In the year 1215
English barons in June force their king, John, to sign the oath known as the Magna Carta, the basis of English law to this day. In addition to asserting the supremacy of law over the king and naming many specific grievances to be resolved, the great charter attempts to standardize weights and measures. See also 1101 Mathematics.
|Centuries:||12th century – 13th century – 14th century|
|Decades:||1180s 1190s 1200s – 1210s – 1220s 1230s 1240s|
|Years:||1212 1213 1214 – 1215 – 1216 1217 1218|
|1215 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1215 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1968|
|English Regnal year||16 Joh. 1 – 17 Joh. 1|
— to —乙亥年十二月初十日
|- Vikram Samvat||1271–1272|
|- Shaka Samvat||1137–1138|
|- Kali Yuga||4316–4317|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||215–216|
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||1215 MCCXV|
|Minguo calendar||697 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1758|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: 1215|
- March 4 – King John of England makes an oath to Pope Innocent III as a crusader to gain his support.
- June 15 – King John of England is forced by rebellious barons of England at Runnymede to put the Great Seal of the Realm on a set of articles confirming their rights and those of the towns and Church, and confirming the status of trial by jury, which on June 19 is confirmed as Magna Carta.
- August – King John of England rejects the Magna Carta, leading to the First Barons' War.
- August 24 – Pope Innocent III declares the Magna Carta invalid.
- November 11 – The Fourth Council of the Lateran gathers in Rome under Pope Innocent III, who adopts the style "Vicar of Christ".
- December – First Barons' War: Alexander II of Scotland invades northern England.
- Beijing is captured and torched by the Mongols under Genghis Khan, initiating the Yuan Dynasty in China. The city burns for more than a month.
- Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor, is excommunicated and forced to abdicate as Emperor and King of Burgundy, replaced by Frederick II (King of the Romans 1212–1250).
- The Dominican Order is founded, according to some sources.
- Bhiksu Ananda of Kapitanagar completes writing the holy Buddhist book Arya Astasahasrika Prajnaparamita (sutra) in gold ink in Ranjana script.
- 1215–1216 – The Macy Jug, from Iran, is made. It is now kept at The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
- Kalinga Magha from Kalinga Province in India lands in Sri Lanka with a force of 24,000 men, to capture the city of Polonnaruwa and depose its King, Parakrama Pandya.
- September 23 – Kublai Khan of the Mongol Empire (d. 1294)
- Pope Celestine V (d. 1296)
- David VII Ulu, King of Georgia (d. 1270)
- February 3 (or 4) – Eustace, Bishop of Ely and former Lord Chancellor of England
- July 5 – Eisai, Japanese Buddhist priest (b. 1141)
- September 1 – Otto, bishop of Utrecht
- date unknown – Bertran de Born, French soldier and troubadour
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