Advantages and disadvantages of a practical test?


• Convenient

• Can be adopted and implemented quickly.

• Reduces or eliminates faculty time demands in instrument development and


• Are scored objectively.

• Provide for external validity.

• Provide reference group measures.

• Can make longitudinal comparisons.

• Can test large numbers of students.


• Measures relatively superficial knowledge or learning.

• Unlikely to match the specific goals and objectives of a program/institution

• Norm-referenced data may be less useful than criterion-referenced.

• May be cost prohibitive to administer as a pre- and post-test.

• More summative than formative (may be difficult to isolate what changes

are needed).

• Norm data may be user norms rather than true national sample.

• May be difficult to receive results in a timely manner.