The average colon is about 1.5 m long. Lengths of the various parts are: * Anal canal: 5 cm * Rectum: 12 cm * Sigmoid colon: 40 cm * Descending colon: 15 cm * Trans…verse colon: 45 cm * Ascending colon: 25 cm The splenic flexure is thus at around 72 cm from the anal verge, and the hepatic flexure at around 117 cm. (MORE)
Negative effects include: .
the breaking down of the indigenous culture and, in some cases, the complete loss of indigenous languages .
the physical harm of the local pop…ulation .
and the exploitation of the local population and resources .
Another effect which is still disabling once-colonised countries today, was the manner in which Europeans introduced their ruling system and then left this system when they withdrew, but not having empowered the local people to be able to run this ruling system. .
slavery was introduced in the American colonies .
the introduction of non-native flora and fauna, all of which has a devastating effect on the native species, in many cases leading to extinction of native species .
introduction of diseases to the native people, who have no resistance to such diseases as measles, smallpox and even influenza .
genocide of entire races (e.g. pure-blooded Tasmanian Aborigines) (MORE)
1)Colonization of Africa was more economical than political reasons, while other nations were colonized more for political reasons..
2) Africa was more illiterate and ingnora…nt and it was eady to colonize it with the European enticements, easier than the other countries..
3)Africa had no proper religion as it was in India or China. Hence conversion was another reason of entering the continent and then slowly colonizing it which was easier than other countries. (MORE)
A colon (:) is frequently used to introduce a list or an example.So, you could say something like "These are the fruits that I canthink of off the top of my head: apple, banan…a, pear, orange,guava, watermelon." A semicolon divides two independent clauses... another way to thinkof an independent clause is a complete thought... something thatcould stand on its own. You use the semicolon to combine those twothoughts/sentences/clauses to show that there is a closerconnection. "Bob was sad. His dog died." becomes "Bob was sad; hisdog died." [There are other ways to connect two independentclauses... by subordinating one of them with a word like "that" or"because" or by using a comma and a coordinating conjunction: "Bobwas sad, and his dog died." Each way can give the user a differentmessage or change the meaning.] (MORE)
The main job of the colon is the reabsorption of water and salts from chyme that enters into it from the small intestine. As the water is drawn out it turns into feces. For th…is reason it has to be wider than the small intestine, which is about an inch in diameter. On average the colon is about four feet long and two inches wide in most places. Some parts, like the cecum, can be wider, up to three inches, while other places, like the anal canal, can be a bit narrower if it is empty..
The colon is also known as the large intestine. It is divided into four segments, totaling approximately 60 inches on average..
1) The Ascending colon connects to the small intestine, and is about 8 inches long. 2) The Transverse colon is usually over 18 inches long and extends from the hepatic flexure, across the upper abdomen to the splenic flexure. 3) The Descending colon is usually less than 12 inches long and extends from the splenic flexure downwards to the start of the pelvis. 4) The Sigmoid colon is S-shaped and is about 18 inches long. It extends from the descending colon to the rectum. The rectum measures from 4-6 inches in length. (MORE)
The internal anal sphincter is governed by involuntary control, so it is reflexive. It is what triggers the feeling that you have to defecate. However, the external sphincter …is under voluntary control. So, if you feel that you have to defecate, you can continue to hold your external sphincter shut, until the urge to defecate diminishes. Then, when it is convenient to do so, the internal sphincter again activates the urge to defecate..
The anal sphincter has an internal involuntary part, and an external voluntary part. The internal sphincter has an involuntary reflex which gives your the urge to defecate. If it is not convenient to defecate, then the external sphincter, which is under voluntary control, keeps the anus shut, and after a while, the urge to defecate can subside until a later time when it is convenient to defecate. (MORE)
Spain wanted trading posts and forts to secure the lines ofcommerce and spanish interest. They also wanted to maintain apresence on the western coast of Africa for easier trad…e Areas in South, Central, and North America (MORE)
Their original pursuit was treasure but land was a greater attraction. Inca and Aztec gold drew the Spanish conquistadores.to the Americas.The European monarchs dished out …huge land grants (completely ignoring any rights for the indigenous population (the Indians). For example, Cortez was given the whole Valley of Mexico, the land including and surrounding Mexico City. When the US built a railway line from Texas to Mexico City, the line ran across the property of one family for 145 miles. the Indian populations in Latin America are still abused by the descendants of the European settlers. (MORE)