Can your car be repossessed when you have paid off the loan but have not received the title?

Most states have a law that requires that the title be sent within 3, 10 or 30 days of final payment being made. The law usually doesn't have much in the way of teeth, so you may need to remind the lending institution that the loan has been paid and that you want the title. After you have requested the title the lending institution may be in default and you may have recourse, depending again on your state and the laws that regulate title loans.