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Why were diseases such a threat in cities during the Industrial Revolution?
By rivers and river valleys
The Industrial Revolution saw the birth of factories, which started making many goods that people from the countryside made by hand, and the factories made them cheaper and fo…r mass consumption, especially textiles. People who traditionally had woven textiles at home on looms couldn't compete. Plus these factories offered hundreds of jobs, so many people moved from the countryside into the cities for work.
Overcrowded and Unhealthy. The poor lower class lived in slums on the outskirts of the city. No sewer systems, and a low amount of running water in these areas. Harsh life for… the poor. The upper class was obviously wealthy, and were usually buisness owners/factory owners. The lower class was mainly factory workers.
\nthey are cleaner now than then
Fewer Workers were needed for farm work
Howdy. The diseases that were most commons during the IR were cholera, typhoid and tyfus. Living conditions in industrial towns were often poor; waste was left exposed, people… had poor practices in hygiene, the exposed waste would get into drinking and bathing water supplies (yuck!) ect. This is what lead to most diseases and or bacterial infections. In some cases, Teburculosis and even small pox had been reported. Both are highly contagious and were spread with relative ease due to the close proximity some folks shared in their homes, or even coming into contact with one another at work/on the street. Hope I answered your question!
During the industrial revolution, urban life began to develop. Thecity's were often cramped and dirty. Several generations would livein one, small home. There were also large …factories throughout thecity and they would constantly pump smog and smoke into the air.
-out brakes in diseases such as cholera -theft- treated severely -high unemployment
poor sanitation and health problemsWhich of the following was not an issue in big cities during the Industrial Revolution?
The Industrial Revolution caused a sharp shift from most peopleliving in rural areas to many living in cities due to the increasedjob opportunities at factories, etc. The extr…emely rapid growth ofthe cities led to terrible living conditions for many. Cities wereovercrowded, filthy, and disease-ridden.
they had sewage water everywhere and people lived together in smalltenements.
some like cholera.. hope this helped a little:)
Jobs would have been the biggest motivating factor. Farmers found that they could make more money in factories than working the land.
Dozens of new machines were made and the cities benefited from it. answered by a 12 year old
Disease accounted for many deaths in industrial cities during the Industrial Revolution. With a chronic lack of hygiene, little knowledge of sanitary care and no knowledge as …to what caused diseases (let alone cure them), diseases such as cholera, typhoid and typhus could be devastating. As the cities became more populated, so the problem got worse. Cholera was a greatly feared disease. Caused by contaminated water, it could spread with speed and with devastating consequences. Not for nothing did the disease get the nick-name " King Cholera ". Industrial Britain was hit by an outbreak of cholera in 1831-32, 1848-49, 1854 and 1867. The cause was simple - sewage was being allowed to come into contact with drinking water and contaminating it. As many people used river water as their source of drinking water, the disease spread with ease. An attack of cholera is sudden and painful - though not necessarily fatal. In London it is thought 7000 people died of the disease in the 1831-32 outbreak which represented a 50% death rate of those who caught it. 15,000 people died in London in the 1848-49 outbreak. The disease usually affected those in a city's poorer areas, though the rich did not escape this disease. Smallpox made a major re-occurrence in industrial cities even after Edward Jenner's vaccine. The reason was simple. Very many in the industrial cities were ignorant of the fact that Jenner had developed a vaccine. As Britain continued on its road to a population mostly centred in cities and the agricultural regions became less populated, traditional old wives tales and developments linked to them (such as coxpox, milk maids, Jenner etc) became less well known. Also the overcrowded tenements of the cities were a perfect breeding ground for smallpox. Typhoid and typhus were as feared as cholera. Both were also fairly common in the Industrial Revolution. Typhoid was caused by infected water whereas typhus was carried by lice. Both were found in abundance in industrial cities. The greatest killer in the cities was tuberculosis (TB). The disease caused a wasting of the body with the lungs being attacked. The lungs attempt to defend themselves by producing what are called tubercles. The disease causes these tubercles to become yellow and spongy and coughing fits causes them to be spat out by the sufferer. TB affected those who had been poorly fed and were under nourished. It also affected those who lived in dirty and damp homes. TB can be spread by a person breathing in the exhaled sputum of someone who already has the disease. In the overcrowded tenements of the industrial cities, one infected person could spread the disease very easily. Though accurate records are difficult to acquire, it is believed that TB killed one-third of all those who died in Britain between 1800 and 1850. Microbes were only discovered in 1864 by Louis Pasteur. Until that time all manner of theories were put forward as to what caused diseases. A common belief - and one that dated back to Medieval England - was that disease was spread by bad smells and invisible poisonous clouds (miasmas). Industrial cities were certainly plagued by poor smells from sewage, industrial pollutants etc. The majority of deaths were in the industrial cities. Therefore, doctors concluded, the two went together: death and bad smells/gasses. Such beliefs caused serious problems. In Croydon, typhoid swept through the town in 1852. The local Board of Health went about looking for a smell that caused the disease but found nothing. In fact, sewage had seeped into the town's water supplies and contaminated the water. It did not occur to the health officials that the water could be the cause of the disease as medical wisdom of the time dictated another cause. Even a great reformer like Edwin Chadwick was convinced that disease was carried in the atmosphere which had been poisoned by foul smells. In 1849, he persuaded the authorities in London to clean up the sewers in their districts. This, so Chadwick believed, would get rid of the bad smells and therefore disease. Each week an estimated 6000 cubic yards of filth was swept into the River Thames - London's main source of water. Cholera was given a chance to spread and 30,000 people in London got the disease in 1849 with 15,000 dead people as a result.
During the industrial revolution: - the populations in cities increased, attracted by the job opportunities in factories - the general public lacked education in hygiene a…nd sanitation, they were also often overworked, uneducated, and malnourished, (weak immune systems) - there were not yet adequate disposal and sewage systems developed, caused water contamination (very significant*) - there were animals, such as rats, that carried and spread diseases - the majority of city housing was not up to health or safety standards, often overcrowded and dirty - initial causes for a disease as well as vaccines, antibiotics, preventions, and cures were not well known and for the most part misunderstood All together these factors contributed to the threat of disease in cities during the industrial revolution. There are possibly additional reasons depending on the location.
The main killer disease of the industrial was cholera