Personnel Policies are the written ways that foreseeable problems with employees are going to be handled such as vacation leave, sick leave, pay, raises, etc..
That is left up to the individual company to decide in their employment benefit policies. Or by union negotiations.
Bank employees are entitled to vacation leave that is part of the job. There is not a certain amount of vacation that they have to be given.
Do employees get paid vacation time after a chapter 11 bankrupcy?
In the US, no employee has the right to paid vacation.
When it comes to criteria by which an organization can compensate its employees, there is the bonus and salary increment. Others are insurance, pension plan and paid vacation.
I would say that an Employer does have to pay their Employees earned vacation time or at least they should, ir's only fair that an Employer does that for their Employees.
In the USA, normally employees in the private sector do not receive unused vacation pay when they resign or are fired. In the public sector, however, it is commonplace for public employees to receive pay for unused vacation pay. If a union is involved, then this issue will be found in the Union's agreement with the employees company or department. In many US States, even a resigning city school superintendent will receive pay for unused vacation days and even unused sick days.
give them paid vacation
You could say "Welcome back".
Most government employees don't need anybody's permission to go abroad on vacations.
who was the first person to provide employees with paid sick and vacation time as well as a five-day work week.
Well, of course. There is no reason why they should be treated differently than other employees. Also, in many countries there are laws that specify that employees should have, at the least, a certain amount of vacation time every year.
In the US, there are no laws for employers to mandate vacation time off for employees, however many do offer paid vacations. Vacation time is determined by the company you work for.
For the term of their employment.
There is no set number, when it comes to vacation packages. Different vacation packages offer different services for different numbers of people.
Dolphin trainers do indeed get vacation days. These trainers are paid employees and are entitled to have rights like normal workers.
The President goes on vacation because he needs a break from his job. Most full time jobs provide employees with vacations.
At least four weeks a year.
that depends on who you are working for and how long you worked there
No! Vacation and anytime off is not required by law. That said, if an employer pay out vacation for one employer, by best practice, they should pay out to all employees. If not, it may be considered discrimination.
an annual two week paid vacation for employees
It depends upon the terms of employment as established by the employer. There are no US laws that require a private employer to give paid vacation time. If the business is represented by a union, then issues concerning all employees would be covered in the union contract.