Asked in US ConstitutionUS GovernmentUS Supreme Court
Did the Constitution and the Constitution of the US both call for a body called the Supreme Court?
July 28, 2011 2:15AM
In the US, the Constitution and the Constitution of the United States is the same thing; they aren't two different documents, so there is no "both."
Yes, Article III of the Constitution (aka US Constitution, Constitution of the United States) required Congress to establish one Supreme Court, and also permitted them to create whatever "inferior courts" (meaning lower than the Supreme Court) they needed to handle the federal government's legal business.
Article III, Section I
"The judicial power of the United States, shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The judges, both of the supreme and inferior courts, shall hold their offices during good behaviour, and shall, at stated times, receive for their services, a compensation, which shall not be diminished during their continuance in office."