Asked in Kinesiology
Are coaches that do not have a Kinesiology major required to have an adaptive physical activity certifcate?
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Asked in Kinesiology
What two general categories of physical activity receive the most attention in kinesiology?
Asked in Kinesiology
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Asked in Kinesiology
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Asked in Authors, Poets, and Playwrights
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Asked in Health, Exercise, Definitions
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Physical activity that starts with the letter a?
Asked in Science
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Kinesiology is a discipline or body of knowledge that focuses on physical activity. The discipline derives and incorporates knowledge from three different yet related sources: Experiencing physical activity(experiential knowledge) Studying the theoretical and conceptual bases of physical activity(theoretical knowledge) Professional practice centered in physical activity(professional practice knowledge) Typically, we associate the term study only with learning theoretical material through reading, writing, memorization, thinking, and discussion. However, experience with physical activity, theories and concepts about physical activity, and professional practice are all important sources of information for kinesiologists. For this reason, this text has been divided into three sections, each of which examines a distinct source of knowledge that is incorporated into the discipline of kinesiology. Experiential knowledge is often acquired through physical activity classes (e.g., classes in soccer, weight training, swimming) offered in kinesiology departments. Experiential knowledge that is included in a formal college or university kinesiology curriculum is part of the discipline of kinesiology. So far, experiential knowledge has not been divided into formal subdisciplines within the discipline of kinesiology. It is possible, of course, to acquire experiential knowledge through physical activities you are involved in outside of a formal college or university curriculum. This knowledge is on the fringes of the discipline. For example, you might take tennis lessons at a private club, play tennis on weekends with friends, take martial arts lessons at a commercial center, play intramural football in a recreational league, or train for firefighting through the fire department. You can often learn extremely valuable things from such experiences, but this knowledge is not a central part of the kinesiology discipline unless it is formally incorporated into college and university kinesiology classes. Theoretical knowledge is divided into categories or subdisciplines. Taken together, the subdisciplines constitute the sphere of scholarly study. This disciplinary knowledge is taught in its most systematic and comprehensive form in college and university curriculums, usually in departments of kinesiology. However, because physical activity is such a broad category of human behavior, other university departments sometimes engage in the scholarly study of physical activity as well. For example, departments of drama, dance, and music sometimes teach about the scholarly aspects of physical activity, as do departments of engineering and medicine. Departments of kinesiology are the only academic units within colleges and universities that identify the unified study of physical activity as their sole mission. Also, you will have noticed many books and magazines on the shelves of your bookstore that deal with sports and fitness. Many of these are not based in science or systematic analysis and are not part of the discipline of kinesiology. Professional practice includes managing a fitness center, teaching physical education, engaging in personal training, or working in cardiac rehabilitation. This professional practice knowledge becomes part of the discipline when it is discovered or tested in professional settings and is incorporated by faculty into college and university kinesiology classes, usually classes focused on preparing students for specific physical activity professions. Professional practice knowledge usually deals with appropriate ways of manipulating physical activity experiences. For example, fitness counseling, athletic training, physical education, and sport management rely on professional practice knowledge. So far, professional practice knowledge has not been divided into formal subdisciplines within the discipline of Introduction to Kinesiology Of course, not all knowledge acquired through professional practice is incorporated into the kinesiology curriculum. For example, a coach who is planning drills for her team may rely more on knowledge gained from people who coached her in the past than from the latest scientific information on skill learning. Sometimes, such knowledge is effective; after all, a coach is not likely to use it unless she detects that it is effective for preparing her players. But often such knowledge is flawed from a scientific standpoint. The good results the coach observed may have less to do with her actions than with other factors she didn't take into account. This is one reason why some of the knowledge gained through professional practice is not incorporated into the discipline. Professional practice knowledge is most valuable when combined with knowledge from the other dimensions of kinesiology (experience and scholarly study). Together, these can provide an important framework for conceiving of and using knowledge about professional practice. Sometimes, people who possess only a fraction of the disciplinary knowledge assume professional roles anyway. How is this possible? Because in some cases the demand for physical activity professionals is so great that institutions hire those who lack adequate qualifications. School districts, for example, sometimes hire coaches, and fitness centers sometimes hire personal trainers, who have little or no background in kinesiology. Obviously, it is possible to develop a modest level of competency in almost any profession without mastering the knowledge one should understand. Through trial and much error such a person may muddle through. But this can be dangerous. You may have known or heard about laypersons, for example, who managed to learn enough about the law to represent themselves in court. But the risk of such a person making a mistake is high. By the same token, an unqualified individual who assumes the role of a physical activity professional lacks the informed judgment of one who has studied kinesiology.
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Asked in Colleges and Universities
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Asked in Exercise
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Asked in Fitness
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Asked in Jobs & Education, Definitions, Hospitals
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