Explain how a monopolist can earn supernormal profits in the long run?
in the long run, they dont spend a penny. and they take everybody money, and then they spend it on girls, and then they spend it on ps3, and then they take the tax payers money. all happy yay.
A monopolist earns economic profit when the price charged is greater than their average total cost. To maximize profits, monopolies will produce at the output where marginal cost is equal to marginal revenue. To determine the price they will set, they choose the price on the demand curve that corresponds to this level of production.
Supernormal profits due to high barriers to entry. Profits in the long run are determined by the barriers to entry. If there is high barriers to entry, new firms cannot enter the industry easily and hence cannot competed with existing firms for profits. Existing firms would be able to enjoy supernormal profits. On the contrary, weak barriers to entry means that the long run profits would be competed away by new firms entering the industry…
(inelastic portion is when MR = negative figure) Yes , because the optimum point is when MR equals to MC and there is no hell a way when MC is negative. Other than this, when the price is at the upper proportion of monopoly demand curve, the price is always higher and the monopoly firm will earn supernormal profit. Any answer which is reasonable will be accept.