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Are damascus barrels safe to shoot?


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2015-07-14 16:04:40
2015-07-14 16:04:40

I would not fire a damascus-barreled gun without having it checked and approved by a competent gunsmith (NOT the guy with a key to the gun case at WalMart!). It is possible that a gun of this age would have been proofed for smokeless powder and have 2 3/4" chambers, but it is more likely to be made for 2 1/2" black powder shells. Of course, you can have barrels custom-made, but why would you want to spend a couple thousand dollars on a gun worth $200 or less?

Yes, they are safe to shoot, but only if:

  1. no deep pitting inside or outside
  2. the action is tight
  3. you use low pressure loads around 6000 cup or less.
  4. the chamber is at least 2 3/4

I have been shooting them for years with smokeless powder with lite loads. Have it checked out by a good gunsmith to make sure the inside of the action is in good working order, some of the old ones will double when fired.

I would third the recommendation to have it checked. Absence of visible pitting is not necessarily a good indicator of structural integrity. Older damascus may corrode in between the layers and there is no way to see that just by eyballing it.

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About $100 or so. The damascus/twist steel barrels are generally considered unsafe to shoot with modern ammunition.

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Some are, some aren't. If it has Damascus or Laminated steel barrels, do not shoot it. They were never intended for modern powder. Fluid steel or later production barrels may be safe, but if there is rust, dents, or other signs of high wear do not try it until after it has been inspected by a competent gunsmith.

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If Vulcan steel barrel means very old or "Damascus" type twist steel barrels, the answer is an emphatic "NO". You're too young to die, no matter what your current age.

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As a general rule, NO, NO, NO!!!!

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The use of damascus barrels on guns began to decrease pretty rapidly after 1900, although they were still fairly common up until the start of WWI. If you have a breech loading gun with damascus barrels it will probably date from 1875 - 1910. Most damascus barrels on U.S. guns seem to have actually made in Belgium. There is a lot of debate as to whether any damascus barrels for shotguns were actually made in the U.S. It seems likely there may have been small numbers produced in the U.S. However, Belgium had a large gunmaking trade at the time, with a lot of barrel makers specializing in damascus barrels, so it was generallly cheaper to import them than to make them.


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