If you want to take the child with you, you will need the other parents permission as well as the courts. But not if it's just you leaving.
With the other parents permission, yes.
No, you will need the other parents and the courts permission.
Not if the other parents have a visitation order. You will then need his and the courts permission. See related question link.
Not if you wish top leave but if you take the child with you you need both hers and the courts consent. It's because the visitation, child support orders etc have to work.
If a child is legally emancipated by the court, then the parents are no longer responsible for the child. On the other hand, if the parents simply give the child permission to move out...then that's a different matter entirely.
By getting permission and signature from the other parent for the visa application for the child.
Responsible parents do. How else will a parent find out if a child is on drugs or is violating some other rule of yourhome.
no you cant you need there premission
Yes this applies to all kinds of traveling out of the country with a child.