politics

10 Things You Probably Didnt Know About the Pledge of Allegiance

It Was Written by a Socialist

It Was Written by a Socialist

Francis Bellamy wrote the pledge in 1892. The Baptist minister wrote it with the intentions of it appearing in a children's magazine. Created to commemorate the 400th anniversary of Columbus's voyage to America, the original version is not the same as the one people know today.

Unveiled at the Chicago World Fair in 1892

Unveiled at the Chicago World Fair in 1892

It was at the Chicago World Fair Columbian Exposition where the pledge first made its public debut. In 1892, the pledge commemorated Columbus's voyage to America. The pledge first appeared in the Youth's Companion children's magazine. The author had no idea at the time that it would become a major part of American history.

Reciting it in School

Reciting it in School

The pledge became an important part of school the same year it was written. In June of 1892, the author and Congress announced it would be recited during a public school flag ceremony. By October of that year, the Pledge became part of the daily routine for students.

Originally Titled "The Youth's Companion Flag Pledge"

Originally Titled "The Youth's Companion Flag Pledge"

Originally titled "The Youth's Companion Flag Pledge," the name changed to "The Pledge of Allegiance" in 1945. Author Bellamy did not agree with this change or some of the other changes that took place in the following years. He had written it for children as part of the National Public-School Celebration of Columbus Day.

Changed in 1923

Changed in 1923

In the 1920s, the pledge saw its first changes. Some of the changes made included replacing "my flag" with "the flag of the United States of America." The original pledge had the wording "I pledge allegiance to my Flag and the Republic for which it stands, one nation indivisible, with liberty and justice for all."

Added to the Flag Code in 1942

Added to the Flag Code in 1942

The United States government officially adopted the Pledge of Allegiance in 1942 by adding it to the U.S. Flag Code. Some changes took place before it accepted, however. For instance, the hand-over-heart salute replaced the old military-style salute. It has seen other changes since that year as well.

Used Bellamy Salute Until 1942

Used Bellamy Salute Until 1942

Prior to 1942, a military salute took place whenever someone recited the pledge. That year, Congress decided that the salute resembled European fascists and amended the Flag Code. It recommended the hand-over-heart salute and made it official. This salute remains used today.

Until 1943, Children Could Be Expelled for Not Saying it in School

Until 1943, Children Could Be Expelled for Not Saying it in School

Refusing to say the pledge was unacceptable before 1943. Children had to recite it during school and if they refused, they faced expulsion. This rule changed after the Supreme Court decided that it was unconstitutional to force it upon citizens. West Virginia State Board of Education vs. Barnette set the precedent for this ruling.

Changed in 1954 by Eisenhower

Changed in 1954 by Eisenhower

The second major change to the Pledge of Allegiance took place in 1954. That year, president Dwight D. Eisenhower asked Congress to add the words "under God." Congress agreed and the pledge was changed. Many people don't realize that those two words were not part of the original pledge.

"Under God" Violates Rights

"Under God" Violates Rights

In September 2005, a U.S. District Judge determined that saying "under God" violates a person's right to freedom of religion. This is not the only court case surrounding the issue, as Newdon vs. Rio Linda Union School District also brought a similar case to courts in 2010. Newdon lost the case, however, and the words remained.

Rate This Article
Thanks For Rating!
Help us Improve.
X
Did You Find This Helpful?
Yes Somewhat No

Recent Comments & Questions

Loading comments...

Helpful Swimming Tips for Dogs

Swimming, for dogs, is a natural ability, and most dogs are ready to jump right in the pool with the rest of the family and dog paddle around the pool easily. Some dogs may ha (MORE)