Human Anatomy and Physiology
Digestive System
Gastrointestinal Tract
Anthrax (disease)

Does gastrointestinal anthrax affect animals?

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Anthrax from animals:Humans can become infected with anthrax by handling products from infected animals or by breathing in anthrax spores from infected animal products (like wool, for example). People also can become infected with gastrointestinal anthrax by eating undercooked meat from infected

Anthrax is a deadly disease caused by Bacillus anthracis, a bacterium that forms spores.There are three types of anthrax: skin, lung and gastrointestinal.Anthrax from animals. You can become infected with anthrax by handling products from infected animals or by breathing in anthrax spores from infected animal products (like wool, for example). You can also become infected with gastrointestinal anthrax by eating undercooked meat from infected animals.Anthrax as a weapon. Anthrax also can be used as a weapon. This happened in the US in 2001. Anthrax was spread by sending letters with powder containing anthrax. This caused 22 cases of anthrax infection, including several deaths.

Mostly animals like cows and sheep

there are three form of infections with anthrax. Pulmonary anthrax that it is deadly if not treated early gastrointestinal anthrax fatality rates 20- 60% cutaneous form of anthrax that it is really fatal

You can usually find anthrax in animals. At least that is what I read....

No, anthrax is not a human made agent. It is derived from animals.

There are three types of Anthrax you can get, Inhalation, Cutaneous, and Gastrointestinal. Inhalation: The Spores open from the moist interior in the lungs and begins to deterriorate the flesh in the lungs. Cutaneous: [Not Fatal] Gastrointestinal: The Spores open from the moist interior in the stomache and begins to deterriorate the flesh in the stomache and intestines. --------- [Former Answer] anthrax kills you by entering your lungs and multiplying then it heads to your lymph nodes and gets into your blood

It cannot. You're better off vaccinating your animals for anthrax than anything.

yes, also in undercooked meat. But only in animals who have anthrax spores in them.

Anthrax is an acute disease caused by Bacillius anthracis. The progression of the disease depends on how the host becomes infected, if the bacteria are inhaled it is lung infection, if they are introduced to the blood it is pulmonary, and if they are eaten it is gastrointestinal.

Without treatment, about 20% of cutaneous skin infection cases progress to toxemia and death.(coutaneus infection of anthrax) Pulmonary and gastrointestinal are 100% fatal if untreated

Any part of the gastrointestinal system can be affected by vasculitis, including the liver

Tuberculosis affects animals not plants. Tuberculosis is generally known as an infection of the lungs but can also affect the central nervous system, the circulatory system, lymphatic system, skin, genitourinary system, gastrointestinal system, bones, and joints.

Anthrax can affect almost any species of mammal, although grazing herbivores are much more likely to become infected due to their close proximity to the spores in the soil.

1. Anthrax vaccines for use in animals were first developed in the late 19th century. 2. The current vaccine for human, Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed (AVA), was licensed in 1970

Farm animals. Although, in the US we vaccinate farm animals against anthrax. World wide, however, sheep and cows are the most common victims of anthrax. It is more of a livestock disease than a human one. Humans are certainly susceptible to anthrax and if you walk around barefoot on a farm with an open cut you may find yourself with an anthrax infection. Anthrax is not very dangerous unless it is prepared as a weapon. You are in more danger from influenza or pneumonia. ;)

Gastrointestinal diseases (including gastric ulcers) affect an estimated 25-30% of the world's population.

The three different types of Anthrax are distinguished mostly by the way in which they are contracted. The first type of Anthrax is called Pulmonary Anthrax. Pulmonary Anthrax is contracted through the respiratory inhalation of the Anthrax spores. This type leads to cold and flu like symptoms that persist for several days, eventually culminating the respiratory failure. This is the same type of Anthrax that was used in the infamous 2001 Anthrax attacks, and is that same type that is used in biological warfare. The second type of Anthrax is called Gastrointestinal Anthrax. A victim develops this form of Anthrax through the ingestion of infected meat. Vomiting blood, loss of appetite, digestive tract inflammation, and severe diarrhea are common symptoms of this form. The third type of Anthrax is called Cutaneous Anthrax, and affects the body when anthrax spores enter the skin through an open cut or lesion. Cutaneous Anthrax leads to a skin ulcer that usually forms a black center. If left without treatment, this form of Anthrax can lead to further complications such as Toxemia, resulting in death.

DefinitionAnthrax is an infectious disease caused by bacteria called Bacillus anthracis. Infection in humans most often involves the skin, the gastrointestinal tract, or the lungs.See also: Inhaltion anthraxAlternative NamesWoolsorter's disease; Ragpicker's disease; Cutaneous anthrax; Gastrointestinal anthraxCauses, incidence, and risk factorsAnthrax commonly affects hoofed animals such as sheep and goats, but humans who come into contact with the infected animals can get sick from anthrax, too. In the past, the people who were most at risk for anthrax included farm workers, veterinarians, and tannery and wool workers.There are three main routes of anthrax infection:Cutaneous anthrax occurs when anthrax touches a cut or scrape on the skin.Inhalation anthrax develops when anthrax spores enter the lungs through the respiratory tract.Gastrointestinal anthrax occurs when someone eats anthrax-tainted meat.Anthrax may be used as a biological weapon or for bioterrorism. In 2001, anthrax sent through the U.S. Postal Service infected 22 people; 7 survivors had confirmed cutaneous anthrax disease.While at least 17 nations are believed to have a biological weapons program, it is unknown how many nations or groups are working with anthrax. Most bioterrorism experts have concluded that it is difficult to use anthrax effectively as a weapon on a large scale.SymptomsSymptoms of anthrax differ depending on the type of anthrax.Symptoms of cutaneous anthrax:Blister or ulcer that later forms a black scabBlister or ulcer is usually surrounded by a lot of swellingSymptoms of inhalation anthrax:Begins with fever, malaise, headache, cough, shortness of breath, and chest painShock may occur laterSymptoms of gastrointestinal anthrax usually develop within one week and can affect the mouth, esophagus, intestines, and colon. Symptoms may include:Nausea and vomiting (the vomit may include blood)AnemiaBloody diarrheaSigns and testsThe tests to diagnose anthrax depend on the type of disease suspected.Tests may include:Culture of skin sore to test for cutaneous anthraxChest x-raySputum cultureSpinal tap to check your spinal fluid for infection (See:CSF culture)Gram stain (staining a sample of tissue and looking at it under a microscope for the bacteria that cause anthrax infection)Tissue or fluid samples may be sent to a special lab for more detailed testing, including immunofluorescence.TreatmentMost people with anthrax are treated with antibiotics. Several antibiotics are effective, including penicillin, doxycycline, and ciprofloxacin.When treating inhalational anthrax, a combination of antibiotics should be used. Doctors often start treatment ciprofloxacin plus another drug, given through a vein (intravenously).Cutaneous anthrax is treated with antibiotics taken by mouth, usually for 7 to 10 days.The length of treatment for inhalation anthrax is currently about 60 days, since it may take anthrax spores that long to grow.In the event of a bioterrorist attack, the National Pharmaceutical Stockpile is available to help provide antibiotics should a shortage occur.Expectations (prognosis)When treated with antibiotics, cutaneous anthrax is likely to get better. However, up to 20% of people who do not get treatment may die due to anthrax-related blood infections.People with second-stage inhalation anthrax have a poor outlook, even with antibiotic therapy. Up to 90% of cases in the second stage are fatal.Gastrointestinal anthrax infection can spread to the bloodstream, and may result in death.ComplicationsCutaneous anthrax:Spread of infection into the bloodstreamInhalational anthrax:Hemorrhagic meningitisSwelling of lymph nodes in the chest (mediastinal adenopathy)Fluid buildup in the chest (pleural effusion)ShockDeathGastrointestinal anthraxSevere bleeding (hemorrhage)ShockDeathCalling your health care providerCall your health care provider if you have been exposed to anthrax, or if you develop symptoms of any type of anthrax.PreventionThere are two main ways to prevent anthrax.For people who have been exposed to anthrax (but have no symptoms of the disease), doctors may prescribe preventive antibiotics, such as ciprofloxacin, penicillin, or doxycycline, depending on the strain of anthrax.An anthrax vaccine is available to certain military personnel, but not to the general public. It is given in a series of six doses over 18 months. There is no known way to spread cutaneous anthrax from person to person. People who live with someone who has cutaneous anthrax do not need antibiotics unless they have also been exposed to the same source of anthrax.ReferencesInglesby TV, O'Toole T, Henderson DA, et al. Anthrax as a Biological Weapon, 2002. JAMA.160;2002;287:2236-2252.Lucey DR, Anthrax. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 317.

No, anthrax is not contagious. You can't catch it from someone else who has anthrax. You can get it from infected animals/animal products though. You could also get it from terrorists using biological weaponry, but fortunately that's not a real concern for us.

They affect the kidneys, liver and gastrointestinal tract. Eventually they affect the brain, but secondary to these systems.

Anthrax is a naturally present bacteria in most soils around the world, and can infect most mammals. In animals and people, anthrax is usually detected by a doctor looking at a small drop of blood under a microscope or by growing the bacteria from a blood sample. In animals, anthrax can be strongly suspected when an animal dies suddenly and unexpectedly and the animal's blood does not clot within an hour or two of death.

When comparing tuberculosis, diphtheria, pertussis, and anthrax, which of the following is true? A. Vaccination has reduced the incidence of tuberculosis and anthrax. B. There's a diagnostic skin test for pertussis and diphtheria. C. Tuberculosis and anthrax can affect many different parts of the body. D. Tuberculosis and anthrax are viral infections.

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