The uncovertebral joints are in the neck between C3 - C7. Thesejoints are where the discs meet. Hypertrophy in these joints meansthat an unusually high number of bone spurs ar…e growing there. Themost common cause of this is arthritis. (MORE)
Many patients with back pain, leg pain, or weakness of the lower extremity muscles are diagnosed with a herniated disc. When a disc herniation occurs, the cushion that sits be…tween the spinal vertebra is pushed outside its normal position. A herniated disc would not be a problem if it weren't for the spinal nerves that are very close to the edge of these spinal discs. The spinal disc is a soft cushion that sits between each vertabrae of the spine. This spinal disc becomes more rigid with age. In a young individual, the disc is soft and elastic, but like so many other structures in the body, the disc gradually looses its elasticity and is more vulnerable to injury. In fact, even in individuals as young as 30, MRIs show evidence of disc deterioration in about 30% of people. As the spinal disc becomes less elastic, it can rupture. When the disc ruptures, a portion of the spinal disc pushes outside its normal boundary--this is called a herniated disc. When a herniated disc bulges out from between the vertebrae, the spinal nerves and spinal cord can become pinched. There is normally a little extra space around the spinal cord and spinal nerves, but if enough of the herniated disc is pushed out of place, then these structures may be compressed. When the herniated disc ruptures and pushes out, the nerves may become pinched. A herniated disc may occur suddenly in an event such as a fall or an accident, or may occur gradually with repetitive straining of the spine. Often people who experience a herniated disc already have spinal stenosis, a problem that causes narrowing of the space around the spinal cord and spinal nerves. When a herniated disc occurs, the space for the nerves is further diminished, and irritation of the nerve results. Symptoms Electric Shock Pain Pressure on the nerve can cause abnormal sensations, commonly experienced as electric shock pains. When the compression occurs in the cervical (neck) region, the shocks go down your arms, when the compression is in the lumbar (low back) region, the shocks go down your legs. Tingling & Numbness Patients often have abnormal sensations such as tingling, numbness, or pins and needles. These symptoms may be experienced in the same region as painful electric shock sensations. Muscle Weakness Because of the nerve irritation, signals from the brain may be interrupted causing muscle weakness. Nerve irritation can also be tested by examining reflexes. Bowel or Bladder Problems These symptoms are important because it may be a sign of cauda equina syndrome, a possible condition resulting from a herniated disc. This is a medical emergency, and your should see your doctor immediately if you have problems urinating, having bowel movements, or if you have numbness around your genitals. All of these symptoms are due to the irritation of the nerve from the herniated disc. By interfering with the pathway by which signals are sent from your brain out to your extremities and back to the brain, all of these symptoms can be caused by a herniated disc pressing against the nerves. (MORE)
5c:pretty tough =o 1) there should be 2 exits at the bottom left, so put on portal in each, then let go of the ball 2) The ball will bounce/roll and pass the 2 point thing…s, and the moment it passes through the second, pause and restart the whole thing (this is to make sure the ball will fall straight). 3) move the left bottom portal,(which is facing right) to the top right exit (which is facing down), then let go of the ball. Let it go through the portal, and by the time it has gone through and is about to touch the bottom, pause the ball, and move the bottom left portal to the exit that is facing the other portal 4) let it gain some speed, and once it cant go much faster, pause the ball. 5) leave the bottom right portal alone, and move the other one at the bottom left, the exit *facing* the blackhole thing. The speed will catch it, and it will teleport the ball to the last point thing 6) reverse every thing to the start, and move the bottom right portal to the top left, the one almost facing the finish, then let go of the ball. (MORE)
Uncovertebral joints, which are smaller joints out to the side where the vertebra normally approximate one other so they're further out laterally. This is a reasonably comple…x subject and has to do with the growth of osteophites (Bone that eventually starts to put pressure and cause damage the nerves) between the discs of the vertebrae. To get more authoritative and precise information on this go to the related link ( uncovertebral osteophytes ) below. i had a mri it said i have a demonstrates a tiny right uncovertebral osteophyte and disk complex however without any significant exiting foreaminal stenosis what do that mean (MORE)
It means enlargement of the left ventricle of the heart. This is due to excess work done by the heart as in high blood pressure, damage to the heart muscle after heart attack,… valvular disease, respiratory disease putting extra strain to the heart. (MORE)
If the purport of this question is to determine liability for an accident may I suggest that the question be [ properly] directed not to a lawyer put to an expert orthopaedic …surgeon. Redirect the question to the appropriate expert. (MORE)
Ventricular hypertrophy means a thickening of the ventricle walls. This can then be described as eccentric or concentric. Eccentric hypertrophy is where the wall thickens but… the ventricle itself dilates therefore the wall is thickened but the ventricular chamber remains the same size. Concentric hypertrophy is where the wall thickens which then makes the internal ventricular chamber smaller. (MORE)
An acromioclavicular joint is a synovial joint that connects yourcollarbone to the shoulder blade. Acromioclavicular joint capsularhypertrophy is an n enlargement of the sac s…urrounding the capsularligament in that joint. (MORE)
Facet hypertrophy is when the spine's facet joints enlarge anddegenerate causing stiffness, discomfort, pain, mobility issues, orhunched back. Unconvertebral hypertrophy is wh…en the unconvertebraljoints in the cervical spine develop osteophytes or bone spurs thatcan cause pain, compression, bone loss, or degeneration of discs. (MORE)
Left Ventricular Hypertrophy is enlargement of the myocardium (heart muscle) that makes up the left ventricle of the heart. The left ventricle is the chamber of the heart whic…h pumps blood to most of the body (everywhere except the lungs). It is caused when a factor such as high blood pressure increases the work load of the heart muscle, and like any other muscle in our body, if it is worked hard then it will increase in size. If left ventricular hypertrophy is caught in time, then the prognosis can be very good. However, if left untreated it can lead to complications which can be life threatening. This is why if you experience any chest pain or shortness of breath, you should seek medical help immediately. The complications which can be caused by left ventricular hypertrophy are: .
The enlarged heart muscle loses its elasticity, meaning that it does not pump blood out of the heart effectively leading to increased pressure within the heart. .
The enlarged muscle compresses its supply of blood vessels, reducing blood flow to the heart muscle. .
These can lead to arrhythmias of the heart, heart failure, heart attack, insufficient oxygen supply to the heart, and the worst case scenario is it can lead to cardiac arrest (sudden loss of heart function and breathing) (MORE)