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Explain the role of fiscal policy and monteary policy?

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Answered 2009-02-25 20:45:24

Fiscal Policy involves taxes and spending. It is used (ofen incorrectly) to try to manage the business cycle. It is controlled by congress and the president Monetary policy involves managing the money supply and interest rates. It has proven much more useful in managing inflation and reces fiscal policy also helps in giving such more information about the government expenditure and government policies about the current expenditure

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Capital Formation The objective of fiscal policy in India is also to increase the rate of capital formation so as to accelerate the rate of economic growth. An underdeveloped country is trapped in vicious (danger) circle of poverty mainly on account of capital deficiency. In order to increase the rate of capital formation, the fiscal policy must be efficiently designed to encourage savings and discourage and reduce spending. 9. Increasing National Income The fiscal policy aims to increase the national income of a country. This is because fiscal policy facilitates the capital formation. This results in economic growth, which in turn increases the GDP, per capita income and national income of the country. 10. Development of Infrastructure Government has placed emphasis on the infrastructure development for the purpose of achieving economic growth. The fiscal policy measure such as taxation generates revenue to the government. 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Written by: Rohullah NowaidDated: October 30, 2009Effects of Fiscal Policies on Employment and ProductionUndoubtedly, the fiscal policies have tremendous effects on individual behavior and everyday decisions made by households as well as businesses. A change tax schedules has direct effect in cost of production and the bottom-line for corporations or net income for individuals.Fiscal Policies and EmploymentOne of fiscal policy component is taxation. An increase in taxes results in reduced net income. Organizations look into profitability factors and value of labor force in comparison to return on investment for use of technology or outsourcing tasks otherwise performed internally or domestically. Conversely, individuals may perceive an increase in tax as a form of punishment, which can lead to promotion of more black market labor (cash labor). Of course, a decrease in taxes may lead to further domestic hiring and lesser black market labor.Equally, it is important to note that changes in taxation policies, as a part of the fiscal monetary policy, can have significant effects on the intensity of employment market, and overall efficiency and productivity. The fiscal monetary policy of the government plays a crucial role on employment factors.Fiscal Policies and ProductionInterest rate is another component of the fiscal policy. Adjusting the interest rate can have adverse or favorable impact on production. To clarify, adverse in monetary policy is not negative connotation, and favorable is not a positive suggestion. In the monetary policy when market is collapsing too fast the government may want to have an adverse result to bring the market under control.Change in interest rates alters velocity of "cash." Meaning, when interest rates hike, cash becomes scarce and credit tightens, as a result, monetary expansion becomes limited and production decreases. On the other hand, when interest rates decline, cash becomes more available and credit loosens, as a result, monetary expansion becomes more vibrant and production increases.

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