Can a baby be born with a collapsed lung?
Unfortunately yes. It can result from incomplete development of the lungs (as in premature births) or from perforation during birth. It can be a life-threatening condition but in many cases is treatable.
A pneumothorax is usually caused by an injury to the chest, such as a broken rib or puncture wound. It may also occur suddenly without an injury.A pneumothorax can result from damage to the lungs caused by conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma, cystic fibrosis, and pneumonia. Spontaneous pneumothorax can also occur in people who don't have lung disease. This happens when an air-filled blister (bleb) on the lung ruptures and releases…
Atelectasis is incomplete expansion of the lung of a newborn or a collapsed lung. This happens when the alveoli within the lung become deflated. It's a very common respiratory complication after surgeries, as well as other problems such as cystic fibrosis, lung tumors, fluid in the lung, severe asthma, chest injuries, etc.
The developing fetus does not produce lung surfactant until late its development.Explain what problem a premature infant would have if it were born before it had produced surfactant?
The lung surfactant is a substance that coats the internal surfaces of the alveoli (air sacks) of the lungs and prevents them from sticking together in the deflated state when the baby exhales. If the infant is born before it produces lung surfactant, then the alveoli will be unable to be filled with air and the baby will suffocate.
Whether a newborn, child, adult, or senior citizen, once a lung is re-inflated (tube inserted to remove air or fluid), the lung heals. There may be slight scar tissue where the surgical "stab" entry was made to insert the tube, but this generally doesn't cause long-term problems for most patients. So you should be able to live a normal life if it does happen.