Difference between the Articles of Confederation and US Constitution?


Articles: Unicameral, called Congress

Constitution: Bicameral, called Congress, divided into the House of Representatives and the Senate

Members of Congress

Articles: Between two and seven members per state

Constitution: Two Senators per state, Representatives apportioned according to population of each state

Voting in Congress

Articles: One vote per state

Constitution: One vote per Representative or Senator

Appointment of members

Articles: All appointed by state legislatures, in the manner each legislature directed

Constitution: Representatives elected by popular vote, Senators appointed by state legislatures

Term of legislative office

Articles: One year

Constitution: Two years for Representatives, six for Senators

Term limit for legislative office

Articles: No more than three out of every six years

Constitution: None

Congressional Pay

Articles: Paid by states

Constitution: Paid by the federal government

When Congress is not in session...

Articles: A Committee of States had the full powers of Congress

Constitution: The President can call for Congress to assemble

Chair of legislature

Articles: President of Congress

Constitution: Speaker of the House of Representatives, Vice President is President of the Senate


Articles: None

Constitution: President

National Judiciary

Articles: Maritime judiciary established

Constitution: Federal judiciary established, including Supreme Court

Adjudicator of disputes between states

Articles: Congress

Constitution: Supreme Court

New States

Articles: Admitted upon agreement of nine states (special exemption provided for Canada)

Constitution: Admitted upon agreement of Congress


Articles: When agreed upon by all states

Constitution: When agreed upon by three-fourths of all states


Articles: Congress authorized to build a navy; states authorized to equip warships to counter piracy

Constitution: Congress authorized to build a navy; states not allowed to keep ships of war


Articles: Congress to decide on size of force and to requisition troops from each state according to population

Constitution: Congress authorized to raise and support armies

Power to coin money

Articles: United States and the states

Constitution: United States only

Ex post facto laws

Articles: Not forbidden

Constitution: Forbidden of both the states and the Congress

Bills of attainder

Articles: Not forbidden

Constitution: Forbidden of both the states and the Congress


Articles: Apportioned by Congress, collected by the states

Constitution: Laid and collected by Congress


Articles: Unanimous consent required

Constitution: Consent of nine states required

Link http://www.usconstitution.net/constconart.html