See C. Palmer, Impressionism in Music (1973).
|Stylistic origins||Reaction to 19th century Romanticism[contradiction]|
|Cultural origins||Late 19th century in Paris, France|
|Typical instruments||Woodwind, strings, harp, piano, small chamber ensembles|
|Periods of Western classical music|
|Impressionist||(1875 to 1925)|
|Modern and contemporary|
Impressionism in music was a movement in European classical music, mainly in France, which appeared in the late nineteenth century and continued into the beginning of the twentieth century from 1875 to 1925. Similarly to its precursor in the visual arts, musical impressionism focuses on a suggestion and an atmosphere rather than on a strong emotion or the depiction of a story as in program music. Musical impressionism followed as a progression from the Romantic era, leading to 20th century and modern music styles.[vague]
Musical impressionism was based in France by the French composer Claude Debussy. He and Maurice Ravel were generally considered to be the two "great" impressionists. However, these days composers are generally not as accurately described by the term "Impressionism" as painters in the genre were. Debussy renounced it, saying: "I am trying to do 'something different' – in a way realities – what the imbeciles call 'impressionism' is a term which is as poorly used as possible, particularly by art critics."
Impressionism has also influenced at least some of the music of Isaac Albéniz, John Alden Carpenter, Frederick Delius, Paul Dukas, Manuel de Falla, Charles Tomlinson Griffes, and Ottorino Respighi.
- Tsai, Shengdar. Impressionistic Influences in the Music of Claude Debussy. Accessed 22 July 2006.
- Adriano, Ernest Fanelli (1860-1917), Symphonic Pictures, Marco Polo, p.1-4
- *"Impressionism, in Music". The Columbia Encyclopedia (6th ed. ed.). New York: Columbia University Press. http://web.archive.org/web/20090403135311/http://www.bartleby.com/65/im/impress-mus.html. Retrieved 2012-12-25. (Archive copy from 3 April 2009).
- "Impressionism". Encarta Concise Encyclopedia. Microsoft Corporation. http://www.vincent.nl/?/gallery/about/impressionism.asp.
- Machlis, Joseph and Forney, Kristine. The Enjoyment of Music: Seventh Edition, W.W. Norton & Company, 1995, ISBN 0-393-96643-7.
- Palmer, Christopher. Impressionism in Music. London: Hutchinson; New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1973.
- Pasler, Jann. "Impressionism". The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, second edition, edited by Stanley Sadie and John Tyrrell. London: Macmillan Publishers, 2001.
- Thompson, Oscar. Debussy, Man and Artist New York, Dodd, Mead & company, 1937.
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