Does literature critique society?
Yeah. It does.
Carla Cordua has written: 'Luces oblicuas' -- subject(s): History and criticism, Literature, Modern, Modern Literature 'free searchable pdf of full text' -- subject(s): Kant's first Critique, Kant's categorical imperative, Kant's Critique of Judgment, Kant's philosophy of history, What is enlightenment 'Nativos de este mundo' -- subject(s): History and criticism, Latin American literature, Spanish literature
Many societies are diverse in terms of culture and ethnic and racial heritage. The literature produced by a society can reflect the values of the groups of peoples just mentioned. Also, a society that produces a large quantity of literature can be said to be a society that is literate and open to ideas. A society that does not produce literature is most likely an ancient one with no written language.