Islam is an Abrahamic religion; that is, it is descended from
Judaism and Christianity. Muslims regard Jesus Christ as a prophet
and, like Jews and Christians, regard Jerusalem as a holy city.
Yes. Muslims believe that the God of Judaism and Christianity sent
the angel Gabriel to the prophet Muhammad withe the words of the
Koran. A more secular view is that Islam was based on Judaism and
Christianity, which were already well established in southern
Arabia. There are also some influences that appear to have come
direct from the Zoroastrian religion after the conquest of the
Sikhism was influenced by Islamic beliefs. The Druze and Bahai
faiths are also substantially affected by Islam.
Islam in its universal sense means full submission to God; the
Creator; and it means peace (within one's self and within all
humanity). Accordingly, Islam is God religion since creation of the
inverse and even before. Islam per Torah revelation to Moses is
called Judaism and Islam per Bible revelation to Jesus is called
Christianity. Islam per God Qur'an revelation to prophet Muhammad
is called the same name Islam as it is last God religion to people
and Qur'an is last God holy book. So, Islam per Qur'an revelation
to prophet Muhammad didn't descend from Judaism or Christianity but
descended from Allah (ot God in English and same God worshiped in
Judaism and Christianity).
There are many things in common with other religions. The most
important issue is the morals and human conduct. All religions call
for good morals (be trustful, don't lie, don't commit adultery,
respect your neighbor, keep your promise, don't cheat, don't kill,
don't commit robbery, ... etc).
In addition, Islam has in common with other God religions
(Judaism and Christianity) the same ritual worships although
practiced differently (for example: praying, fasting, alms giving,