Difference between the Articles of Confederation and US Constitution?
Articles: Unicameral, called Congress
Constitution: Bicameral, called Congress, divided into the House of Representatives and the Senate
Members of Congress
Articles: Between two and seven members per state
Constitution: Two Senators per state, Representatives apportioned according to population of each state
Voting in Congress
Articles: One vote per state
Constitution: One vote per Representative or Senator
Appointment of members
Articles: All appointed by state legislatures, in the manner each legislature directed
Constitution: Representatives elected by popular vote, Senators appointed by state legislatures
Term of legislative office
Articles: One year
Constitution: Two years for Representatives, six for Senators
Term limit for legislative office
Articles: No more than three out of every six years
Articles: Paid by states
Constitution: Paid by the federal government
When Congress is not in session...
Articles: A Committee of States had the full powers of Congress
Constitution: The President can call for Congress to assemble
Chair of legislature
Articles: President of Congress
Constitution: Speaker of the House of Representatives, Vice President is President of the Senate
Articles: Maritime judiciary established
Constitution: Federal judiciary established, including Supreme Court
Adjudicator of disputes between states
Constitution: Supreme Court
Articles: Admitted upon agreement of nine states (special exemption provided for Canada)
Constitution: Admitted upon agreement of Congress
Articles: When agreed upon by all states
Constitution: When agreed upon by three-fourths of all states
Articles: Congress authorized to build a navy; states authorized to equip warships to counter piracy
Constitution: Congress authorized to build a navy; states not allowed to keep ships of war
Articles: Congress to decide on size of force and to requisition troops from each state according to population
Constitution: Congress authorized to raise and support armies
Power to coin money
Articles: United States and the states
Constitution: United States only
Ex post facto laws
Articles: Not forbidden
Constitution: Forbidden of both the states and the Congress
Bills of attainder
Articles: Not forbidden
Constitution: Forbidden of both the states and the Congress
Articles: Apportioned by Congress, collected by the states
Constitution: Laid and collected by Congress
Articles: Unanimous consent required
Constitution: Consent of nine states required
What was the difference between the articles of Confederation and the new government under the Constitution?
In the articles of confederation, a state had the option of accepting or rejecting a particular law. With the constitution, a state accepts the decision of congress. With the constitution, the federal government is the final authority in disputes between states or in disputes between states and the federal government.
The Articles of Confederation created a weak central government. The Constitution created a strong central government. The Articles did not create an executive branch. Congress was a unicameral legislature. There was no federal court system under the Articles. Congress could not enforce the laws nor levy and collect taxes without the approval of the states, under the Articles. A major weakness under the Articles was its lack of power to regulate trade between the states…
In what two general ways did the constitution resolve some of the interstate conflicts experienced under the articles of confederation?
The Constitution established rules of legal cooperation between states in Article IV. Nothing like that was outlined in the Articles of Confederation. The Constitution also set standards for trade and money between the states. The Articles of Confederation had allowed the states to act basically as independent countries in regards to this.
The articles of confederation ended when the Constitutional Convention met to revise them, they ended up starting fresh with the Constitution. The reason they started fresh with the Constitution is because originally, Congress wanted to grant itself more powers to regulate commerce between states and foreign nations. They were unable to get unanimous support for this, as required by the Articles of Confederation. So, rather than abide by the rules of the Articles of Confederation…
What differences are there between the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution in regards to the Executive branch of government?
The Articles of Confederation was the document that organized a "perpetual Union" among the 13 states that had declared independence. The Articles were in effect between March 1, 1781, and March 4, 1789, when they were superseded by the Constitution of the United States of America. Each colony had their own constitution, and over that was British Common Law and the Magna Carta. The Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation, the first constitution of…
The main difference between the two was the fact that it switched the power from the states to the federal government which we now have today. Under the Articles each individual state could print its own money making it difficult to trade across state lines. Also under the Articles the government could not tax so we were broke. The constitution fixed all of that and more.
The main successes of the Articles of Confederation was the steps it took toward the constitution and national unity. It was the first document binding the colonies together. It was a necissary step between complete state independence to a written constituion. It helped create unity because it showed what needed to be changed when the constitution was written.
The US Constitution established rules for the US government, while the Declaration of Independence did not. The Declaration (1776) only stated that the states were no longer ruled by Britain, while the Constitution (1789) established the governmental framework for the independent nation, replacing the ineffective Articles of Confederation (1781).
At the beginning of the independent US, the Articles of Confederation was our Constitution (document stating the basic national laws) giving most of the power to the state government. A few years later, 55 men (including Ben Franklin and George Washington) were called to revise the Articles of Confederation. When they started the meeting, they decided that they needed a stronger national government therefore deleting the articles of confederation and starting the US Constitution. The…
What is the relationship between the states and the central government under the Articles of Confederation?
The government was weak under the Articles of Confederation. It gave to much power to the states. Taxes were levied on trade goods between states and each state had differnet laws (ex.slavery). Taxes were not getting to the national government because the states collected them. Also bills could not be passed easily. This all led to the transition of the constitution.
The Framers wrote the Constitution because they were thoroughly displeased with the system of government established by the Articles of Confederation, which as the name implies was theoretically a federation of independent states. They wanted to radically change the government and thus they did not use the Articles of Confederation as a starting point. In addition, the terms of the Constitution's ratification were different than those of the Confederation: for it to come into effect…
The writers of the Constitution were thoroughly displeased with the system of government established by the Articles of Confederation, which as the name implies was theoretically a federation of independent states. They wanted to radically change the government and thus they did not use the Articles of the Confederation as a starting point. In addition, the terms of the Constitution's ratification were different than those of the amendment process. Whereas all states had to ratify…
The Articles of Confederation establish no protocols between the states and the federal government. Important matters such as the ability to raise taxes or assemble troops, should the need arise, were missing. As a result, a Constitutional Convention was called, initially to smooth out the problems with the Articles, but eventually they ended up drafting an entirely new document, the Constitution of the United States.