Why jasmine Pakistan's national flower?
for the Pakistani people Pakistan is the Gift of GOD and the word "Jasmine" (Jasminum,from Old French. Jasmine which is from the Persian yasmin, i.e. "gift from God" via Arabic) is a genus of shrubs and vines in the olive family (Oleaceae), with about 200 species, native to tropical and warm temperate regions of the Old World. Most species grow as climbers on other plants or are trained in gardens on chicken wire, trellis gates or fences, or made to scramble through shrubs of open texture. The leaves can be either evergreen (green all year round) or deciduous (falling in autumn).
the color of jasmine is the symbol of peace, different petals together and the unique smell make it a complete flower so the Jasmine shows the the unity of the people of different cultures and languages in one country which is Pakistan.
the color of jasmine is the symbol of peace, different petals together and the unique smell make it a complete flower so the Jasmine shows the the unity of the people of different cultures and languages in one country which is Pakistan.
10 people found this useful
Answer . The rose.. September 23, 1986, the House of Representatives passed a joint resolution naming the rose as the "national floral emblem" of the United States. The Senate had passed the resolution in 1985.
Indolic means the heady scent of white flowers. White lilac, lily,tuberose, and orange Blossom are some other indolic flowers.
pakistan have shared good relations to most of countries but have strained relationship with india..
a Jasmine is a climbing shrub with delicate and fragrant white or yellow flowers. fro9m Persia
Jasmine flower is the national flower in the Philippines, which isalso called Sampaguita. You can see or buy this flower anywhere onthe street of the country, usually in front of churches and marketplaces.
To see milk in your dream, symbolizes maternal instincts and motherly love. It also denotes human kindness, wholesomeness, and compassion for new acquaintances.
Prehistoric, apparently: It is the national flower of several Old World countries and is even used by the French for marshmallows!
Jasmine is considered as a natural aphrodisiac. It is known as the"queen of the night" and its wonderful fragrance has been proven tohave sensual effects in humans.
Due to conflicts over their shared border between India and Afghanistan known as the Durand Line, Afghanistan cast the sole vote in opposition to Pakistan's admission into the United Nations.
The yellow jasmine is NOT the SC state flower.. The South Carolina State flower is the Yellow Jessamine, Gelsemium sempervirens.. Refer to the web site: http://www.50states.com/flower/southcarolina.htm from which the following extract is taken. . "On March 14, 1923, the South Carolina General …Assembly took its first steps toward the adoption of an official state flower when they approved Joint Resolution No. 534. The resolution set out the provisions, by which a commission would be appointed to recommend an appropriate flower to represent the state. The resolution specified that the commission be comprised of. "...two members from the House of Representatives, to be appointed by the Speaker, and one member from the Senate to be appointed by the President of the Senate.". The commission completed their work and presented their report to the General Assembly the following year in February 1924. According to the Legislative Manual of the Seventy-seventh General Assembly of South Carolina, at Columbia, First Session ...,. "...on the report of a select legislative commission consisting of Senator T. B. Butler of Gaffney, and Representatives G. B. Ellison, of Columbia, and T. S. Heyward, of Buffton, the General Assembly on February 1, 1924, adopted as the State flower the yellow jessamine, called also the Carolina jessamine [Gelsemium sempervirens].". The report of the commission and their recommendation that the yellow jessamine be named the official flower of South Carolina was approved by the General Assembly on February 1, 1924. Reasons given for adoption of the yellow jessamine were that,. "...it is indigenous to every nook and corner of the State; it is the first premonitor of coming Spring; its fragrance greets us first in the woodland and its delicate flower suggests the pureness of gold; its perpetual return out of the dead Winter suggests the lesson of constancy in, loyalty to and patriotism in the service of the State.". South Carolina has two official flowers. In 2003, the state adopted the goldenrod as the official state wildflower.". Many people incorrectly use the word jasmine, perhaps because it is more familiar. (MORE)
Lily-of-the-Valley is the National Flower of Finland. This flower is well known for its sweet and strong smell. Finland has many other beautiful things and this flower Lily-of -the -Valley adds to its beauty. Just as Jean Sibelius has defined Finland as a romantic place in many of his tales, similar…ly this special flower is also considered as a symbol of love and purity. Lily-of-the-Valley stands for purity and is considered to be a pure flower in the category of flowers. Moreover, adding this flower to any bouquet makes its more attractive and if grown in the garden it adds to the beauty of the garden. (MORE)
Yes, flowers and leaves will shoot out again on Carolina jasmine. The twining vine in question ( Gelsemium sempervirens ) will survive improper and severe pruning, with flowers and leaves appearing the following year if the cut incorrectly is carried out before the bloom in the first case and the ne…xt 2 - 3 years if the trim is done to reduce above-ground lushness in the second event. (MORE)
Yes. You can boil up water, and let jasmine flowers soak to make agreen jasmine tea. to add more flavor, you can cut up jasmineleaves while the water is still hot. And it is safe, as they arenot something else than a jasmine plant. I don't know who wrote the above, but this is WRONG! Confederate Jas…mine is poisonous! Please look it up. (MORE)
I SEARCHED ALSO BUT ALL I GOT IS . Ø§ÙÙ Ø§ÙØ Ø§ØªØØ§Ø¯Ø ÙØ¸Ù . That means . Faith . Unity . and Discipline I am not sure if this is the motto
No you can not from what I think.It might be dangerous to eat.It may cause swelling.
The Pakistan's national dress is Shalwar kameez or salwar kameez orshalwar qameez. Shalwar kameez is also the traditional dress ofSouth and Central Asia.
In most cases tea is placed beside freshly picked jasmine flowers. This allows the scent to be absorbed by the leaf. For very high grade tea's, this process is repeated eight or more times. Each time new jasmine flowers are heaped next to the tea to provide a fresher scent. To answer the question…, although some manufacturers may use the "jasmine leaf." The orthodox and most common way, is to use the "jasmine flower." (MORE)
The jasmine is famous for its flowers. Some species are well known for their fragrant oil, used as a perfume or to perfume tea.. Jasmine is a type of olive plant, a shrub in the (Scientific Classification) Plantae Kingdom. Plants are then sub-classified into Division and Class.. Jasmines are in t…he Angiosperm (Magnoliophyta) Division, and of the group/class called Eudicots (Magnoliopsida.). Within the Edudicots they are in the Asterid (star-like flowers) group. (Classification names may differ according to system used).. Then... . Order: Lamiales . Family: Oleaceae (Olive) . Tribe: Jasmineae . Genus: Jasminum . Species: Any one of about 200 to 400 types! . The common Jasmine is Jasminum officinale , of which there are several varieties.. THE JASMINE 'FLOWER': Different types of jasmine plants have different types of flowers. They may have different shapes, colors and numbers of petals. They may have four, five or six corolla lobe petals. Some jasmines are double petalled or have petal clusters.. For more information, see Related links below. (MORE)
The Chukar is the Pakistan national bird. The Chukar is a game birdthat is found in Europe and Asia.
No, Jasmine Sampaguita are not complete flowers. They do not havestamens, carpels, or seeds. They are only reproduced throughcuttings.
The national flower of London is rose , it is the most romantic flower in this world , I love it very much .
Jasmine has beautiful layered petal, similar to a rose. it is bestknown for its strong scent . There are over 200 known species ofjasmine, most of which are cultivated for their fragrance.
There are over 200 kinds of jasmine. The most common flowers arewhite and about one inch in diameter. There are usually cluster ofthree or more flowers together.
I live in Spain & have just bought a violet coloured Jasmine plant from the local garden centre. Its description was Jasminum Violeta.It is a beautiful plant with very dark green leaves & it has lots of buds on it. The flower itself is similar to the white Jasmine but not as many in the clusters.Th…e leaves are not at all like the white Jasmine plant that I own,but look to be evergreen & more like the shape of the yellow Winter Jasmine. (MORE)
Water Lily,the same as Bangladesh Correction by Noe.Historian: Quote; "Water-Lilly is the national flower of Bangladesh and not of Pakistan. The national flower of Pakistan is called 'Jasmine' in English, 'Yasmeen' in Persian, 'Chambeli' in Urdu and 'Chameli' in Punjabi." Unquote.
The National Anthem was written by Hafiz Jalandhari. The composition was made by famous musician Jhangla. National anthem was firstly written and composed in 1950. Government of Pakistan aired national anthem of Pakistan in 1954 on Radio Pakistan.
The 200 species of the jasmines are native to the tropical and temperate regions of the Old World. See the Related Link posted below for more information:
yes just to let you know this is jasmyn Gordon yeah im named after a flower
A Poppy is the national flower for the Macedonian republic. A poppy is one of a group of flowering plants in the poppy group, many of which are grown in gardens for their colourful flowers.
The butterfly jasmine is endemic to Cuba, so it doesn't growanywhere else in the world. Besides that, during the wars ofindependence, women put the flowers in their hair, and used them tocarry secret messages from the rebel troops. They rolled the tinypieces of paper and pinned them into the hollow …space at the centreof the flower to enable communication between the rebels in hiding.Since then, the flower has become a symbol of the strenght andcourage of the Cuban women. (MORE)
there are many kinds of Jasmin flower different variety of them in different country, but in India (kerala) there are lots of different Jasmin flowers. It contains around 200 species native to tropical and warm temperate regions of the old world . Jasmines are widely cultivated for the characterist…ic fragrance of their flowers. (MORE)
the have petals so that they can survive and the have flowers to look pretty .
The national flower of Cameroon is the red stinkwood. It is alsocalled the African cherry or prunus africana.
jasmine is a flower but when it only has leaves everyone assumes that it is a plant
okay.....just because you've heard of 'Jasmin the princess' , doesn't mean Jasmin the flower is found in India and is in dia. It comes from the land of Persia. Ya! so! Weird! Besides you must be a young chap..... who odesn't know's all about princesses
My guess is it has something to do with the cartoon movie Aladdin. Jasmine was the lamp-boy"s love interest, sorry Ms. Eden.
Jasmine flowers grow on shrubs and vines. They are part of the olive family, believe it or not! They are native to Asia, Africa, and some places in Europe.
The difference is that the rafflesia gives a rotten smell and the jasmine gives a nice smell.
Iceland's national flower is the mountain avens. It is an eightpetalled white flower with a yellow center.
There is no single national flower of Europe. Europe is a collection of many different countries and each individual country will have its own national flower.
The dahlia pinnata is the national flower of Mexico. The Aztecsused to eat the roots.
It is an opion to many people so as my opinion I will say jasmie flower is pretty!
there is not one anymore the old granny over the road brought all the flowers
Ahmad G. Chagla composed the music of the National Anthem of Pakistan in 1950. Hafeez Jullundhri wrote the lyrics of the National Anthem of Pakistan in 1952 .
Jasmine belongs to the oleaceae part of the olive family. There are approximately 200 different species of jasmine which is widely grown due to its beautiful fragrance.
Although extensive research has been done there is little information regarding disadvantages of purchasing Jasmine flowers. The only disadvantages that can be associated are possible allergies to the pollen from the Jasmine flower.
The Language Movement of Pakistan! Preservation of Pakistan's native languages against the dominationof English and Urdu . Language is the most important aspect of culture. It is thedominant feature in determining nationality or ethnicity. It is thebinding force that unites a people, and makes them… distinct fromothers. Language represents a people's heritage and identity.However, the imposition of Urdu as the national language ofPakistan has been disastrous to the country. Urdu language evolved during the declining period of Muslim rule inSouth Asia. But Persian (Farsi) always remained the officiallanguage of South-central Asia (i.e. Pakistan region) during theMuslim rule. Turkic and Arabic languages were also popular, Turkiclanguage being the mother-tongue of many among the ruling elite,and Arabic language learnt for religious or scholarly purposes. Thebase of most Southern Asian Muslim empires was in North India,particularly in Delhi and surrounding areas. With the passage oftime, due to the constant interaction between the ruledKhari-boli-speaking north Indian Hindu masses and the rulingPersian-Turkic-speaking Muslim elite, a new language slowly evolvedcalled Hindustani, whose Persianized form came to be known as Urdu.Although, Hindustani/Urdu language eventually became popular, itwas limited to parts of north India (Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, MadhyaPradesh, etc.) and never became the official language during Muslimrule. Other regions continued their native languages such asPunjabi, Sindhi, Pashto, Kashmiri, Seraiki, Baluchi, etc. havingnothing to do with Urdu, while Persian was the official languagethroughout the Muslim Empire. Even in the case of north India, the official language continued asPersian down to the days of the last Mughal emperor. "Persianremained the official language of every Muslim state in India andthe ambition to emulate Persian classics was nowhere given up, theinflux of Persian poets being a compulsion for the study ofPersian" (Indian Muslims, by M. Mujeeb). It was only later on, fromthe advent of the British that north Indian Muslims adopted Urduand developed an attachment for it. "During the first centuries ofits existence, Urdu literature was entirely poetical. Prose Urduowes its origin to the British occupation of India and to the needof text books for the College of Fort William. The Hindi form ofHindustani was invented at the same time by the teachers at theCollege. It was intended for the use of Hindus and was derived fromUrdu by ejecting all words of Arabic and Persian birth, andsubstituting in their place words borrowed or derived from theindigenous Sanskrit" (A Study of History, Vol. V, by AJ Toynbee).Also, the Perso-Arabic script of Urdu and Devangari script of Hindiare other significant differences between the two. Despite these differences, Urdu and Hindi languages are extremelysimilar to each other, mostly composed of native north Indianlinguistic elements. Having a common origin, both languages areintelligible to each other, and overwhelmingly share the samesyntax, vowels, vocabulary, etc. It would be safe to say that bothHindi and Urdu are almost the same language, the minor differencesbeing somewhat comparable to the Persianized Azeri language of Iranwith the Russianized Azeri language of Azerbaijan. Leaving asidethe undoubtedly close relationship between Hindi and Urdu, the factremains that Urdu is only native to parts of north India, and is aforeign language in Pakistan. Since north India (Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, etc.) was the base ofMuslim and British empires, the Urdu-speaking north Indian Muslimshad an environmental advantage in better education, jobs, andbusinesses. The result being that the Urdu-speaking north IndianMuslims dominated in South Asia as the educated elitist Muslimclass. Due to their domination, it led to Urduization of some othernon-Urdu-speaking Muslims who sought better education and status.Also, to some extent, propaganda of Urdu as being the only true"Muslim" and "superior" language of South Asia was promoted. Withthe birth of Pakistan Movement, the bulk of it having a majority ofUrdu-speaking north Indians, Urdu language was further promoted.Upon Pakistan's creation, the peak of Urduization process became areality with the imposition of Urdu on the non-Urdu speakingpeoples of Pakistan, in the form of Urdu as the national languageof Pakistan. Except for the 7% of Pakistanis who are north Indian Muslimmigrants or their descendents, also known as Muhajirs, whosemother-tongue is Urdu, none of the other Pakistanis have anythingto do with Urdu. In fact, imposition of Urdu is resented among manypeoples of Pakistan. The loss of East Pakistan was also mostly dueto imposition of Urdu on Bengalis of the former East Pakistanregion. There were language riots in Sindh during the 70s. Andbasically Urdu is resisted in much of the country. If many peoplehave learnt Urdu, it is simply because they are forced to do so,for social and economic communicational necessities under theUrdu-dominated system of the country. Instead of Urdu, why was notArabic or Persian made the national language of Pakistan? At least,Arabic is the language of Islam (of Quran), thus naturally it wouldhad been more accepted among Pakistanis. Also, Persian was anotherlogical option, because of its historical role of being theofficial language in the region (Muslim and other periods), andwould have made us closer to the Muslim brothers on our westernborders. National language is suppose to unite a country, but in Pakistan,Urdu as the national language has caused division and resentmentamong most Pakistanis. But the worse part is that Urdu being anorth Indian language and foreign to Pakistan is slowly destroyingthe local languages/cultures, and "Indianizing" the nativePakistanis. This is cultural and linguistic genocide of Pakistanis.It is Indian imperialism, wearing the mask of falsehoods about Urdulanguage. Many of the native languages of Pakistan are already indanger of being extinct, mostly due to Urdu imposition. And when alanguage dies, so does its people's identity and heritage. Pakistanwas created mostly based on our cultural distinctiveness;unfortunately, Urdu-imposition is only forcefully making usartificially closer to India. And with this linguistic imperialism,also comes other aspects of cultural invasion. For example, northIndian music/TV/film dominates in Pakistan, whereas nativePakistani music/film/TV is largely ignored by the Urdu dominatedmedia. Indian culture is widely spreading in Pakistan and it isvisible with more women wearing the Indian dress sari, peopleadopting many Indian words/phrases in their native Pakistanilanguages, many Indian customs and ceremonies followed byPakistanis, Pakistanis being brainwashed with biased Indiansocio-political views, and much more. We Pakistanis are grateful to Quaid-e-Azam for his efforts in thecreation of Pakistan; however, as a human being he was not perfect.Jinnah's choice of Urdu as the national language of Pakistan washis biggest mistake with long-term negative consequences.Criticizing Urdu as the national language of Pakistan might be verypainful to many Pakistanis. But ignoring this issue with falsehoodsand illusions will only worsen the problem. Let us be open-mindedand cease Urdu as the national language of Pakistan. At the sametime, Urdu language should be respected, and people given thefreedom to learn or speak it. Promoting native languages to becomethe official languages of their respective provinces or districtsis the best solution to the problem. All native languages ofPakistan should be declared as the national languages of Pakistan.This will ensure the preservation of our language/culture, unityand respect between the various ethnicities, and pride anddistinctiveness in our Pakistani nationhood. If a multi-lingualcountry like Switzerland can have a successful multi-linguisticsystem, then so can the Pakistanis. Let us make change for ourbetterment before it's too late! (MORE)
Persian was the official language of Pakistan region for manycenturies... during pre-British Muslim and non-Muslim periods!Urdu/Hindi language belonging to only Gangetic valley of the modernRepublic of India was first promoted and developed by the Britishcolonialists. The idea that the peoples of Pa…kistan region shouldlook towards India, where Urdu was predominant, and not towardsAfghanistan/Iran/Central Asia, certainly influenced the choice ofthe vernacular in this region. It is a fact that the Britishimperialists replaced Persian with Urdu in order to destroyPakistan's close cultural/political links with its Persian-speakingMuslim neighbors on its west/north, and to engineer/promote theirnewly invented "Indian" colonial identity with Urdu/Hindi-speakingGangetic (eastern/Hindu) region as its base. So let us undo whatthe British colonialists had started... by rejecting this bitterand brief British legacy of Urdu/Indian language/culturalimposition.... by "de-Indianizing" ourselves and reverting back toour natural independent/distinct status. 1. Urdu has no historical basis: Urdu has no historical basis in Pakistan region before the adventof British colonialists (the British further developed Urdu andpromoted it) and was then imposed as Pakistan's national languagein 1947 by the Muhajir-dominated Pakistani media/govt. On the otherhand, Farsi/Dari has a solid historical basis in Pakistan region.It was the official language through out Muslim and non-Muslim rulebefore the advent of British colonialists... whether locallyindependent or part of neighboring empires. 2. Urdu represents an ethnic minority's domination: Urdu is the mother-tongue of only Muhajirs in Pakistan whorepresent less than 7% of Pakistanis. On the other hand, Dari/Farsiis not the mother-tongue of any single ethnic group. It is spokenby Hazaras, Tajiks, Persians, Uzbeks, Balochis, Pashtuns, Kurds,etc. in the Afghanistan-Iran-South-central Asia region. 3. Urdu is a foreign language: Urdu is only native to a part of North India (i.e. Delhi, UttarPradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, etc regions) and is a foreignlanguage in Pakistan. On the other hand, Dari/Farsi was spoken bythe ancestors of Pakistanis (pre-British era). 4. Urdu is responsible for Indian cultural invasion: Urdu and Hindi are the same language (except for the script andsome loan-words). This enables the mighty Indian media outlets suchas TV, films, news, music to strongly influence Pakistanis.Pakistanis are being "Indianized" while their distinct identitiesare being destroyed. On the other hand, Dari/Farsi media is weakand the language itself does not belong to any single country. Thislanguage equally belongs to Pakistan just like it was in thepre-British era. 5. Urdu causes identity crises: Since Urdu and Hindi are the same language (except for the scriptand some loan-words); people falsely perceive Indians andPakistanis to be the same people. On the other hand, Dari/Farsiensures each country's identity to be distinct. An Afghan is notperceived as an Iranian, and vice versa. 6. Urdu contradicts the creation of Pakistan: Since Pakistan's creation was meant to separate fromBritish-created Hindu India. Urdu being an Indian language andsimilar to Hindi is forcefully making Pakistan closer to HinduIndia and undoing partition. On the other hand, Dari/Farsi willensure Pakistan becomes more different from India and make itcloser to its western neighbor with whom it has close historical,racial, cultural and religious ties. 7. Urdu is disintegrating Pakistan: Urdu imposition was mostly responsible for the loss of EastPakistan provincial region, which was part of South Asia; this madeWest Pakistan province part of their region. And most Sindhis,Pashtuns, Balochis, etc. strongly resent Urdu imposition. On theother hand, Dari/Farsi is not resented by any ethnic group ofPakistan because it does not belong to any ethnic group and has asolid historical basis in Pakistan. 8. Urdu is the language of the Hindus: Urdu/Hindi is the mother-tongue of almost 500 million Hindus in theRepublic of India and only 10 million Muslims in Pakistan. On theother hand, Dari/Farsi is only spoken by Muslims. 9. Urdu lacks sophistication: Most of Urdu literature is filled with wine drunken love affairswhen the Muslim rule was steadily declining. It lacks science andmodernity, even today. On the other hand, Dari/Farsi has plenty ofbooks in various sciences and arts, was always the language of thesophisticated, and today has no problem adopting modernity. 10. Urdu is a legacy of Britishcolonialism: Urdu/Hindi was never the officiallanguage during Muslim rule (it was always Dari/Farsi/Persian), andwas first promoted and further developed by the Britishcolonialists (Hindustani/Khariboli language was "communalized" atFort Williams College giving birth to Urdu and Hindi). The Britishrejected Persian language in the region to de-link any Muslimconnections with its western neighbors, and promoted Urdu/Hindi toengineer their newly created "Indian" colonial identity with Gangesregion as its center. 11. Urdu is a slave language: . Urdu/Hindi has always been a slave language. For example, itsoriginal/native speakers (north Indian Hindus) adopted much ofPersian words/script when ruled by the Persian-speaking Muslims,and then adopted much of English words when ruled by the British(which continues today with Anglo-American global influence). Onthe other hand, Persian language was the language ofSouthwest/Central/South Asian Muslims who proudly ruled the wholeregion for many centuries. Today the remnants of Persian speakersare proof that Persian language does not bow down to foreigninfluence/occupation, and proudly utilizes its own words. . More on Dari/Farsi: 1. Historically, Dari/Farsiwas used in Pakistan region through out most of its pre-Britishhistory. The Muslim rulers such as Ghaznavids, Ghorids, Slavedynasty, Khiljis, Tughlaqs, Syeds, Lodhis, Suris, Mughals, andAbdali exclusively used Farsi/Dari as its official language throughout their empires/kingdoms. Even the local kingdoms such as thoseof Ranjit Singh, the Talpurs, Khanate of Kalat, etc. usedFarsi/Dari as its official language. And before the advent ofIslam, various Iranian languages (derived or related to Dari/Farsi)were used in Pakistan region such as Vedic, Old Persian, Pahlvi,Old Saka, Bactrian, and Tocharian during Rig-Vedic Aryan,Achaemenian, Scythian, Parthian, Greco-Bactrian, Kushan, andHephthalite periods. So, Dari/Farsi has a solid historical basis inthe region of Pakistan. 2. Linguistically, Dari/Farsi is an Indo-Iranian language relatedto the Indo-Iranian languages of Pakistan. Thus, Dari/Farsilanguage is not an alien language to Pakistan's native languagesand belongs to the same family of languages (plus the loan-wordsand script). 3. Geographically, the Dari/Farsi-speaking world (Iran,Afghanistan, and parts of Central Asia) are Pakistan's western andnorthern neighbors. Therefore, a Dari/Farsi-speaking Pakistan willattach Pakistan to the Central Asian/Pax Iranica regional bloc. 4. With Farsi/Dari as Pakistan's national language, it will counterreligious extremism in the region since Sunni extremism fromPakistan would be checked by Shia Iran and Shia extremism from Iranwould be checked by Sunni Pakistan. 5. Dari/Farsi is a well developed and sophisticated language. Ithas been used through out its history for science, medicine,literature, administration, arts, etc. When Arabs invaded the greatPersian Empire they adopted much of its civilization and integratedit within Arab/Islamic culture. Dari/Farsi film industry is worldrenowned for its classical/artistic and decent/mature movies. 6. Dari/Farsi language is not the mother-tongue of any singleethnic group. It is spoken by Tajiks, Uzbeks, Turkmens, Azeris,Persians, Kurds, Balochis, Pashtuns, Hazaras, etc. inIran-Afghanistan-South-central Asian region. The Bollywood movies, cable channels like Star and Zee are all inUrdu but the Indians call it Hindi. The Indians have been trying to influence our culture from the verybeginning. That is the reason why you see pure Urdu movies in the1970s and 1980s called Hindi by Indians. By doing that, they wereactually invading our cultural and linguistic space. I am notimpressed by Indian moves and especially the "dramas" on zee andstar networks, but the ladies in Pakistan are glued to thetelevision and can't afford to miss even a single episode of thesephony dramas. Also, you might have noticed that the government imposed ban onthese TV channels a few years ago because of the propaganda newsand influence on the Pakistani culture. The other reason given byour information minister, Sheikh Rashid Ahmad was to allow thePakistani media and channels to grow so that there is nocompetition from across the border. All these developments indicate that cultural invasion is going onand this is done in a systematic manner. We should not lose focusfrom the fact that recently the channels and some movies havestarted using a lot of strange Hindi words in the scripts. This isbecause first they captured the market and now they are preachingtheir culture and language to that particular focused group calledPakistan. I don't think that Pakistanis have any thing against Urdu orMuhajirs. But we should try to understand that battle of culturesis going on and if we don't ponder and think about it and pretendthat nothing is going on, then we will be big losers. In today's world, not too many wars are fought with weapons. Withimproved technologies, wars of media/culture are being aggressivelywaged. If Indian cultural invasion of Pakistan continues to"Indianize" the Pakistanis... then that would mean that Indianshave conquered us and won the war... Without a single bullet! Let us make the radical change of our national language from Urduto Dari/Persian... to make our nation strong ensuring its long-termsurvival. 7. This language is not the mother-tongue of any ethnicgroup of Pakistan thus eliminating the cultural domination of anethnic group and the resentment among other ethnic groups becauseof it. 8. This language and its derivatives were mostly spoken in Pakistanregion in the pre-British period. That is to say, Rig Vedic Aryansspoke Vedic an Iranian language closely related to Avestan, ...Achaemanian and Sassanian periods had Old Persian language spokenas one of the major languages, ... Scythian, Parthian, Kushan,Hephthalite, etc. periods had different Iranian languages spokensuch as Bactrian, Old Saka, Pahlavi, Tocharian, etc. as majorlanguages, .... Turkic, Afghan, and Mughal Muslim periodsexclusively had Farsi as the official language, even local kingdomssuch as Ranjit Singh's and others had Farsi as the officiallanguage, etc. So this is the natural/historical language of theregion. 9. This language will end the cultural invasion from India sincePakistanis will not be able to comprehend any Indian language. Thiswill make the Pakistani identity stronger and distinct fromIndia's. Indian movies/TV/music will not culturally corrupt thePakistanis nor brainwash them with Indian/Hindu media's propaganda. 10. This language will make Pakistan closer to its westernneighbors since the same language is spoken in Iran, Afghanistan,and Tajikistan. This will benefit Pakistan economically because ofthe closer cultural-linguistic ties with the abundant naturalresources/energy-rich region. Pakistan film-industry will also beinfluenced by the classy Persian film-industry giving a much moreartistic and respectful dimension to the currently cheap(Indian-influenced) Pakistani films. Important point here is an identity distinct from Hindustan. Andfor that Pakistan would have to orient itself towards Central Asiabecause that is a Muslim region as well as geographicallycontiguous to Pakistan. Pakistan would have to make three shifts in order to do that: Cultural Shift: The first thing would be doing away with Urdu as anational language and adopting Dari as language of communication.That would break one link of the communities of Pakistan withIndia. Other links with Hindustan will also have to be cut off e.g. food,dress, social rituals (marriage, child birth, death ceremonies,etc.), architecture, music, dance, and other cultural practiceswould have to be nativised. The middle and upper classes would haveto take initiative in that regard because usually it is theseclasses that are the trend setters. Economic Shift: Economic ties with the Neighbors in the North(Tajikistan, Kirghizia), West (Afghanistan andTurkmenistan/Uzbekistan beyond), and South-West (Iran) would haveto be vitalized. Currently, there are a number of communicationprojects underway e.g. Peshawar-Islamabad Motorway is open fortraffic since 2006. In 2005, work on an express-way from Peshawarto Torkham i.e. Pak-Afghan international border has commenced. Thiswould link Punjab and KPK with Central Asia. To link Karachi with Central Asia, the present single-carriageIndus high-way is converted into a double-carriage way. From Sarokiin DI Khan, there will be a road built to Ghulam Khan (inWaziristan Pak-Afghan border) connecting DI Khan and SouthernPunjab to Ghulam Khan, so another trade route. Probably railway and road links from Quetta-to-Qandahar are alsounder consideration. This will tie Pakistan with Afghanistan andTurkmenistan via Quetta-Qandahar-Herat route. There is already the Karakoram Highway only if we wouldn't export fundamentalism into Sinkiang. Probably,they are also digging a tunnel in Lowari (between Dir and Chitral).Currently, NHA is working on access route to Lowari. I don't knowhow much is the political will to construct this tunnel but ifreally constructed, that would become a route to Tajikistan viaWakhan and Badakhshan. All this is going to give huge boost to tourism as well. AndPunjabis and Urdu-speakers should start learning bit ofPashto/Balochi/Dari to have good relations with these communities. The interaction will help bring cultural influences from CentralAsia and will enrich the native culture. Political Shift: Pakistan must not consider Afghanistan its zone ofinfluence because that country is in proximity to many importantregions and countries and all have stakes in it. In the short run,political disputes with the countries to the North-West should beresolved amicably-borders should be made bit soft. In the long-run,some sort of regional political configuration, based on bit greaterautonomy to communities involved and voluntary political relationsguaranteed by a sacred constitution/contract, is inevitable. Frankly speaking, Pashtuns as well Balochis have a stake inAfghanistan/Iran as well as Pakistan. Recently, I talked to fewPashtuns of Afghanistan and they told me that when Pakistan loosesa cricket match, they become unhappy/sad. Another friend told methat people in Kabul generally have the impression that Pakistan isa good country. By trying to conquer Afghanistan, the ambitious leaders of Pakistanhave harmed Pakistan as well as Pashtuns. Had they not become sodeeply involved in Afghanistan, today Afghans would've been thegreatest allies of Pakistan. Moreover, they have beeninsulted/humiliated by Pakistani police. So the political shift should be from a hegemonistic andIslam-exporting attitude to friendly political relations based onmutual respect. Certain problems relating to integration ofcommunities and water disputes should be addressed. Common ground should not be Pan-Islam rather geographicalproximity, neighborhood, common Muslim Culture, and foremosteconomy. Also never bring Arabs into this because they will spoileverything using the opportunity for strengthening Pan-Arabworld-power ambitions. Never involve political Mullahs. We don'thave any greater common ground with Arabs e.g. they are Semites,they maintain Harems, they consider themselves superior, they aresons of desert we plain land and mountains, we have lived aroundgreat rivers, they around springs and torrents, etc. It is for Pakistani political and intellectual elite to decidewhich way to go but one thing is almost certain that systems andsocieties based on religious identities wouldn't be viable in thefuture world. Sinic Civilization could not be a choice neither ArabCivilization could be because of a number of factors. The choicescould only be Perso-Turkic (A greater Central Asia) or HindustaniCivilizations (a greater South Asia). Following approach could be adopted to align with the Central AsianWorld: 1. For the short run, make Urdu, along with English, only alanguage of communication, not a national language. 2. Put more and more emphasis on English in official work andeducation. 3. At the same time, make it compulsory for a Pakistani to learnone native language other than mother his/her mother tongue tonguei.e. either Punjabi, or Pashto, or Sindhi, or Seraiki, or Balochi. 4. On media, give more and more coverage to native languages. 5. At the same time introduce Dari on media and in education. Hopefully, the above measures would significantly erode theinfluence of Urdu-Hindi. Then apply direct measures i.e. IntroduceDari at mass-scale. Alongside, take the following measures: 6. Rewrite history books, emphasizing geographic, ethnic, andcultural ties, Ghandhara and Indus civilizations, and Central-SouthAsian cultural heritage. 7. Establish cultural, political, and economic ties with CentralAsian and Middle-Eastern countries. The strongest link with CentralAsia will be a common lingua franca, which would make communicationamong inhabitants of Pakistan and Central Asian people possible. 8. And most importantly, make Pakistan a true federal country withsecular orientations and with as much autonomy for the federatingunits as possible. No strategy for a distinct Pakistani identitywill be succeeding until this pre-requisite is met. (MORE)
NO. 1. Historically, Arabic was used as an official language inPakistan region (excluding the north) only during the brief periodof Arab rule (711-855/1010 AD). So, Arabic language has very littlehistorical basis in Pakistan. 2. Linguistically, Arabic is a Semitic language unrelated to theIndo-Ir…anian languages of Pakistan. Thus, Arabic language is analien language to Pakistan's native languages (minus the loan-wordsand script). 3. Geographically, the Arab world is detached from Pakistan, withno land linking them. Therefore, an Arabized Pakistan will be anisolated Arabic island in the middle of an Indo-Iranian regionalbloc. 4. Arab extremists and their hatemongering ideologies(Wahabism/etc.) have caused instability in Pakistan with sectarianviolence. Arabic as Pakistan's national language will furtherwelcome those destructive elements and make the country unstable. 5. Arabic might be the language in which Quran was originallywritten, but the Quran is and can always be translated. Justbecause the Bible (New Gospel) might have been originally writtenin Aramaic language, it does not mean that all Christian countriesshould adopt Aramaic as their national language! 6. Arabic language is only the mother-tongue of ethnic Arabs, andexcept for the Quranic usage/purposes it is not used/spoken bynon-Arabs. (MORE)
A national flower is a flower chosen to be a symbol of a country.As an example, the Rose was selected as the national flower of theUnited States in 1985. According to an Internet search, the Rose is also the nationalflower of . United Kingdom (Tudor Rose) . Bulgaria . Cyprus . Czech Republic …. Ecuador . Iran (specifically a red rose) . Iraq . Luxembourg . Maldives (specifically pink) . Slovakia Many countries have not chosen a national flower. (MORE)