Entity - Table
Entity Set - Rows in Table
An entity set that does not possess sufficient attributes to form a primary key is called a weak entity set. One that does have a primary key is called a strong entity set. The discriminator (or partial key) of a weak entity set is the set of attributes that distinguishes among all the entities of a weak entity set The existence of a weak entity set depends on the existence of a identifying entity set. It must relate to the identifying entity set via a total, one-to-many relationship set from the identifying to the weak entity set We depict a weak entity set by double rectangles in E-R diagram. We underline the discriminator of a weak entity set with a dashed line in E-R diagram.
lets understand them all: 1.An Entity is a real world "thing" which have independent existence. 2.Entity type is a category. 3.entity type is strictly calling, "an instance of entity type". 4.An entity type defines a collection of entities that have the same attributes. 5.Entity set : the collection of all entities of a particular entity type in the database at any point of time is called Entity set.
The primary key of a weak entity set is formed by taking the primary key of the strong entity set on which its existence depends (see Mapping Constraints) plus its discriminator. A strong entity set has a primary key. All tuples in the set are distinguishable by that key. A weak entity set has no primary key unless attributes of the strong entity set on which it depends are included. Tuples (a particular row) in a weak entity set are partitioned according to their relationship with tuples in a strong entity set. Tuples within each partition are distinguishable by a discriminator, which is a set of attributes.
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