ANSWER: In Alabama, it is possible to regain custody of your child by filing a petition for custody modification; however you must show not only that it would be in the best interest of the child but that a material change in circumstances has taken place.
filing for what? Custody? If custody, it depends on the speed of the court and if any or how much opposition there is, can be as little as 30 days as much as a year or more.
No. Child support is not dischargeable in either federal or state bankruptcy.
Normally child custody sides with the Mother not the Father.
Yes, but it will go to her. See related link for filing for custody.
if she has primary custody, from the point of the filing date.
Yes, but you might consider filing charges against the mother for contributing, or for a change of custody.
Yes. The child is your baby. As long as your a fit mother the child cannot be taken away from you. If you are a minor, your parents still have custody of you, but you have custody of your child.
No. Child support is usually non-dischargeable.
If the mother is raising the child and the father has custody the mother should return to court and petition for custody and child support, especially if this is a matter of control. She should consult with an attorney or other legal advocate.
You have the right to file for a change of custody with the court. You will have to present convincing evidence that the child's mother is unfit to retain custody of the child. Frankly: It is a stiff burden of proof to overcome to convince the court to remove a child from its mother's custody.
Look for information on filing child abandonment against the father in your state. People do this if the father is not present in the child's life, not paying child support, or is abusive.