Only after there has been due process in a court of law and the judge determines a warrant should be issued.
Any law enforcement agency can effect an arrest if they find out you have a warrant out for your arrest. The arresting agency would hold you and notify the location who issued the warrant of the arrest. At this point the agency who issued the warrant would make arrangements to collect the prisoner, take custody, and transport them back to the jurisdiction where the warrant was issued.
You don't 'need' a warrant to be issued, for an arrest. They're issued if the person needs to be arrested but is not present. A warrant such as a bench warrant is a general notice for law enforcement that someone at large needs to be arrested. But if say a police officer directly witnesses a crime or someone has been flagged as a suspect, no warrant is needed for the arrest.
A warrant for arrest is issued through the court. The reasoning for the warrant being issued is for the illegal act committed by the criminal. The criminal commits an illegal act then the police department, sheriffs department, probation office, division of youth services, or juvenile office reports the illegal act to the court and the judge will or will not issue a warrant for the persons arrest.
The issuance of an Arrest Warrant does not necessarily lead to an arrest, regardless of where it is issued or the agency responsible. Therefore, the amount of time between the issuance of an Arrest Warrant and an actual arrest is between minutes and never. Also note that if an arrest is planned, it may occur at "your door," or at any other location.
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