Animals and fungi that must depend on autotrophs for their food energy?
Animals and fungi that must depend on autotrophs for their food energy are called consumers. These consumers are also called heterotrophs.
Yes Autotrophs are organisms that can produce their own food through photosynthesis or chemosynthesis. A heterotroph is an organism that cannot manufacture its own food and instead obtains its food and energy by taking in organic substances, usually plant or animal matter. All animals, protozoans, fungi, and most bacteria are heterotrophs.
A mushroom is a fungus and not a plant because plants are autotrophs, which means that they can make their own food. Mushrooms (and all other fungi) need to get food from other organisms, which means they are heterotrophs. Animals are also heterotrophs, but fungi are not animals because animals can move.
Fungi lack chloroplasts, which means they are unable to undergo photosynthesis as plants are. This means that while plants are typically autotrophs (producers), fungi are heterotrophs (consumers). Fungi have a cell wall of chitin instead of the cellulose that plants make. Fungi store energy as glycogen; plants store energy as starch. Fungi have a single, posteriorly oriented flagellum while plants have multiple flagella that are anteriorly oriented.
Biotic components usually include: Producers, i.e. autotrophs: e.g. plants; they convert the energy (from the sun, or other sources such as hydrothermal vents) into food. Consumers, i.e. heterotrophs: e.g. animals; they depend upon producers for food. Decomposers, i.e. detritivores: e.g. fungi and bacteria; they break down chemicals from producers and consumers into simpler form which can be reused.
Fungi are not photosynthetic, although they may house PS bacteria (that is what a lichen is). Fungi have chitinous cell walls, as opposed to cellulose based walls. Fungi are heterotrophs, they cannot make their own energy, they must consume some other organism (dead or alive) for energy, as opposed to plants, which are usually autotrophs, but sometimes mixotrophs.
This is not actually the case. There are a large number of living things called autotrophs, meaning that they produce their own food and are therefore not dependent on other living creatures to produce their own food. Plants, some varieties of protist (like seaweed), and cyanobacteria are all autotrophs that use photosynthesis. There are also bacteria that perform chemosynthesis, meaning that they use inorganic matter like hydrogen sulfide to make food for themselves and do…
1} autotrophs --- green plants are able to prepare their own food from simple raw materials ---- carbon dioxide from the air , and water from the soil. plants get the enegy for preparing food from sunlight. this mode of nutrition where green plants make food themselves from simple substances is called autotrophic nutrition. such plants are therefore called autotrophs. 2} hetrotrophs --- animals and non - green plants, such as fungi and bacteria, cannot…
One reason why is because they are able to produce their own food using energy from the environment, and therefore have no need to consume any other plants or bacteria. They provide food to a variety of living species including animals, protozoa, bacteria and fungi. They are consumed, but do not consume.
An autotroph (from the Greek autos = self and trophe = nutrition) is an organism that produces complex organic compounds from simple inorganic molecules using energy from light or inorganic chemical reactions. Autotrophs are the producers in a food chain. Plants and other organisms which carry out photosynthesis are photoautotrophs (or phototrophs). Bacteria which derive energy from oxidizing inorganic compounds (such as hydrogen sulfide, ammonium and ferrous iron) are chemoautotrophs, and include the lithotrophs. Autotrophs…