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Why was marijuana made illegal in the US?
Recreational use of Marijuana in the United States was made illegal in 1937 by the Marijuana Tax Act of that same year.
The prohibitionist point of view From a prohibition-based perspective, marijuana is illegal in the United States primarily for these seven reasons. 1. It is perceived… as addictive. Under the Controlled Substances Act of 1970, marijuana is classified as a Schedule I drug on the basis that is has "a high potential for abuse." What does this mean? It means that the perception is that people get on marijuana, they become addicted, and it begins to dominate their lives. This unquestionably happens in some cases. But it also happens in the case of alcohol, and alcohol is perfectly legal. In order to fight this argument for prohibition, legalization advocates need to make the argument that marijuana is not as addictive as government sources claim. 2. It has "no accepted medical use." Marijuana seems to yield considerable medical benefits for many Americans with ailments ranging from glaucoma to cancer, but these benefits have not been accepted well enough, on a national level. Medical use of marijuana remains a serious national controversy. In order to fight the argument that marijuana has no medical use, legalization advocates need to highlight the effects it has had on the lives of people who have used the drug for medical reasons. 3. It has been historically linked with narcotics, such as heroin. The first piece of federal legislation to formally regulate marijuana was the Narcotics Act of 1914, which regulated heroin, cocaine, and marijuana. The only trouble is that cocaine and marijuana are not technically narcotics; the word "narcotic," when used in English, has historically referred to opium derivatives such as heroin and morphine. But the association stuck, and there is a vast gulf in the American consciousness between "normal" recreational drugs, such as alcohol, caffeine, and nicotine, and "abnormal" recreational drugs, such as heroin, cocaine, and methamphetamine. Marijuana is generally associated with the latter category, which is why it can be convincingly portrayed as a "gateway drug." 4. It is associated with unfashionable lifestyles. Marijuana is often thought of as a drug for hippies and others that society looked down upon. Since it's hard to feel enthusiastic about the prospects of enabling people to become what society found unacceptable, imposing criminal sanctions for marijuana possession functions as a form of communal "tough love." 5. It was once associated with oppressed ethnic groups. The intense anti-marijuana movement of the 1930s dovetailed nicely with the intense anti-Chicano movement of the 1930s. Marijuana was associated with Mexican Americans, and a ban on marijuana was seen as a way of discouraging Mexican-American subcultures from developing. Today, thanks in large part to the very public popularity of marijuana among White Americans during the 1960s and 1970s, marijuana is no longer seen as what one might call an ethnic drug, but the groundwork for the anti-marijuana movement was laid down at a time when marijuana was seen as an encroachment on America's White majority culture. 6. Inertia is a powerful force in public policy. If something has been banned for only a short period of time, then the ban is seen as unstable. If something has been banned for a long time, however, then the ban, no matter how ill-conceived it is, tends to go unenforced long before it is actually taken off the books. Take the ban on sodomy, for example. It hasn't really been enforced in any serious way since the 18th century, but most states technically banned same-sex sexual intercourse until the Supreme Court ruled such bans unconstitutional in Lawrence v. Texas (2003). People tend to be comfortable with the status quo. The status quo, for nearly a century, has been a literal or de facto federal ban on marijuana. 7. Advocates for marijuana legalization rarely present an appealing case. To hear some advocates of marijuana legalization say it, the drug cures diseases while it promotes creativity, open-mindedness, moral progression, and a closer relationship with God and/or the cosmos. That sounds unbelievable, particularly when the public image of a marijuana user is, again, that of someone undesirable who risks arrest and imprisonment so that he or she can artificially invoke an endorphin release. A much better argument for marijuana legalization, from my vantage point, would go more like this: "It makes some people happy, and it doesn't seem to be any more dangerous than alcohol. Do we really want to go around putting people in prison and destroying their lives over this?" How It Happened It is illegal because the government can't profit of marijuana. William Randolph Hearst (Citizen Kane) and the Hearst Paper Manufacturing Division of Kimberly Clark owned vast acreage of timberlands. The Hearst Company supplied most paper products. Patty Hearst's grandfather stood to lose billions because of hemp. In 1937, DuPont patented the processes to make plastics from oil and coal. DuPont's Annual Report urged stockholders to invest in its new petrochemical division. Synthetics such as plastics, cellophane, celluloid, methanol, nylon, rayon, Dacron, etc., could now be made from oil. Natural hemp industrialization would have ruined over 80% of DuPont's business. The Conspiracy Andrew Mellon became Hoover's Secretary of the Treasury and Dupont's primary investor. He appointed his future nephew-in-law, Harry J. Anslinger, to head the Federal Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs. Secret meetings were held by these financial tycoons. Hemp was declared dangerous and a threat to their billion dollar enterprises. For their dynasties to remain intact, hemp had to go. These men took an obscure Mexican slang word: 'marihuana' and pushed it into the consciousness of America. Media Manipulation A media blitz of 'yellow journalism' raged in the late 1920s and 1930s. Hearst's newspapers ran stories emphasizing the "horrors of marihuana." The menace of marijuana made headlines. Readers learned that it was responsible for everything from car accidents to loose morality. Films like 'Reefer Madness' (1936), 'Marihuana: Assassin of Youth' (1935) and 'Marihua4na: The Devil's Weed' (1936) were propaganda designed by these industrialists to create an enemy. Their purpose was to gain public support so that anti-marijuana laws could be passed. Examine the following quotes from 'The Burning Question' aka REEFER MADNESS: a violent narcotic.acts of shocking violence.incurable insanity.soul-destroying effects.under the influence of the drug he killed his entire family with an ax.more vicious, more deadly even than these soul-destroying drugs (heroin, cocaine) is the menace of marihuana! In the 1930s, people were very naive; even to the point of ignorance. The masses were like sheep waiting to be led by the few in power. They did not challenge authority. If the news was in print or on the radio, they believed it had to be true. They told their children and their children grew up to be the parents of the baby-boomers. On April 14, 1937, the Prohibitive Marihuana Tax Law or the bill that outlawed hemp was directly brought to the House Ways and Means Committee. This committee is the only one that can introduce a bill to the House floor without it being debated by other committees. The Chairman of the Ways and Means, Robert Doughton, was a Dupont supporter. He insured that the bill would pass Congress. Dr. James Woodward, a physician and attorney, testified too late on behalf of the American Medical Association. He told the committee that the reason the AMA had not denounced the Marijuana Tax Law sooner was that the Association had just discovered that marijuana was hemp. Few people, at the time, realized that the deadly menace they had been reading about on Hearst's front pages was in fact hemp. The AMA understood cannabis to be a medicine found in numerous healing products sold over the last hundred years. In September of 1937, hemp became illegal. The most useful crop known became a drug and our planet has been suffering ever since. Congress banned hemp because it was said to be the most violence-causing drug known. Anslinger, head of the Drug Commission for 31 years, promoted the idea that marijuana made users act extremely violent. In the 1950s, under the Communist threat of McCarthyism, Anslinger now said the exact opposite. Marijuana will pacify you so much that soldiers would not want to fight. Today, our planet is in desperate trouble. Earth is suffocating as large tracts of rain forests disappear. Pollution, poisons and chemicals are killing people. These great problems could be reversed if we industrialized hemp. Natural biomass could provide all of the planet's energy needs that are currently supplied by fossil fuels. We have consumed 80% of our oil and gas reserves. We need a renewable resource. Hemp could be the solution to soaring fuel prices. Another version, same story It is illegal because in 1954 there was to be a tax on it (like cigarettes) but no one wanted a tax on it, so it became a drug. If there is ever another vote on it, there is a huge chance that weed can be as common as beer or cigarettes. There are many sites which explain all the politics of it, but hemp (cannabis) used to be a huge cash crop in the US, and supplied the raw material for fiber, bioplastics, diesel fuel, bird seed, and paper. But it was really difficult to harvest. In 1936 a thresher was patented that made harvesting much easier. But that put hemp in direct competition with the large paper mills (owned by Hearst); and DuPont chemicals, which had developed a process for producing plastics from petroleum. All this pretty much coincided with the repeal of alcohol prohibition in 1933. Federal agents who had been merrily busting moonshiners and bootleggers who operated illegal stills, now were out of a job. Harry Anslinger, head of those operations wanted to keep his boys employed, so together with Hearst, DuPont, and a cadre of racists, started a campaign to demonize cannabis. They renamed it as marijuana, said that minority members who smoked it were corrupting White youth, and turning everyone who used it into crazed killers. Congress, clueless as ever, agreed to but a ban on "marijuana". Unfortunately, they didn't realize it was the same thing as hemp. So a lot of farmers were ticked off. Also, a bunch of doctors were upset because cannabis had been used for a century in many medications including children's cough syrup, and sleeping liquid. But money talks, and it spoke loudly then, as now. Hearst, of the wood pulp and paper interests, used his many newspapers to print propaganda, and push the prohibition through. Briefly, during World War II, access to imported hemp was cut off, and the the US Govt. realized it had shot itself in the foot, and actually had to make propaganda films encouraging farmers to grow hemp again (used in ropes, sales, parachutes, etc.) In the 1960's cannabis smoking became popular again, and was a part of the "mind-expansion movement." Then in the early 1970's, President Richard Nixon, of Watergate fame, was upset at all the cannabis smoking hippies who also happened to be demonstrating against the Vietnam war. He wanted to crack down on them, so he commissioned a congressional committee to research cannabis so he could say how "horrible" it was. Unfortunately for Nixon, the Shafer Commission said they thought cannabis should be legalized. Nixon tore up the study, and launched the "War On Drugs!" Since then the lies, idiocy, and brainwashing persist. Prisons are making money on the 730,000 folks arrested each year for simple cannabis possession. Minority members, as usual, bear the brunt of these asinine policies, which to a large measure exist to oppress them. Since mainstream media supports corporate interests which have no stake in making cannabis legal again, it is very hard to find out the truth, or even have a sensible discussion about it. Actually, everyone should be very angry about these policies. Because of this prohibition, promising medical studies were put on hold. A 1974 study done at the University of Virginia discovered that cannabinoids (in cannabis) cause tumors to shrink and cancer cells to die (while leaving healthy cells alone). The study was not followed up on. In fact, the Ford, Regan and Bush Administrations stopped all research on cannabis, expect for research meant to prove harm. For those of you who say "legalizing cannabis sends the wrong message to children", it can be argued that it is a cop-out. The truly wrong message is that it is okay for the government to lie! Concerning any damage to the children of cannabis users, there was a study done in Jamaica in the 1980's that determined that babies born to cannabis users tested better on evaluations at 30 days of age than babies born to non-cannabis users. When a five year follow-up showed that these cannabis exposed children were doing just a well as children unexposed to cannabis, NIDA defunded the study. You should also know, that very ill people who use cannabis as medicine are being arrested each day, or live in fear of being arrested. This is what is truly criminal. Answer The first marijuana law was a city ordinance in El Paso in 1905. The first state law came in California in 1913, followed by a Utah law in 1914, followed by about thirty other states by about 1930. In California, the law was promoted by the pharmaceutical industry that saw marijuana as competition. It received little notice. In Utah, the law was the result of a Mormon religious prohibition. In the other states, there were two major explanations. The first was racial prejudice against the Mexican immigrants who used it. The second was the fear that heroin addiction would lead to the use of marijuana -- exactly the opposite of the modern marijuana gateway myth. When it was outlawed at the national level in 1937, it was falsely alleged that marijuana caused insanity, criminality, and death -- particularly within minority groups. Only two doctors testified before Congress. One of them was the representative of the American Medical Association. He said there was no evidence that marijuana was a dangerous drug and, therefore, no reason to make it illegal. The committee basically told him that if he wasn't going to cooperate, he should be quiet and leave. The only other doctor who testified was Dr. James C. Munch of Temple University. Dr. Munch's sole claim to fame was that he had injected some extract of cannabis into the brains of 300 dogs and two of them had died. When they asked him what he concluded from this, he said he didn't know. However, he was the only doctor in the US who thought that cannabis should be illegal, so he became the US Official Expert on Marijuana. He later testified in court, under oath, that marijuana would make your fangs grow six inches long and drip with blood and, when he tried it, it turned him into a bat. In 1951, the reasons for the laws changed. Harry Anslinger, the head of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics, was up before Congress asking for more money to enforce the marijuana laws. Unfortunately for him, just before he spoke, the head of the Federal addiction research program testified that they knew for certain that all of the reasons given to outlaw marijuana in 1937 were completely wrong. Anslinger, left with no justification for his request, made up the story that marijuana is the certain stepping stone to heroin. It has been the official basis of US marijuana policy ever since. Another explanation is that prohibition has built its own government bureaucracies and industries that support them. From prisons to sophisticated radar balloons, a huge variety of industries benefit from marijuana prohibition. It has its own micro-economy supporting it. Another explanation is the one given by President Nixon's US National Commission on Marihuana and Drug Abuse, in 1973. They said that the real problem is the ignorance of our public officials who have never bothered to read the most basic research. Another explanation is the holdover effect of Reefer Madness. The US Government has had a dedicated and deliberate campaign of Reefer Madness since 1930. Harry Anslinger once noted that, after the Marihuana Tax Act was passed in 1937, he went out on a bridge on the Potomac and saw before him a field of cannabis that stretched as far as the eye could see. He knew that the law would be completely unenforceable on his meager million-dollar budget. Therefore, he reasoned that the only solution was a campaign of propaganda so horrible that it would scare people away from using it. The truth was completely irrelevant, and he even made extensive efforts to stomp out opposing opinions. Unfortunately, that propaganda campaign worked on a lot of people and there are still many people today who believe the tall tales. More comments: Also, marijuana will likely never be completely legal because it is easily produced and the government can't tax it properly and make money. You'd be surprised what people make money off of, such as sick people. Don't believe what they tell you, the doctors are paid off by these lobbyists to sell you their drugs, some of which people don't need, just to make the dollar. Because most states can make more money annually fining users rather than selling it to them. Some states, however, like California and Colorado produce it as a cash crop and make more money selling it, which cuts down the "crime" rate. It depends on the state, but it will always be a federal crime. Hemp, however, is legal. Federal law trumps all state law. The federal govt can enact any laws if the authority derives from the US Constitution. The US Constitution gives the federal govt the right to control Interstate Commerce. Based on this clause in the Constitution, the federal government has passed laws regulating drugs. Marijuana is classified as a drug, and falls under the express regulations of the federal govt. It is unlawful to possess or distribute marijuana, except in very limited circumstances. State laws that attempted to 'legalize' marijuana have been held to be unconstitutional by the US Supreme Court, and are not valid. Marijuana is illegal since it is perceived addictive and is associated with unfashionable lifestyles. It is legal to use it as a medicine in some states.
It depends on what state you live in, in some states it is legal and in others it is illegal.
Yes it's illegal still, it still gives off a scent and cops would arrest you for possession unless you have a permit to grow
Yes it is illegal in every state if used for recreational uses. Which means just to smoke and get high
For almost all intents and purposes, marijuana is illegal everywhere. Above is only right for the USA. In Netherlands marijuana is legal and you can get it from the doctor as… prescription medicine too. In Spain you can have for personal use. It is also legal in parts of London and many other places in the world.
U.S. Congress bans opium in 1905
America's first marijuana laws were enacted at Jamestown Colony, Virginia in 1619. A law "ordering" all farmers to grow Indian hemp was enacted. There were several other "must… grow" laws over the next 200 years (you could be jailed for not growing hemp during times of shortage in Virginia between 1763 and 1767), and most of that time, hemp was legal tender taxes were paid with hemp. Hemp was such a critical crop for a number of purposes, including essential war requirements such as rope, clothing and canvas that the government went out of its way to encourage growth. The United States Census of 1850 counted 8,327 hemp "plantations" with a minimum 2,000-acre farm growing cannabis hemp for cloth, canvas and even the cordage used for baling cotton. Now cotton comes into the picture. The revolution in Mexico in 1910 spilled over the U.S.border, with General Pershing's army clashing with bandit Pancho Villa. Mexico produced much of the hemp coming into the US at that time and the U.S. cotton producers used the hatred of Mexico to further their own agenda. Utah in 1910 outlawed the growing of hemp for any reason followed by Wyoming in 1915, Texas in 1919 and the rest of the US by 1927.
As long as you are not driving and have none on you then no, they have no way of proving it, so its not illegal. In New Jersey being under the influence of marijuana or hashis…h (whether you are driving a car or not), is a misdemeanor.
It was the federal government. The Marijuana plant would easily have outdone most modern antidepressants and pain killers, and the fibers from the plant can easily make paper …better and more environmentally friendlier than trees. Because this would put many of the said organizations and businesses, out of business, they made it illegal, and blame it on it's THC contents.
Well, it is and it isn't. Technically it is illegal to smoke marijuana in Massachusetts, but, marijuana has been decriminalized in this state meaning that being caught with un…der an ounce of marijuana will result in a $100 fine. This fine is almost like a parking ticket in that it does not go on a criminal record and is very similar to a parking or speeding ticket. If one is under 18 and is caught with under an ounce of marijuana, they must pay the $100 fine as well as attend a drug awareness program or instead skip the program and pay an extra $900 resulting in a fine of $1000.
No it is not. Unless it is a picture of someone using it. If it is a picture of someone using it they need to be turned in to the police.
The first marijuana law found so far was a 1905 El Paso, Texas law. It, and most of the other laws in the southwest that followed, was motivated by racial prejudice agai…nst Mexican immigrants. These laws had nothing to do with the actual effects of the marijuana. In fact, cannabis in the form of hemp was a common crop in many of these states, and tinctures of cannabis were included in hundreds of common medicines. The purpose of the laws was to discriminate against Mexicans and other racial minorities. This same purpose is also found in the history of the laws against opiates and cocaine. The first state law was a 1913 California law that received little notice. It was promoted by the pharmaceutical industry that saw marijuana as a competitor. That was followed by a 1914 Utah level that was simply a Mormon religious prohibition enacted into law. By 1930, about thirty states had passed laws against marijuana for one reason or another. In the southwest and south, it was primarily racial prejudice against Mexicans and other racial minorities. In the northern states it was primarily the fear that heroin addiction would lead to the use of marijuana -- exactly the opposite of the modern marijuana gateway myth. As far as the people involved, two people get primary credit. One is Harry Anslinger, who actively promoted Reefer Madness because he knew the marijuana laws were unenforceable. Therefore, he reasoned that the only possible method was to scare people so bad that they would never touch it. His plan worked for a while. The other is Dr. James C. Munch of Temple University. There were only two doctors who testified for the congressional hearings. One was the representative of the American Medical Association. He said that there was no evidence that marijuana was a dangerous drug. The committee basically told him to shut up and leave. The other was Dr. James C. Munch. His sole claim to fame was that he had injected some extract of cannabis directly into the brains of 300 dogs, and two of them had died. When they asked him what he concluded from that, he said he didn't know. However, he was the only doctor in the US who agreed that marijuana should be illegal, so his testimony was accepted, and he later became the US Official Expert on Marihuana. While serving in that capacity, he also testified in court, under oath, that marijuana would make your fangs grow six inches long and drip with blood and, when he tried it, it turned him into a bat. Anslinger served as director of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics from 1930-1962. Dr. Munch served as US Official Expert on Marihuana from 1938-1962. References: Short History of the Marijuana Laws - http://druglibrary.org/schaffer/History/whiteb1.htm The Forbidden Fruit and the Tree of Knowledge -- the Legal History of American Marihuana Prohibition - http://www.druglibrary.org/schaffer/Library/studies/vlr/vlrtoc.htm Complete transcripts of the congressional hearings for the Marihuana Tax Act of 1937, and related papers -- http://druglibrary.org/schaffer/hemp/taxact/taxact.htm The Drug Hang-Up - http://druglibrary.org/special/king/dhu/dhumenu.htm
Marijuana became illegal in different times in different places, so there is no exact/specific time. The time it began in the United States was in 1906, and from there, ke…pt getting worse. By the mid 1930s, it was completely illegal in all the states. It was made a Schedule I drug in the United States in 1972.