction as "...a number of citizens, whether amounting to a majority or a minority of the whole, who are united and actuated by some common impulse of passion, or of interest, adversed to the rights of other citizens, or to the permanent and aggregate interests of the community."\n. \nMadison also said, "There are again two methods of removing the causes of faction: the one, by destroying the liberty which is essential to its existence; the other, by giving to every citizen the same opinions, the same passions, and the same interests." Because neither of these are possible factions must exist. However, the way to maintain a balance of power is through a "multiplicity of faction." If they are all fighting for the same power, factions will give a little to gain a little.\n. \nIf the founding fathers established political parties, they would grow in power too rapidly to control and before you knew it the government would become an oligarchy - rule of the few, and/or tyrannical.. (MORE)
Founding Father . \nA "founding father" is someone who does something first or is an originator of a movement or organization or an institution. The Founding Fathers in United States history usually refer to the men who attended the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, May, 1787, and helped… write the Constitution of the United States.\nMrV. (MORE)
The Founding Fathers opposed political parties because they feared they would lead to political disunity and fragmentation. George Washington in his Farewell Address denounced them, calling them "baneful," etc.
That depends on exactly how you define the word. They certainly intended to create a government in which the people were the ultimate authority and which was answerable to their will. However, that was not what they would have meant by the word democracy. To them democracy meant a government on the …model of ancient Athens where the populace as a whole, all the free men of the nation, met on a regular basis to debate policy and act as the legislature and supreme court. Obviously such a government is simply impractical for any state larger than a small city. Thus the founders created a representative republic. That is a government where the people elect representatives to conduct the legislative and other business of government and must stand for re-election on a regular basis so that the people can pass judgment on their actions and retain control of them. Over time, as the franchise has expanded and elections have become more direct, the meaning of the word democracy has changed to be essentially synonymous with republic. Thus, if you mean democracy in the sense it was understood in the 18th century the answer is no, but if you mean democracy in the sense we use it today, the answer is reasonably yes.Michael Montagne (MORE)
Answer . Most of them had slaves and were dependent on them.. Incorrect. Only 3 of the 7 founding fathers were slave owners. There were 7 founding fathers of the US Constitution : Franklin, Washington, Adams, Jefferson, Jay, Madison, and Hamilton. 3 were slave owners (Washington, Jefferson, and… Madison all from Virginia). 3 were not (Adams, Jay, and Hamilton) In fact they were adamantly against slavery. Franklin became an abolitionist after the Constitutional Convention in 1785 and freed both his slaves.. The founding fathers from Virgina (later a confederate state) were pro-slavery. The others from New York or Massachusettes were against slavery. This initial philosophical contradiction during the founding of the US wasn't resolved until 80 years later during the US Civil War. (MORE)
Answer . Nine members of the Constitutional Convention did not sign the document. Some left the Convention before it was over and some did not sign because they disagreed with parts of the document. Here is a listing of some of the "Founding Fathers" who did not sign the document because they dis…agreed with parts of it or all of it.. Elbridge Gerry . George Mason . Edmund Randolph (MORE)
Answer . \nThe Founding Fathers (Delegates to the Philadelphia Convention) did not "establish" racism. Racism has been alive and well in the world since the dawn of time. What they did do is tacitly condone slavery by not writing it out of their new document. From a practical view, thy had no ch…oice. To get their new constitution ratified required the votes of several southern states. The delgates from those states made it clear that they would not vote to ratify a document that did not condone slavery. So it was simply done for political expediency. (MORE)
Answer . The term of office for a Congressman in the House of Representatives is two years. The term of office for a Senator in the Senate is six years. However, Congress has no term limits; A Representative may serve for as many consecutive or non consecutive two year terms as they manage to get… elected for, and a Senator may serve for as many consecutive or non consecutive six year terms as they are appointed for. (MORE)
They wanted to, but not unlike today. They suffered public pressure that was against it. Remember that they had just finished a war with Britain. They had to deal with the issue of unifying the country and not dividing it and weakening it. Having to make an amendment to abolish slavery would lead to… a civil war.(Which history proves their speculation was correct) They passed the responsibilities onto their children in hopes that one day they'd read the Constitution, and the Bill of Rights, and be able to interpret it and be able to apply it's spirit where everyone is equal, and born with inalienable rights. If they had made an amendment to abolish slavery, there would be a chance that a civil war would have broken out, which would lead to England coming back and fighting a divided America.(War of 1812) (MORE)
of course there should be. to give others a chance and keep things fair. So if the economy is bad, the congress might have something to do with it.
Congress is one of the fundamental branches of the US government as established and ordained by the US Constitution. The first US Congress was elected in 1787 and first met in 1788.
The constitution was a set of ethical codes that the foundingfathers wanted to create to protect the citizens, and the colonies.They wrote the laws not to establish justice, but as a way todefine what rights citizens in the country were entitled to .
The Founders of America limited the executive powers of the federalgovernment in a number of ways. Among the more notable limitationsare the following: the combination of popular and electoralresponsibility in electing presidents; the limited tenure of eachpresident (as originally conceived for each… term and then throughthe term-limit precedent set by Founder and America's firstPresident, George Washington); and also the elaborate distributionof 'executive' power among other branches of the federalgovernment. (MORE)
It is the Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitutionthat created the two-term limit. The amendment was ratified in1951.
The 22nd Amendment to the United States Constitution set the termlimit for President to two consecutive terms. It had remained anunwritten rule until the Presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt.
There are no term limits for Congress- congressmen can serve for long as they can get elected.
When did Congress and the States ratify an amendment to the constitution limiting the presidential term to two terms?
Amendment 22 which limits Presidential terms of office was proposed by Congress on March 24, 1947 and was ratified on February 27, 1951.
there are currently no term limits for members of congress. however many times they get reelected is how many terms they can serve.
[T]he government of the United States is a definite government, confined to specified objects. It is not like the state governments, whose powers are more general. James Madison, speech in the House of Representatives, January 10, 1794 "If Congress can do whatever in their discretion can be don…e by money, the Government is no longer a limited one, possessing enumerated powers, but an indefinite one, subject to particular exceptions." --James Madison "If Congress can employ money indefinitely to the general welfare, and are the sole and supreme judges of the general welfare, they may take the care of religion into their own hands; they may appoint teachers in every State, county and parish and pay them out of their public treasury; they may take into their own hands the education of children, establishing in like manner schools throughout the Union; they may assume the provision of the poor; they may undertake the regulation of all roads other than post-roads; in short, every thing, from the highest object of state legislation down to the most minute object of police, would be thrown under the power of Congress. ... Were the power of Congress to be established in the latitude contended for, it would subvert the very foundations, and transmute the very nature of the limited Government established by the people of America." --James Madison "I think we have more machinery of government than is necessary, too many parasites living on the labor of the industrious." --Thomas Jefferson Society in every state is a blessing, but government, even in its best state, is but a necessary evil; in its worst state an intolerable one. Thomas Paine, Common Sense, 1776 The operations of the federal government will be most extensive and important in times of war and danger; those of the State governments, in times of peace and security. James Madison, Federalist No. 45, January 26, 1788 The powers delegated by the proposed Constitution to the federal government are few and defined. Those which are to remain in the State governments are numerous and indefinite. James Madison, Federalist No. 45, January 26, 1788 The house of representatives...can make no law which will not have its full operation on themselves and their friends, as well as the great mass of society. This has always been deemed one of the strongest bonds by which human policy can connect the rulers and the people together. It creates between them that communion of interest, and sympathy of sentiments, of which few governments have furnished examples; but without which every government degenerates into tyranny. James Madison, Federalist No. 57, February 19, 1788 It has been said that all Government is an evil. It would be more proper to say that the necessity of any Government is a misfortune. This necessity however exists; and the problem to be solved is, not what form of Government is perfect, but which of the forms is least imperfect. James Madison, to an unidentified correspondent, 1833 Most bad government has grown out of too much government. Thomas Jefferson Each State, in ratifying the Constitution, is considered as a sovereign body, independent of all others, and only to be bound by its own voluntary act. In this relation, then, the new Constitution will, if established, be a FEDERAL, and not a NATIONAL constitution. James Madison, Federalist No. 39, January 1788 "When governments fear the people there is liberty. When the people fear the government there is tyranny." - Thomas Jefferson (attributed to Jefferson, by his contemporaries) The two enemies of the people are criminals and government, so let us tie the second down with the chains of the Constitution so the second will not become the legalized version of the first. Thomas Jefferson "The Tenth Amendment is the foundation of the Constitution." - Thomas Jefferson But ambitious encroachments of the federal government, on the authority of the State governments, would not excite the opposition of a single State, or of a few States only. They would be signals of general alarm... But what degree of madness could ever drive the federal government to such an extremity. James Madison, Federalist No. 46, January 29, 1788 Freedom is lost gradually from an uninterested, uninformed , and uninvolved people. ... Thomas Jefferson When the people fear their government, there is tyranny; when the government fears the people, there is liberty. Thomas Jefferson They that can give up essential liberty to obtain a little temporary safety, deserve neither liberty nor safety. - Benjamin Franklin Children should be educated and instructed in the principles of freedom. John Adams, Defense of the Constitutions, 1787 "Those who would give up essential liberty to purchase a little temporary safety, deserve neither liberty nor safety." - Benjamin Franklin (on the title page of An Historical Review of the Constitution and Government of Pennsylvania - 1759) There are more instances of the abridgment of the freedom of the people by gradual and silent encroachments of those in power than by violent and sudden usurpations. James Madison, speech to the Virginia Ratifying Convention, June 16, 1788 The State governments possess inherent advantages, which will ever give them an influence and ascendancy over the National Government, and will for ever preclude the possibility of federal encroachments. That their liberties, indeed, can be subverted by the federal head, is repugnant to every rule of political calculation. Alexander Hamilton, speech to the New York Ratifying Convention, June 17, 1788 If the federal government should overpass the just bounds of its authority and make a tyrannical use of its powers, the people, whose creature it is, must appeal to the standard they have formed, and take such measures to redress the injury done to the Constitution as the exigency may suggest and prudence justify. Alexander Hamilton, Federalist No. 33, January 3, 1788 The states must be considered as essential component parts of the union; and the idea of sacrificing the former to the latter is totally inadmissible. Alexander Hamilton, speech to the New York Ratifying Convention, June 24, 1788 But as the plan of the convention aims only at a partial union or consolidation, the State governments would clearly retain all the rights of sovereignty which they before had, and which were not, by that act, EXCLUSIVELY delegated to the United States. Alexander Hamilton, Federalist No. 32, January 3, 1788 Government is instituted for the common good; for the protection, safety, prosperity, and happiness of the people; and not for profit, honor, or private interest of any one man, family, or class of men; therefore, the people alone have an incontestable, unalienable, and indefeasible right to institute government; and to reform, alter, or totally change the same, when their protection, safety, prosperity, and happiness require it. The fabric of American empire ought to rest on the solid basis of THE CONSENT OF THE PEOPLE. The streams of national power ought to flow from that pure, original fountain of all legitimate authority. Alexander Hamilton, Federalist No. 22, December 14, 1787 The natural cure for an ill-administration, in a popular or representative constitution, is a change of men. Alexander Hamilton, Federalist No. 21, 1787 John Adams, Thoughts on Government, 1776 Controlling national debt "But with respect to future debt; would it not be wise and just for that nation to declare in the constitution they are forming that neither the legislature, nor the nation itself can validly contract more debt, than they may pay within their own age, or within the term of 19 years." --Thomas Jefferson There is not a more important and fundamental principle in legislation, than that the ways and means ought always to face the public engagements; that our appropriations should ever go hand in hand with our promises. To say that the United States should be answerable for twenty-five millions of dollars without knowing whether the ways and means can be provided, and without knowing whether those who are to succeed us will think with us on the subject, would be rash and unjustifiable. Sir, in my opinion, it would be hazarding the public faith in a manner contrary to every idea of prudence. James Madison, Speech in Congress, April 22, 1790 (MORE)
Voters can set practical term limits on a US Senator or Congressman by voting him or her out of office in the general election. There is no way to pass a law or state constitutional amendment that imposes legal limits on their terms, however, because the US Supreme Court found that unconstitutional …in US Term Limits Inc., v. Thornton, (1995). (MORE)
Congressmen would no longer spend ALL of their time running for re-election. Also, when it comes to selecting members of commitees and chair-persons, there we no longer be a bias towards the longer-serving members.
No, members of Congress do not have term limits. A lot of debating has been done to introduce term limits in Congress but is paid no attention by the Supreme Court and Congress itself.
They wanted to make sure that people were being represented fairly and equally. That is why the membership of the US Senate is made of up two Senators from each state regardless of population/size and the US House of Representatives is made up of 435 members from different districts within a state b…ased on the states population. (MORE)
Because they were afraid their central government would get to strong and we would turn into England all over again.
The Representatives of Congress are elected for a two- year term.However, there is no limit on how many times they can be elected.
What were the guidelines that were established by the founding fathers at the Constitutional Convention?
What were the guidelines that were established by the founding fathers at the Constitutional Convention?
One of the most important points is to understand that many people fled to America to escape persecution and religious wars in Europe. The Founders very much kept this in mind while constructing the Constitution. They sought to prevent another series of massacres, religious wars, and feuds over papa…l control like the ones that dominated history from the beginning of the Early Middle Ages to the Thirty Years' War (roughly 700 years or so of death in the name of state-imposed religion and power struggles). Therefore, The Bill of Rights not only enforces guidelines for proper government behavior, it is a means for protecting minority rights from majority oppression, otherwise known as mob rule. For example, the First Amendment's Freedom of Religion is not only a freedom for one to worship as they choose, but it also protects their right not to worship at all, if that is their thing. So, the point being, there is to be no official religion that would relight nationalistic religious fever, and the witch hunts and chaos that often follows. The same applies for every other aspect of the Bill of Rights as well. I believed the Founding Fathers would have shuddered at the thought of having a government invade in a person's privacy and home without a justified reason for doing so (ahem, Patriot Act). Therefore, the minority's rights to liberty, in theory, should be protected from whatever majority is in charge of the government, or from the actual government itself. (MORE)
Term limits can only be imposed on members of Congress (Senators and Representatives) by Constitutional amendment.
List of Arguments in Favor of Term Limit: 1. Overwhelmingly, voters prefer term limits. (It's their native commonsense! [opinion not fact]) 2. Term limits downgrades seniority, favors meritocracy. 3. Increases competition, encourages new challengers. 4. Builds a 'citizen' Congress, drives …out career politicians. 5. Breaks ties to special interests. 6. Improves tendency to vote on principle. 7. Introduces fresh thinking, new ideas, eliminates 'old bulls'. 8. Reduces power of staff, bureaucracy, lobbies. 9. It will create a natural reduction in wasteful federal spending. 10. Encourages lower taxes, smaller government, greater voter participation in elections. 11. There are more reasons in favor of term limits than reasons against. 12. Gets reelection rates back to near 50%, versus the current 99%. (Founders called it "rotation in office") List of Arguments Opposed: 1. Terminates the good politicians along with the bad. 2. Instead of term limits, a reform of Congress' procedures would be easier. 3. Reduces range of voter choice. 4. Loss of knowledge and experience. 5. Increases the power of staff, lobbies, and bureaucracy. (MORE)
No. Members of the US Senate and House of Representatives have terms of office, a fixed number of years they may serve before standing for reelection, but no term limits. In other words, they may be re-elected as many times as they and the voters choose. House members, referred to as Congressmen/…women or Representatives, serve two-year terms and are up for reelection every two years, on even-numbered years. Senators serve six-year terms and elections to the Senate are staggered over even years so that only about one-third of the Senators are up for reelection every two years. (MORE)
Congress consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate. Senators typically serve six year terms and State Representatives serve for 2 year terms. State Representatives can run every 2 years if they really wanted too, however; if they do a bad job at serving the people, or they just don't… like him/her they can vote them out in 2 years. If people could vote for the same President every year, it wouldn't be a democracy anymore, it would be more like a dictatorship. Another Explanation: The President has term limits because Congress and the States ratified the Twenty-Second Amendment establishing a maximum of two terms in 1947. Prior to that, a President could serve as many times as he was elected. Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected four times; his successor, Harry Truman, thought that gave the executive branch too much power and pushed for change. Congress has never attempted to amend the Constitution to establish term limits for themselves. In 1992, voters in the state of Arkansas passed a state constitutional amendment limiting their US Congressmen to three terms of office, but the Supreme Court declared the action unconstitutional and nullified the amendment ( US Term Limits v. Thornton, (1995)) (MORE)
Since the Founding Fathers went to a lot of trouble to escape from the clutches of a tyrannical British colonial government, they did not want to wind up with their own home grown tyranny instead, so they put in various safeguards to protect against government corruption. There are 3 branches of gov…ernment and each has some power to intervene to correct abuses by the other two branches. It is hoped that this will serve to prevent the worst abuses. When the President turns out to be despotic, Congress has the power to remove him from office. When Congress enacts bad legislation, the President has the power to veto it. And so forth. (MORE)
America's founding fathers wanted a country that was prosperous, safe, and free. They did not want a king or emperor. They wanted (most of them, anyway) freedom from a government-sponsored religion as England and France had at that time. They wanted a system where the common people had some ability …to say and do and live as they wanted. (MORE)
In the 22nd amendment, "No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice . . ."
The current (and recent) executive branch has taken much more power unto itself than is proper. Through the use of 'executive order' and other misused tools, the Executive branch as corrupted the careful balance of power and made itself supreme.
The Twenty-Second Amendment (Section 1), ratified in 1951, limits the US President to two terms of office. Amendment 22, Section 1 No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, and no person who has held the office of President, or acted as President, for more than… two years of a term to which some other person was elected President shall be elected to the office of the President more than once. But this article shall not apply to any person holding the office of President when this article was proposed by the Congress, and shall not prevent any person who may be holding the office of President, or acting as President, during the term within which this article becomes operative from holding the office of President or acting as President during the remainder of such term. (MORE)
It is said that they knew that things would be different generations later and they allowed for slight alterations to accommodate these difference. 42 |}
George Washington, our first President. Nobody tried for a third term until Franklin Roosevelt did it in 1940. Roosevelt was elected to a fourth term in 1944, but died the following year. The 22nd Amendment to the Constitution of the United States prohibited anyone from being elected to the Presid…ency for a third time. (MORE)
This constitutional amendment was enacted following the four term presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt, because of the fear that some President (such as Roosevelt, who died in office, which was the only reason why he stopped at only 4 terms) might become so powerful and so entrenched in his office th…at he would effectively become a president for life, which would harm the democratic system and would create a danger of dictatorship. (MORE)
Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, and John Jay. They were in France at the time. Washington didn't sign the constitution, but did validate it later.
they can petition against the length of a term. it's part of the first amendment. it is true, they need to kick some people out of there.
Before 1951, there was no law limiting the number of terms a U.S. President may serve. However, no U.S. President ever sought a third term out of respect for the tradition started by George Washington... until Franklin Roosevelt did in 1940. He remained President until his death in April, 1945, thre…e months after starting his 4th term. Within just a few years of his death, the U.S. Constitution was amended, making the two-term limit law. The actual limit that someone can be U.S. President is two and a half terms (10 years), because someone who completed less than half of a term to which someone else was elected may still run twice. (MORE)
Founding Fathers created a limited Government because they did not want the rest of the world to influence the power that they have' and they did not want the common people to rebel against them.
the Declaration of Independence (who signed the United States Declaration of Independence in 1776) and the Framers of the Constitution (who were delegates to the Constitutional Convention
I am not sure if this is the official reason, but I suspect because the Constitution was drafted by members of the first and second Continental Congress. The Founders did not foresee a day when these members would be exclusively government employees. They envisioned senators and congress people as f…olks with "real jobs", and would have to find other means to actually make money, which would have a dampening effect on their ability to participate, especially long-term. Now that we have full-time politicians, who get paid and voted in regardless of their actions, they will never leave. If it is left up to the Senators and Congress-people themselves, there never vote in term limits for themselves. (MORE)
It is my opinion that the indefinite times a Congressman can run for election is detrimental to the United States. Long term congressmen tend to take their reelection for granted and long term incumbents are fertile ground for corruption. I believe its healthy for new people to become members of Co…ngress. (MORE)
If term limits were set for congress then members with senioritywould finish out their terms and new members would be voted in.
Why do you think the founding fathers included term limits in the Constitution Do you think limits should be longer Explain?
There are no term limits in the Constitution. They were added forthe President by the 22nd Amendment in 1947 (ratified 1951). Thisonly occurred after the extraordinary four terms of Franklin D.Roosevelt, which exceeded the informal two-term limit set by GeorgeWashington. Many in the US were concerne…d that his wartime decisionmight set a precedent. Due to the procedures of the Congress, which favor seniority, it isdifficult to initiate term limits for US Senators andRepresentatives. The benefits of incumbency also make it moredifficult to vote them out, until there is a strong trend amongtheir constituents. (MORE)
It refers to a group of men who founded/fathered a new country (ormore broadly - any organization). It seems to most commonly be usedto refer to the group of men who helped the USA gain independencefrom Britain and founded the USA.