Difference between Baroque art and Renaissance art?

Answer

Baroque means 'absurd' or 'grotesque'. This term was used by people who thought that the forms of the classical buildings should never have been used in times after Greek and Roman periods. For, in baroque the classical forms were used, like in Renaissance and the mannerism.

Actually, according to the text book "Music Listening Today", 4th ed., by Charles Hoffer, Baroque comes from a Portuguese word that referred to an imperfect pearl.

The intention of baroque was to make the transitory life on earth special and beautiful. Symmetry was very important. Baroque was a heavy style; many swelling forms, excessive ornaments, wealthy and glossy materials (a lot of colorful marble, gilding and bronze). There were a lot of movements in the sculptures and paintings; angels flew, saints rose heavenward, people moved and fought. There were many ceiling paintings and paintings of crowds.

Baroque has borrowed many things from Renaissance and mannerism, but there are certainly differences.

* Differences between baroque and the Renaissance/mannerism

The classical forms were used soberly in the Renaissance, with especial attention on clearness and realism. Mannerism wasn't sober; there were decorative and complicated effects. Baroque churches were beautified with decorative and complicative effects, but were also very realistic. That was expressed in a new way. In painting the leading figures were put in the forefront. In the art of sculpture dynamic exercises were expressed with round forms and many details. There was much variety in composition and the bodies were very expressive. In architecture, there were heavy pillars, overlapping pilasters (flat, rectangular wall pillars) and deeply carved ornaments. Curved façades, oval ground plans and broken frontons replaced straight façades, rectangular or circular ground plans and simple triangular or segmental (part of a arc of a circle, cut off by a straight line) frontons.

The arts of sculpture, painting and architecture became a completion to each other. In churches architectonics ornaments ran over in painted planes.

Marked, turbulent colors and straight lightconstrast were often used.