Why is Stonehenge a wonder?
Because It's not known why it was built...
It is belived to be Britains oldest landmark. However, nobody knows why it was built. Some belive it is an early clock but nobody knows for sure.
Posilble the most amazing thing about it is that the rocks came from Wales meaning the workers would have carried these vast rocks the distance of the modern M4,
not bad seeing as they are about 2 tons each.
See the Related Link
It is belived to be Britains oldest landmark. However, nobody knows why it was built. Some belive it is an early clock but nobody knows for sure.
Posilble the most amazing thing about it is that the rocks came from Wales meaning the workers would have carried these vast rocks the distance of the modern M4,
not bad seeing as they are about 2 tons each.
See the Related Link
Stonehenge is in the county of Wiltshire on Salisbury Plain. It'sjust west of Amesbury in England and is visiblefrom the A303 road. The nearest city is Salisbury a few miles tothe south. There are many Neolithic earthwork enclosures known as "henges" inBritain. Few have any stones set within them …and "Stonehenge" is byfar most elaborate and is the only structure known to have employedlintels. . Stone Henge is located in the continent of Europe and in the country of England. stone Henge is located in Wiltshire, England. The Stone Henge is in Europe. (MORE)
Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument in Wiltshire, England, Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument in Wiltshire, England, north of Salisbury. stonehenge is located in the county of Wiltshire in England.
There was an investigation, but it is still not known for sure what it was used for. The main theory has been that it was used as a calendar of some sort, but now there is a theory that it was a burial ground.. You can support Wikipedia by making a tax-deductible donation.. As per quoted from …wikipedia.......... . Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument located in the English county of Wiltshire , about 3.2 kilometres (2.0 mi) west of Amesbury and 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) north of Salisbury . One of the most famous prehistoric sites in the world, Stonehenge is composed of earthworks surrounding a circular setting of large standing stones . Archaeologists believe that the iconic stone monument was erected around 2500 BC, however this was not the first stone structure on the site (see phase 3:1 below). The surrounding circular earth bank and ditch, which constitute the earliest phase of the monument, have been dated to about 3100 BC. The site and its surroundings were added to the UNESCO 's list of World Heritage Sites in 1986 in a co-listing with Avebury henge monument , and it is also a legally protected Scheduled Ancient Monument . Stonehenge itself is owned by the Crown and managed by English Heritage while the surrounding land is owned by the National Trust .   . New archaeological evidence found by the Stonehenge Riverside Project indicates that Stonehenge served as a burial ground from its earliest beginnings.  The dating of cremated remains found that burials took place as early as 3000 B.C, when the first ditches were being built around the monument. Burials continued at Stonehenge for at least another 500 years when the giant stones which mark the landmark were put up. According to Professor Mike Parker Pearson , head of Stonehenge Riverside Project: . Stonehenge was a place of burial from its beginning to its zenith in the mid third millennium B.C. The cremation burial dating to Stonehenge's sarsen stones phase is likely just one of many from this later period of the monument's use and demonstrates that it was still very much a domain of the dead.. Etymology . Christopher Chippindale 's Stonehenge Complete gives the derivation of the name Stonehenge as coming from the Old English words "stÄn" meaning "stone", and either "hencg" meaning " hinge " (because the stone lintels hinge on the upright stones) or "hen(c)en" meaning " hang " or " gallows " or "instrument of torture". Medieval gallows consisted of two uprights with a lintel joining them, resembling Stonehenge's trilithons , rather than looking like the inverted L-shape more familiar today. . The "henge" portion has given its name to a class of monuments known as henges . Archaeologists define henges as earthworks consisting of a circular banked enclosure with an internal ditch. As often happens in archaeological terminology, this is a holdover from antiquarian usage, and Stonehenge is not truly a henge site as its bank is inside its ditch. Despite being contemporary with true Neolithic henges and stone circles , Stonehenge is in many ways atypical. For example, its extant trilithons make it unique. Stonehenge is only distantly related to the other stone circles in the British Isles , such as the Ring of Brodgar . [ citation needed ] History . The Stonehenge complex was built in several construction phases spanning at least 3000 years, although there is evidence for activity both before and afterwards on the site, perhaps extending its time frame to 6500 years. . Dating and understanding the various phases of activity at Stonehenge is not a simple task; it is complicated by poorly kept early excavation records, surprisingly few accurate scientific dates and the disturbance of the natural chalk by periglacial effects and animal burrowing. The modern phasing most generally agreed by archaeologists is detailed below. Features mentioned in the text are numbered and shown on the plan, right, which illustrates the site as of 2004. The plan omits the trilithon lintels for clarity. Holes that no longer, or never, contained stones are shown as open circles and stones visible today are shown coloured. Before the monument (8000 BC forward) . Some archaeologists have found four (or possibly five, although one may have been a natural tree throw ) large Mesolithic postholes which date to around 8000 BC nearby, beneath the modern tourist car-park . These held pine posts around 0.75 metres (2.5 ft) in diameter which were erected and left to rot in situ . Three of the posts (and possibly four) were in an east-west alignment and may have had ritual significance; no parallels are known from Britain at the time but similar sites have been found in Scandinavia . At this time, Salisbury Plain was still wooded but four thousand years later, during the earlier Neolithic, a cursus monument was built 600 metres (2,000 ft) north of the site as the first farmers began to clear the forest and exploit the area. Several other early Neolithic sites, a causewayed enclosure at Robin Hood's Ball and long barrow tombs were built in the surrounding landscape. Stonehenge 1 (ca. 3100 BC) . The first monument consisted of a circular bank and ditch enclosure made of Late Cretaceous ( Santonian Age) Seaford Chalk , (7 and 8) measuring around 110 metres (360 ft) in diameter with a large entrance to the north east and a smaller one to the south (14) . It stood in open grassland on a slightly sloping but not especially remarkable spot. The builders placed the bones of deer and oxen in the bottom of the ditch as well as some worked flint tools. The bones were considerably older than the antler picks used to dig the ditch and the people who buried them had looked after them for some time prior to burial. The ditch itself was continuous but had been dug in sections, like the ditches of the earlier causewayed enclosures in the area. The chalk dug from the ditch was piled up to form the bank. This first stage is dated to around 3100 BC after which the ditch began to silt up naturally and was not cleared out by the builders. Within the outer edge of the enclosed area was dug a circle of 56 pits, each around 1 metre (3.3 ft) in diameter (13) , known as the Aubrey holes after John Aubrey , the seventeenth century antiquarian who was thought to have first identified them. The pits may have contained standing timbers, creating a timber circle although there is no excavated evidence of them. A small outer bank beyond the ditch could also date to this period. Stonehenge 2 (ca. 3000 BC) . Evidence of the second phase is no longer visible. It appears from the number of postholes dating to this period that some form of timber structure was built within the enclosure during the early 3rd millennium BC. Further standing timbers were placed at the northeast entrance and a parallel alignment of posts ran inwards from the southern entrance. The postholes are smaller than the Aubrey Holes, being only around 0.4 metres (16 in) in diameter and are much less regularly spaced. The bank was purposely reduced in height and the ditch continued to silt up. At least twenty-five of the Aubrey Holes are known to have contained later, intrusive, cremation burials dating to the two centuries after the monument's inception. It seems that whatever the holes' initial function, it changed to become a funerary one during Phase 2. Thirty further cremations were placed in the enclosure's ditch and at other points within the monument, mostly in the eastern half. Stonehenge is therefore interpreted as functioning as an enclosed cremation cemetery at this time, the earliest known cremation cemetery in the British Isles. Fragments of unburnt human bone have also been found in the ditch fill. Late Neolithic grooved ware pottery has been found in connection with the features from this phase providing dating evidence. Stonehenge 3 I (ca. 2600 BC) . Archaeological excavation has indicated that around 2600 BC, timber was abandoned in favour of stone and two concentric crescents of holes (the Q and R Holes ) were dug in the centre of the site. Again, there is little firm dating evidence for this phase. The holes held up to 80 standing stones (shown blue on the plan) 43 of which, the bluestones (dolerite, a holocrystine igneous rock), were thought for much of the 20th century to have been transported by humans from the Preseli Hills , 250 kilometres (160 mi) away in modern day Pembrokeshire in Wales . A newer theory is that they were brought from glacial deposits much nearer the site, which had been carried down from the northern side of the Preselis to southern England by the Irish Sea Glacier .  Other standing stones may well have been small sarsens, used later as lintels. The stones, which weighed about four tons, consisted mostly of spotted Ordovician dolerite but included examples of rhyolite , tuff and volcanic and calcareous ash. Each measures around 2 metres (6.6 ft) in height, between 1 m and 1.5 m (3.3-4.9 ft) wide and around 0.8 metres (2.6 ft) thick. What was to become known as the Altar Stone (1) , is derived from either South Pembrokeshire or the Brecon Beacons and may have stood as a single large monolith . . The north eastern entrance was also widened at this time with the result that it precisely matched the direction of the midsummer sunrise and midwinter sunset of the period. This phase of the monument was abandoned unfinished however, the small standing stones were apparently removed and the Q and R holes purposefully backfilled. Even so, the monument appears to have eclipsed the site at Avebury in importance towards the end of this phase. . The Heelstone (5) , a Tertiary sandstone, may also have been erected outside the north eastern entrance during this period although it cannot be securely dated and may have been installed at any time in phase 3. At first, a second stone, now no longer visible, joined it. Two, or possibly three, large portal stones were set up just inside the north eastern entrance of which only one, the fallen Slaughter Stone (4) , 4.9 metres (16 ft) long, now remains. Other features loosely dated to phase 3 include the four Station Stones (6) , two of which stood atop mounds (2 and 3) . The mounds are known as 'barrows' although they do not contain burials. The Avenue , (10) , a parallel pair of ditches and banks leading 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) to the River Avon was also added. Two ditches similar to Heelstone Ditch circling the Heelstone, which was by then reduced to a single monolith, were later dug around the Station Stones. Stonehenge 3 II (2600 BC to 2400 BC) . The next major phase of activity at the tail end of the 3rd millennium BC saw 30 enormous Oligocene - Miocene sarsen stones (shown grey on the plan) brought from a quarry around 40 kilometres (25 mi) north of Stonehenge, on the Marlborough Downs . The stones were dressed and fashioned with mortise and tenon joints before 30 were erected as a 33 metres (110 ft) diameter circle of standing stones, with a ring of 30 lintel stones resting on top. The lintels were fitted to one another using another woodworking method, the tongue and groove joint. Each standing stone was around 4.1 metres (13 ft) high, 2.1 metres (6.9 ft) wide and weighed around 25 tons. Each had clearly been worked with the final effect in mind; the orthostats widen slightly towards the top in order that their perspective remains constant as they rise up from the ground while the lintel stones curve slightly to continue the circular appearance of the earlier monument. The sides of the stones that face inwards are smoother and more finely worked than the sides that face outwards. The average thickness of these stones is 1.1 metres (3.6 ft) and the average distance between them is 1 metre (3.3 ft). A total of 74 stones would have been needed to complete the circle and unless some of the sarsens were removed from the site, it would seem that the ring was left incomplete. Of the lintel stones, they are each around 3.2 metres (10 ft), 1 metre (3.3 ft) wide and 0.8 metres (2.6 ft) thick. The tops of the lintels are 4.9 metres (16 ft) above the ground. . Within this circle stood five trilithons of dressed sarsen stone arranged in a horseshoe shape 13.7 metres (45 ft) across with its open end facing north east. These huge stones, ten uprights and five lintels, weigh up to 50 tons each and were again linked using complex jointings. They are arranged symmetrically; the smallest pair of trilithons were around 6 metres (20 ft) tall, the next pair a little higher and the largest, single trilithon in the south west corner would have been 7.3 metres (24 ft) tall. Only one upright from the Great Trilithon still stands; 6.7 metres (22 ft) is visible and a further 2.4 metres (7.9 ft) is below ground. . The images of a 'dagger' and 14 'axe-heads' have been recorded carved on one of the sarsens, known as stone 53. Further axe-head carvings have been seen on the outer faces of stones known as numbers 3, 4, and 5. They are difficult to date but are morphologically similar to later Bronze Age weapons; recent laser scanning work on the carvings supports this interpretation. The pair of trilithons in north east are smallest, measuring around 6 metres (20 ft) in height and the largest is the trilithon in the south west of the horseshoe is almost 7.5 metres (25 ft) tall. . This ambitious phase is radiocarbon dated to between 2600 and 2400 BC. This is slightly before two sets of burials discovered 3 miles (4.8 km) to the west in Amesbury (the Amesbury Archer found in 2002, and the Boscombe Bowmen discovered in 2003) as well as the Stonehenge Archer whose body was discovered in the outer ditch of the monument in 1978. . At a similar time a large timber circle and another avenue were constructed overlooking the River Avon 2 miles away at Durrington Walls . Opposing the solar alignments at Stonehenge, the circle was orientated towards the rising sun on the midwinter solstice, whilst the Avenue led from the river to the circle on an alignment to the setting sun on the summer solstice. Evidence of huge fires on the banks of the Avon between the two avenues also suggests that both circles were linked, and perhaps formed a procession route used on the longest and shortest days of the year. Parker Pearson speculates that the wooden circle at Durrington Walls was the centre of a 'land of the living', whilst the stone circle represented a 'land of the dead'. The Avon would have served as a journey between the two. Stonehenge 3 III . Later in the Bronze Age, the bluestones appear to have been re-erected for the first time, although the exact details of this period are still unclear. They were placed within the outer sarsen circle and at this time may have been trimmed in some way. A few have timber working-style cuts in them like the sarsens themselves, suggesting they may have been linked with lintels and part of a larger structure during this phase. Stonehenge 3 IV (2280 BC to 1930 BC) . This phase saw further rearrangement of the bluestones as they were placed in a circle between the two settings of sarsens and in an oval in the very centre. Some archaeologists argue that some of the bluestones in this period were part of a second group brought from Wales. All the stones were well-spaced uprights without any of the linking lintels inferred in Stonehenge 3 III. The Altar Stone may have been moved within the oval and stood vertically. Although this would seem the most impressive phase of work, Stonehenge 3 IV was rather shabbily built compared to its immediate predecessors, as the newly re-installed bluestones were not at all well founded and began to fall over. However, only minor changes were made after this phase. Stonehenge 3 IV dates from 2280 to 1930 BC. Stonehenge 3 V (2280 BC to 1930 BC) . Soon afterwards, the north eastern section of the Phase 3 IV Bluestone circle was removed, creating a horseshoe-shaped setting termed the Bluestone Horseshoe. This mirrored the shape of the central sarsen Trilithons and dates from 2270 to 1930 BC. This phase is contemporary with the famous Seahenge site in Norfolk . After the monument (1600 BC on) . The last known construction at Stonehenge was about 1600 BC, and the last known usage of it was likely during the Iron Age . Roman coins and medieval artefacts have all been found in or around the monument but it is unknown if the monument was in continuous use throughout prehistory and beyond - or exactly how it would have been used. Notable is the late 7th-6th century BC large arcing Scroll Trench which deepens E-NE towards Heelstone, and the construction of the massive Iron Age hillfort Vespasian's Camp built alongside the Avenue near the Avon. The burial of a decapitated 7th century Saxon man was excavated from Stonehenge. The site was known by scholars during the Middle Ages and since then it has been studied and adopted by numerous different groups. Function and construction . Stonehenge was produced by a culture with no written language, and at great historical remove from the first cultures that did leave written records. Many aspects of Stonehenge remain subject to debate. This multiplicity of theories, some of them very colourful, is often called the "mystery of Stonehenge." . There is little or no direct evidence for the construction techniques used by the Stonehenge builders. Over the years, various authors have suggested that supernatural or anachronistic methods were used, usually asserting that the stones were impossible to move otherwise. However, conventional techniques using Neolithic technology have been demonstrably effective at moving and placing stones this size. Proposed functions for the site include usage as an astronomical observatory, or as a religious site. Other theories have advanced supernatural or symbolic explanations for the construction. Folklore "Friar's Heel" or the "Sunday Stone" . The Heel Stone was once known as "Friar's Heel". A folk tale , which cannot be dated earlier than the seventeenth century, relates the origin of the name of this stone: . The Devil bought the stones from a woman in Ireland, wrapped them up, and brought them to Salisbury plain. One of the stones fell into the Avon , the rest were carried to the plain. The Devil then cried out, "No-one will ever find out how these stones came here!" A friar replied, "That's what you think!," whereupon the Devil threw one of the stones at him and struck him on the heel. The stone stuck in the ground and is still there. . Some claim "Friar's Heel" is a corruption of "Freyja's He-ol" or "Freyja Sul", from the Nordic goddess Freyja and the Welsh word for way or Sunday , respectively, or the name may simply imply that the stone heels , or leans. The name is not unique; there was a monolith with the same name recorded in the 19th century by antiquarian Charles Warne at Long Bredy in Dorset Arthurian legend . Stonehenge is also mentioned within Arthurian legend . Geoffrey of Monmouth said that Merlin the wizard directed its removal from Ireland , where it had been constructed on Mount Killaraus by Giants , who brought the stones from Africa . After it had been rebuilt near Amesbury, Geoffrey further narrates how first Ambrosius Aurelianus , then Uther Pendragon , and finally Constantine III , were buried inside the ring of stones. In many places in his Historia Regum Britanniae Geoffrey mixes British legend and his own imagination; it is intriguing that he connects Ambrosius Aurelianus with this prehistoric monument, seeing how there is place-name evidence to connect Ambrosius with nearby Amesbury. . According to Geoffrey of Monmouth, the rocks of Stonehenge were healing rocks which Giants brought from Africa to Ireland for their healing properties. These rocks were called The Giant's Dance. Aurelius Ambrosias (5th century), wishing to erect a memorial to the nobles (3000) who had died in battle with the Saxons and were buried at Salisbury, chose (at Merlin's advice) Stonehenge to be their monument. So the King sent Merlin, Uther Pendragon (Arthur's father), and 15,000 knights to Ireland to retrieve the rocks. They slew 7,000 Irish. As the knights tried to move the rocks with ropes and force, they failed. Then Merlin, using "gear" and skill, easily dismantled the stones and sent them over to Britain, where Stonehenge was dedicated. Shortly after, Aurelius died and was buried within the Stonehenge monument, or "The Giants' Ring of Stonehenge". Recent history 16th to 20th centuries . Stonehenge has changed ownership on several occasions since King Henry VIII acquired Amesbury Abbey and its surrounding lands. In 1540 he gave the estate to the Earl of Hertford , and it subsequently passed to Lord Carleton and then the Marquis of Queensbury . The Antrobus family of Cheshire bought the estate in 1824, but sold it in 1915 after the last heir was killed serving in France during the First World War . The auction was held by Knight Frank & Rutley estate agents in Salisbury on the 21 September , and included "Lot 15. Stonehenge with about 30 acres, 2 rods, 37 perches of adjoining downland." Cecil Chubb bought Stonehenge for Â£6,600 and then gave it to the nation three years later. Although it has been speculated that he purchased it at the suggestion of - or even as a present for - his wife, he in fact bought it on a whim as he believed a local man should be the new owner. Restoration . From 1901 to 1964, there was much restoration of the monument, however this was sometimes criticised, with one historian claiming that "'What we have been looking at is a 20th century landscape, which is reminiscent of what Stonehenge might have been like thousands of years ago. It has been created by the heritage industry and is not the creation of prehistoric people. What we saw at the Millennium is less than 50 years old". 1920s onwards . In the late 1920s a nation-wide appeal was launched to save Stonehenge from the encroachment of modern buildings that had begun to appear around it. During World War 1 an aerodrome had been built on the down just west of the circle, and in the dry valley at Stonehenge Bottom a main road junction had appeared, with several cottages and a cafe. In 1928 the land around the stones was purchased with the appeal donations, and given to the National Trust in order to preserve it. The buildings were removed (although the roads were not), and the land returned to agriculture . More recently the land has been part of a grassland reversion scheme, returning the surrounding fields to native chalk grassland . . As motorised traffic increased the setting of the monument began to be affected by the proximity of the two roads on either side of it - the A344 to Shrewton on the north side, and the A303 to Winterbourne Stoke to the south. Plans to upgrade the A303 and remove it from the view of the stones have been considered since it became a World Heritage Site, but the controversy surrounding expensive re-routings of a road have led to the scheme being cancelled on multiple occasions. On 06 December 2007 it was announced that the most recent plans had been cancelled. Neopaganism . Stonehenge is a place of pilgrimage for neo-druids , and those following pagan or neo-pagan beliefs. The midsummer sunrise began attracting modern visitors in the 1870s, with the first record of recreated Druidic practices dating to 1905 when the Ancient Order of Druids enacted a ceremony. Despite efforts by archaeologists and historians to stress the differences between the Iron Age Druidic religion and the much older monument, Stonehenge has become increasingly, almost inextricably, associated with British Druidism , Neopaganism and New Age philosophy. Between 1972 and 1984, Stonehenge was the site of a free festival . After the Battle of the Beanfield in 1985 this use of the site was stopped for several years, and currently ritual use of Stonehenge is carefully controlled. Visitors . When Stonehenge became open to the public it was possible to walk amongst and even climb on the stones. However this ended in 1977 when the stones were roped off as a result of serious erosion . Visitors are no longer permitted to touch the stones, but merely walk around the monument from a short distance. English Heritage does however permit access during the summer and winter solstice, and the spring and autumn equinox. Additionally, visitors can make special bookings to access the stones throughout the year . Archaeological research and restoration . Throughout recorded history Stonehenge and its surrounding monuments have attracted attention from antiquarians and archaeologists . John Aubrey was one of the first to examine the site with a scientific eye in 1666, and recorded in his plan of the monument the pits that now bear his name . William Stukeley continued Aubrey's work in the early 18th century, but took an interest in the surrounding monuments as well, identifying (somewhat incorrectly) the Cursus and the Avenue. He also began the excavation of many of the barrows in the area, and it was his interpretation of the landscape that associated it with the Druids Stukeley was in fact so fascinated with Druids that he originally named Disc Barrows as Druids Barrows. The most accurate early plan of Stonehenge was that made by Bath architect John Wood in 1740. His original annotated survey has recently been computer redrawn and published. Importantly Wood's plan was made before the collapse of the southwest Trilithon (which fell in 1797; restored 1958). . William Cunnington was the next to tackle the area in the early 19th century, excavating some 24 barrows before digging in and around the stones, discovering charred wood, animal bones, pottery and urns. He also identified the hole in which the Slaughter Stone once stood. At the same time Richard Colt Hoare began his activities, excavating some 379 barrows on Salisbury Plain before working with Cunnington and William Coxe on some 200 in the area around the Stones. To alert future diggers to their work they were careful to leave initialled metal tokens in each barrow they opened. . In 1877 Charles Darwin dabbled in archaeology at the stones, experimenting with the rate at which remains sink into the earth for his book The Formation of Vegetable Mould Through the Action of Worms . . William Gowland oversaw the first major restoration of the monument in 1901 - the straightening and concrete setting of a sarsen in danger of falling - and took the opportunity to further excavate the stones at the same time. The most scientific dig to date, it revealed more about the erection of the stones than the previous 100 years of work. During the 1920 restoration William Hawley , who had excavated nearby Old Sarum , excavated the base of six stones being restored as well as the outer ditch. He also located a bottle of port in the slaughter stone socket left by Cunnington, helped to rediscover Aubrey's pits inside the bank and located the Y and Z Holes (concentric circular holes outside the Sarsen Circle). Richard Atkinson , Stuart Piggott and John F. S. Stone re-excavated much of Hawley's work in the 40s and 50s, and discovered the carved axes and daggers on the Sarsen Stones. Atkinson's work was instrumental in the understanding of the three major phases of the monument's construction. . In 1958 the stones were restored again, using concrete settings to re-erect three of the standing sarsens. The very last restoration was carried out in 1963 when a sarsen fell over and was once more re-erected, and the opportunity taken to concrete three more stones. Later archaeologists, including Christopher Chippindale of the Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of Cambridge and Brian Edwards of the University of the West of England campaigned to give the public more knowledge of the various restorations and in 2004 English Heritage included pictures of the works in progress in its new book Stonehenge: A History in Photographs. . Excavations were once again carried out in 1978 by Atkinson and John Evans during which they discovered the remains of the Stonehenge Archer from the outer ditch, and in 1979 rescue archaeology was needed alongside the Heel Stone after a cable-laying ditch was mistakenly dug on the roadside, revealing a new stone hole next to the Heel Stone. . More recent excavations include Mike Parker Pearson's Stonehenge Riverside Project - an ongoing series of digs in the landscape around the stones examining the relationship between them and other nearby monuments, notably Durrington Walls where another 'Avenue' leading to the river Avon was discovered. In April 2008 Professor Tim Darvill of the University of Bournemouth and Professor Geoff Wainwright of the Society of Antiquaries began another dig inside the Stone circle to retrieve dateable fragments of the original bluestone pillars. It is hoped this will establish a more precise date for the first stone circle and help identify its purpose Another answer While the above information is very interesting it doesn't actually answer the question, which was "How was Stonehenge found?" My answer is... Stonehenge was never found because it was never lost. Stonehenge is a massive monument made from huge stone and it stands on a treeless plain, where is is easily viewable. People have always known where it was, including the Romans when they invaded Britain, they just aren't certain what it was, how it was built or why.. (MORE)
No one discovered it. It's been there since the bronze age,sitting in the isolation of salisbury Plain. Medieval chroniclers knew of it and a few drew rough representations of it..
The monument known as Stonehenge is a prehistoric circle of stones on Salisbury Plain in England. It has a history of construction that began in 3000 BC and the final modifications were made around 1600 BC. No one is really sure of its true purpose. The site was used a cremation burial ground, but b…efore the Iconic stone structure were erected. The large stones (sarsens) are local sandstone, but the smaller 'bluestones' are rhyolite and came from West Wales. The most recent academic research no longer supports the 'astronomical observatory' or that it was built by 'Druids', theories that have their origins in the early 18th century. (MORE)
Because it is one of things in the world that humans have no knowledge on. Actually, it isn't in the classical sense. The reason is that the man who organized the original list, Herodotus, didn't know of its existence. A reason why it would be is that it's a mystery and a marvel to humanity's ingenu…ity. (MORE)
It was added to over some 1500 years (people, not meerkats or aliens built it). See the timeline on the link
Stonehenge was constructed by Late Neolithic peoples around 4,500 years ago on a site which had already been in use for 500 years. We don't know why it was made. We just have to respect that it is one of England's most famous landmarks! I believe the nephilium constructed it. The nephilium are the… giants that are talked about in genisus chapther 6. If this is true then that would explain how they were able to move such huge stones.Some of those giants were 15 ft tall! 10 or 20 of them could getter done! See the Related Link. (MORE)
Stonehenge, as most people know it was built within a circular 'henge' earthwork around 2,500- 2400 BC, the henge had already been there for some 500 years. There were earlier structures (of so called 'Bluestone' - rhyolite from West Wales), archaeologists are are unsure exactly how much earlier, th…e original structure was entirely dismantled. The Bluestones were then set in and around the massive sandstone (sarsen) monument, mimicing its form and geometry. The final phase of building seems to have been aborted, the Y & Z holes around the outside of the Circle, dug around 1700 or so BC; no stones were placed in these holes. (MORE)
Stonehenge is a monument in England, the origin of which dates backto prehistoric times. Archaeologists believe the stone structurewas erected around 3000 B.C.
There are many theories what it was used for like. Sacrifices( but that idea backfired), UFO landings and more. Hope this helps! =D
We don't know, certainly not 'druids' but whoever created it they used geometry to design it - so sacred geometry was part of it.
just put the post code SP4 7DE into your sat nav, its just off the a303
Nobody found Stonehenge because it has never been lost. Itslocation has always been known the only real mysteries are, whobuilt it, how did they do it and why? Other mysteries are why didthe build it.
It depends what people want to regard as 'the secret'. Most would imagine the secret to be related to the question 'what was it for'. But there are no written records, no exact cosmological model. We have to work from the hard evidence in an attempt to get a glimpse of the mindset that inspired the …construction. However it is possible to work out what the builders knew, and how those skills and knowledge were applied and to then determine a set of rules that contributed to its design. And that's very important - the design, most approaches are preoccupied with its purported final use, or the phenomenal engineering involved. It takes just a moments thought to understand it first had to be carefully worked out, surveyed and largely prefabricated, all these are retrievable details that take us inside the prehistoric mindset and a little closer to understanding 'what it was for'. What anyone then chooses to make of this 'embedded knowledge' is something else, but the approach is more constructive than the grand theories which select parts of the evidence to fit a particular theme. (MORE)
Stonehenge is a wonder because it is architecturally sophisticated.No one knows how it was built. It is the only lintelled circleremaining.
Well people pay money (too much) then go under a short road tunnel and look at the stones from one side of a rope barrier. Most go away with hardly any more knowledge than when they arrived. It needs a proper visitor facility and desperately needs the plan to solve the traffic problems implemented. … So sadly that's what happens... There is of course an included audio guide which covers the history of the monument. And custodians who would be happy to answer any questions. The rope,sadly, must saty because nearly a million visitors passing through such a small area would cause serious soil erosion. The stones were badly graffitied up till it was roped off in the 70's Stonehenge is a circular stone monument probably built to mark the seasons of the year. It is near Salisbury Hampshire. It's diameter is approximately 110 feet. (MORE)
It's not clear, one explanation suggest it means 'hanging stones' (like gallows), another that the henge part means 'hinge' (in respect of how the stones were joined together) it might also simply mean 'stones on edge' (i.e. set upright). see the etymology section at: http://en.wikipedia.org/w…iki/Stonehenge (MORE)
There are several ways, train to Salisbury and local bus is one. If you just want to visit try one of the tour companies. They take you there and back from London
It is not definitively known what Stonehenge was used for. Some believe it was used for sacrifices, and others say that it was for non-sacrificial rituals involving star counting and/or the predicting of various astronomical phenomena such as eclipses. More recent ideas are moving away from the idea… that Stonehenge had complex 'astronomical' functions. However it was certainly set up in respect of the Midwinter Solstice. (MORE)
Stonehenge is a complex of stone circles enclosed by a circular earth mound (a henge), its name is Stonehenge. In the past it was also called The Hanging Stones and also The Giants' Dance.
The main structure dates from about 2000BC but the circle of bluestones it is believed were placed there a 1000 years ealier(c.3000BC). As for the people all you can say for sure it were theneolithic people living in southern England at the time. I don'tthink there were any aliens involved as some w…ill have us believe.Those who like to belittle the acheivements of our ancestors. (MORE)
Present thinking that Stonehenge was a calculator and timekeeper for solar and lunar events such as eclipses, solstices and the equinoxes is now going out of favour. Few British archaeologists either believe, or can see any evidence that Stonehenge was was used for complex astronomical 'computations…'. There is however considerable evidence that it was carefully designed (as a mirrored symmetrical structure), and that the premeditated design, whatever its contemporary cosmological significance, was set on the axis of the midwinter and midsummer solstices. (MORE)
Stone henge is a stone circle on Salisbury Plain in the English county of Wiltshire. The nearest town is Salisbury.
Stonehenge is famous because of its extremely large size and the mystery surrounding it. Nobody knows why or how it was created, and there are many, many theories as to what purpose it served, from aliens to sacrifice ceremonies.
Look at the wonder of such a structure and admire what your ancestors have done.
Ancient Britons, over a period of well over thousand years. It was built and altered in several stages over the centuries. If the Druids used it at all, they were certainly not the first users.
No one knows for sure. Stonehenge was most likely built by people in around 2400 BC from ancient England and France. Some theories say that it was built as a ceremonial altar for their polytheistic religion. Others say that it was a burial ground or a holy site that people made pilgrimages to. Some …say that it was built to mark astronomical events. Still others say that aliens built it, but that is not very likely. It also may have been a combination of two or more of the above reasons, but not much proof has been uncovered to support any one theory. (MORE)
It began, like any other major structure with a plan, some kind of drawing. This was created using simple geometry this plan was transferred onto the ground using ropes and pegs to mark the position against which the center (usually the centre of the inner faces) of the stones were set. The rest as …they say - is history. (MORE)
There are probably hundreds of myths and legends about Stonehenge. Various people have attributed the building of this great megalith to the Danes, Romans, Saxons, Greeks, Atlantes, Egyptians, Phoenicians Celts, King Aurelius Ambrosius's, Merlin, and even Aliens. One of the most popular beliefs was …that Stonehenge was built by the Druids. These high priests of the Celts, constructed it for sacrificial ceremonies. It was John Aubrey, who first linked Stonehenge to the Druids. Additionally, Dr. William Stukeley, another Stonehenge antiquary, also claimed the Druids were Stonehenge's builders. Stukeley studied Stonehenge a century later than Aubrey and became so involved in the study of the Druid religion that he himself became one. Through his work he was very instrumental in popularizing the theory that Stonehenge was built by Druids. (MORE)
No one knows for sure. Rumors say that the Stonehenge was built by people from 2400 b.c. that came from England and France.
Stonehenge is not one of the 7 Wonders of the World because othersare more amazing. Although it is a historical site, it did not makethe cut for one of the top seven.
Stonehenge is not one of the traditional seven wonders of the world. It is sometimes referred to as a wonder of the middle ages though.
Archaeological evidence found in 2008indicates that Stonehenge could have been a burial ground from itsearliest beginnings.The dating of cremated remains found on thesite indicate that deposits contain human bone from as early as3000 BC, and continued for at least another 500 years.
Wales. There are lots of theories as to how they were able to transport them, but no specific proof.
yes,stonehenge is a monument Yes, one definition of a monument is: any building, megalith, etc.,surviving from a past age, and regarded as of historical orarcheological importance.
I say it could be. Ancient things react different than we are use to. Maby they were more advanced than we are. Zackary Davis.
some say that cavemen built it around the 100 BC. but that's a myth (maybe)
Stonehenge is in the country, but there is a guided audio tour and a giftshop on the Stonehenge site.
It is not known for certain, but it is believed it was erected by a Druid people of some 4,500 years ago. It seems to be several things: A burial ground, an astronomical observatory, and possibly a calendar. More is still not known about it than known, though.
Yes, stonehenge is guarded by the 8 mystical spirits of the Nephilim. One must possess the rune of Zanthor in order to be allowed into stonehenge.
Yes Stonehenge is probably the most important prehistoric monument in the whole of Britain and has attracted visitors from earliest times. It stands as a timeless monument to the people who built it.
They do not really know Speculation on the reason it was built range from human sacrifice to astronomy.
That it is very old and amazing when I went to see it I loved it was a lovely day out
Stonehenge is probably the most important prehistoric monument in the whole of Britain and has attracted visitors from earliest times. It stands as a timeless monument to the people who built it.
Because it is amazing! During the solstice, the stones line up to form an exact Geometrically calculated figure. For people from hundreds of years ago to line up stones so accurately is fascinating. Not to mention that the wheel hadn't been invented, so carrying those huge stones appears next to imp…ossible. Also, we don't know for sure who built it, which in and of itself is amazing. (MORE)
Nobody is sure. Perhaps as a kind of calendar to calculate the progress of the seasons or year. Perhaps kind of worship place. Perhaps both. Perhaps something else.
This is actually a common misconception with many people who may not have ever seen the word. The proper spelling is Stonehenge and it is quite a marvelous sight.
Stonehenge is on Salisbury Plain in the county of Wiltshire about80 miles west of London.
Scientists say the early pedestrians (Greeks) use the stone hengeto calculate the the whole solar system (Wow). As you watch*Mysteries of the Universe*, They reveal the secrets of the stonehenge. If your in a specific spot, as you can see, the moon standsabove the heel rock and reveals another secre…t that tells us weneed to see the next one in winter. But some henges sinks underground. So scientist use advanced technology to tell what the wholesite looks like when the henges where all there. As they lookedcloser, the sun squeezes between the henges. Which means when earlypedestrians doesn't have any technology like ours, they're stillsmart enough to calculate the whole solar system (MORE)